Exemptions under the Test Marketing Provision of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations
Schedule I

This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).

Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository

Part II

Grades and Standards for Potatoes

Application

86. The grades and standards set out in sections 87 to 90 apply to potato varieties grown from Solanum tuberosum, potatoes for seed being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

87. The grades and grade names for potatoes are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Standards for all grades

88. In addition to the standards for each grade and subject to the tolerances set out in sections 91 and 92, potatoes of all grades shall

(a) be properly packed;

(b) not be artificially coloured;

(c) have similar varietal characteristics;

(c.1) not withstanding paragraph (c), potatoes meeting the requirements in respect of diameter set out in subclauses 89.(2)(f)(i)(A)(I) and (iii)(A)(I), packaged in standard containers of 3 lb or less, or 5 lb, may be of different varietal characteristics when packed in approximately equal proportions;

(d) sprouts: moved to 89.(2)(c) and 90.(2)(c)

(e) be free from damage caused by freezing;

(f) be free from bacterial ring rot, black heart or other decay;

(g) (greening: moved to 89.(2)(d.1) and 90.(2)(d.1));

(h) (hollow heart: moved to 89.(2)(o) and 90.(2)(m));

(i) be free from insects or worms within the flesh of a potato; and

(j) where the potatoes are packed in cartons, meet the following requirements in respect of diameter, weight or count, namely,

(i) where the cartons are labelled with:

(A) a count designation, the potatoes shall have a minimum diameter as set out in paragraph 89(2)(f) or (g) or 90(2)(f) , according to the variety and grade of the potatoes, or

(B) one of the size designations set out in column I of an item of the table to this section, the potatoes shall have the minimum weight and maximum weight set out in columns II and III respectively of that item,

(ii) not more than 10 per cent of the cartons shall contain up to five per cent fewer or more potatoes than the count designation shown on the label, and

(iii) where the potatoes are packed in cartons that are labelled with the designation "283 g minimum" or "10 oz minimum", the potatoes shall have a minimum weight of 283 g (10 oz).

89.(2) In addition to meeting the standards for all grades set out in section 88, potatoes graded Canada No. 1 shall:

(a) be reasonably clean;

(b) be not materially pointed, materially dumb-bell shaped or otherwise materially deformed;

(b.1) not have more than one knob removed:

(i) where the area affects more than 5 per cen

Canada No. 1 Grade Standars
Table Summary

This table consists in column 1, the item number, in column 2, includes the size designation, in column 3 includes the minimum weight and column 4 is the maximum weight.

Item Column I
Size Designation
Column II
Minimum Weight
Column III
Maximum Weight
1. Under 50 425 g (15oz) No maximum weight
2. 50 340 g (12 oz) 539 g (19 oz)
3. 60 283 g (10 oz) 454 g (16 oz)
4. 70 255 g (9 oz) 425 g (15 oz)
5. 80 227 g (8 oz) 369 g (13 oz)
6. 90 198 g (7 oz) 340 g (12 oz)
7. 100 170 g (6 oz) 283 g (10 oz)
8. 110 142 g (5 oz) 255 g (9 oz)
9. 120 and over 113 g (4 oz) 227 g(8 oz)

t of the surface area; or

(ii) where the affected area is rough or jagged;

(c) be free from any individual or clusters of sprouts that at the time of shipping or repacking:

(i) exceed 6 mm. (¼ inch) in length; and

(ii) affect more than five per cent of the potatoes in a lot.

(c.1) be free from any individual or clusters of sprouts that at a time other than at the time of shipping or repacking:

(i) exceed 13 mm (½ inch) in length; and

(ii) affect more than five per cent of the potatoes in a lot.

(d) be not shrivelled or flabby;

(d.1) be free from greening that:

(i) penetrates the flesh of a potato to a depth that when removed causes a loss of more than 5 per cent of the total weight of the potato; or

(ii) affects more than 25 per cent of the surface area of a potato.

