IMFP National Sampling Plans & Assessment Criteria 2014-2015

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Table of Contents

Section 1: General Notes

  • Samples may be taken at the inspector's discretion to verify inspection observations.
  • Randomly select samples to ensure the samples are representative of the entire lot. All sample plans are directed unless otherwise indicated.
  • Select consumer-sized packages as sub-samples where possible.
  • Ship samples under the conditions that they would normally be stored (e.g. frozen products shipped frozen, refrigerated products shipped refrigerated, room temperature shelf stable products shipped at room temperature, etc.). Upon arrival at the laboratory, frozen samples should be frozen and refrigerated samples should not exceed 7°C.
  • Use aseptic sampling techniques if sampling from bulk product.
  • Directed samples are ones taken during an inspection to verify inspection observations. Indicate directed samples with a "D" at the end of the sampling code (e.g. 2014_FS402D).
  • Follow-up samples are ones taken after an unsatisfactory result for a directed sample. Indicate follow-up samples with an "F" at the end of the sampling code (e.g. 2014_FS402F).
  • Forward laboratory samples to the attention of the contact person specified in the FEN0 and Food Safety Laboratory Contact List (RDIMS# 2723751) (For internal use only) according to sample and destination.
  • All sample submission forms can be accessed through LSTS user services (For internal use only).
  • It is important to remember that sample assessment is not directly related to compliance; in that assessment results do not convey whether legal or regulatory requirements have been respected.
  • For more information on products regulated by the IMFP, consult Products Regulated under the Imported and Manufactured Food Program (RDIMS# 2580416) (For internal use only).

Section 2: Microbiology

I. Notes

  • CFIA food microbiology laboratories will accept routine samples Monday to Friday. Urgent or investigative samples may be accepted 7 days a week, when confirmed with Food Safety Science Directorate.
  • Ship samples under the conditions that they would normally be stored (e.g. frozen products shipped frozen, refrigerated products shipped refrigerated, room temperature shelf stable products shipped at room temperature, etc.). The temperature of refrigerated samples should not exceed 7°C and environmental/wash water samples should not exceed 10°C upon arrival at the laboratory. These samples must be cooled as quickly as possible (without freezing them). Samples exceeding the maximum arrival temperature or if the integrity of the sample or its packaging has been compromised, will be rejected by the lab. The product will be required to be re-sampled and resubmitted.
  • All samples taken by an inspector, transported in coolers with ice packs, and brought directly to the laboratory by the inspector within 4-5 hours of sampling, even if the temperatures exceed 0°C (frozen)/7°C (refrigerated products), will be accepted and analysed, given there are no other reasons to reject them.
  • Sample Identification: The sample identification number includes the following information: the laboratory of destination, the year, the program, the project and the sample number. Ex: C2014 FSM0001 for Calgary lab, 2014, IMFP (formerly Food Safety), Microbiology and number 0001. The regions are given a range of numbers which should be distributed individually to the inspectors in the field. The same sample identification number will be used by the inspector collecting the sample and entered into the "Inspector Sample No." field of the sample submission form. This assigned sample number will be available to laboratory personnel and may be verified prior to issuing the report of analysis. Please note that the assigned sample IDs may only be used once. In the event that the sample is unfit or a follow-up sample is required a new number must be issued.
  • Sample Identification Number Requests: To obtain a new sample identification number please notify your Area Program Specialist and contact Stanley Gagnon, Food Laboratory Program, to make arrangements for laboratory resources. Sample ID numbers for unplanned samples can also be obtained through Stanley Gagnon.
  • Direct any questions to: IMFP or contact Stanley Gagnon, Food Laboratory Program at 613-773-5707.

II. List of Sampling Plan Codes

  • FS300D: Domestic: Micro Complaints - Investigations and Establishment Inspections
  • FS301D: Imported: Micro Complaints - Investigations and Establishment Inspections
  • FS308D: Domestic: Pathogens in R.T.E. Fermented Meat [RTEM-F]
  • FS310D: Domestic: Pathogens in Sprouted Seeds
  • FS312D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS313D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS318D: Domestic: Pathogens in Powdered Infant Formula
  • FS319D: Imported: Pathogens in Powdered Infant Formula
  • FS322D: Domestic: Pathogens in Spices
  • FS323D: Imported: Pathogens in Spices
  • FS328D: Domestic: Pathogens in R.T.E. Meat - Non-Fermented [RTEM-NF]
  • FS330D: Domestic: Pathogens in R.T.E. Fish
  • FS336D: Domestic: Pathogens in Chocolate and Chocolate Products
  • FS337D: Imported: Pathogens in Chocolate and Chocolate Products
  • FS338D: Domestic: Minimally processed R.T.E. Fresh-Cut Fruit, Vegetables
  • FS342D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized juice
  • FS343D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized juice
  • FS344D: Domestic: Pathogens in Soft and Semi-soft Cheese
  • FS346D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanut Products (Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter)
  • FS347D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanut Products (Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter)
  • FS348D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS349D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS350D: Domestic: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
  • FS351D: Imported: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
  • FS355D: Imported: Various (Border Inspection) Imported Commodities - Micro

III. Sampling Guidelines

Microbiology Complaints – Including Investigations and Establishment Inspections
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Micro Complaints, Including Investigations and Establishment Inspections 5 250 g FS300D FS301D These codes are only to be used for unplanned samples related to IMFP products, but not related to scoping and/or recall investigations.
Fermented products that contain meat from all sources 5 250 g FS308D n/a

Samples will be analysed for E. coli,S. aureus, Salmonella spp., L. monocytogenes, E. coli 0157 (beef only), aw and pH.

