Labelling Requirements for Prepackaged Water and Ice
Voluntary Claims & Statements
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Alkaline and pH claims
General claims such as alkaline and pH content may be declared provided they are factual and not misleading. The use of additional terms such as "super" or "organized" in conjunction with a claim, e.g. "Super Alkaline Organized" does not provide a clear meaning and is considered to be misleading in this context.
Glacier water is not defined in Canadian regulations. However, the CFIA will not object to claims and statements about glacier water origin when it meets the basic criteria as developed by the state of Alaska:
- glacier drinking water, or words of similar meaning, must be water from a stream that flows directly from a glacier and that has not been diluted or influenced by a non-glacial stream; and
- glacier-blend, glacially-influenced, or words of similar meaning, must be either water taken from a glacial stream that is influenced by a stream whose headwaters are not from a glacier; or water taken from a lake that is fed by a glacial stream.
Additionally, glacier waters are characterized by low dissolved solid levels and there should not be a significant change in dissolved solids between the glacier and the collection point. This would be assessed based on a maximum 50% increase in dissolved solids, or a maximum of 50 mg/L, whichever is greater.
Mineral Ion Concentration
With the exception of fluoride, declaring the amount of individual mineral ions present in prepackaged waters is optional. When mineral ion content is provided, it must be declared in parts per million outside of the Nutrition Facts table [B.01.301(1)(d), FDR]. Refer to Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table for more information.
Mineral or spring water which does not have its composition modified through the use of chemicals and meets the Natural – Method of Production Claim criteria in all other ways, such as how it is processed, may be described as "Natural Mineral Water" or "Natural Spring Water".
As ozone is classified as a food additive, prepackaged waters with added ozone may not make the claim "natural mineral water" or "natural spring water". However, claims such as "natural mineral water with added ozone" or "ozonated natural spring water" are acceptable.
Naturally Carbonated, Sparkling
A mineral or spring water containing carbon dioxide which originated underground may be described as "naturally carbonated", "naturally sparkling", or "sparkling" when:
- the added carbon dioxide originates from the decarbonation of the water upon its emergence from the underground source; and
- the carbon dioxide is not added to a level greater than the naturally occurring level, prior to the water emergence from the underground source.
Nutrient Content Claims
Products represented as containing mineral nutrients for use in human nutrition must meet the requirements of Part D of the FDR.
Claims such as "sodium-free" are permitted provided that the product meets the compositional and labelling requirements set out in Sodium (Salt) Claims [table following B.01.513, FDR]. Note that such a claim will trigger the Nutrition Facts table requirement on bottled water that might otherwise be exempt.
Therapeutic or prophylactic claims are not permitted on mineral water or mineralized water [Section 3, FDA].
Vignettes / Pictorial Representations
Vignettes and pictorial representations may not misrepresent the source of mineral water or spring water. It is misleading, for example, to depict a mountain scene on the label of a product whose source is located on the prairies [5.(1), FDA].
Refer to Pictures, Vignettes, Logos and Trade-marks for more information.
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