(e) except in the case of new potatoes shipped before September 16 in the year in which they were grown, have skins that will not loosen readily during ordinary handling and have not more than 10 per cent of the surface flesh exposed;

(f) subject to paragraph (g), meet the following requirements in respect of diameter or weight, namely:

(i) where of a round variety, the potatoes shall:

(A) where potatoes are labelled with the size designation "38 mm to 57 mm" (1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches), or with the words "Small Round", have

(I) a minimum diameter of 38 mm (1 ½ inches) and a maximum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches);

(B) have a minimum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) and a maximum diameter of 89 mm (3 ½ inches), or

(C) have a minimum weight of 142 g (5 ounces) and a maximum weight of 340 g (12 ounces),

(ii) where of a long variety, the potatoes shall

(A) subject to subclause (I), have a minimum diameter of 38 mm (1 ½ inches) and a maximum diameter of 51 mm (2 inches) and be labelled with the size designation "38 mm to 51 mm" (1 ½ inches to 2 inches) or with the words "Small Long";

(I) in the case of long non-russet varieties, the potatoes may have a maximum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) where the potatoes are labelled with the words "Non-Russet" in addition and in close proximity to the size designation "38 mm to 57 mm" (1 ½ inches to 2 ¼ inches) or to the words "Small Long";

(B) have a minimum diameter of 51 mm (2 inches) or a minimum weight of 113 g (4 ounces) and a maximum diameter of 89 mm (3 ½ inches) or a maximum weight of 340 g (12 ounces), except that potatoes 89 mm (3 ½ inches) or more in length may have a minimum diameter of 44 mm (1 ¾ inches) and, in either case, at least 60 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot shall have a diameter of at least 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or a weight of at least 142 g (5 ounces), and

(C) have a minimum diameter of 48 mm (1 ⅞ inches) and a maximum diameter of 76 mm (3 inches), or a maximum weight of 283 g (10 ounces), and at least 75 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot shall have a diameter of at least 51 mm (2 inches) or a weight of at least 113 g (4 ounces), where potatoes labelled with the size designation 48 mm to 76 mm (1 ⅞ inches to 3 inches) are being shipped from one province to another, and

(iii) where the potatoes are:

(A) of any variety and are labelled with the size designation "19 mm to 41 mm" (¾ inch to 1 ⅝ inches), or with the word "Creamer", have:

(I) a minimum diameter of 19 mm (¾ inch) and a maximum diameter of 41 mm (1 ⅝ inches);

(iv) where the potatoes are:

(A) of any variety and are labelled with the size designation "70 mm to 114 mm" (2 ¾ inches to 4 ½ inches), or with the word "Chef", have:

(I) a minimum diameter of 70 mm (2 ¾ inches) and a maximum diameter of 114 mm (4 ½ inches), or

(II) a minimum weight of 227 g (8 ounces) and a maximum weight of 794 g (28 ounces), and

(B) of any variety and are labelled with the size designation "76 mm to 114 mm" (3 inches to 4 ½ inches) or with the word "Large",

(I) have a minimum diameter of 76 mm (3 inches) and a maximum diameter of 114 mm (4 ½ inches), or

(II) a minimum weight of 283 g (10 ounces) and a maximum weight of 794 g (28 ounces);

(g) in the case of new potatoes, meet the requirements in respect of diameter or weight that are set out in paragraph (f), except that new potatoes required by that paragraph to have a minimum diameter of 51 mm (2 inches) or a minimum weight of 113 g (4 ounces), or a minimum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or a minimum weight of 142 g (5 ounces), may have a minimum diameter of 48 mm (1 ⅞ inches) where the new potatoes are:

(i) of a round variety and are shipped before October 1 in the year in which they were grown, or

(ii) of a long variety and are shipped before July 1 in the year in which they were grown;

(h) be free from blight;

(i) be free from surface scab affecting more than five per cent of the surface area of a potato;

(j) be free from sunburn that cannot be removed with the loss of more than 5 per cent of the weight of the potato;

(k) be free from wireworm or grass root holes that:

(i) affect the flesh of the potato, and

(ii) cannot be removed without the loss of more than 5 per cent of the weight of the potato;

(l) be free from any of the following types of damage that materially affect the appearance of a potato, namely:

(i) enlarged lenticels,

(i) russet scab,

(iii) rhizoctonia,

(iv) growth cracks, and

(v) external discolouration;