Sampled products must contain at least 51% meat.

Note: Uncooked RTEM-F products represent a higher microbiological risk; therefore they are the higher priority.

Non-fermented products that contain meat from all sources 5 250 g FS328D n/a

Samples will be analysed for E. coli, S. aureus, Salmonella spp., L. monocytogenes, E. coli 0157 (beef only), aw and pH.

Sampled products must contain at least 51% meat.

Young shoots, mature shoots and "micro greens" of plants, such as soybean, alfalfa, radish, mung bean, broccoli, clover and others. 5 200 g FS310D n/a

Note: Inspection of sprouted seeds is a collaborative activity which involves both the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) and the IMFP. Contact your Area Program Specialist to confirm the appropriate sample plan prior to submitting a sample.

Samples will be analysed for faecal coliforms, E. coli, E. coli O157:H7/non-motile (NM) and Salmonella spp.

Microbial pathogens in unpasteurized juice and juice products 5 250 mL FS312D FS313D

Juice and juice products intended for fermentation into alcohol or vinegar are not included in this plan.

Samples will be analysed for coliforms, E. coli, E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., and pH.

Microbial pathogens in pasteurized juice and juice products 5 250 mL FS342D FS343D

Juice and juice products intended for fermentation into alcohol or vinegar are not included in this plan.

Samples will be analysed for coliforms, E. coli, E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., and pH.

Powdered Infant Formula 10 100 g FS318D FS319D

Consumer size packages should be selected as sample units.

Samples will be analysed for Cronobacter spp.

Dried aromatic plants (including herbs) and natural dried components, spices/ herbs, in whole, crushed or ground form, spice blends and seasoning mixes 5 100 g FS322D FS323D

Coating mixtures for meat and vegetables do not fall under the scope of this plan.

Samples will be analysed for Salmonella spp. and E. coli.

RTE fish products (raw or cooked) of any type, which does not require preparation other than thawing or re-heating prior to consumption 5 250 g FS330D n/a

Canned fish and live shellfish are not included.

Samples will be analysed for E. coli, S. aureus, Salmonella spp., L. monocytogenes.

To test a refrigerated fish product in a hermetically sealed container for C. botulinum risk parameters (pH, aW and water phase salt), submit a separate sample to the GTA lab under FS300D. Contact Stanley Gagnon, Food Safety Science Directorate to co-ordinate with the lab before sending samples.

Chocolate products containing a significant amount of chocolate or chocolate compound: chocolate bars, products containing chocolate chips, chocolate-coated products and enrobed chocolate products, bulk chocolate, spreads, baking chocolate and truffles. 10 100 g FS336D FS337D Samples will be analysed for Salmonella spp.
RTE fresh-cut fruits and vegetables 5 125 g FS338D n/a

Consumer size packages should be selected as sample units.

Samples will be analysed for Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli, Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7/NM, Shigella spp.

Peanut and Tree Nut Butter 10 100 g FS346D FS347D

Domestic peanut and tree nut butter includes that which is ground in Canada from imported peanuts/tree nuts.

The samples will be analysed for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7/NM.

Peanuts (in the shell and not in the shell) 10 100 g FS348D FS349D The samples will be analysed for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7/NM.
Tree Nuts (in the shell and not in the shell) 10 100 g FS350D FS351D The samples will be analysed for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7/NM.
Soft and Semi-Soft Cheese 5 250 g Table Note 1 FS344D n/a The samples will be analysed for E. coli, Salmonella spp., L. monocytogenes, S. aureus,E. coli O157:H7/NM on all unpasteurized cheese, and if deemed necessary, SET & phosphatase.
Imported products that are regulated by the Imported and Manufactured Food Program (IMFP) that are sampled during a border inspection (BLITZ). 5 250 g or 250 mL n/a FS355D

Samples are to be taken at the border, only when visual inspection findings warrant further assessment.

Samples will be analysed for microbiological food safety hazards which are selected on a case by case basis. Contact the Area Program Specialist for guidance.

Table Note

Table Note 1

Note: If the phosphatase test is deemed necessary, three additional sample units of at least 100g each must be collected and sent for this analysis to the CFIA laboratory in Longueil.

Return to table note 1  referrer

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

Note: The following Microbiology Assessment Criteria have been updated to the requirements needed for the current year's sampling plans, as dated. All criteria that appear within these tables are not necessarily part of this year's sampling plans. Past criteria are retained for future reference and possible use.

