Information within the Nutrition Facts Table
Additional Nutritional Information

This sample Nutrition Facts table illustrates all core and additional information which may be declared in an NFT. Only the additional information included in Figure 18.1(E)&(F) or 19.1(B) of Schedule L in the FDR is permitted in the Nutrition Facts table. Declaration of additional information is often voluntary, but in some cases it is triggered and must be declared. See the section Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory for the list of triggers.

Figure 19 of Schedule L
This sample Nutrition Facts table shows the core information, as well as additional information which may be declared in the NFT. Description follows.
Description of Image - Figure 19 of Schedule L

Note: Figure above is not a format choice.

Displayed information to note:

  • Item 1 shows how to declare "Servings Per Container"
    • Note: a declaration of servings per container when the serving size is based on "cups" or "tablespoons" is prohibited (see B.01.402(8)) in the FDR because these measures are specifically defined in the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations, in imperial units [33(3), CPLR]. For example, a serving size of "per 1 cup (250 mL)" may not declare "servings per container 4".
  • Item 2 shows additional ways to declare energy value (e.g. expressed in kilojoules, Calories from Fat, Calories from Saturated and Trans Fat, etc.)
  • Item 3 shows amount of poly-, omega-6 poly-, omega-3 poly-, and mono-unsaturated fatty acids
  • Item 4 shows various additional components of carbohydrates – soluble fibre, insoluble fibre, sugar alcohol, starch
  • Item 5 shows an optional footnote to explain the basis for calculating % DVs declared in the NFT – Figures 18.1(E), 18.1(F), or 19.1(B) in Schedule L of the FDR contain the four optional footnotes that can be used for this purpose. For Figure 19.1(B), in particular, the "Note" at the bottom of the page indicates that the footnote presented in Figure 19.1(B) may be replaced by the shorter footnote options shown in Figures 19.1(E) and (F).
  • Item 6 shows Optional footnote that presents energy conversion factors for fat, carbohydrate and protein

Table: Additional Nutrition Information

The table Additional Nutrition Information refers to all additional information that may voluntarily be included, or which must be included in the Nutrition Facts table if specifically required by the Regulations. This table is not an exact replica of the table in the FDR [B.01.402].

  1. Column 1 sets out the information in the correct order and also prescribes, under the heading "Nomenclature", the terms that must be used for describing this information. It is a combination of columns 1, 2 and 3 from the tables set out in the Food and Drug Regulations. This column also sets out the units of measurement required for expressing the information.
  2. Column 2 sets out the manner of expression, including rounding rules for these values/amounts.
  3. Columns 3-5 provide a user-friendly resource to identify the correct rounding rules for quantities and % daily values.

Please note that serving size and % daily value (% DV) are important elements of the table below. The appropriate sections provide further information on these topics and will contribute to the proper use of the table.

Manner of Expression for Additional Nutrition Information
Required InformationRounding
Nomenclature and UnitsManner of ExpressionQuantityMetric Unit% DV

1. Servings per container

Nomenclature

"Servings Per Container" or "(number of units) Per Container"

Units

number of servings

(1)(a) when less than 2, to the nearest multiple of 1;

(b) when 2 to 5, to the nearest multiple of 0.5; and

(c) when more than 5, to the nearest multiple of 1

(2) If a quantity is rounded off, it shall be preceded by the word "about".

(3) If the product is of a random weight, the quantity may be declared as "varied".

