Import requirements for plant-based feed ingredients imported for use in livestock feed

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1.0 Background

African swine fever (ASF) is a severe viral disease affecting domestic and wild pigs. The disease originated in Africa in the 1920's, but now is spreading in Asia and Europe. The disease is responsible for serious production and economic losses through high death rates in pigs and significant trade impacts. The financial impact of the introduction of ASF into Canada is estimated at $24 billion by Canadian industry, if such an introduction were to occur.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has strong import controls in place to prevent the import of live pigs, pork products, and by-products from countries and zones affected with ASF. However, existing provisions in the Health of Animals Regulations do not provide the authority to implement import controls for plant-based feed ingredients.

A scientific paper has been published, and additional papers are in development, indicating that plant-based feed ingredients could potentially pose a risk for the transmission of viruses, including the ASF virus.

This policy document outlines the measures developed by a collaborative working group, made up of government and industry representatives.

2.0 Legislative authority

This import policy relates to animal health import requirements and does not remove any obligation of the Canadian importer to comply with the import requirements of other Acts or Regulations administered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) or other Government of Canada departments or agencies.

This policy falls under the legislative authority of the Health of Animals Act and Health of Animals Regulations. Subsection 27.1(2) of the Health of Animals Act gives the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food the authority to declare a Secondary Control Zone (SCZ) within Canada for the purposes of preventing the introduction of a disease into Canada. There are three key aspects to implementing a SCZ approach:

  1. declaring the zone(s) and naming the disease of concern (27.1(2))
  2. declaring the animal or thing that is capable of being affected or contaminated by the disease (27.1(3))
  3. prohibiting or imposing conditions on that animal or thing (27.1(4))

3.0 Scope of the policy

The declared zones are those marine ports identified in appendix 1.

For the purpose of this policy, import restrictions will be applied only to plant-based feed ingredients of concern, with those being anygrains and oilseeds, and their associated meals imported under the end uses "livestock feed", "for further processing" or "for cleaning". No import controls are being implemented for products being imported for human consumption. The specific HS codes impacted by this policy are listed in Appendix 2.

Import controls are only being applied to products whose origin is one of the countries of concern with respect to ASF; which are listed in Appendix 3. This list of countries includes those that are experiencing an outbreak or have experienced an outbreak of ASF within the last 5 years.

4.0 Overview of import requirements for plant-based feed ingredients of concern

4.1 Documentation requirements for all shipments

All documentation associated with the import must be completed in either English or French.

4.2 Import permit

An animal health import permit, issued by an inspector at the CFIA's Centre of Administration, is required for the importation of the select plant-based feed ingredients from countries of concern imported for one of the end uses of concern noted above. Specific conditions of import will be listed in the import permit.

The permit application process allows the CFIA to assess the risks associated with the imported material. The application provides the CFIA with the required information, including the end use of the product. The import conditions, listed on the Import Permit, impose obligations on the importer in relation to their imported product. Importers must read and are legally required to comply with all of the conditions listed on their Import Permit as well as the conditions in the order that requires the permit.

Each shipment must be accompanied by a copy of the permit at the time of importation, and it must be presented at the first point of entry into Canada. Permits can be issued for single entry or multiple entry (in which case the permits are valid for one year).

An application for a permit to import must be accompanied by information that is adequate to allow a determination that taking a plant-based feed ingredient of concern into the secondary control zone would not, or would not be likely to, result in the introduction into or spread within Canada of ASF. The questionnaires referred to in sections 4.3 and 4.4 reflect the information requirements that would normally need to be met in order to allow that determination to be made. A completed questionnaire(s) must be submitted along with the application for an import permit, prior to importation, attesting to how the product has been or will be processed and managed once in Canada.

4.3 Questionnaire for raw or unprocessed products of concern

The import permit application and questionnaire for raw or unprocessed products must be completed by the facility that will be processing the product once it arrives in Canada or that will be contracting with a third party to process the product once it arrives in Canada. An import permit will not be issued to a broker in this case. Where a third party processor is engaged to process the product, the importer remains responsible for ensuring that all applicable conditions are met, including those that are to be met by the third party processor.

Completed questionnaires must be submitted with each application to import.

4.4 Questionnaire for plant-based meals of concern

The questionnaire for plant-based meals must be completed by the exporting facility and must be verified and endorsed by a representative of the competent authority in the country of origin. A questionnaire is required for each processing facility in the exporting country (if materials are coming from more than one). An import permit may be issued to a broker in this case.

Completed questionnaires must be submitted with each application to import.

4.5 Record keeping requirements

The importer must keep records that accurately identifies the product imported, clearly indicates the exporting facility of the product, the date of importation, the details of treatments applied following entry into Canada (where applicable), and the details of all locations where imported product was sold or distributed. These records should be held for a minimum of two (2) years and may be subject to review by a CFIA inspector.

5.0 Specific Import Requirements for Plant-based Feed Ingredients of Concern

In this import policy, the specific requirements for the importation of plant-based feed ingredients are divided into two sections:

  • Section 5.1 – specific requirements for the import of raw or unprocessed grains and oilseeds
  • Section 5.2 – specific requirements for the import of meals

5.1 Raw or unprocessed grains or oilseeds

The shipment must be shipped by the most direct and appropriate route from the point of import to the address of destination in Canada.

Bulk shipments must be transported in either single use bulk containers or containers lined with a single use, plastic liner.

Bulk shipments must be handled in such a way to prevent cross contamination.

Products must be handled in a manner in the importing facility(ies) that prevents the direct or indirect contact of untreated product with treated product. Any direct or indirect contact of untreated materials from any source will then be considered untreated and require heat treatment or a hold period.