  • FS308D: Domestic: RTE Fermented Meats
  • FS310D: Domestic: Sprouted Seeds
  • FS312D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS313D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS342D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS343D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS318D: Domestic: Powdered Infant Formula
  • FS319D: Imported: Powdered Infant Formula
  • FS322D: Domestic: Pathogens in Spices
  • FS323D: Imported: Pathogens in Spices
  • FS328D: Domestic: RTE Meat (Non-fermented)
  • FS330D: Domestic: RTE Fish
  • FS336D: Domestic: Chocolate and Chocolate Products
  • FS337D: Imported: Chocolate and Chocolate Products
  • FS338D: Domestic: Minimally Processed RTE Fresh-Cut Fruit & Vegetables
  • FS344D: Domestic: Pathogens in Soft and Semi-Soft Cheese
  • FS346D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter
  • FS347D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter
  • FS348D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS349D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS350D: Domestic: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
  • FS351D: Imported: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
  • FS355D: Various (Border Inspection) Imported Commodities
FS308D: Domestic: R.T.E. Fermented Meat [RTEM-F] Products
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coliTable note 2 5 1 10 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli Table note 3 5 1 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NM 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 4, Table note 5 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 4, Table note 6, Table note 7 5 0 100 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: Detected and ≤ m/g in all sub sample units tested.
Unsatisfactory: Detected and > m/g in any sub sample unit tested.
S. aureusTable note 2 5 1 50 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
S. aureusTable note 3 5 1 2.5×102 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded

Table Notes

Table Note 2

Heat treated fermented RTE sausage.

Return to table note 2  referrer

Table note 3

Raw fermented RTE sausage

Return to table note 3  referrer

Table note 4

A 125 g (composite) test portion will be analyzed for L. monocytogenes by the presence/absence method. Enumeration will be performed on each of the 5 individual subs (for presumptive positive samples only).

Return to table note 4  referrer

Table note 5

Category 1: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes can occur throughout the stated shelf-life.

Return to table note 5  referrer

Table note 6

Category 2A: A RTE food for which the growth of L. monocytogenes can occur but not to levels greater than 100 CFU/g throughout the stated shelf-life of the product and do not have a kill step, or has a shelf-life of < 5 days (see point 4 below);

Or Category 2B: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes will not occur throughout the stated shelf-life (e.g. growth of L. monocytogenes will increase by less than 0.5 log CFU/g) based on the following criteria, which will be determined by the lab:

  1. pH < 4.4, regardless of aw
  2. aw < 0.92, regardless of pH
  3. Combinations of factors (e.g., pH < 5.0 and aw < 0.94)
  4. Frozen foods

Return to table note 6  referrer

Table note 7

For Category 2A products, the category must be clearly indicated on the sample submission form. If no category is indicated, the lab will assess the sample using the criteria for Category 1 products.

Return to table note 7  referrer

Validation of shelf stability (This standard is currently under review)
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
pH 5 1 5.3 5.5 InvestigativeTable note 8: > 5.3 but ≤5.5 in more than 1 unit when aw >0.92
Unsatisfactory: > 5.5 in any sample unit when aw > 0.92
aw 5 1 0.9 0.92 InvestigativeTable note 8: > 0.90 but ≤ 0.92 in more than 1 unit when pH > 5.5
Unsatisfactory: > 0.92 in any unit when pH > 5.5

Table Note

Table note 8

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 additional sample units from the same lot.

Return to table note 8  referrer

Note: The combination of aw of 0.90 or less and pH of 5.3 or less when there is not less than 100 ppm of added nitrite and 2.5% salt in the batter are required to render the fermented meat products shelf stable.

Assessment of E. coli and S. aureus results obtained for a composite test sample.
Analysis Assessment
E. coliTable note 9 Satisfactory: ≤ 4/g
InvestigativeTable note 11: 4 > x ≤ 208/g
Unsatisfactory: > 208/g
E. coli Table note 10 Satisfactory: ≤ 40/g
Investigative Table note 11: 40 > x ≤ 280/g
Unsatisfactory: > 280/g
S. aureusTable note 9 Satisfactory: ≤ 20/g
Investigative Table note 11: 20 > x ≤ 2040/g
Unsatisfactory: > 2040/g
S. aureusTable note 10 Satisfactory: ≤ 100/g
Investigative Table note 11: 100 > x ≤ 2200/g
Unsatisfactory: > 2200/g

Table Notes

Table note 9

Heat treated fermented RTE sausage.

Return to table note 9  referrer

Table note 10

Raw fermented RTE sausage.

Return to table note 10  referrer

Table note 11

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 11  referrer

Note: For each sample, a 325g test portion will be analysed for Salmonella spp. The analysis for E. coli O157:H7/NM, when required, will be conducted on five 65g test portions/sample.

