Prescott

Oat

Denomination: 'Prescott'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'OA1021-1'
Botanical Name: Avena sativa
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa
Ottawa Research and Development Centre
Room 1093A - 960 Carling Avenue
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0C6
Canada
Breeder: Art McElroy, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Canada
Tel: (403) 782-8126
Application Date: 2004-04-23
Application Number: 04-4176
Grant of Rights Date: 2011-03-18
Certificate Number: 4044
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2029-03-18

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Sherwood', 'Aylmer' and 'Goslin'

Summary: The density of pubescence on the lower leaf sheath and blades of 'Prescott' is medium whereas it is absent to very sparse on 'Sherwood', 'Aylmer' and 'Goslin'. The density of pubescence on the leaf margins of 'Prescott' is sparse whereas it is absent or very weak on the reference varieties. The flag leaves of 'Prescott' are narrower than those of the reference varieties. The branches of the panicle of 'Prescott' are semi-erect whereas they are horizontal on the reference varieties.

Description:

SEEDLING (5-9 tiller stage): semi-erect juvenile growth habit, medium pubescence of lower leaf sheath and blade

LEAF (at booting stage): medium green, sparse pubescence of the margins, medium intensity of glaucosity, medium frequency of plants with recurved flag leaves, medium pubescence/hairiness above and below upper culm node

PANICLE (just after heading): equilateral/symmertical to intermediate orientation, medium density
PANICLE BRANCHES: semi-erect attitude, more than 45 degree angle between the rachis and dominant side branch
SPIKELET: medium glaucosity of glumes, semi-abscission separation of spikelet with semi-nodding attitude
RACHILLA: medium length between primary and secondary florets, absent to very short grooves, sparse pubescence
LEMMA: medium glaucosity, small lateral overlap on palea, white to yellow at maturity, absent to very sparse pubescence on the lateral and dorsal surfaces, absent to very weak tendency to be awned

KERNEL (primary kernels from upper spikelets): hulled, short to medium length basal hairs, white, two grains per spikelet, rounded medium-sized scutellum, medium density of groat pubescence

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS: fair lodging and shattering resistance, relatively daylength insensitive

DISEASE RESISTANCE: highly susceptible to Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata) and resistant to Septoria (Septoria avenae f. sp. avenae)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Prescott' (experimental designation OA1021-1) arose from the cross 'OA973-1/ 'Aylmer' made in 1996 at the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre in Ottawa, Ontario using a modified single seed descent method. Segregating progenies were evaluated for crown rust resistance, using specific isolates to test for the presence of both Puccinia coronata races 48 and 68. Seven lines of the F6 were evaluated for agronomic traits in a single row nursery and superior lines were tested for quality parameters. Those with the highest groat content, and acceptable groat oil and groat protein levels for milling use were advanced to yield testing.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'Prescott' were conducted by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada at the Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario during the summers of 2007 and 2008. Plots consisted of 4 replicates/variety with 4 rows/replicate, 3 meters in length, spaced approximately 0.25 metres apart between replicates.


Comparison tables for 'Prescott' with reference varieties 'Sherwood', 'Aylmer' and 'Goslin'

Flag leaf width (mm)

  'Prescott' 'Sherwood' 'Aylmer' 'Goslin'
mean 15.4 17.7 18.7 20.2
std. deviation 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.9

Number of days to heading (from planting to 50% of panicles fully emerged from boot)

  'Prescott' 'Sherwood' 'Aylmer' 'Goslin'
days 63 64 63 65

Click on image for larger view
Prescott
Oat: 'Prescott' (left) with reference varieties 'Sherwood' (centre, left), 'Goslin' (centre, right) and 'Aylmer' (right)

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