National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for the Goat Industry
Appendix D: Summary of Key Areas of Concern

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Table 1 provides a summary of the key areas of concern and accompanying target outcomes and strategies presented in the National Standard.
Areas of Concern Target Outcomes Strategies
Sourcing and introducing animals Animal introductions, re-entry, and the use of semen and embryos do not present a risk to the health status of the herd.
  1. Sources and sourcing
  2. Biosecurity practices at fairs, shows, and off-site loan locations
  3. Disease status at purchase or re-entry
  4. Isolation upon arrival or re-entry
  5. Protocols for releasing animals from isolation
Animal health Animal health, well-being, and productivity will be optimized through proper implementation of herd health programs.
  1. Implement a herd health management program
  2. Observe and evaluate the health of animals
  3. Implement herd health management protocols
  4. Recognize susceptibility and maintain separation
  5. Optimize nutrition and the use of veterinary biologics
  6. Control movement of animals within the production area
  7. Manage feed, water, and bedding
Facility management and access controls Management of farm access, facilities, and identified risk areas limits disease introduction and spread on-farm and enables the implementation of biosecurity practices.
  1. Zoning and facility design
  2. Perimeter and interior fencing
  3. Cleaning and disinfection of facilities and on-farm equipment
  4. Facility maintenance
  5. Management of deadstock, aborted fetuses and placentas
  6. Management of manure
  7. Management of wildlife, pests, dogs and cats
Movement of people, vehicles, and equipment Movement and activities of workers, visitors, and service providers and their vehicles and equipment do not compromise animal and human health.
  1. Access management for farm workers
  2. Access management for visitors and service providers
  3. Clothing and footwear
  4. Hand washing and personal protective equipment
  5. Movement control of equipment and tools, and vehicles
Monitoring and record keeping Information is maintained and used to improve the effectiveness of biosecurity practices. The status of animal health, identification, and inputs may be verified by record review.
  1. Herd health records
  2. Farm management records
Communications and training Everyone who enters the farm is knowledgeable and complies with current farm biosecurity practices.
  1. Producer leadership
  2. Communication with farm workers, family members, service providers, and visitors
  3. Training and education
  4. Performance and effectiveness of the biosecurity plan
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