AAC Justice

Oat

Denomination: 'AAC Justice'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'OT2084'
Botanical Name: Avena sativa
Applicant/Holder: Regents of the University of Minnesota
Office for Technology Commercialization
Suite 160, 1000 Westgate Drive
St. Paul, Minnesota
55114-8658
United States of America
Tel: 612-624-6529

Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg
Cereal Research Centre
195 Dafoe Road
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3T 2M9
Canada
Tel: 204-983-0099
Breeder: Jennifer Mitchell Fetch, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba
Deon Stuthman, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, United States of America
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Canada
Tel: (403) 782-8126
Application Date: 2013-07-31
Application Number: 13-8091
Grant of Rights Date: 2015-03-24
Certificate Number: 5006
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2035-03-24

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'HiFi'

Summary: The density of hairiness/pubescence on the stem above and below the upper culm node of 'AAC Justice' is medium whereas it is very sparse on 'HiFi'.

Description:

SEEDLING (5-9 tiller stage): spring oat, semi-erect to intermediate juvenile growth habit, very sparse pubescence on lower leaf sheath and blade

LEAF (at booting stage): medium green, very sparse pubescence on margin, medium intensity of glaucosity at green stage

CULM: medium hairiness on stem above and below upper node

PANICLE (shortly after heading): medium density, very few hairs or spines on the lowest node
PANICLE BRANCHES: equilateral/symmetrical orientation, horizontal attitude, ranging from 30 to 45 degree to more than 45 degree angle between rachis and dominant side branch
SPIKELET: weak to medium glaucosity of glumes, fracture type separation of lower florets, nodding attitude
RACHILLA: medium length between primary and secondary florets, very short grooves, very sparse pubescence
LEMMA: weak to medium glaucosity, small to medium extent of lateral overlap on palea, white to yellow at maturity, absent to very sparse pubescence on lateral and dorsal surfaces, absent to very weak tendency to be awned

KERNEL (primary kernels from upper spikelets): hulled, basal hairs absent, cream colour, two grains per spikelet, medium density of pubescence on groat
SCUTELLUM: rounded tip, medium sized

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS: good lodging resistance

Origin & Breeding History: 'AAC Justice' (experimental designations OT2084, 06Mn25-AP1 and 10RAT26) was derived from the cross ND020965/SA050100 conducted in the greenhouses at the University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota during the winter of 2006. The F2 seed was grown in the field in Minnesota during the summer of 2006. F3 seed was produced in the winter nursery near Palmerston North, New Zealand in 2006-2007 from which twenty-eight F4 lines were selected and planted in the rust/smut nursery of the Cereal Research Centre (CRC) of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Glenlea, Manitoba during the 2007 growing season. Eighteen lines were selected for advancement to the winter nursery in New Zealand during the winter of 2007-2008. Twelve superior F6 lines were selected for resistance to oat crown and stem rust plus tolerance to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and were grown out in the 2008 Glenlea Rust/Smut Nursery. Twenty-two lines were again selected for superior disease resistance, agronomic performance and quality characteristics and increased in the 2008-09 winter nursery grown near Palmerston North, New Zealand. Three lines were selected from this nursery and tested in single replicate preliminary yield trials grown in Manitoba and Alberta in 2009 and in replicated trials grown at 9 sites across western Canada during the summer of 2010. Two of these lines were entered into the 2011 and 2012 Western Cooperative Oat Registration Test as OT2083 and OT2084, and were evaluated for disease resistance, quality traits and agronomic perfomance.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'AAC Justice' were conducted at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's plots located at the Manitoba Crop Development Centre in Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, during the summers of 2012 and 2013. The size of the plots was 3.25 square metres and consisted of 5 experimental rows with 2 winter wheat guard/border rows. Each row was 4.27 metres long and the rows were spaced 15.24 cm apart. The varieties were planted in 4 replications with an approximate plant density of 1200 plants per variety per plot.

Click on image for larger view
AAC Justice
Oat: 'AAC Justice' (right) with reference variety 'HiFi' (left)

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