FS310D: Domestic Sprouted Seeds
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Fecal coliforms 5 2 103 105 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NM 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Assessment of faecal coliforms and E. coli results obtained on composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
Faecal coliforms Satisfactory: ≤ 6 × 102/g
InvestigativeTable note 12: 6 × 102 < x ≤ 4.1 × 104/g
Unsatisfactory: > 4.1 × 104/g
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 12: 60 < x ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table note 12

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 12  referrer

  • FS312D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS313D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Unpasteurized Juice
  • FS342D: Domestic: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized Juice
  • FS343D: Imported: Microbial Pathogens in Pasteurized Juice
Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS312D, FS313D, FS342D and FS353D
AnalysisTable note 13 Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Coliforms 5 2 103 n/a Satisfactory: ≤103
Unsatisfactory: >103
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NM 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present

Table Note

Table Note 13

The analyses will include pH. Although no criteria are available for this parameter, it may be used if a HRA is requested. Leave the assessment blank for this test, and do not consider it when assigning the overall job assessment.

Return to table note 13  referrer

Assessment of Coliforms and E. coli result obtained from composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
Coliforms Satisfactory: ≤ 2 × 102/g
InvestigativeTable note 14: >2× 102/g ≤ 103/g
Unsatisfactory: > 103/g
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 14: 60 < x ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table Note 14

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 14  referrer

FS318D: Domestic: Pathogens in Powdered Infant Formula

FS319D: Imported: Powdered Infant Formula

Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS318D and FS319D
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Cronobacter spp. 10 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present

FS322D: Domestic: Pathogens in Spices

FS323D: Imported: Pathogens in Spices

Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS322D and FS323D
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Detected
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤m or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded.
Assessment of E. coli results obtained on composite test sample.
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 15: 60 < x ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table Note 15

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or a different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 15  referrer

FS328D: Domestic Pathogens in R.T.E. Meat [RTEM-NF] Products
AnalysisTable note 16 Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 17, Table note 18 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 17, Table note 19, Table note 20 5 0 100 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: Detected and ≤ m/g in all sub sample units tested
Unsatisfactory: Detected and > m/g in any sub sample unit tested
S. aureus 5 2 103 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli: O157 5 0 0 0 Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present

Table Notes

Table Note 16

The analyses will include pH and water activity. Although no criteria are available for these parameters, they may be used if a HRA is requested. Assess as "No Decision", and do not consider these when assigning the overall job assessment

Return to table note 16  referrer

Table note 17

A 125g (composite) test portion will be analyzed for L. monocytogenes by the presence/absence method. Presumptive positive samples will be analyzed for pH and aw (3 of 5 sub-samples, where applicable) and enumeration will be performed on each of the 5 individual subs (for presumptive positive samples only).

Return to table note 17  referrer

Table Note 18

Category 1: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes can occur throughout the stated shelf-life.

Return to table note 18  referrer

Table Note 19

4 Category 2A: A RTE food for which the growth of L. monocytogenes can occur but not to levels greater than 100 CFU/g throughout the stated shelf-life of the product and do not have a kill step, or has a shelf-life of <5 days (see point 5 below);

Or Category 2B: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes will not occur throughout the stated shelf-life (e.g. growth of L. monocytogenes will increase by less than 0.5 log CFU/g) based on the following criteria, which will be determined by the lab:

  1. pH < 4.4, regardless of aw
  2. aw < 0.92, regardless of pH
  3. Combinations of factors (e.g., pH < 5.0 and aw < 0.94)
  4. Frozen foods

Return to table note 19  referrer

Table Note 20

For Category 2A products, the category must be clearly indicated on the sample submission form. If no category is indicated, the lab will assess the sample using the criteria for Category 1 products.

Return to table note 20  referrer

Assessment of E. coli and S. aureus results obtained for a composite test sample.
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 21: 60 < x ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g
S. aureus Satisfactory: ≤ 600/g
InvestigativeTable note 21: 600 < x ≤ 4.6 × 103/g
Unsatisfactory: > 4.6 × 103/g

Table Note

Table note 21

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 21  referrer

Note: For each sample, a 325g test portion will be analysed for Salmonella spp. The analysis for E. coli O157:H7/NM will be performed, when requested, on a 5 × 65g test portion/sample.

FS330D: Domestic Pathogens in Ready to Eat Fish
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 1 4 40 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
S. aureus 5 1 103 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 22, Table note 23 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 22, Table note 24, Table note 25 5 0 100 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: Detected and ≤ m/g in all sub sample units tested
Unsatisfactory: Detected and > m/g in any sub sample unit tested

Table Notes

Table note 22

A 125g (composite) test portion will be analyzed for L. monocytogenes by the presence/absence method. Presumptive positive samples will be analyzed for pH and aw (3 of 5 sub-samples, where applicable) and enumeration will be performed on each of the 5 individual subs (for presumptive positive samples only).

Return to table note 22  referrer

Table Note 23

Category 1: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes can occur throughout the stated shelf-life.

