Labelling and Composition Requirements for Grain and Bakery Products
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Enriched Flour and Bread
Flour (which may also be called white flour, enriched flour or enriched white flour) must contain added thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron at the levels prescribed by regulation [B.13.001, FDR]. In addition, vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, magnesium and calcium may also be added to prescribed levels [B.13.001, FDR]. These added nutrients are not required to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table [B.01.402 (7), FDR] unless they are the subject of a claim [B.01.402 (4), FDR] (see also, Reasons for Losing the Exemption).
White bread and enriched bread are both made from enriched flour. The addition of vitamin and mineral nutrients directly to bread is not permitted by D.03.002 of the FDR. Therefore the minimum nutrient levels prescribed for enriched bread [B.13.022, FDR] are obtained via its ingredients.
Enriched Bread is required to contain per 100 parts (by mass) of flour, either two parts (by mass) of skim milk solids, or four parts (by mass) of whey powder, or sufficient protein from peas or soybeans to provide 0.5 parts (by mass) of protein per 100 parts of flour. This addition will be sufficient to provide the prescribed amount of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron. Enriched bread will also contain vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, magnesium and calcium when these are added to the flour.
Breakfast cereals may contain added thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, folic acid, iron, magnesium and zinc to levels specified by regulation [B.13.060, FDR]. The content of the added vitamins and minerals is required to be declared in the Nutrition Facts table [B.01.402(7), FDR].
Pasta (alimentary paste) can be enriched with thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and iron, in accordance with the table following B.13.052 [B.13.052(2), FDR].
Couscous is considered a form of pasta and therefore may be enriched as specified by B.13.052 of the FDR. In any of the above cases, the added vitamins and minerals must be declared in Nutrition Facts table and expressed as percent of the Daily Value [B.01.402(7), FDR].
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