Health of Animals Regulations Part XII: Transportation of Animals-Regulatory Amendment – Interpretive Guidance for Regulated Parties
15.0 Conveyances and Containers

15.1 Regulatory Authority

Health of Animals Regulations 150 (1)-(3) and 151 (1)–(2)

15.2 Required Outcomes

Conveyances and containers used to transport animals are designed, manufactured, maintained and used for the purpose of animal transport in a manner that does not cause suffering, injury or death to the animals being transported within them.

15.3 Guidance to Regulated Parties

Every person directly or indirectly involved in the transport of animals must ensure that animals are transported in containers and conveyances that are suitable for the species being transported, are clean, provide secure footing and protection from physical harm (e.g. not likely to collapse, does not contain sharp objects, insecure fittings), provide protection from adverse weather conditions, allow for feeding and water on board (if that is the manner in which the regulated party chooses to meet the feed, water and rest requirements of sections 159, 159.1 and 159.2) etc.  Unsafe, poorly constructed, inadequate containers and conveyances can expose the animals to injury, suffering or death.

In the case of animals transported by air, they must be transported in a container that meets the species specific requirements as indicated in the latest edition of the Live Animals Regulations (LAR) by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

In assessing the suitability of a conveyance or container, please consider the following questions; can, or is, the conveyance/container (list is not complete but is provided as examples):

  • Considered to be generally acceptable for this species?
  • Provide the ability to load, transport and unload safely and without causing suffering, injury or death to any animal in the load?
  • Protect the animal from physical injury?
  • Be secured to the conveyance to prevent excessive movement of the container due to sudden movements of the conveyance?
  • Provide adequate segregation if needed?
  • Protect the animal from physical injury due to the structure, maintenance, or any of the fittings or objects contained within the conveyance?
  • Ensure that the animal can't escape?
  • Prevent the escape of urine and manure (except in the case of small crated animals)?
  • Able to provide secure footing at all times?
  • Provide headroom as per 148 (1) (a) and sufficient room to allow the animal to attain its preferred position and protect itself from being trampled by other animals as per 147 (2) (a)?
  • Be cleaned and disinfected (where applicable) prior to and after each use?
  • Hold sufficient bedding to keep the animal clean and dry?
  • Provide for feeding and watering on board according to the feed, water and rest requirements in this Part, if that is the selected method of compliance with sections 159, 159.1, and 159.2?
  • Ensure that the animal will be protected from toxic fumes, poor ventilation, and weather extremes?
  • Provide either visual access or written indication as to the presence of a live animal and the upright position?

Important Note: Containers that have been used in past decades may no longer be considered acceptable for transporting animals.  It may be necessary to review some long held practices.  For example, it is no longer acceptable to transport birds and smaller animals in bags of any type.  Bags do not provide the necessary requirements found in the Regulation.  The regulated party is encouraged to review the requirements listed in the Health of Animals Regulations 150 (1)-(3) and 151 (1)-(2) to determine if a container is acceptable.

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