Labelling Requirements for Foods for Special Dietary Use
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It is prohibited to sell or advertise a meal replacements (definition) unless, when in a ready-to-serve form or when prepared according to the directions of use, with water, milk, partially skim milk or skim milk, or a combination thereof, it meets the requirements for a meal replacement as set out in B.24.200, FDR. These include:
- a minimum food energy value of 225 Calories per serving,
- a specified amount and quality of protein,
- a maximum amount of energy derived from fat (35 percent) and
- a specified amount of various vitamins and mineral nutrients.
Nutrient Content Statement - Meal Replacements
Meal replacements to which milk, partially skim milk or skim milk is to be added, must carry a statement that the nutrient content of the food has been determined taking into consideration the milk, partially skim milk or skim milk that is to be added according to the directions of use. [B.24.202, FDR].
Nutrient Content Declaration - Meal Replacements
The label of meal replacements must have a statement indicating per serving of stated size and per stated quantity of food, when prepared according the direction of use:
- the content of protein, fat, linoleic acid, n-3 linolenic acid, saturated fatty acid and carbohydrate, in grams;
- the energy value in Calories and kilojoules;
- the amount of vitamins and mineral nutrients listed in B.24.202 (a)(iii), (iv) & (v) of the FDR in their specified measurements. [B.24.202, FDR].
When Used in a Weight Reduction Diet
Addition labelling requirements must be met when a meal replacement is sold or advertised for use in a weight reduction diet.
Refer to Required Weight Reduction Statement and Direction for use - Prepackaged Meal for Use in Weight-Reduction Diet as the same requirements apply.
When Used as a Replacement for All Daily Meals
When a meal replacement is represented as a replacement for all daily meals, the maximum amount of energy from fat is reduced to 30 percent, of which no more than 10 percent may be from saturated fat. For complete composition requirements, refer to B.24.200 of the FDR. [B.24.200, FDR].
Meal replacements sold or advertised as a replacement for all daily meals must also provide on the label directions for use that would result in a daily energy intake of at least 900 Calories (3780 kJ). [B.24.202, FDR].
Instant breakfast may not be promoted as a replacement for other meals, such as lunch or dinner, nor as snacks, nor as a part of a diet plan. Requirements for "instant breakfast", a breakfast replacement, are set out in section B.01.053 of the FDR.
Voluntary Claims and Statements - Meal Replacements
As there is no reference amount for meal replacements, the criteria for making nutrient content claims and health claims on these foods can be based on the serving size of the product only.
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