Framework for Implementing and Maintaining the Arrangement between the CFIA and the USDA for the Recognition of Foreign Animal Disease Control and Eradication Zones
Definitions

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Affected country:
A country within which an HCFAD outbreak occurs.
Area of control:
A geographic region designed to contain an FAD outbreak. The area of control consists of a central infected zone surrounded by one or more additional zones. Area of control as used by APHIS is synonymous with Control Area. Area of control as used by CFIA consists of the Primary Control Zone and the Secondary Control Zone. Area of control also applies to the Disease Control and Eradication Zone as referenced by the Arrangement.
Arrangement:
The Arrangement between the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and the United States Department of Agriculture for the Recognition of Foreign Animal Disease Control and Eradication Zones (see Appendix 1).
Canada:
All ten provinces and 3 territories of Canada.
Case:
Occurrence of an HCFAD agent in an animal.
Domestic livestock:
Domestic livestock are those animals that are either bred to be dependent on or are under the control of humans, such as cattle, bison, captive cervids, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and poultry. For the purposes of this Framework, domestic livestock does not include laboratory or research animals, pets, or aquatic species.
Disease-free zone:
A geographic region not included in any area of control. Disease-free zone is synonymous with Free Area as used by APHIS and Free Zone as used by CFIA.
Foreign animal disease (FAD):
An existing or emerging animal disease that poses a severe threat to animal health, the economy, and/or human health, is not usually present in a partner country and, if detected, is subject to federally-mandated control and eradication measures.
Framework:
The Framework for Implementing and Maintaining the Arrangement between the CFIA and the USDA for the Recognition of Foreign Animal Disease Control and Eradication Zones (this document).
Highly contagious FAD:
An FAD that has the ability to spread in an extremely rapid manner.
Outbreak:
One or more cases of an HCFAD.
Partner country:
A country that is a signatory to the Arrangement.
Project:
A specific activity, plan, or task led by the Working Group under this Framework.
Stakeholder:
Any person or other entity that is or could be affected by the Arrangement or its implementation, or that otherwise has an interest in the Arrangement or its implementation.
Stamping out:
Carrying out under the authority of the veterinary services, on confirmation of the occurrence of a disease, the destruction of the animals that are infected and those suspected of being infected in the herd and, where appropriate, those in other herds that have been exposed to the disease agent by direct animal to animal contact, or by indirect contact of a kind likely to cause transmission of the disease agent.
United States:
All of the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and all other Territories and Possessions of the United States.
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE):
An international organization dedicated to improving animal health worldwide.
Zoning:
Defining a sub-population of animals on the basis of a distinct health status and geographic boundaries within a country's territory, for the purposes of disease control and international trade.
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