Health of Animals Regulations Part XII: Transportation of Animals-Regulatory Amendment – Interpretive Guidance for Regulated Parties
6.0 Assessment of Risk Factors Related to Transportation

6.1  Regulatory Authority

Health of Animals Regulations Section 140

6.2  Required Outcomes

Every person involved in the transport of animals directly or indirectly have assessed the possible risk factors that may cause animal injury, suffering or death during the transport of animals.

6.3 Guidance to Regulated Parties

Risk factors include those that are inherent to the animals in the load, the driver, the conveyance, the weather, and the route. There are many events that can negatively impact an animal(s) being transported.  This can begin with poor preparation or handling, or poor selection of animals prior to loading.  Animals that are even slightly compromised or poorly prepared by being inadequately fed, watered and rested can rapidly deteriorate during a long journey.

Those involved in the transport of animals must consider several risk factors to protect animals from injury, suffering or death during transport such as:

  • current condition of the animal (e.g. pre-existing disease, injury, age, gestational status, post-surgery, behavioural concerns (e.g. animal rarely handled), recently weaned or separated from herd mates, etc.
  • an animal's condition deteriorating during transport requiring to be transported to the nearest suitable place, etc.
  • loading density adequate for the animals in the load
  • compatibility of animals
  • animal handling and restraint methods (do you have the proper equipment to handle animals and prevent escape
  • duration of the transport (how long will animals remain in the conveyance, how long will they be without access to feed, water and rest thinking of your planned breaks)
  • delays during transport or at destination (mechanical breakdown en route or at the slaughter plant where animals will need to remain on conveyance longer than planned)
  • weather and road conditions (severe weather, rain, humidity, snow, sharp inclines, declines etc.)
  • condition of the conveyance and weather protection devices (is it at risk of mechanical failure during the journey, is the servicing up to date, are the tires and brakes in good condition, is it in good repair)
  • Does the driver have the skills required for the intended journey?
  • Is the driver prepared for the intended journey and rested to minimize confinement time for the animals?
  • Are there road closures along the route?
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