Information within the Nutrition Facts Table
Daily Intake

Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K)

Note: "Reasonable Daily Intake" (or Schedule K) should not be confused with "Recommended Daily Intake".

The Reasonable Daily Intake is used to evaluate, for regulatory purposes, the nutritional contribution of specific foods to the diet. Reasonable Daily Intakes are used as the basis for determining the amounts of vitamin and mineral nutrients that may be present in the food when they are added. A food's protein rating is determined from the quality of the protein (i.e., the protein efficiency ratio) and the quantity of protein provided by a Reasonable Daily Intake.

The Reasonable Daily Intake for most foods is considered to be one average serving of the food. However, in the case of foods such as milk, bread or butter, where several servings may be consumed daily, a reasonable intake has been estimated considering the food habits of Canadians.

A "Reasonable Daily Intake" of a food named in column I of Schedule K, is the amount of that food set out in column II.

Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K of the FDR)

Item Column I
Name and Description
Column II
Reasonable Daily Intake
1. Alimentary Pastes, dry oz. 85 g
2. Bacon (side), simulated meat product that resembles side bacon, (cooked) oz. 28 g
3. Beverage Bases and Mixes, Flavoured, for Addition to Milk (ready-to-serve) 16 fl. oz. 454 ml
4. Bread, 5 slices 5.3 oz. 150 g
5. Butter oz. 57 g
6. Buttermilk 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
7. Cereals, Breakfast or Infant oz. 28 g
8. Cereals, puffed 0.5 oz. 14 g
9. Cheese (other than Cottage Cheese) oz. 57 g
10. Cheese, Cottage 3.5 oz. 100 g
11. Condensed Milk 15 fl. oz. 426 ml
12. Cream, whipping oz. 57 g
13. Egg, yolk-replaced egg 3.5 oz. 100 g
14. Evaporated Milk, Evaporated Skim Milk, Evaporated Partly Skimmed Milk 30 fl. oz.
(reconstituted to original volume)
852 ml
(reconstituted to original volume)
15. Fish, Shell Fish 3.5 oz. 100 g
16. Fruits, dried oz. 57 g
17. Fruits, (other than banana, lemon, lime, watermelon) 3.5 oz. 100 g
18. Fruits, Banana 5.3 oz. 150 g
19. Fruits, Lemon 1.8 oz. 50 g
20. Fruits, Lime 1.8 oz. 50 g
21. Fruits, Watermelon oz. 200 g
22. Fruit Drinks, Fruit Nectars (ready-to-serve) fl. oz. 114 ml
23. Fruit Drink Bases, Mixes and Concentrates (ready-to-serve) fl. oz. 114 ml
24. Fruit Juices (other than lemon juice and lime juice) fl. oz. 114 ml
25. Fruit Juices, Lemon fl. oz. 28 ml
26. Fruit Juices, Lime fl. oz. 28 ml
27. Ice Cream, Ice Milk 3.5 oz. 100 g
28. Infant Formulas, Prepared (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
29. Instant Breakfast, Ready Breakfast (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
30. Margarine oz. 57 g
31. Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
32. Meat Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
33. Extended Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
34. Milk, whole 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
35. Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
36. (naming the flavour) Milk 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
37. Molasses 1.5 oz. 43 g
38. Nuts oz. 28 g
39. Peanut Butter oz. 28 g
40. Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
41. Extended Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
42. Poultry Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
43. Simulated Meat Products excluding a simulated meat product that resembles side bacon 3.5 oz. 100 g
44. Simulated Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
45. Skim Milk, Partly Skimmed Milk 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
46. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
47. Skim Milk Powder, Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
48. Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
49. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
50. Soup (ready-to-serve) fl. oz. 200 ml
51. Sterilized Milk 30 fl. oz. 852 ml
52. Vegetable Juices fl. oz. 114 ml
53. Vegetable Drinks fl. oz. 114 ml
54. Vegetable Drink Concentrates, Mixes and Bases (ready-to-serve) fl. oz. 114 ml
55. Vegetable (other than baked beans and cooked potatoes) 3.5 oz. 100 g
56. Vegetables, baked beans 8.5 oz. 250 g
57. Vegetables, cooked potatoes oz. 200 g
58. Yeast 0.5 oz. 14 g
59. Yogurt, plain oz. 150 g

Recommended Daily Intake (RDI)

Note: Recommended Daily Intake should not be confused with Reasonable Daily Intake (Schedule K).

Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) pertains to vitamins and mineral nutrients. It means the amount of a vitamin or mineral nutrient set out in Table I of Divisions 1 and 2 of Part D of the Food and Drug Regulations [D.01.001, FDR].

In the Nutrition Facts table, the term "Daily Value" is synonymous with "Recommended Daily Intake" for vitamins and mineral nutrients [B.01.001, FDR].

The RDI is one of the two reference points upon which the % Daily Value is based. (The other reference point is the Reference Standard which pertains to specific nutrients other than vitamins and mineral nutrients.)

The RDI's are also used to set criteria for the nutrient content claims for vitamins and mineral nutrients.

The table Recommended Daily Intake which follows presents the established Recommended Daily Intakes for vitamins and mineral nutrients. Recommended Daily Intakes are given for two different age groups: children less than two years of age and persons two years of age or older. When using the table, be sure to use the appropriate column.

Recommended Daily Intake
[D.01.013, D.02.006, FDR]
Vitamin or Mineral Nutrient Units Persons
2 years of age or older
Infants and Children
less than 2 years old
Vitamin A RE 1000 400
Vitamin D µg 5 10
Vitamin E mg 10 3
Vitamin C mg 60 20
Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 mg 1.3 0.45
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 mg 1.6 0.55
Niacin NE 23 8
Vitamin B6 mg 1.8 0.7
Folacin or Folate µg 220 65
Vitamin B12 µg 2 0.3
Pantothenic Acid or Pantothenate mg 7 2
Vitamin K µg 80 30
Biotin µg 30 8
Calcium mg 1100 500
Phosphorus mg 1100 500
Magnesium mg 250 55
Iron mg 14 7
Zinc mg 9 4
Iodide µg 160 55
Selenium µg 50 15
Copper mg 2 0.5
Manganese mg 2 1.2
Chromium µg 120 12
Molybdenum µg 75 15
Chloride mg 3400 1000

RE = retinol equivalents
µg = micrograms
mg = milligrams
NE = niacin equivalents

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intakes (WRNI) became part of the Food and Drug Regulations in 1996. They are considered to represent the nutritional needs of the total population because they are weighted according to the age and sex distribution of the Canadian population.

The Weighted Recommended Nutrient intake is used to determine whether a food provides a sufficient amount of a nutrient to qualify for a health claim pertaining to:

  • sodium, potassium and hypertension [item 1 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR], and
  • saturated fat, trans fat, and heart disease [item 3 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR]
Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Vitamins
[D.01.013, D.02.006, FDR)]
Item Column I
Vitamin
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Biotin µg 90
2. Folacin µg 195
3. Niacin NE 16
4. Pantothenic Acid mg 5.0
5. Riboflavin mg 1.2
6. Thiamine mg 1.0
7. Vitamin A RE 870
8. Vitamin B6 mg 1.0
9. Vitamin B12 µg 1.0
10. Vitamin C mg 34
11. Vitamin D µg 3.0
12. Vitamin E mg 7.0
Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Mineral Nutrients
[D.01.013, D.02.006, FDR]
Item Column I
Mineral Nutrient
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Calcium mg 780
2. Iodide µg 155
3. Iron mg 10
4. Phosphorus mg 885
5. Magnesium mg 210
6. Zinc mg 10

µg = micrograms
NE = niacin equivalents
mg = milligrams
RE = retinol equivalents

Reference Standards

Reference Standards pertain to the amount of specific nutrients (other than vitamins and mineral nutrients), set out in the table to B.01.001.1(2) of the Food and Drug Regulations.