Return to table note 23  referrer

Table Note 24

Category 2A: A RTE food for which the growth of L. monocytogenes can occur but not to levels greater than 100 CFU/g throughout the stated shelf-life of the product and do not have a kill step, or has a shelf-life of < 5 days (see point 4 below);

or Category 2B: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes will not occur throughout the stated shelf-life (e.g. growth of L. monocytogenes will increase by less than 0.5 log CFU/g) based on the following criteria, which will be determined by the lab:

  1. pH < 4.4, regardless of aw
  2. aw < 0.92, regardless of pH
  3. Combinations of factors (e.g., pH < 5.0 and aw < 0.94)
  4. Frozen foods

Return to table note 24  referrer

Table Note 25

For Category 2A products, the category must be clearly indicated on the sample submission form. If no category is indicated, the lab will assess the sample using the criteria for Category 1 products.

Return to table note 25  referrer

Assessment of E. coli and S. aureus results obtained for a composite test sample.
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 1.6/g
Investigative Table note 26: >1.6/g ≤ 11.2/g
Unsatisfactory: > 11.2/g
S. aureus Satisfactory: ≤ 400/g
InvestigativeTable note 26: >400 ≤ 2800/g
Unsatisfactory: > 2800/g

Table Note

Table Note 26

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 26  referrer

Note: For each sample, a 125g test portion will be analysed for Salmonella spp.

FS336D: Domestic: Pathogens in Chocolate and Chocolate Products

FS337D: Imported: Pathogens in Chocolate and Chocolate Products

Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS336D and FS337D
AnalysisTable note 27 Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Salmonella spp. 10 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present

Table Note

Table Note 27

Sample units may be composited.

Return to table note 27  referrer

FS338D: Domestic: Minimally Processed RTE Fresh-Cut Fruit & Vegetables
AnalysisTable note 28 Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NM 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 29, Table note 30, Table note 31 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 29, Table note 30, Table note 32, Table note 33 5 0 100 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: Detected and ≤ m/g in all sub sample units tested
Unsatisfactory: Detected and > m/g in any sub sample unit tested
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
Shigella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present

Table Notes

Table Note 28

Sample units may be composited.

Return to table note 28  referrer

Table note 29

Analysed for RTE fresh cuts that are peeled, and/or chopped, and/or shredded.

Return to table note 29  referrer

Table note 30

A 125g (composite) test portion will be analyzed for L. monocytogenes by the presence/absence method. Presumptive positive samples will be analyzed for pH and aw (3 of 5 sub-samples, where applicable) and enumeration will be performed on each of the 5 individual subs (for presumptive positive samples only).

Return to table note 30  referrer

Table Note 31

Category 1: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes can occur throughout the stated shelf-life.

Return to table note 31  referrer

Table Note 32

Category 2A: A RTE food for which the growth of L. monocytogenes can occur but not to levels greater than 100 CFU/g throughout the stated shelf-life of the product and do not have a kill step, or has a shelf-life of < 5 days (see point 6 below);

Or Category 2B: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes will not occur throughout the stated shelf-life (e.g. growth of L. monocytogenes will increase by less than 0.5 log CFU/g) based on the following criteria, which will be determined by the lab:

  1. pH < 4.4, regardless of aw
  2. aw < 0.92, regardless of pH
  3. Combinations of factors (e.g., pH < 5.0 and aw < 0.94)
  4. Frozen foods

Return to table note 32  referrer

Table Note 33

For Category 2A products, the category must be clearly indicated on the sample submission form. If no category is indicated, the lab will assess the sample using the criteria for Category 1 products.

Return to table note 33  referrer

Assessment of E. coli results obtained for a composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 40/g
InvestigativeTable note 34: 40 < x ≤ 280/g
Unsatisfactory: > 280/g

Table Note

Table Note 34

Analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 34  referrer

FS344D: Domestic Pathogens in Soft and Semi-Soft Cheese
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coliTable note 35 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample units or if c is exceeded
E. coliTable note 36 5 2 5 × 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample units or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NMTable note 36 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
SET Table note 37 5 0 0 103 Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 38, Table note 39 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: Present
L. monocytogenesTable note 38, Table note 40, Table note 41 5 0 100 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Investigative: Detected and ≤ m/g in all sub sample units tested
Unsatisfactory: Detected and > m/g in any sub sample unit tested
S. aureusTable note 35 5 2 102 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample units or
if c is exceeded
S. aureusTable note 36 5 2 103 104 Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not exceeded
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample units or
if c is exceeded
PhosphataseTable note 37 3 2 μg 10 μg Satisfactory: ≤ m or if c is not
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: > M in one or more sample units or
if c is exceeded

Table Notes

Table note 35

Pasteurized

Return to table note 35  referrer

Table note 36

Non-pasteurized

Return to table note 36  referrer

Table note 37

Performed only upon request

Return to table note 37  referrer

Table note 38

A 125g (composite) test portion will be analyzed for L. monocytogenes by the presence/absence method. Presumptive positive samples will be analyzed for pH and aw (3 of 5 sub-samples, where applicable) and enumeration will be performed on each of the 5 individual subs (for presumptive positive samples only).

Return to table note 38  referrer

Table Note 39

Category 1: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes can occur throughout the stated shelf-life.

