Specific Foods

Table of Contents

Foods Intended Solely for Children Under Two Years of Age

All formats for children under two years of age may be used only on foods that are promoted and sold solely for children under two years of age. Products that are also marketed to young children or adults are not subject to the special provisions in the regulations that apply to food for children under two years of age. For example, arrowroot cookies that are typically consumed by both young children and children under two years of age are not eligible for the formats described in this section.

This section is not complete on its own. It should be used in conjunction with the Information within the Nutrition Facts Table section and with the specific nutrition labelling regulations pertaining to foods intended solely for children under two years of age found in the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR).

For information on Nutrient Content Claims on foods for Children Under Two Years of Age and Health Claims on foods for Children Under Two Years of Age, please refer to the appropriate sections.

When To Use a Nutrition Facts Table

Requirements

Unless exempted, prepackaged foods intended solely for children under two years of age are required to carry a Nutrition Facts table (NFT) [B.01.401(1), FDR].

Prohibitions

The following foods intended solely for children under two years of age are specifically prohibited from declaring a Nutrition Facts table [B.01.401(4), B.01.401(5), FDR]:

  • infant formula; and
  • foods containing infant formula.

For more information on the requirements for these products, please refer to the Infant Foods and Infant Formula webpage.

Exemptions

The same exemptions from displaying a Nutrition Facts table and reasons for losing the exemptions that apply to all other foods also apply to prepackaged foods intended solely for children under two years of age.

Manner of Declaring

Mandatory Information in the Nutrition Facts Table

For information on the elements generally included in a Nutrition Facts Table, please refer to the Information within the Nutrition Facts Table section.

In the case of foods for children under two years of age, the Nutrition Facts table includes [B.01.403, FDR]:

  • the title "Nutrition Facts";
  • the serving of stated size;
  • the number of Calories;
  • the amounts of fat, sodium, carbohydrate, fibre, sugars, and protein; and
  • the Percent Daily Values (% DV) of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron.
    • Note: % DVs for these vitamins and minerals must be calculated based on the Recommended Daily Intake for infants and children < 2 years old.

There are several major differences between nutrition information requirements for prepackaged food for consumers and prepackaged foods for children under two years of age [B.01.403, FDR]. These differences are:

  • Nutrient declarations for nutrients listed in the top part of the Nutrition Facts table (fat, cholesterol, sodium, potassium, carbohydrate, fibre, and for the sum of saturated and trans fatty acids) are declared in absolute units only (Calories, g, mg). Percent Daily Values (% DV) are not declared for these nutrients.
  • Certain nutrient declarations are not permitted: Calories from fat, Calories from saturates and trans fatty acids.
  • Certain core nutrients may be omitted: saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids and cholesterol. However, if cholesterol is declared then saturated and trans fatty acids must also be declared.
  • Any footnotes linking the nutrient values to a 2,000 Calorie diet (see Schedule L, figure 18, FDR) are not permitted.
  • The Nutrition Facts Table Formats are modified to reflect these differences. For example, there are no Dual Formats for foods for children under two years of age.

Serving Size

Although there is considerable variation in the manner of declaration of the serving size among the different Nutrition Facts table formats, there is always a requirement for the serving size to be declared for the product as sold. This serving is to be the amount of food that one person would reasonably eat at one eating occasion.

While the Tables : Reference Amount and Serving Size provides a list of reasonable serving sizes for many foods, there are no recommended serving sizes or reference amounts for children under two years of age.

Additional Information in the Nutrition Facts Table

Additional information may be shown in the Nutrition Facts tables, for children under two years of age. When shown, the additional information shown in the NFT must be presented as illustrated in the figure below [Schedule L, Figures 33.1(E) and (F) or Figure 34.1(B), FDR] with respect to the order of presentation, indentation and the presentation of footnotes. The information must be incorporated into an applicable format (e.g., standard, narrow standard, bilingual standard, etc.) as selected according to the information presented in the Nutrition Facts Table Formats for Children Under Two Years of Age section. The additional information must be shown in both English and French, unless otherwise exempted from bilingual labelling requirements [table following B.01.402 of the FDR].

Standard Format - Children Under Two Years of Age

Image - Nutrition Facts Table for Foods Intended Solely for Children Under Two (English). Image - Nutrition Facts Table for Foods Intended Solely for Children Under Two (French).

