Chapter 6 - Inedible Meat Products
6.1 Introduction

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Operators are fully responsible for providing plant facilities, equipment and personnel for the collection, sanitary handling, storage and disposal of all inedible products. Inedible products include products which are, by their very nature, inedible (i.e. feathers, hides, hair), condemned, "previously edible" materials which have been condemned, and specified risk material (SRM) which includes recovered solids from waste water, on their premises, as prescribed in Section 28 of the Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 and Part I.1 of the Health of Animals Regulations.

Wherever a word that has been defined in the Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 or the Health of Animals Regulations is used in this chapter, the regulatory definition applies. Other words not defined by the Regulations are often defined within CFIA training manuals.

6.1.1 Definitions

  1. Condemn: means, in respect of a food animal or a meat product, to determine that the food animal or the meat product is inedible.
  2. Condemned product: includes carcasses and portions of carcasses which upon inspection or reinspection are found to be affected by disease or an abnormal condition that renders them unfit for human food; as well as animals condemned on ante mortem inspection, animals that died en route to the registered slaughter establishment and animals that died in the yard or a livestock holding pen of the registered slaughter establishment.
  3. Denature: means to stain the meat product in accordance with section 6.21 or 6.22 of the Health of Animals Regulations or to otherwise treat the meat product to give it an appearance or characteristic such that it cannot be confused with an edible meat product.
  4. Acceptable Denaturation Agents:
    1. charcoal,
    2. fish meal from a registered feed mill
    3. an agent listed at the following web site: Reference Listing of Accepted Construction Materials, Packaging Materials and Non-Food Chemical Products;
    4. an agent for which the operator requested a letter of guarantee from the supplier of the agent to demonstrate its acceptability; OR
    5. Alternate to using an approved denaturing agent, another acceptable method of denaturing is to mix the meat product or carcasses with intestines and intestinal contents in a continuous and non reversible mechanical conveying system which empties directly to a melter or a conveyance acceptable to the inspector in charge for transportation to another registered establishment or an inedible rendering plant for sterilization.
  5. Specified Risk Material (SRM): The skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia, eyes, palatine tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of cattle aged 30 months and older, and the distal ileum of cattle of all ages

    Under section 6.5 of the Health of Animals Regulations, no person shall feed to any animal material in any form, whether or not incorporated into another thing that is derived from SRM. Therefore segregation and control measures must be maintained within the establishment on anything containing SRM. Please refer to Chapter 17, Annex D of this manual and within the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Manual of Procedures.

6.1.2 Categories of Inedible Products

  1. condemned meat products (SRM included); or
  2. non-SRM, non-condemned products:
    1. salvaged for animal food;
    2. salvaged for medicinal purposes;
    3. treated by the operator as condemned meat products; and
    4. which are by their nature not edible (feathers, hides, hair, manure, intestinal contents, etc.)
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