Return to table note 39  referrer

Table Note 40

Category 2A: A RTE food for which the growth of L. monocytogenes can occur but not to levels greater than 100 CFU/g throughout the stated shelf-life of the product and do not have a kill step, or has a shelf-life of < 5 days (see point 7 below);

Or Category 2B: RTE foods in which growth of L. monocytogenes will not occur throughout the stated shelf-life (e.g. growth of L. monocytogenes will increase by less than 0.5 log CFU/g) based on the following criteria, which will be determined by the lab:

  1. pH < 4.4, regardless of aw
  2. aw < 0.92, regardless of pH
  3. Combinations of factors (e.g., pH < 5.0 and aw < 0.94)
  4. Frozen foods

Return to table note 40  referrer

Table Note 41

For Category 2A products, the category must be clearly indicated on the sample submission form. If no category is indicated, the lab will assess the sample using the criteria for Category 1 products.

Return to table note 41  referrer

Assessment of E. coli and S. aureus results obtained for a composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
E. coliTable note 42 Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 44: 60 < x ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g
E. coliTable note 43 Satisfactory: ≤ 300/g
InvestigativeTable note 44: 300 < x ≤ 700/g
Unsatisfactory: > 700/g
S. aureusTable note 42 Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
InvestigativeTable note 44: 60 < x ≤ 4060/g
Unsatisfactory: > 4060/g
S. aureusTable note 43 Satisfactory: ≤ 600/g
InvestigativeTable note 44: 600 < x ≤ 4600/g
Unsatisfactory: > 4600/g

Table Notes

Table note 42

Pasteurized

Return to table note 42  referrer

Table note 43

Non-pasteurized

Return to table note 43  referrer

Table note 44

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 44  referrer

  • FS346D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter
  • FS347D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanut Butter and Tree Nut Butter
Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS346D and FS347D
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
Salmonella spp. 10 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
E. coli O157:H7 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
  • FS348D: Domestic: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS349D: Imported: Pathogens in Peanuts
  • FS350D: Domestic: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
  • FS351D: Imported: Pathogens in Tree Nuts
Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS348D, FS349D, FS350D and FS351D
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note m Assessment
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
E. coli O157:H7 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present

FS355D: Imported Various Imported Commodities (Border Inspection)

All samples submitted for analysis under the above plan, are to be assessed as No Decision, unless found positive.

Section 3: Extraneous Matter

I. List of Sampling Plan Codes

FS700D: Domestic: Extraneous Matter Complaints, Investigations and Establishment Inspections

FS701D: Imported: Extraneous Matter Complaints, Investigations and Establishment Inspections

II. Sampling Guidelines

Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Extraneous Matter Complaints, Investigations and Establishment Inspections 24 Consumer sized packages or 250g FS700D FS701D These plans cover investigative sampling and establishment assessments of all types of domestic products triggered by extraneous matter complaints, but not related to scoping and/or recall investigations.

III. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

Please see the Health Canada reference document Guidelines for the General Cleanliness of Food - An Overview (2009).

Section 4: Chemical Contaminants

I. Notes

  • CFIA Food Chemistry laboratories will accept samples Monday to Friday during regular business hours.
  • Contact the laboratory in advance to inform staff when the samples will be sent.
  • Direct any questions to: Your Area Program Specialist.

II. List of Sampling Plan Codes

  • FS400D: Domestic: Chemistry and chemical contaminants – complaints and investigations
  • FS401D: Imported: Chemistry and chemical contaminants – complaints and investigations
  • FS402D: Domestic: Aflatoxin contamination of foods (tree nuts, peanuts, peanut butter, tree nut butter)
  • FS403D: Imported: Aflatoxin contamination of foods (tree nuts, peanuts, peanut butter, tree nut butters)
  • FS410D: Domestic: Heavy metals in tree syrup and tree syrup products (Lead)
  • FS414D: Domestic: Lead in tree syrup and tree syrup products (non-maple)
  • FS417D: Imported: Chemicals in foods
  • FS418D: Domestic: Chemicals in foods
  • FS428D: Domestic: Mycotoxin Contamination in Cereal Grains and Food
  • FS429D: Imported: Mycotoxin Contamination in Cereal Grains and Food
  • FS430D: Domestic: Patulin in pasteurized juice
  • FS431D: Imported: Patulin in pasteurized juice
  • FS432D: Domestic: Patulin in unpasteurized juice
  • FS433D: Imported: Patulin in unpasteurized juice

III. Sampling Guidelines

1. Sample Plans for Planned Activities
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Peanuts, shelled (includes peanut ingredients) 25 480g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Peanuts, in shell 40 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Brazil nuts, shelled (includes Brazil nut ingredients) 20 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Brazil nuts, in shell 30 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Other tree nuts, shelled (includes tree nut ingredients 20 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Other tree nuts, in shell 30 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Peanut butter 24 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Tree nut butter 24 500g FS402D FS403D

Mycotoxins such as aflatoxin may occur in pockets within the product; therefore several sub-samples need to be selected from throughout the lot to create a composite sample that accurately represents the entire lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

Maple syrup 6 42 mL FS410D n/a

If possible, select consumer size packages.

Sampling may occur during the maple syrup season or off-season during all four quarters.