Additional Information - Children Under Two Years of Age

Image - Nutrition Facts Table - additional information. Description follows.
Description for Nutrition Facts Table - additional information

Nutrition Facts
Serving Size 125mL (26g)
Servings Per Container 8

Amount Per Serving
Calories 110 (400kJ)
Total Fat 0g
Saturated 0g
Trans 0g
Omega-6-Polyunsaturated 0.5g
Omega-3-Polyunsaturated 0g
Monounsaturated 0.2g
Cholesterol 0mg
Sodium 10mg
Potassium 80mg
Total Carbohydrate 27g
Dietary Fibre 2g
Soluble Fibre 1g
Insoluble Fibre 1g
Sugars 3g
Sugar Alcohols 0g
Starch 16g
Protein 0g
% Daily Value
Vitamin A 0%
Vitamin C 0%
Calcium 60%
Iron 120%
Vitamin D 0%
Vitamin E 0%
Vitamin K 0%
Thiamine 100%
Riboflavin 100%
Niacin 100%
Vitamin B6 4%
Folate 4%
Vitamin B12 0%
Biotin 0%
Pantothenate 0%
Phosphorous 60%
Iodide 0%
Magnesium 10%
Zinc 4%
Selenium 20%
Copper 4%
Manganese 10%
Chromium 0%
Molybdenum 0%
Chloride 0%

This information is provided for people who use text readers. The layout of the above information is not a guideline for nutritional labelling.

Note that this image does not display a format choice.

Nutrition Facts Table Formats for Children Under Two Years of Age

Sections B.01.461 through B.01.465 of the FDR set out the criteria for each of the formats of the NFT for foods intended solely for children under two. The formats and versions (sizes) are specified in the Considerations for Selecting an Appropriate Nutrition Facts Table section. They are selected in the same manner as for other consumer foods, with some exceptions. For example, there are no Dual Formats for children under 2 years of age.

The acceptable formats of NFT for foods solely for children under two years of age can be found in Schedule L of the FDR, specifically Figures 20.1(E) to 34.1(B).

Steps for Choosing a Nutrition Facts Table

Step 1: Measure the Available Display Surface of your Package

For information on calculating the ADS of the package, see the Available Display Surface section.

Step 2: Choose an NFT Format Family

Sections B.01.461 to B.01.464 of the FDR set out "families" of formats applying to children under two years of age. Each family provides format options for presenting nutrition information in a specific manner.

The table below entitled "Which Nutrition Facts Table Format Family Should I Use?" is a tool for selecting the appropriate format family for a prepackaged product. Once the appropriate family is determined, the Decision Tree diagrams provide guidance on the specific template that should be chosen.

Table: Which Nutrition Facts Table Format Family Should I Use? - For Children Under Two Years of Age
Format May Be Used For: Must Be Used For: Example(s)
Standard/Horizontal/Linear Formats – for Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.461, FDR]
  • most foods
  • an assortment of food, serving consisting of more than one food; declared as a single composite value
  • prepackaged product containing assortment of similar foods, where 1) serving consists of only one of the foods, and 2) information for serving size, energy and core nutrients is the same for all individual items
  • single container of baby food
  • pack of one flavour of baby food
Simplified Formats–for Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.462, FDR]
  • foods whose nutrient value is “0”, as reported in the NFT, for six or more of: Calories, fat, sodium, carbohydrates, fibre, sugars, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron
N/A (always optional)
Aggregate Format – Different Kinds of Food –for Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.463, FDR]
  • package containing separately packaged ingredients or foods that are intended to be eaten together
  • prepackaged products containing assortment of foods of the same type, when a typical serving consists of more than one food; declared as separate values for each food
  • prepackaged product containing assortment of foods of the same type, when 1) serving consists of only one of the foods, and 2) information for serving size, energy and core nutrients is different for all individual items
  • variety pack of baby food
Aggregate Format– Different Amounts of Food –for Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.464, FDR].
  • cases where it is suitable to provide nutrition information for a food in more than one amount, to reflect different uses or different units of measure of a food
N/A (always optional)
  • serving of baby cookies which may be one cookie or two cookies
Step 3: Choose the Appropriate Nutrition Facts Table using Decision Trees

Before using the Decision Trees below, please refer to the Guide to Using Decision Trees in the NFT Formats section.

Standard, Horizontal, Linear Formats – Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.461, FDR]

Click on image for larger view
This image shows the three level of options for Standard, Horizontal and Linear Formats - Children Under Two (B.01.461).

Standard, Horizontal, Linear Formats – Children Under Two

This image shows the three level of options for Standard, Horizontal and Linear Formats - Children Under Two (B.01.461).