< 2 servings or > 5 servings multiple of 1
≥ 2 to ≤ 5 servings multiple of 0.5

2. Energy value

Nomenclature

"kilojoules" or "kJ"

Units

kilojoules per serving of stated size

to the nearest multiple of 10 kilojoules nearest 10 kilojoules

3. Energy value from fat

Nomenclature

"Calories from Fat" or "Calories from Total Fat"

Units

Calories per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 5 Calories

(i) if the amount of fat is declared as "0 g" in the Nutrition Facts table, to "0" Calorie, and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 Calorie;

(b) when 5 Calories to 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 5 Calories; and

(c) when more than 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 10 Calories

< 5 Calories and fat declared as 0 g 0 Calories

4. Energy value from the sum of saturated and transfatty acids

Nomenclature

"Calories from Saturated + Trans Fat", "Calories from Saturated + Trans Fatty Acids", "Calories from Saturated + Trans" or "Calories from Saturates + Trans"

Units

Calories per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 5 Calories

(i) if the amounts of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids are declared as "0 g" in the Nutrition Facts table, to "0" Calorie, and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 Calorie;

(b) when 5 Calories to 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 5 Calories; and

(c) when more than 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 10 Calories

< 5 Calories and Saturates + Trans declared as 0 g 0 Calories
< 5 Calories, all other cases nearest 1 Calorie
≥ 5 to ≤ 50 Calories nearest 5 Calories
> 50 Calories nearest 10 Calories

5. Amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Polyunsaturated Fat", "Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids" , "Polyunsaturated" or "Polyunsaturates"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

6. Amount of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

(1) If the table includes polyunsaturated fatty acids: "Omega 6" or any listed in (2) below

(2) In all other cases"Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fat", "Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", "Omega-6 Polyunsaturates" or "Omega-6 Polyunsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

7. Amount of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

(1) If the table includes polyunsaturated fatty acids: "Omega 3" or any listed in (2) below

(2) In all other cases "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fat", "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", "Omega-3 Polyunsaturates" or "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when greater than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

8. Amount of monounsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Monounsaturated Fat", "Monounsaturated Fatty Acids", "Monounsaturates" or "Monounsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when greater than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

9. Amount of potassium

Nomenclature

"Potassium"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size.

(1) The amount in milligrams:

(a) when less than 5 mg

(i) if the product contains less than 5 mg of potassium per reference amount and per serving of stated size, to "0 mg", and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 mg;

(b) when 5 mg to 140 mg, to the nearest multiple of 5 mg; and

(c) when more than 140 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg.

(2) The percentage:

(a) when the amount is declared as "0 mg" to "0%"; or

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1%.

< 5 mg, < 5 mg/serving and ref. amt. mg 0 %
< 5 mg, all other cases nearest 1 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 5 mg to ≤ 140 mg nearest 5 mg nearest 1 %
> 140 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %

10. Amount of soluble fibre

Nomenclature

"Soluble Fibre" or "Soluble Fiber"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

11. Amount of insoluble fibre

Nomenclature

"Insoluble Fibre" or "Insoluble Fiber"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

12. Amount of sugar alcohol

Nomenclature

(1) If the food contains only one type of sugar alcohol, "Sugar Alcohol", "Polyol" or "(naming the sugar alcohol)"

(2) In all other cases "Sugar Alcohols" or "Polyols"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

13. Amount of starch

Nomenclature

"Starch"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

14. Amount of vitamins/minerals

Nomenclature

(a) "Vitamin D" or "Vit D"

(b) "Vitamin E" or "Vit E"

(c) "Vitamin K" or "Vit K"

(d) "Thiamine", "Thiamin", "Thiamine (Vitamin B1)", "Thiamine (Vit B1)", "Thiamin (Vitamin B1)" or "Thiamin (Vit B1)"

(e) "Riboflavin", "Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) or "Riboflavin (VitB2)"

(f) "Niacin"

(g) "Vitamin B6" or "Vit B6"

(h) "Folate"

(i) "Vitamin B12" or "Vit B12"

(j) "Biotin"

(k) "Pantothenic Acid" or "Pantothenate"

(l) "Phosphorus"

(m) "Iodide" or "Iodine"

(n) "Magnesium"

(o) 'Zinc"

(p) "Selenium"

(q) "Copper"

(r) "Manganese"

(s) "Chromium"

(t) "Molybdenum"

(u) "Chloride"