(m) be free from any of the following types of damage that cannot be removed without the loss of more than five per cent of the weight of a potato, namely:

(i) internal discolouration, and

(ii) ingrown sprouts;

(n) be free from any of the following types of damage that materially affect the appearance of a potato or cannot be removed without the loss of more than five per cent of the weight of a potato, namely,

(i) bruises,

(ii) air cracks,

(iii) pitted scab, and

(iv) flea-beetle damage;

(o) be free from hollow heart that

(i) affects an area more than that of a circle 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter in a potato 63 mm (2 ½ inches) in diameter or 170 g (6 ounces) in weight, and

(ii) in the case of a potato that has a greater or lesser diameter or weight than that set out in subparagraph (i), exceeds a size that is proportional to the diameter of the circle, in relation to the size of the potato, set out in that subparagraph (i);

(p) be free from any damage or defect or combination thereof that materially affects the appearance of a potato, including healed-over flesh, rhizoctonia or silver scurf; and

(q) be free from any other damage or defect or combination thereof that:

(i) affects the edibility or shipping quality of the potatoes; or

(ii) affects the flesh of a potato and cannot be removed without the loss of more than 5 per cent of the weight of the potato.

Canada No. 2 Grade Standars

90. (1) In this section, "slightly dirty" means:

(a) there is an appreciable amount of dirt adhering to the potatoes; and

(b) where the potatoes are in a container, there is not more than a moderate amount of loose dirt or foreign material in the container.

(2) In addition to meeting the standards for all grades set out in section 88, potatoes graded CanadaNo. 2 shall:

(a) be not more than slightly dirty;

(b) be not seriously pointed, seriously dumb-bell shaped or otherwise seriously deformed;

(c) be free from any individual or clusters of sprouts that at a time of shipping or repacking:

(i) exceed 13 mm (½ inch) in length; and

(ii) affect more than ten per cent of the potatoes in the lot

(c.1) be free from any individual or clusters of sprouts that at a time other than at the time of shipping or repacking:

(i) exceed 25 mm (1 inch) in length; and

(ii) affect more than ten per cent of the potatoes in the lot;

(d) have not had their appearance materially affected by the removal of knobs;

(d.1) be free from greening that:

(i) penetrates the flesh of a potato to a depth that when removed causes a loss of more than 10 per cent of the total weight of the potato; or

(ii) affects more than 50 per cent of the surface area of a potato;

(e) be reasonably firm;

(f) have a minimum diameter of 44 mm (1 ¾ inches) and a maximum diameter of 114 mm (4 ½ inches) or a maximum weight of 794 g (28 ounces) and not less than 75 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot shall have a diameter of at least 51 mm (2 inches) or a weight of at least 113 g (4 ounces);

(g) be free from blight that

(i) is not dry, or

(ii) is dry but cannot be removed without the loss of more than five per cent of the weight of a potato;

(h) be free from surface scab that affects more than 25 per cent of the surface area of a potato;

(i) be free from wireworm or grass root holes that affect the flesh of a potato and cannot be removed without the loss of more than 10 per cent of the weight of the potato;

(j) be free from any of the following types of damage that seriously affect the appearance of a potato, namely:

(i) enlarged lenticels,

(ii) russet scab,

(iii) rhizoctonia,

(iv) growth cracks, and

(v) external discolouration;

(k) be free from any of the following types of damage that cannot be removed without the loss of more than 10 per cent of the weight of a potato, namely:

(i) sunburn,

(ii) internal discolouration, and

(iii) ingrown sprouts;

(l) be free from any of the following types of damage that seriously affect the appearance of a potato or cannot be removed without the loss of more than 10 per cent of the weight of the potato, namely,

(i) bruises,

(ii) air cracks,

(iii) pitted scab, and

(iv) flea-beetle damage;

(m) be free from hollow heart that:

(i) affects an area more than that of a circle 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter in a potato 63 mm (2 ½ inches) in diameter or 170 g (6 ounces) in weight, and

(ii) in the case of a potato that has a greater or lesser diameter or weight than that set out in subparagraph (i), exceeds a size that is proportional to the diameter of the circle, in relation to the size of the potato, set out in that subparagraph;

(n) be free from any other damage or defect or a combination thereof that:

(i) seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the potatoes, or

(ii) affects the flesh of a potato and cannot be removed without the loss of more than 10 per cent of the weight of the potato.

