2015-2016 Departmental Performance Report
Strategic Outcome: A Safe and Accessible Food Supply and Plant and Animal Resource Base

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Mitigating risks to food safety is a key CFIA priority. Safeguarding the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment, and economy is the driving force behind the design and development of the CFIA's programs. The CFIA, in collaboration and partnership with industry, consumers, universities, and federal, provincial and municipal organizations, continues to work towards protecting Canadians from preventable health risks related to food and zoonotic diseases.

The CFIA supports Canadian agriculture and the ability of agri-food businesses to enter domestic and global markets and compete successfully therein. To support this objective, the CFIA continued to modernize and enforce regulatory and program frameworks for imports and exports that meet both Canadian and international requirements. The CFIA continued to regularly engage in outreach and consultation activities with key stakeholders and partners including industry, consumers, and international trade and standards organizations. This engagement enables the CFIA to maintain open and transparent communication with its stakeholder and consultative groups.

To support transparency, the CFIA collated an evergreen list of scientific peer-reviewed publications that will inform a federal tool that will be available to the public. In addition, the CFIA led a federal Open Science Implementation Plan project to develop guidance on releasing scientific data supporting peer-reviewed publications, and contributed to the design of Open Science Phase 2 (2016-18)

The CFIA strived for excellence and continuous improvement to achieve greater safety outcome and integrity from regulatory systems. The CFIA continued to move towards a more preventive and systems-based approach under the integrated Agency Inspection Model to enable both the CFIA and regulated parties to more readily adapt to emerging risks and global and scientific trends. The CFIA's integrated Agency Inspection Model applies globally recognized risk management concepts based on prevention. The integrated Agency Inspection Model replaces the improved food inspection model to fully align the strategic outcomes for all CFIA inspection work and reflect the full Agency mandate. The model represents the CFIA's vision and its approach to regulatory inspection. The CFIA has begun phasing the model into operation and will continue through 2020. More information about implementation will be provided to stakeholders as it progresses.

The CFIA continued to advance regulatory reform in support of the Safe Food for Canadians Act to further strengthen and modernize Canada's food safety system. The Agricultural Growth Act, which was passed by the House of Commons on November 24, 2014, and the Senate on February 24, 2015, received Royal Assent on February 25, 2015. The Agricultural Growth Act is designed to modernize and strengthen federal agriculture legislation, support innovation in the Canadian agriculture industry and enhance global market opportunities. The ActEndnote xix introduces changes to the suite of statutes that the CFIA uses to regulate our agricultural sector. All of the CFIA sections of the Agricultural Growth Act are now in force – except one. Subsection 53(1) of the Act, which amends the definitions of "livestock" and "sell" in the Feeds Act, will require regulations to operate. The CFIA continued to work on regulatory renewal for fertilizer and feed and amendments of animal health and plant protection regulatory frameworks.

The CFIA is also focused on several horizontal initiatives aimed at contributing to consumer protection. The CFIA enhanced stakeholder engagement, continued to advance its food labelling modernization and transparency initiatives, build and enhance data systems and capacity for decision-making, and deliver on its many day to day operational activities. These day to day activities include providing the public with food recall and allergy alert notices and implementing import border blitzes designed to identify and intercept imported food items that may pose a health threat to Canadians.

In line with the improvements made to the Food Safety Program, the CFIA started to implement inspection modernization for the Plant Resources and Animal Health & Zoonotics programs. This will assist the Agency to clearly define responsibilities for regulated parties and the CFIA, provide consistent oversight of sectors subject to regulations enforced by the CFIA, expand the use of science and inspection data to help focus resources on areas with the greatest risk, and adapt inspection to focus on verifying the effectiveness of regulated parties' controls.

Genomics science at the CFIA aims to develop and apply new knowledge and expertise, and faster and more accurate and cost-effective diagnostic technologies, tools and methods for detection, isolation, identification and characterization of new and emerging pathogens, pests and invasive species relevant for the Agency's three Business Lines (Plant, Animal and Food). In 2016-17, the CFIA will participate in Phase VI (2016-2019) of Genomics Research and Development Initiative's (GRDI) new Shared Priority projects involving scientific research collaboration for the application of genomics. These new shared priority projects are expected to address the Government of Canada's strategic priorities of anti-microbial resistance and protecting Canada's biodiversity and ecosystems.

The Government of Canada did not proceed with amendments to Program Alignment Architectures last year but has introduced the new Policy on Results, effective July 1, 2016, which requires every department and agency to develop its Departmental Results Framework, Program Inventory, and Program Information Profile and submit to Treasury Board Secretariat by November 2017. The CFIA is currently developing these new instruments.

The performance tables listed in the proceeding pages describe the performance indicators used to measure the extent to which the CFIA is achieving its single strategic outcome. (See Tables 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 and 2-4). The methodology used in assessing the actual performance of each indicator is available on our websiteEndnote xx.

To be successful in delivering on its Strategic Outcome, the CFIA has a robust risk management discipline and fosters its use throughout the Agency. As such, the CFIA continued to monitor and assess its operating environment in order to be aware of the risks and opportunities potentially impacting the achievement of its desired outcome. The CFIA key corporate risks, as outlined in its CRP, are summarized in Table 1.

As part of its modernization agenda, the CFIA developed and is refining a comparative risk model to facilitate comparison of risks across the Agency's business lines and provide a stronger analytical basis to inform long-term organizational planning and decision-making. The model is anchored on the CFIA's new Integrated Risk Management Framework (Framework), which aims to strengthen the integration of risk management practices and processes across and within the Agency. The Framework will support consistency in the application of risk management to planning and decision-making.

In order to mitigate risks and achieve its strategic outcome, the Agency, through the actions of its program activities (Food Safety, Animal Health and Zoonotics, Plant Resources, International Collaboration and Technical Agreements), concentrated its 2015-16 efforts on modernizing regulations and processes and systems, building scientific capacity and partnership, partnering domestically and internationally, and engaging and collaborating with stakeholders.

These efforts helped the Agency support the following four priorities:

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