Prior to sale or distribution, the product must undergo a heat treatment at the importing facility where the product temperature reaches at least 70 degrees Celsius for thirty (30) minutes or 85 degrees Celsius for five (5) minutes or the product must be held at the importing facility in Canada for a minimum of twenty (20) days at twenty degrees Celsius (20°C) or one hundred (100) days at ten degrees Celsius (10°C).

Any untreated materials must be disposed of in a manner that will not result in the product entering the feed chain or being accessible to wild pigs or other animals, and as per local environmental regulations.

5.1.1 Post-entry oversight

A CFIA inspector may go on-site at importing facilities to review records and to verify the conditions of import have been met and that the information provided in the questionnaires is accurate.

5.2 Meals

The product must only be imported from the exporting facility(ies) listed on the import permit.

The shipment must be shipped by the most direct and appropriate route from the point of import to the address of destination in Canada.

Bulk shipments must be transported in either single use bulk containers or containers lined with a single use, plastic liner.

Bulk shipments must be handled in such a way to prevent cross contamination.

The product must have undergone processing in the country of origin that has included a heat treatment where the product temperature reached at least 70 degrees Celsius for thirty (30) minutes or 85 degrees Celsius for five (5) minutes.

No untreated materials have been added to the processed product following the heat treatment.

5.2.1 Post-entry oversight

A CFIA inspector may go on-site at importing facilities to review records and to verify the conditions of import have been met.

6.0 Shipments leaving the port of export on or before April 30, 2019

Some of the requirements listed in sections 5.1 and 5.2 may not apply to shipments that have left the port of export before or on April 30, 2019. However, information must be supplied that allows a determination to be made that taking a plant-based feed ingredient of concern into the secondary control zone would not, or would not be likely to, result in the introduction into or spread within Canada of ASF. Factors that may be considered include:

  • The zoosanitary status of the country of origin,
  • Prior assessment of the veterinary infrastructure of the state of origin by the World Organisation for Animal Health or the Canadian Food Inspection Agency,
  • The nature of the product,
  • The process and treatment applied to the product or other risk mitigation measures,
  • The end use, and
  • The potential for cross-contamination.

Appendix 1: List of ports declared as secondary control zones for African swine fever

The Port of Vancouver, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, February 27, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 9 (as amended from time to time).

The Port of Prince Rupert, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Prince Rupert Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Prince Rupert Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, May 1, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 18 (as amended from time to time).

The Port of Toronto, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Toronto Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Toronto Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, June 5, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 23 (as amended from time to time).

The Port of Montreal, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Montreal Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Montreal Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, February 27, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 9 (as amended from time to time).

The Port of Quebec, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Quebec Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Quebec Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, May 1, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 18 (as amended from time to time).

The Port of Halifax, defined as:

the navigable waters under the jurisdiction of the Halifax Port Authority and the real property and immovables that the Halifax Port Authority manages, holds or occupies as set out in the letters patent published in the Supplement to the Canada Gazette, Part 1, February 27, 1999, Vol. 133, No. 9 (as amended from time to time).

Appendix 2: Products of concern with respect to African swine fever

Chapter 10

  • 10 01 19 Durum wheat: Other
  • 10 01 99 Wheat and meslin Other: Other
  • 10 02 90 Rye: Other
  • 10 03 90 Barley: Other
  • 10 04 90 Oats: Other
  • 10 05 90 Maize (corn): Other
  • 10 06 10 0102 Cereal – Rice – grain
  • 10 07 90 Grain sorghum: Other
  • 10 08 10 0104 Cereal – Buckwheat – grain
  • 10 08 60 0084 Cereal – Triticale – grain

Chapter 11

  • all commodities

Chapter 12

  • 12 01 90 0111 Glycine max (Soybean), grain
  • 12 04 00 0113 Linum usitatissimum (Linseed, Flax), grain
  • 12 05 10 7200 Canola seed (grain)
  • 12 05 90 7200 Rape seed (grain)
  • 12 06 00 Sunflower seeds
  • 12 07 60 Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) seeds
  • 12 07 99 9999 Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (grain)
  • 12 08 Flours and meals of oil seeds or oleaginous fruits, other than those of mustard

Chapter 23

  • 23 02 Brans, sharps, and other residues derived from cereals or leguminous plants
  • 23 03 10 6213 Corn syrup process residue
  • 23 03 10 6214 Corn gluten meal
  • 23 03 10 6215 Corn gluten feed
  • 23 03 10 6216 Corn gluten, other
  • 23 03 10 6220 Rice gluten
  • 23 03 10 6223 Maize zein
  • 23 03 10 6224 Corn protein concentrate
  • 23 04 Oil-cake and other solid residues from extraction of soya-bean oil
  • 23 06 oil cake and other solid residues from extraction of vegetable fats or oils:
    • 23 06 10 Of cotton seeds
    • 23 06 20 Of linseed
    • 23 06 30 Of sunflower seeds
    • 23 06 41 Of rape or colza seeds (low erucic acid)
    • 23 06 49 Of rape or colza seeds (other)
    • 23 06 90 Other
  • 23 09 90 6230 Modified soybean meal
  • 23 09 90 6228 Acid chlorinated soybean meal
  • 23 09 90 6227 Acid chlorinated canola meal

Appendix 3: Countries of concern with respect to African swine fever

(Countries that have reported active cases in domestic or wild pigs within the last 5 years.)

  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Bulgaria
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Congo
  • Cote D'Ivoire
  • Czech Republic
  • Estonia
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Kenya
  • Laos
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Slovakia
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • Vietnam
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
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