Scrapie is a fatal disease that affects the central nervous system of sheep and goats. It is what is known as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). Other TSEs include bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk, and Creutzfelt-Jakob disease in humans.

In Canada, scrapie is a reportable disease under the Health of Animals Act, and all cases must be reported to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

National Scrapie Eradication Program

The goal of Canada's National Scrapie Eradication Program is to eradicate classical scrapie from the national sheep flock and goat herd. This protects the health of the national sheep flock and goat herd, and maintains confidence in Canada's sheep and goat industries locally and around the world.

The National Scrapie Eradication Program consists of an internationally recognized and science based approach that includes i) a surveillance program aimed at identifying as many scrapie infected flocks or herds in Canada as possible, ii) implementing scrapie disease control actions on farms where scrapie is identified, and iii) providing support to a Voluntary Scrapie Flock Certification Program.

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