Total sample must exceed 250 mL or 250 g.

Maple syrup products 6 42 mL/g FS410D n/a

If possible, select consumer size packages.

Sampling may occur during the maple syrup season or off-season during all four quarters.

Total sample must exceed 250 mL or 250 g.

Tree syrup (non-maple) 6 42 mL FS414D n/a

If possible, select consumer size packages.

Sampling may occur during the maple syrup season or off-season during all four quarters.

Total sample must exceed 250 mL or 250 g.

Tree syrup products (non-maple) 6 42 mL/g FS414D n/a

If possible, select consumer size packages.

Sampling may occur during the maple syrup season or off-season during all four quarters

Total sample must exceed 250 mL or 250 g.

Breakfast cereals, infant cereals, grains and grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc., baked goods, alimentary paste 10 200g FS428D FS429D

Mycotoxins such as DON and OTA may occur in pockets within the product; therefore samples should be selected randomly from throughout the lot.

Use paper or cloth sample bags or clean cardboard boxes to collect and store samples. Moisture formation in plastic bags can occur, which may cause mould growth and affect the integrity of the sample.

For follow-up samples to unsatisfactory FS428D/FS429D results, choose the appropriate sample plan code from the following:

  • FS420F: Domestic: Vomitoxin (Deoxynivalenol – DON) in Wheat and Wheat-based Products
  • FS421F: Imported: Vomitoxin (Deoxynivalenol - DON) in Wheat and Wheat-based Products
  • FS422F: Domestic: Ochratoxin A (OTA) in food
  • FS423F: Imported: Ochratoxin A (OTA) in imported food
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS430D FS431D

When sampling a juice blend, ensure the product is not 'syrupy' or 'pulpy'.

Juice may be coloured.

Juices or ciders intended for fermentation into alcohol or vinegar should not be sampled.

Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS432D FS433D

When sampling a juice blend, ensure the product is not 'syrupy' or 'pulpy'.

Juice may be coloured.

Juices or ciders intended for fermentation into alcohol or vinegar should not be sampled.

2. Complaints
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Foods that are regulated
by the IMFP
5 100g Chemical contaminants FS400D FS401D

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for complaints related to IMFP products, not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, but may be used for trade complaints.

Consult the appropriate Area Network Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500 g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250 g or 500 g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages. For samples related to consumer illness complaints:

  • Include the complainant's opened sample, and any available unopened samples (up to 5 or 500g).
  • If possible, also include a similar product from a different manufacturer (domestic products only) as a reference.
  • Contact the lab if you have questions regarding selecting a reference product.
  • Send all samples in the same shipment.
  • Provide the courier tracking number to the lab by e-mail, with the IMS number in the subject line.
3. Unplanned samples not covered by another sampling plan code
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Foods that are regulated
by the IMFP
5 100g Chemical contaminants FS418D FS417D

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for IMFP products not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, complaints, trade complaints, nor for which another sampling plan exists.

Consult the appropriate Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500 g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250 g or 500 g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages.

A reference sample of a similar product (different brand or manufacturer) may be required to validate a new matrix. Contact the lab to determine if this is required.

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

Lead
Product types Sampling Plan Codes Limit Assessment Action Special notes
Maple syrup;
Maple syrup; products; Tree syrup (non-maple); Tree syrup products (non-maple)
FS410D, FS414D 0.5 ppm Table Note 45 Satisfactory: X ≤ 0.5 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 0.5 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Note: For results between 0.4 ppm and 0.5 ppm, notify responsible party. Refer responsible party to educational material and make them a priority for next year follow-up.

Table Note

Table Note 45

Interim Health Canada guideline

Return to table note 45  referrer

Patulin
Product types Sampling Plan Codes Limit Assessment Action Special notes
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider; Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider FS430D, FS431D FS432D, FS433D 50 ppb Table Note 46 Satisfactory: X ≤ 50 ppb
Unsatisfactory: X > 50 ppb
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Note: For results between 40 ppb and 50 ppb, notify responsible party. Refer responsible party to educational material and make them a priority for next year follow-up.

Table Note

Table Note 46

Health Canada guideline.

Return to table note 46  referrer

Aflatoxin
Product types Sampling Plan Codes Limit Assessment Action Special notes
Peanuts, shelled (includes peanut ingredients); Peanuts, in shell; Brazil nuts, shelled (includes Brazil nut ingredients); Brazil nuts, in shell; Other tree nuts, shelled (includes tree nut ingredients); Other tree nuts, in shell; Peanut butter; Tree nut butter FS402D, FS403D 23 ppb Table Note 47 Satisfactory: X ≤ 23 ppb
Unsatisfactory: X > 23 ppb
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).

Table Note

Table Note 47

The FDR states that 15 ppb is the maximum allowable level for aflatoxin in nuts or nut products. Please note: the standard error in the testing methodology causes a 50% variance in the reported result. Consequently, action should only be taken if aflatoxin result is reported in nuts at levels above 23 ppb.