General Tolerances at the time of Shipping or Repacking

91. (1) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 1 grade, the standards set out in sections  88 and 89, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes inspected at the time of shipping or repacking if up to:

(a) 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot are affected by sprouts;

(b) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have more than 10 per cent of the surface flesh exposed; and

(b.1) 3 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be smaller than the required or specified minimum size, except that potatoes packed to meet a minimum size of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or larger in diameter or 142 grams (5 ounces) or more in weight may have up to 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot smaller than the required or specified size;

(b.2) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be larger than any required or specified maximum size;

(c) 8 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a), (b), (b.1) and (b.2) including not more than:

(i) five per cent that are affected by external defects;

(ii) five per cent that are affected by internal defects;

(iii) one per cent that are affected by decay.

(Note: The following defect tolerances have been moved: Undersize moved to 91.(1)(b.1), Oversize moved to 91.(1)(b.2), Hollow heart included in internal defects 91.(1)(c) (ii)).

(2) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 2 grade, the standards set out in sections 88 and 90, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes inspected at the time of shipping or repacking if up to:

(a) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot are affected by sprouts; and

(a.2) 3 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be smaller than the required or specified minimum size, except that potatoes packed to meet a minimum size of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or larger in diameter or 142 grams (5 ounces) or more in weight may have up to 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot smaller than the required or specified size;

(a.3) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be larger than any required or specified maximum size;

(b) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have defects other than that referred to in paragraph (a), (a.1) (a.2) and (a.3) including not more than;

(i) six per cent that are affected by external defects;

(ii) six per cent that are affected by internal defects;

(iii) one per cent that are affected by decay.

(Note: The following defect tolerances have been moved: Undersize moved to 91.(2)(a.2), Oversize moved to 91.(2)(a.3), Hollow heart included in internal defects 91.(2)(b) (ii)).

General tolerances at a time other than at the time of shipping or repacking

92. (1) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 1 grade, the standards set out in sections 88 and 89, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes inspected at a time other than the time of shipping or repacking if up to

(a) 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot are affected by sprouts; and

(b) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have more than 10 per cent of the surface flesh exposed; and

(b.1) 3 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be smaller than the required or specified minimum size, except that potatoes packed to meet a minimum size of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or larger in diameter or 142 grams (5 ounces) or more in weight may have up to 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot smaller than the required or specified size;

(b.2) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be larger than any required or specified maximum size;

(c) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a), (b), (b.1) and (b.2) including not more than:

(i) seven per cent that are affected by external defects, of which no more than 5 per cent are permanent;

(ii) seven per cent that are affected by internal defects, of which no more than 5 per cent are permanent;

(iii) two per cent that are affected by decay.

(Note: The following defect tolerances have been moved: Undersize moved to 92.(1)(b.1), Oversize moved to 92.(1)(b.2), Hollow heart included in internal defects 92.(1)(c) (ii)).

(2) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 2 grade, the standards set out in sections 88 and 90, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes inspected at the time of shipping or repacking if up to

(a) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot are affected by sprouts;

(a.2) 3 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be smaller than the required or specified minimum size, except that potatoes packed to meet a minimum size of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) or larger in diameter or 142 grams (5 ounces) or more in weight may have up to 5 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot smaller than the required or specified size;

(a.3) 10 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot may be larger than any required or specified maximum size;

(b) 12 per cent by weight of the potatoes in the lot have defects other than that referred to in paragraph (a), (a.1), (a.2) and (a.3), including not more than:

(i) eight per cent that are affected by external defects, of which no more than 6 percent are permanent;

(ii) eight per cent that are affected by internal defects, of which no more than 6 percent are permanent;

(iii) two per cent that are affected by decay.

(Note: The following defect tolerances have been moved: Undersize moved to 92.(2)(a.2), Oversize moved to 92.(2)(a.3), Hollow heart included in internal defects 92.(2)(b)(ii)).

Date modified: