Labelling Requirements for Shell Egg Products
Nutrition Labelling – Shell Egg
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All nutrition labelling information must accurately reflect the nutrient content of the product, and the information must remain accurate over the entire shelf life of the food.
There are various ways to generate nutrient values including the use of validated analytical methods, or by calculation using credible databases or software. The Egg Farmers of Canada (EFC) has established a Nutrient Value for Generic Canadian Egg database to assist egg station operators in generating nutrient values. These values only are permitted for use on generic egg cartons containing generic eggs; they cannot be used on egg cartons that contain eggs that have had their nutrient content modified via feed, such as eggs claiming to be a source of Omega-3 fatty acids.
Specialty eggs, such as those claiming to be a source of Omega-3 fatty acids, as well as certain other eggs, may have values that differ from those in the database. Regardless of the type of egg or the method used to generate nutrient values, the responsibility for the accuracy of nutrient values is with the regulated party.
Health Canada also maintains a database of nutrients in foods called the Canadian Nutrient File. For shell eggs, the information in this database is based on the testing performed by EFC to update their own nutrient analysis table; therefore the most current information for the nutrient content of a generic egg should be what EFC has posted.
Nutrition Facts Table (NFT)
Serving sizes must be based only on the size of the egg in the carton. For example, companies should not be using a serving size of "1 large egg (50g)" on cartons of medium or small eggs.
However, companies have flexibility in determining if they want to use one or two eggs as the serving size. The serving size should be the amount of food that one adult would reasonably eat at one eating occasion (the recommended serving size for eggs is 50-100g).
Available Display Surface of Egg Cartons
For guidance on measuring the available display surface of egg cartons, for the purposes of applying the Nutrition Facts table, refer to Available Display Surface.
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