The Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) Policy on Domestic Use and Export of Specified Risk Material (SRM)-Removed Ruminant Meat and Bone Meal (MBM)
The segregation of SRM at slaughter creates the opportunity to produce SRM-removed MBM at appropriately dedicated facilities or those with dedicated lines. Only SRM-removed MBM would be permitted for feeding non-ruminants domestically and would still be considered a prohibited material for ruminant feeding.
With respect to SRM-removed MBM, there is no such commodity recognized by the OIE at this time. The OIE BSE standards recommend that MBM not be traded, to prevent the spread of BSE associated with high risk commodities, such as MBM. There is no distinction between SRM-removed or non SRM-removed MBM. As a result, there are no established criteria to demonstrate the effectiveness of procedures to eliminate contamination of MBM with SRM.
Import of Ruminant MBM
Ruminant MBM currently is prohibited for importation into Canada except from Category 1 countries (i.e., negligible BSE risk). An exemption from this prohibition may currently be considered on a case-by-case basis if it can be demonstrated that the materials used in the production of ruminant derived meat-and-bone meal or greaves, or any commodities containing such products have undergone a treatment or process to eliminate the BSE agent equivalent to that applied in Canada.
Key Policy Principles
- The approach for export certification and domestic use of SRM-removed MBM will be outcome focussed and, therefore, will be based on evidence that the system in each establishment meets all new requirements for the segregation of SRM in accordance with the enhanced feed ban regulations.
- In federally registered establishments, the current inspection program, including compliance verification and enforcement; will serve as the basis for both domestic use and export certification.
- In provincially licensed establishments, the evidence demonstrating that the system meets the new requirements for the segregation of SRM will be consistent with the approach taken by individual provinces for oversight of abattoirs in their respective jurisdictions. This evidence, however, must provide sufficient confidence that the requirements have been met to fulfill the requirements of the importing country and be appropriately documented to allow the CFIA official signing the certificate to be satisfied that requirements have been met.
Domestic Policy for use of SRM-Removed Ruminant MBM
The CFIA will not "certify" this material. The inspection program for the enhanced feed ban is designed to demonstrate compliance at all levels of the industry.
In order to facilitate making this information public, the CFIA will consider publishing a list of permitted establishments (i.e., renderers and veterinary practices) and indicate what the permit allows them to do (this is a current practice under the Meat Inspection Act for meat establishments). Further consultation with industry will be needed in order to publish such a list.
- Abattoirs Supplying Inedible Bovine Material from which SRM is Segregated
Federally Registered: MCAP tasks for SRM in federally registered abattoirs will be used to verify removal and control of SRM in those establishments. These establishments have inspectors present whenever the establishment slaughters animals. Documentation will be used to demonstrate that SRM and inedibles are properly segregated.
Non-Federally Registered: In Canada, abattoirs from which product is limited to intra-provincial movement are not subject to federal registration. These plants account for 5% of red meat and poultry production in Canada. Inspection standards and frequencies in non-federally registered abattoirs vary from province to province.
The CFIA has a responsibility to ensure that SRM is segregated in accordance with the requirements of the enhanced feed ban regulations. CFIA inspectors will ensure that the requirements of the new feed ban regulation are being met through audit. Provinces are encouraged to submit their inspection programs to the CFIA for review and approval to ensure that they are meeting the new regulatory requirements.
Where SRM is removed from the premise, the establishment requires a permit to move the SRM to another location for destruction, containment or disposal. The enhanced feed ban regulations require the abattoir to maintain a record for each day that SRM is removed, stained or received or the carcasses are collected or received (for a period of 10 years). If a non-federally registered plant chooses to segregate SRM, then the records and documentation previously mentioned and the provincial oversight/inspection of the facilities will serve as the evidence of proper segregation. This information will be subject to CFIA audit as noted above.
In order for CFIA to issue an export certificate for SRM-removed MBM which includes bovine inedibles collected from provincially licensed abattoirs, it will be necessary for the abattoirs to provide auditable evidence to demonstrate that segregation is being done in accordance with the new enhanced feed ban regulations, including documentation of the provincial oversight/inspection.
In order for renderers to process and sell SRM-removed MBM, it will be their responsibility to ensure that they receive material only from abattoirs which have documented records demonstrating compliance with the new feed ban regulations.
SRM processing activities in a dedicated/non-dedicated SRM rendering facility will be subject to inspection criteria outlined in the daily SRM checklist for rendering facilities. For dedicated facilities processing non-SRM ruminant MBM, a quarterly inspection will be required.
For non-dedicated facilities (i.e., those facilities processing both SRM-removed ruminant MBM and SRM material), inspectors must be present whenever the establishment is operating.
Export Policy for SRM-Removed Ruminant MBM
MBM produced after July 12, 2007:. The CFIA will issue permits to establishments which demonstrate that they meet the requirements of the enhanced feed ban regulations. The issuance of a certificate will be based on the possession of a valid permit and demonstration that the import requirements have been met. This certification will be performed on a case-by-case basis depending on the importing requirements of the country. The label on the product must indicate that it will only be used to feed swine, fish and poultry.
The CFIA will respond to countries expressing market needs for this product by issuing certificates once it has been demonstrated that the regulatory requirements of the enhanced feed ban and any importing country requirements have been met
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