Crop 37

Potato

Denomination: 'Crop 37'
Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum
Applicant/Holder: The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd.
120 Mt. Albert Road
Mt. Albert
Auckland
1025
New Zealand
Breeder: John Anderson, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Pukekohe, New Zealand
Agent in Canada: Smart & Biggar
P.O. Box 2999, Station D
55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 900
Ottawa, Ontario
K1P 5Y6
Canada
Tel: 613-232-2486 ex. 1279
Application Date: 2014-02-27
Application Number: 14-8224

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Shepody' and 'Ranger Russet'

Summary: The base of the lightsprout of 'Crop 37' has a high proportion of blue in the anthocyanin colouration whereas the reference varieties have an absent or low proportion of blue in the anthocyanin colouration at the base of the lightsprout. The stem of 'Crop 37' has a low to medium extent of anthocyanin colouration whereas the stems of the reference varieties have an absent or very low extent of anthocyanin colouration. The intensity of anthocyanin colouration on the inner side of the corolla is strong for 'Crop 37' whereas the intensity of anthocyanin colouration on the inner side of the corolla is weak to medium for 'Shepody' and medium for 'Ranger Russet'. The shape of the tuber of 'Crop 37' is oval to long-oval whereas the shape of the tuber of 'Shepody' is long oval to long and the shape of the tuber of 'Ranger Russet' is long oval.

Description:

LIGHTSPROUT: medium size, ovoid shape, medium number of root tips, short lateral shoots
LIGHTSPROUT BASE: very strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration, high proportion of blue in anthocyanin colouration, dense pubescence
LIGHTSPROUT TIP: medium size in relation to base, closed habit, very strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration, dense pubescence

PLANT: foliage structure is intermediate type where foliage is half open and stems are partly visible, upright growth habit, matures mid-season

STEM: low to medium extent of anthocyanin colouration located halfway up stem

LEAF: medium outline size, openness is intermediate to open, medium green on upper side, low extent and weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration of upper side of midrib, medium presence of secondary leaflets, high frequency of coalescence of terminal and lateral leaflets
SECOND PAIR OF LATERAL LEAFLETS: leaflet is medium in size and narrower than long
LEAFLET: absent or very weak waviness of margin, medium depth of veins, medium glossiness of upper side, glabrous blade at apical rosette

INFLORESCENCE: medium frequency per plant, small to medium size
PEDUNCLE: medium extent of anthocyanin colouration
FLOWER BUD: medium to high extent of anthocyanin colouration
COROLLA: medium size
COROLLA (INNER SIDE): high extent of anthocyanin colouration, strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration, absent or low to medium proportion of blue in anthocyanin colouration

TUBER: oval to long oval shape, cream coloured flesh
TUBER EYE: shallow, yellow at base
TUBER SKIN: yellow, develops weak to medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration in reaction to light

Origin & Breeding History: 'Crop 37' originated from a cross between '345/7' and 'Fianna' conducted in 1990 by the New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research, in Pukekohe, New Zealand. 'Crop 37' went through 10 growing cycles and was selected for its positive agronomic characteristics.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'Crop 37' was conducted by Global Agri Services Inc. during the growing season of 2016 in Drummond, New Brunswick. The trial consisted of a single, 19.5 metre long row containing 65 plants spaced 0.3 metres apart for each variety. The distance between rows within the trial was 0.9 metres. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants, or 10 parts of plants, of each variety.

Click on image for larger view
Crop 37
Potato: 'Crop 37' (left) with reference varieties 'Shepody' (centre) and 'Ranger Russet' (right)

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