Final Report of an Audit Conducted In Four European Union Member States February 3rd Through February 21st, 2014
Evaluating The Food Safety Systems Governing The Production of  Beef And Beef Products For Export To Canada

10. Chemical Residues Controls

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The CFIA auditors broadly evaluated the chemical residue controls for each MS. The evaluation included the review of the development of National Chemical Residue Monitoring plans, the implementation of those monitoring plans, violations and follow-up actions. The CFIA auditors also compared Canadian MRLs and required levels of sensitivity with MRLs laid down in Regulations (EC) 37/2010. No laboratory visit was in the scope of this audit.

The Council Directive 96/23/EC sets forth the requirements for MSs to prepare and implement an annual plan for monitoring of chemical residues. The minimum number of bovines to be sampled must be at least 0.4% of the number slaughtered the previous year. The distribution of samples must meet the breakdown described in Annex IV of the Council Directive 96/23/EC, allocating a percentage to address particular situations in the individual Member States. The Table 1 of the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No 37/2010 lays down Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) for residues of pharmacologically active substances in food.

Implementation of controls seemed effective and well managed by the different CAs at the local level. It should, however, be noted that certain differences exist regarding the implemented Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) and action levels for certain residues. The auditors recommend a technical discussion between SANTÉ and the CFIA on the subject of chemical residue monitoring programs in EU MSs and Canada.

Some information is still awaited to fully assess compliance of all MSs with the above EU regulations. Refer to MSs Annexes for specific details.

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