Level 1 has three Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Standard - Children Under Two
  • Narrow Standard - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Standard - Children Under Two

The steps for the 1st level options are:

  1. Manufactures may choose Format 20, 21 or 22.
  2. Within the desired format, choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and one continuous surface of the package.
  3. All 1st level options must be exhausted before proceeding to the next level.

Level two has one Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Bilingual Horizontal - Children Under Two

The steps for the 2nd level options are:

  1. Choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and one continuous surface of the package.
  2. All 2nd level options must be exhausted before proceeding to next level.

Level three has three Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Bilingual Standard - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Horizontal - Children Under Two
  • Linear - Children Under Two or Alternate Methods of Presentation (Tags, package inserts, inner labels, fold-out labels, overwraps or collars)

For package inserts and inner labels, the outer label must indicate where to find the NFT.

The steps for the 3rd level options are:

  1. Any format or any version may be chosen.

or Alternate Methods of Presentation
Tags, package inserts*, inner labels*, fold-out labels, overwraps or collars
*For package inserts and inner labels, the outer label must indicate where to find the NFT.

Simplified Formats – Children Under Two Years of Age [B.01.462, FDR]

When used, the simplified formats for foods for children under two must include the following information [B.01.403(5), FDR]:

  1. the serving of stated size, the energy value and the amounts of fat, carbohydrate and protein;
  2. any nutrient which is the subject of a nutritional or health-related claim or representation as described in the Nutrient Content Claims and Health Claims sections;
  3. the amount of any sugar alcohol, vitamin and mineral nutrient added to the food, except fluoride added to prepackaged water or ice;
  4. the amount of sodium, fibre, sugars, vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium when these cannot be declared as "0";
  5. all vitamins and mineral nutrients declared as a component of one of the product's ingredients (except if the ingredient is flour), and
  6. the statement "Not a significant source of (naming any excluded core nutrients mentioned in the Elements Within the Nutrition Facts Table section)". Saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and cholesterol are not required to be listed in this statement as their declaration is only triggered when the amount of cholesterol is provided.

When the simplified formats will not fit within 15% of the available display surface, alternative formats are provided in B.01.462(3) of the FDR.

Click on image for larger view
This image shows the three levels of options for Simplified Formats - Children Under Two (B.01.462). Description follows.

Simplified Formats – Children Under Two

This image shows the three levels of options for Simplified Formats - Children Under Two
(B.01.462).

Level 1 shows two Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Simplified Standard - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Simplified Standard - Children Under Two

The steps for the 1st level options are:

  1. Manufacturers may choose Format 24 or 25.
  2. Within the desired format, choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and one continuous surface of the package.
  3. All 1st level options must be exhausted before proceeding to next level.

Level 2 shows one Nutrition Fact Table format:

  • Bilingual Simplified Horizontal - Children Under Two

The steps for the 2nd level options are:

  1. Choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and one continuous surface of the package.
  2. All 2nd level options must be exhausted before proceeding to next level.

Level three has three Nutrition Fact Table Formats:

  • Bilingual Simplified Standard - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Simplified Horizontal - Children Under Two
  • Simplified Linear - Children Under Two

The steps for the 3rd level option are:

  1. Any format or any version may be chosen.

or Alternative Methods of Presentation
Tags, package inserts*, inner labels*, fold-out labels, overwraps or collars
*For package inserts and inner labels, the outer label must indicate where to find the NFT.

Aggregate Format – Different Kinds of Foods – Children Under Two Years of Age[B.01.463, FDR]

Click on image for larger view
This image has two level of options for the Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two (B.01.463). Description follows.

Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two

This image has two level of options for the Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two (B.01.463).

Level 1 has two Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two

The steps for the 1st level options are:

  1. Manufacturers may choose Format 27 or 28.
  2. Within the desired format, choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and one continuous surface of the package.
  3. All 1st level options must be exhausted before proceeding to next level.

Level 2 has one Nutrition Fact Table format:

  • Bilingual Aggregate Format - Different Kinds of Food - Children Under Two or Alternative Methods of Presentation (Tags, package inserts, inner labels, fold-out labels, overwraps or collars).

For package inserts and inners labels, the outer label must indicate where to find the NFT.

The steps for the 2nd level options are:

  1. Any format or any version may be chosen.

or Alternative Methods of Presentation
Tags, package inserts, inner labels, fold-out labels, overwraps or collars
For package inserts and inner labels, the outer label must indicate where to find the NFT.

Aggregate Format – Different Amounts of Food – Children Under Two [B.01.464, FDR]

Click on image for larger view
This image has two levels of options for the Aggregate Format - Children Under Two (B.01.464).

Aggregate Format – Different Amounts of Food – Children Under Two

This image has two levels of options for the Aggregate Format - Children Under Two (B.01.464).

Level 1 has two Nutrition Fact Table formats:

  • Aggregate Format - Different Amounts of Food - Children Under Two
  • Bilingual Aggregate Format - Different Amounts of Food - Children Under Two

The steps for the 1st level options are:

Manufacturers may choose Format 29 or 30.

  1. Within the desired format, choose the largest version of the format that will fit on 15% ADS and on one continuous surface of the package.
  2. All 1st level options must be exhausted before proceeding to the next level.

Level 2 has one Nutrition Fact Table format:

  • Bilingual Aggregate Format - Different Amounts of Food - Children Under Two

The steps for the 2nd level options are:

  1. Any format or any version may be chosen.

Small Packages – Children Under Two Years of Age

Foods intended solely for children under two years of age in small packages with an ADS <100cm2 are exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table as long as the information is provided as outlined in the small packages < 100 cm2 section.

Foods for Use in Manufacturing Other Foods

This section deals with the requirements of prepackaged foods for use in manufacturing other foods and it identifies the major differences in the presentation of nutrition information for this class of foods as compared to prepackaged foods for the consumer.

Foods for use in manufacturing other foods are prepackaged products that are intended for use as an ingredient [B.01.404 (1),FDR]:

This category of foods:

  • requires cooking before consumption; or
    • Note: while these may not strictly be ingredients in the preparation of other foods, their nutrition information may change after cooking or they may be combined with other ingredients (e.g. oil) during the cooking process.
  • is to be combined with another ingredient to prepare a food.

Examples of foods in this category include: unbaked lasagna, raw seasoned fillets, dry noodles, frozen fries, unbaked pies, canned pie filling, instant potatoes, dried soup mix, corn starch and sugar.

Not all bulk containers of food are considered to be "solely" for use in the manufacturing of other foods. This is determined by the intended use of the ingredients. For example, if the contents are intended to be repacked from bulk at the retail premises or sold directly to consumers from bulk bins, these products require a standardized Nutrition Facts Table Format.

Nutrition Labelling Requirements

The nutrition labelling requirements for Foods for Use in Manufacturing Other Foods are similar to those of prepackaged foods sold to the consumer, with some differences. The following rules apply:

Required Nutrients

  • Nutrition information for energy and the same core nutrients as required for prepackaged foods for the consumer in B.01.401 must be included [B.01.404(3)(a), FDR];
  • Additional information for the same nutrients as required for prepackaged foods for the consumer in section B.01.402 of the FDR must also be provided when triggered [B.01.404(3)(a), FDR];
  • Additional information permitted in section B.01.402 of the FDR may also be included [B.01.404(3)(b), FDR].

Format

  • The information does not have to appear in a Nutrition Facts table format as prescribed by B.01.401(1) of the FDR. Information is not required to be in a box, nor must it obey the formatting requirements [B.01.401(7)(b), FDR];
  • The information may simply list the nutrients and their values.

No Exemption from Providing Nutrition Information

Nutrition labelling exemptions found in B.01.401 do not apply to these products [B.01.404(2), FDR]. For example, while prepackaged fresh apples sold in a retail store are generally exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table [B.01.401(2)(b)(ii), FDR], prepackaged apples intended solely as:

  • an ingredient for use in the manufacture of other prepackaged consumer foods (e.g., apple sauce), or
  • an ingredient (e.g., sliced apples) for use in the preparation of food (e.g., an apple pie) by a commercial or industrial enterprise or institution

must be accompanied by written nutrition information upon delivery [B.01.404 (2), FDR].

Nutrient Declarations

Nutrients must be declared:

  • per gram (g) or 100 grams (100 g) if the net quantity is declared by weight or count [B.01.404(3)(c)(i)(a) and (ii)(a), FDR]; and
  • per millilitre (ml) or 100 millilitres (100 ml) if the net quantity of the food is declared by volume [B.01.404(3)(c)(i)(b) and (ii)(b), FDR].

Units of Measure

  • Vitamins must be declared in the units set out in Table I of Division 1 of Part D of the FDR (e.g., RE, µg, mg, NE) [B.01.404(3)(c)(i), FDR].
  • Minerals must be declared in the units set out in Table I of Division 2 of Part D of the FDR (e.g., mg, µg) [B.01.404(3)(c)(i), FDR].
  • The information for the other nutrients and energy must be declared in absolute units as set out in column 3 to the tables to B.01.401 and B.01.402 of the FDR (e.g. Calories, g, mg, µg).
  • The declaration of % Daily Values and information on "serving of stated size" may be omitted [B.01.404(3)(c)(iii), FDR].

