Definitions

Table of Contents

Available Display Surface
Available display surface, in respect of a prepackaged product, means
  • (a) the bottom of an ornamental container or the total surface area of both sides of a tag attached to the ornamental container, whichever is greater,
  • (b) the total surface area of both sides of a tag attached to a package to which a label cannot be physically applied or on which information cannot be legibly set out and easily viewed by the purchaser or consumer under the customary conditions of purchase, and
  • (c) the total surface area of any other package, excluding the bottom if the contents of the package leak out or are damaged when the package is turned over,
but does not include
  • (d) any area of a package on which a label cannot be physically applied or on which information cannot be legibly set out and easily viewed by the purchaser or consumer under the customary conditions of purchase,
  • (e) any part of a package that is intended to be destroyed when it is opened, other than a package of a food that is intended to be consumed by one person at a single eating occasion, or
  • (f) the area occupied by the universal product code; (surface exposée disponible) [B.01.001, FDR]
Carbohydrate
Includes sugars, starch, dietary fibre, sugar alcohols, and polydextrose.
Continuous Surface
A continuous surface is not defined in the regulations but is generally understood to be a single flat surface or slightly curved surface that is unbroken or uninterrupted by defined edges, large angles, rims, sides, corners, seams, etc. For example, on a breakfast cereal box, any single panel is considered to be a continuous surface (e.g., front, back, top, bottom, side). For a cylindrically-shaped package (e.g., a can or bottle), the entire circumference of the container is continuous. A continuous surface might also include some small "rounded" angles which do not appear to hinder a consumer's ability to read the nutrition information spread over adjacent panels (e.g., the shoulder of a milk carton).
Energy value
"Energy value" means, in respect of a food, the amount of energy made available to a person’s body when the chemical constituents of the food, including protein, fat, carbohydrate and alcohol, are metabolized following ingestion of the food by the person [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
Fat
"Fat" is defined as total lipid fatty acids expressed as triglycerides [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
Monounsaturated fatty acids
"Monounsaturated fatty acids" are cis-monounsaturated fatty acids [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
"Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids" means [B.01.001.1(1), FDR]:
  1. 9-cis, 12-cis, 15-cis octadecatrienoic acid or alpha-linolenic acid;
  2. 8-cis, 11-cis, 14-cis, 17-cis eicosatetraenoic acid;
  3. 5-cis, 8-cis, 11-cis, 14-cis, 17-cis eicosapentaenoic acid or EPA;
  4. 7-cis, 10-cis, 13-cis, 16-cis, 19-cis docosapentaenoic acid; or
  5. 4-cis, 7-cis, 10-cis, 13-cis, 16-cis, 19-cis docosahexaenoic acid or DHA.
Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids
"Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids" means [B.01.001.1(1), FDR]:
  1. 9-cis, 12-cis octadecadienoic acid or linoleic acid;
  2. 6-cis, 9-cis, 12-cis octadecatrienoic acid;
  3. 8-cis, 11-cis, 14-cis eicosatrienoic acid or di-homo-γ-linolenic acid;
  4. 5-cis, 8-cis, 11-cis, 14-cis eicosatetraenoic acid or arachidonic acid;
  5. 7-cis, 10-cis, 13-cis, 16-cis docosatetraenoic acid; or
  6. 4-cis, 7-cis, 10-cis, 13-cis, 16-cis docosapentaenoic acid
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
"Polyunsaturated fatty acids" are cis-methylene interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acids [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
Saturated fatty acids
"Saturated fatty acids" are defined as all fatty acids that contain no double bonds [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
Single use container
A food container that is discarded after opening, whether the contents of the product are totally consumed or not. It is never used to store food, e.g., fish and meat cans opened with a key, cake mix boxes.
Sugars
"Sugars" means all monosaccharides and disaccharides [B.01.001, FDR].
Trans fatty acids
"Trans fatty acids" are unsaturated fatty acids that contain one or more isolated or non-conjugated double bonds in a trans-configuration [B.01.001.1(1), FDR].
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