Units

percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(a) when less than 2%

(i) if the product contains less than 1% of the daily value per reference amount and per serving of stated size , to "0 %", and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 2%;

(b) when 2 % to 10 %, to the nearest multiple of 2 %;

(c) when 10 % to 50 %, to the nearest multiple of 5 %, and

(d) when more than 50 % to the nearest multiple of 10 %

< 1 % DV per serving and reference amt. 0 %
≥ 1 % – < 2 % 2 %
≥ 2 % to ≤ 10 % nearest 2 %
> 10 % to ≤ 50 % nearest 5 %
> 50 % nearest 10 %

15. Basis of the percent daily values

An explanation of the basis for calculating the percent daily values declared in the Nutrition Facts table

One of the following four footnotes regarding % Daily Value as set out in Figures 18.1(E) & (F) and Figure 19.1(B) of Schedule L.

1) "Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your Calorie needs + table
or
2) "Based on a 2,000 Calorie diet."
or
3) "Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie diet."
or
4) "Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your Calorie needs."

Notes:

  • In the version of the footnote that refers to nutrients (i.e., version 1 above), the following apply:

    (a) the daily value for potassium is included only if the amount of potassium is declared in the Nutrition Facts table; and

    (b) the daily value for cholesterol is included only if the amount of cholesterol is declared in the Nutrition Facts table as a percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size.

  • Versions 2, 3 and 4 above do not include a reference to nutrients.

16. Energy conversion factors

Displayed as: "Calories per gram", "Fat 9", "Carbohydrate 4" and "Protein 4"

Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory

The declaration of additional information is generally optional. In addition, the declaration of one nutrient does not necessarily trigger the declaration of other nutrients, unless specifically required by the Regulations.

However, in certain cases, manufacturers may be required to declare certain nutrients in the additional information list in the Nutrition Facts table.

In the following cases, the declaration of "additional information", which is generally optional, becomes mandatory:

  1. The amount of omega-6, omega-3 and monounsaturated fatty acids must all be declared when the amount of any one of these, either on the label or in any advertisement, is declared. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are not required to be declared, but when shown, triggers the three declarations previously mentioned. The amount of any specifically named fatty acid (e.g. linoleic acid), whether on the label outside the Nutrition Facts table or in any advertisement, also triggers the same three declarations [B.01.402(3)];
  2. Any nutrient set out in the table to B.01.402 must be declared when there is any representation (e.g., any mention, reference, indication, statement, claim, etc.) regarding the amount of nutrient anywhere on the label, or in any advertisement made or placed by the manufacturer of the product. Concerning the list of ingredients, it is important to note that this information is also considered a "representation". However, one must pay close attention to the wording of the item in column 1 in the table following B.01.402 when determining if additional information is triggered in the NFT. For example, item 14 (n) of the table states "amount of magnesium". Therefore, if the food additive magnesium carbonate was declared in the list of ingredients, it would not trigger the declaration of the amount of magnesium in the NFT. A representation of the amount of magnesium would need to be present in the list of ingredients in order for B.01.402 (4) to apply in this case (e.g., "x amount of magnesium").
  3. Potassium must be declared when the product contains added potassium salts and when there are claims relating to the salt or sodium content of the food [Items 31 – 36 of the table following B.01.513, B.01.402(5)];
  4. Any sugar alcohol, vitamin or mineral nutrient (except for iodide added to salt and fluoride added to prepackaged water and ice) added to a prepackaged food must be declared [B.01.402(6)]. Sugar alcohols (also known as polyols) include erythritol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSH), isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, maltitol syrup, mannitol, sorbitol, sorbitol syrup, and xylitol; and
  5. Vitamin or mineral nutrients must be declared when shown as a component of one of the ingredients (except flour) of a prepackaged product [B.01.402(7)]. For example, in a yogurt product made with milk that has been fortified with vitamin D, the amount of vitamin D must be declared in the NFT.
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