National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for the Goat Industry
Appendix C: Developing a Farm-Level Biosecurity Plan

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When conducting the initial assessment:

1a. Evaluate the herd disease status by identifying:

  • diseases of concern for your farm or herd and their modes of transmission.
  • preventive biosecurity measures by which the risk factors for the disease can be managed or minimized.

1b. Evaluate the animals by considering:

  • genetics of productivity and health.

2a. Evaluate the operational management by considering:

  • number of animals the farm loses annually;
  • replacements and frequency;
  • source of replacements and health status;
  • herd size and expansion;
  • source, quality, and system for distribution of inputs (feed, bedding, and water); and
  • marketing requirements (live and product).

2b. Evaluate the management team and strategy with:

  • training and compliance to the biosecurity plan.

3. Evaluate the facilities by designing:

  • a map of the farm.
  • Farm zoning: Areas defined by common or similar disease risk:
    • overall farm zoning approach: 
      • restricted access zone is any area that houses or contains goats and/or where access to goats is possible.
      • controlled access zone is the adjacent area within which movement is restricted and any potential fomites are controlled.
    • areas within the barn and other areas of the farm can be defined more specifically, again using the concept of common or similar disease risk. Examples of these more specific zones include the areas where:
      • all visitors are allowed;
      • some or all visitors are restricted (e.g. must change clothing and wash hands before being admitted); and
      • animals of differing health status are housed (e.g. new introductions, sick or diseased animals, animals on a health program).

4. Set goals to meet the operational and market objectives

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