Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table

The energy value and the amount of many nutrients are required (or permitted) to be declared inside the Nutrition Facts table (NFT). However, quantitative declarations of energy value and the amount of nutrients per serving of stated size are also permitted outside the Nutrition Facts table, on labels or in advertisements [B.01.301, FDR].

Foods usually exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts Table will lose their exemption upon including a quantitative declaration on the label. Foods always exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts Table will never lose their exemption when a quantitative statement is made.

Permitted Nutrients

The nutrients permitted to be declared outside the NFT include:

  • nutrients required or permitted inside the NFTFootnote 1,
  • nutrients not required or permitted inside the NFT (e.g., named amino acids), and
  • constituents of nutrients (e.g. DHA and EPA - omega-3 polyunsaturates, fructose and glucose - sugars, inulin - an oligosaccharide).

Information Triggered by Quantitative Statements

Some quantitative statements may trigger additional declarations:

  • A statement that a food contains "0.2 g DHA per 250 mL serving" triggers a declaration of the amount of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids in the Nutrition Facts table (as DHA is an individually named omega-3 fatty acid) [B.01.402(3), FDR];
  • If a quantitative statement is made about a group of fatty acids (e.g. omega-3 polyunsaturates) or individual fatty acids (e.g. DHA or linoleic acid), the quantitative statement may appear as a separate statement such as "0.1 g of omega-3 polyunsaturates per x serving", but the full disclosure of the monounsaturated, omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content must appear in the Nutrition Facts table. This also applies to the omega-6 polyunsaturates content;
  • A representation respecting an amino acid triggers the declaration of nine specific essential amino acids found in the food in grams per serving of stated size (see Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory). This information must be displayed outside the NFT [B.01.305(2)(b), FDR]. Refer to the Protein Claims for information on conditions that must be met to make a representation respecting amino acids.

Manner of Declaring

Units

All quantitative declarations outside the Nutrition Facts table must be declared on the basis of a serving of stated size in the units specified in the table below [B.01.301(1), FDR].

Units Required for Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table
Subject Units Example
Energy Calories (Cal) 4 Calories per 250 ml serving
Vitamins & Mineral Nutrients (except Sodium and Potassium)

mg, µg, RE, NE
(as applicable and as set out in Table 1 to Division 1 & 2 of Part D, FDR)

316 mg of calcium per bar (40 g)

25 µg of folate per serving of 1 cup (250 mL)

31 RE of vitamin A per 2 tablespoon (30 mL) serving

Sodium, Potassium & Cholesterol

milligrams (mg)

451 mg potassium per banana (114 g)

Mineral Ion Content of Prepackaged Water or Ice

parts per million (ppm)

fluoride ion 2 ppm per bottle (500 mL)
[see also B.12.002, FDR]

All Other Nutrients

grams (g)

Note: For constituents of nutrients that are not permitted to be declared in the NFT and could be found in small amounts in the food (e.g. DHA), a declaration of the milligram amount may be shown as additional information in brackets directly after the gram amount.

0.4 g isoleucine per 125 mL serving

g of tryptophan per 80 g bar

0.1 g fat per 200 mL serving

0.2 g of DHA per 250 mL serving

Non-nutrients
e.g. lycopene, methylglyoxal

Note: Section B.01.301 of the FDR does not apply to non-nutrients. The regulations do not prescribe mandatory units to be used for these declarations. However, in order to avoid a misleading declaration, the following units are recommended:

grams (g) or
milligrams (mg)
0.01 g of lycopene per 100 g serving

% Daily Value

The Food and Drug Regulations permit a declaration of the % Daily Value of a nutrient, per serving of stated size, outside the NFT, when a % Daily Value is required or permitted in the Nutrition Facts table [B.01.301(2)]. This applies to:

  • any core nutrients (i.e., those listed in column 1 of the table to B.01.401, FDR), and
  • any permitted additional nutrients (i.e., those listed in column 1 of the table to B.01.402, FDR).

Absolute amounts of vitamins and minerals (e.g., milligrams (mg), micrograms (µg), Retinol Equivalents (RE), Niacin Equivalents (NE)) may only be declared outside the NFT. These units are not permitted within the NFT as only the % Daily Value may be shown within the table.

Qualifying Words

Other words that alter the meaning must not be used to qualify quantitative declarations outside the NFT. Word sets may not be used around these statements in a manner which makes them sound like claims. Examples of unacceptable word sets in front of a quantitative statement include: "only", "just", "as little as", "less than", "more than", etc.

Language

When a nutrient content claim as set out in the table following B.01.513 of the FDR is made, it must be in both English and French, unless a bilingual labelling exemption applies to the product [B.01.301(3), FDR].

Location

Quantitative statements are not required to appear adjacent to the list of ingredients [B.01.008(1)(a), FDR]. If more than one quantitative statement appears on a label, they do not need to be grouped together, nor is there an order of precedence as to which nutrient would be shown first.

Comparative Claims

Using quantitative statements to compare the level of a nutrient in two foods is not acceptable as this is an implied comparative nutrient content claim. For example, a table stating the amount of protein and fat in one granola bar compared to a competitor's bar would not be acceptable.

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