Chapter 17 - Ante and Post-mortem Procedures, Dispositions, Monitoring and Controls - Meat Species, Ostriches, Rheas and Emus
17.3 CFIA Stations in Slaughter Establishments

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17.3.1 Ante and Post-Mortem Inspection Stations for Slaughter Operations

The following sections describe the minimum line staffing standards for the ante and post-mortem inspection. These standards are applicable provided inspection stations have been designed according to recognized ergonomic principles. Consult Chapter 3 of this manual for the minimal post-mortem inspection spacing requirements.

Additional resources may be agreed between the CFIA and the operator in order to meet specific operational requirements (e.g. slaughter of cull animals).

These standards may be modified due to conditions arising from industry inefficiencies that make the standards impractical at the line speed demanded by the operator of the establishment. Additional inspection procedures may be required for products meant for export. Refer to individual importing country's section in Chapter 11 of this manual for specific inspection requirements.

It is recognized that the staffing standards are practical at the low end of the line speed ranges. In establishments slaughtering at the upper end of the range, certain factors become critical in allowing adequate inspection to be performed with the allocated staff. These factors include:

  • inspection work station and kill floor layout, viscera pan size, etc.;
  • acceptable presentation of carcasses, heads and viscera for the purpose of inspection;
  • level of product contamination;
  • type of animals slaughtered (e.g. older animals tend to have more pathologies); and
  • the lairage time for the animals prior to slaughter.

Where a facility uses a mechanically driven chain for the continuous movement of carcasses along the evisceration line, the chain speed shall be assessed as the gross uninterrupted speed calculated over a 60 second cycle past a fixed point and shall not be calculated on the net number of carcasses dressed per hour.

When figures are indicated for the various inspection stations, they may be impacted by various facility configurations with respect to carcass presentation. The Veterinarian in Charge may re-distribute the recommended staffing numbers as he may so determine in conjunction with the Regional Veterinary Officer provided the total staffing number is not altered.

17.3.1.1 Inspection Stations and Staffing Requirements

The staffing numbers listed in this section are the minimum number of stations needed to staff the slaughter floor. Operational administrative requirements, ergonomic factors, special projects and physical layout of the kill floor may affect these numbers. Each site should be evaluated by the operational personnel to determine the appropriate staffing levels needed in each facility.

The CFIA inspection staff conduct ante-mortem inspection of all animals (100%) housed inside the establishment prior to their slaughter. Sometimes, animals are slaughtered almost immediately after their arrival. This "just in time" type of delivery may result in the stopping of the evisceration line in order to allow CFIA personnel to perform the ante-mortem inspection. In certain cases, the CFIA may establish a permanent ante-mortem inspection station subject to the cost recovery policy.

17.3.1.1.1 Table: Traditional Inspection Method

The ante-mortem inspection is performed by the CFIA personnel under the supervision of the Veterinarian in Charge. In certain situations, establishment of a permanent ante-mortem inspection station may be required (e.g. just in time slaughter).

Steers/ Heifers
Line Speed/Hour Head Inspector Viscera Inspector Carcass Inspector Veterinarian
1 - 8 steers 0 1
9 - 30 steers 1 1
31 - 45 steers 2 1
46 - 64 steers 1 1 1 1
65 - 90 steers 1 2 1 1
91 - 139 steers 2 3 1 1
Cows/ Bulls
Line Speed/Hour Head Inspector Viscera Inspector Carcass Inspector Veterinarian
1 - 8 cows 0 1
9 - 20 cows 1 1
21 -35 cows 2 1
36 - 60 cows 1 1 1 1
61 - 90 cows 1 2 1 2
91 - 139 cows 2 3 1 2
Calves < 70 kg (Dressed weight)
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 29 animals 0 1
30 - 65 animals 1 1
66 - 130 animals 2 1
Calves > 70 kg and < 180 kg (Dressed weight)
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 25 calves 0 1
26 - 50 calves 1 1
51 - 75 calves 2 1
Lambs and Kids
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 29 animals 0 1
30 - 65 animals 1 1
66 - 130 animals 2 1
Sheep and Goats
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 25 animals 0 1
26 - 50 animals 1 1
51 - 75 animals 2 1
Horses
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 12 animals 0 1
13 - 20 animals 1 1
21 - 50 animals 2 1
51 - 75 animals 3 1
Farmed game ruminants (bison, musk ox, elk, deer, reindeer, caribou etc.) and ratites
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 8 carcasses 0 1
9 - 20 carcasses 1 1
21 - 35 carcasses 2 1

17.3.1.1.2 Table: High Line Speed Inspection System (HLIS) for Beef

The ante-mortem inspection is performed by the CFIA personnel under the supervision of the Veterinarian in Charge. In certain situations, establishment of a permanent ante-mortem inspection station may be required (e.g. just in time slaughter).

Steers/ Heifers
Line Speed/Hour Head Inspector Viscera Inspector Carcass Inspector Floor Monitor Table Note 1 VM Table Note 2
140 - 180 1 2 1 1
(shared)
2
181 -250 2 2 1 1
(shared)
2
251 - 310 2 4 1 1
(shared)
2
311 - 375 3 4 1 1
(shared)
3

Table Notes

Table Note 1

Process monitoring non-stationary position.

Return to table note 1  referrer

Table Note 2

Includes the Veterinarian in Charge's position.

Return to table note 2  referrer

Cows/ Bulls
Line Speed/Hour Head Inspector Viscera Inspector Carcass Inspector Floor Monitor Table Note 3 VM Table Note 4
140 - 180 1 2 1 1
(shared)
2
181 - 250 2 2 1 1
(shared)
2
251 - 290 2 4 1 1
(shared)
2

Table Notes

Table Note 3

Process monitoring non-stationary position.

Return to table note 3  referrer

Table Note 4

Includes the Veterinarian in Charge's position.

Return to table note 4  referrer

Note: The term "shared" refers to the fact that both industry and the CFIA are involved in the process control activity.

17.3.1.1.3 Table: HACCP Based Slaughter Inspection Program (HIP) for Swine

The ante-mortem inspection is performed by the CFIA personnel under the supervision of the Veterinarian in Charge. In certain situations, establishment of a permanent ante-mortem inspection station may be required (e.g. just in time slaughter).

Hogs
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1-25 carcasses 0 1
26-65 carcasses 1 1
66-200 carcasses 2 1
201-400 carcasses 3 1
401-500 carcasses 4 1
501-650 carcasses 5 2
651-800 carcasses 6 2
801-950 carcasses 7 2
951-1150 carcasses 8 2
Sows and Boars
Line Speed/Hour Optimal Inspection Stations
Inspectors
Optimal Inspection Stations
Veterinarians
1 - 15 carcasses 0 1
16 - 40 carcasses 1 1
41 - 70 carcasses 2 1
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