The table in Annex 1: Vitamin and Mineral Declarations summarizes the units of measure to be used when providing nutrition information for vitamins and minerals for foods for use in manufacturing other foods.

Precision of Nutrient Declarations and Rounding

  • All information must be stated with a degree of precision (i.e., same number of significant figures) corresponding to the accuracy of the analytical methodology used to produce the nutrition information [B.01.404(3)(c)(iv), FDR];
  • Since the nutrient information provided to the manufacturer may be used to create a Nutrition Facts table for another food, it must not be rounded;
  • It is also acceptable to declare < (the limit of detection) as opposed to declaring 0, where the declaration is to be to the "degree of precision that corresponds to the accuracy of the analytical methodology used". For example, < 10 mg is acceptable if the nutrient is not detected but the limit of detection is 10 mg.

Voluntary Claims and Statements

Nutrient Content Claims

The provisions set out in the Food and Drug Regulations for making a nutrient content claim is intended to apply specifically to products sold to consumers at the retail level and where a Nutrition Facts table is required as per B.01.401. However, there is no prohibition from making a nutrient content claim, such as "trans fat free", on foods intended for further manufacture. These types of claims may be made at the manufacturer level provided that the amount of the nutrient subject to the claim, per a reasonable serving of stated size, is given and the product meets the criteria set out for the claim. Refer to Nutrient Content Claims for specific requirements regarding these types of claims.

Note: The final product must be assessed independently for compliance with any given claim. Variation in the amount of the ingredient used or the effect of other ingredients used may have an impact on the final product meeting the criteria for the claim.

Documentation for Purchaser

In the case of foods that are shipped to a purchaser on a continual basis, with no change to the formulation, documentation may be provided to the purchaser on the basis of the first shipment, without having to provide the information on an ongoing basis provided the purchaser agrees in writing to this arrangement (see Accompanying Documentation for Nutrition Labelling, Letter to Industry).

Any change to the nutrition information as a result of formulation changes or other influences would have to accompany the modified product with its first delivery after the change has occurred. It is recommended that a reference system be set up to ensure a match between the nutrition information and the incoming material for document control purposes. The purchaser should retain relevant hard copies of the information on file for ingredients that have been used in existing production lots still on the market.

Foods for Commercial or Industrial Enterprise or Institution

This section deals with the requirements of multiple-serving, ready-to-eat prepackaged products served in a commercial or industrial enterprise or institution. It identifies the major differences in the presentation of nutrition information for this class of foods as compared to prepackaged foods for the consumer.

This category of foods applies to prepackaged products that are [B.01.405 (1), FDR]:

  • in multiple servings in a package;
  • ready to serve (may be shipped frozen or thawed but must be precooked, if required);
  • able to be served without the addition of other ingredients (but may be served in conjunction with other foods); and
  • intended solely to be served in a commercial or industrial enterprise or institution (e.g. a restaurant, cafeteria or hospital).

Examples of this category of foods include: cooked lasagna, gravy, cooked seasoned filets, fresh pasta, pasta sauce, beverages, cherry pie, bagels, cereals, jam, lunch meats, condiments and dressings.

There are many similarities between this category and foods for use in manufacturing other foods. They have the same nutrition labelling requirements with some flexibility in the manner by which nutritional information is provided for a shipment of food (documentation for purchaser). [B.01.405(2), B.01.405(3), FDR].

Note: The Nutrient Declarations section does not apply to these foods. Instead, the manner in which the nutrients are declared is the same as for consumer packaged products:

  • nutrients must include serving size declaration (consumer friendly and metric measure);
  • units of measure, rounding and daily values for consumer foods are used.

Annex 1: Vitamin and Mineral Declarations

Vitamin Declarations
Vitamin Unit
Vitamin A RE
Vitamin D µg
Vitamin E mg
Vitamin C mg
Thiamin, Thiamine, or Vitamin B1 mg
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 mg
Niacin NE
Vitamin B6 mg
Folacin or Folate µg
Vitamin B12 µg
Pantothenic acid or pantothenate mg
Vitamin K µg
Biotin µg
Mineral Declarations
Mineral Unit
Calcium mg
Phosphorus mg
Magnesium mg
Iron mg
Zinc mg
Iodide µg
Selenium µg
Copper mg
Manganese mg
Chromium µg
Molybdenum µg
Chloride mg

mg = milligrams
µg = micrograms
NE = niacin equivalents
RE = retinol equivalents

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