National Farm-Level Biosecurity Planning Guide Proactive Management of Animal Resources
C) Developing Your Farm Biosecurity Plan

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Developing a biosecurity plan should be a team effort between the owner or producer and a veterinarian, with input from other sources. Establishing a practical farm biosecurity plan involves a rational risk assessment and careful planning to manage the targeted risks.

The following steps are typically involved in developing a farm-level biosecurity plan:

  • identifying potential concerns or problems;
  • evaluating who and what enters and exits a farm;
  • determining the risk level for specific diseases of concern;
  • evaluating how diseases could enter and spread within and off the farm;
  • targeting diseases against which the biosecurity plan will operate;
  • identifying preventative biosecurity measures that will manage or minimize the risk factors for a disease entry or spread;
  • consulting federal, provincial, regional, and municipal regulations;
  • setting limits and standards for your farm;
  • establishing uptake of the plan; and
  • implementing the biosecurity plan.

At a minimum, a biosecurity plan should focus on biosecurity interventions that minimize the following:

  • the risk of entry of pathogens and pests into the animal production area;
  • the risk of transmission between production units; and
  • the risk of release of pathogens and pests from the farm.
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