In the Nutrition Facts table, the term "Daily Value" is synonymous with "Reference Standard" for these nutrients.

The Reference Standards form one of the two reference points upon which the % Daily Value is based. (The other reference point is the Recommended Daily Intake which pertains to vitamins and mineral nutrients.)

The Reference Standards are reproduced in the table Reference Standards below.

Reference Standards
[B.01.001.1(2), FDR]
Column 1
Nutrient
Column 2
Amount
1. Fat 65 g
2. The sum of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids 20 g
3. Cholesterol 300 mg
4. Carbohydrate 300 g
5. Fibre 25 g
6. Sodium 2400 mg
7. Potassium 3500 mg

Daily Value and % Daily Value

The Daily Value (DV) is the reference point upon which the % Daily Value is based. The Daily Value is equivalent to either the Recommended Daily Intake (for vitamins and minerals) or the Reference Standard (for other nutrients) [B.01.001, FDR].

The % Daily Value is a relative amount of the nutrient in a serving compared to an amount expected to be consumed in the daily diet. (100% Daily Value is based on a 2000 Calorie daily diet). For example, 10% DV Vitamin A means: 1 serving of this food provides 10% of the Vitamin A a person should consume in one day.

The % Daily Value of the nutrient in one serving, rounded as indicated in the Table: Core Nutrition Information and Table: Additional Nutrition Information, is declared in the Nutrition Facts table. It is calculated as:

% Daily Value = Amount of nutrient per serving ÷ Daily value of nutrient X 100

For nutrients present in a food in quantities greater than 100 percent of the Daily Value, the true percentage must be declared (e.g., 110% DV), taking into account the rounding rules.

The following example indicates how to calculate the % Daily Value of vitamins, fat and the sum of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids using the Recommended Daily Intake for the vitamins and the Reference Amounts for the remaining nutrients.

125 g of condensed tomato soup contains:

  • 72 RE vitamin A
  • 70 mg vitamin C
  • 0.09 mg thiamine
  • 15 µg folate
  • 1.5 g total fat
  • 0.7 g saturated fat + trans fat (consisting of 0.4 g saturated fat and 0.3 g transfat)

To express these quantities as a percentage of the Daily Value, divide each nutrient by the Recommended Daily Intake or by the Reference Standard, as applicable for that nutrient and multiply by 100. Note that the figures are rounded as specified in the Table: Core Nutrition Information and Table: Additional Nutrition Information. The percent Daily Values below are calculated using the amounts after rounding. (Note: since this example is not a food intended solely for children less than two years of age, it uses the RDI in the column "Persons 2 years of age or older"):

  • For Vitamin A: 72 / 1000 X 100 = 7.2%
    Rounded to 8% as per the rounding rules in item 13 in the table: Core Nutrition Information.
  • For Vitamin C: 70 / 60 X 100 = 116.7%
    Rounded to 120% as per the rounding rules in item 13 in the table: Core Nutrition Information.
  • For Thiamine: 0.09 / 1.3 X 100 = 6.9%
    Rounded to 6% as per the rounding rules in item 14 in the table: Additional Nutrition Information.
  • For Folate: 15 / 220 X 100 = 6.8%
    Rounded to 6% as per the rounding rules in item 14 in the table: Additional Nutrition Information.
  • For Total Fat: 1.5 / 65 X 100 = 2.3%
    Rounded to 2% as per the rounding rules in item 3 in the table: Additional Nutrition Information.
  • For Saturated Fat + Trans Fat: 0.7 / 20 X 100 = 3.5%
    Rounded to 4% as per the rounding rules in item 3 in the table: Additional Nutrition Information.

It is the manufacturer's responsibility to ensure that the declared nutrient value accurately reflects the nutrient content of the product. The manufacturer may calculate the % DV based on rounded values or absolute values of each nutrient. When deciding whether to use the unrounded or rounded values, the manufacturer should consider the % DV that will fall within the acceptable tolerances (as stated in the Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test), provide the greatest consistency on the food label, and prevent any unnecessary consumer confusion.

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