Return to table note 47  referrer

Deoxynivalenol (DON)
Product types Sampling Plan Codes Limit Assessment Action Special notes
Breakfast cereals; Infant cereals; Grains; Grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc.; Baked goods; Alimentary paste FS428D
FS429D
FS420F
FS421F
Uncleaned soft wheat grain – used for infant foods. 1.0 ppm Table Note 48 Satisfactory: X ≤ 1.0 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 1.0 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Samples collected under these sample plans which are positive for DON will be evaluated on a case by case basis
Breakfast cereals; Infant cereals; Grains; Grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc.; Baked goods; Alimentary paste FS428D
FS429D
FS420F
FS421F
Uncleaned soft wheat grain – used in non-staple foods. 2.0 ppm Table Note 48 Satisfactory: X ≤ 2.0 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 2.0 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Samples collected under these sample plans which are positive for DON will be evaluated on a case by case basis
Breakfast cereals; Infant cereals; Grains; Grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc.; Baked goods; Alimentary paste FS428D
FS429D
FS420F
FS421F
Hard wheat flour –
used in non-staple foods 0.75 ppm Table Note 49
Satisfactory: X ≤ 0.75 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 0.75 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Samples collected under these sample plans which are positive for DON will be evaluated on a case by case basis
Breakfast cereals; Infant cereals; Grains; Grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc.; Baked goods; Alimentary paste FS428D
FS429D
FS420F
FS421F
Other food commodities No guideline. Unsatisfactory: X > 0 ppm Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only). Samples collected under these sample plans which are positive for DON will be evaluated on a case by case basis

Table Notes

Table note 48

Health Canada guideline

Return to table note 48  referrer

Table Note 49

Internal policy consistent with Health Canada

Return to table note 49  referrer

Ochratoxin A (OTA)
Product types Sampling Plan Codes Limit Assessment Action Special notes
Breakfast cereals; Infant cereals; Grains; Grain products such as flour, meal, bran, germ, etc. FS428D
FS429D
FS422F
FS423F
No guideline Unsatisfactory: > 0 ppm Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only). Samples collected under these sample plans which are positive for OTA will be evaluated on a case by case basis.

Section 5: Nutrition

I. Notes

  • Planned nutrition samples will only be accepted by the laboratories during the lab specified dates (see individual sampling plans for more information)
  • Contact the laboratory in advance to inform staff when the samples will be sent.
  • All sole-source nutrition (SSN) sub-samples must be in unopened final containers (to avoid nutrient degradation prior to analysis)
  • Direct any questions to: Your Area Program Specialist.

II. List of Sampling Plan Codes

  • FS500D: Domestic: Composition & Nutrition Complaints, Investigations and Establishment Assessments
  • FS501D: Imported: Composition & Nutrition Complaints, Investigations and Establishment Assessments
  • FS508D: Imported: Sole Source Nutritionals (Infant formula, liquid diets, meal replacements represented as replacing all daily meals)
  • FS509D: Imported: Sole Source Nutritionals (Infant formula, liquid diets, meal replacements represented as replacing all daily meals)
  • FS512D: Domestic: Vitamin A in Milk (Skim, 1%, 2%)
  • FS514D: Domestic: Vitamin D in whole milk

III. Sampling Guidelines

1. Complaints and Unplanned Samples
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP Table Note 50 Table Note 50 Composition and/or Nutrition FS500D FS501D

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for complaints and other unplanned samples related to IMFP products, not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, but may be used for trade complaints.

Table Note

Table note 50

Consult your Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sample number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

Return to table note 50  referrer

2. Sample Plans for Planned Activities
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size(min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Special Notes
Infant Formula/Liquid diets 12 100g /mL FS508D FS509D

All nutrition sub-samples must be in unopened final containers (to avoid nutrient degradation prior to analysis).

Samples will be analysed for vitamins A, C, B1 (thiamine), iron and copper. Twelve sub-samples must be collected for each sample submitted to the lab.

Infant Formula (IF) Products - 1 liquid product sample and 1 powdered infant formula product sample, should be taken from each establishment.

Formulated Liquid Diet (FLD) Products - 1 product per importer.

Note: All samples must be received by the lab by the end of the sampling week. Submit nutrition samples to the laboratory based on the following schedule: Weeks of September 15, 2014 (5 samples), and January 12, 2014 (5 samples).

Meal replacements represented as replacing all daily meals – Nutritional analysis 12 100g FS508D FS509D

All nutrition sub-samples must be in unopened final containers (to avoid nutrient degradation prior to analysis).

Samples will be analysed for vitamins A, C, B1 (thiamine), iron and copper. Twelve sub-samples must be collected for each sample submitted to the lab.

Meal Replacements - 1 product per importer.

Note: All samples must be received by the lab by the end of the sampling week. Submit nutrition samples to the laboratory based on the following schedule: Weeks of September 15, 2014 (5 samples), and January 12, 2015 (5 samples).

Vitamin A in Milk (Skim, 1%, 2%) 3 Table Note 51 1L FS512D n/a

Note: For skimmed or partially skimmed milk samples (skim, 1% or 2%), sampling for vitamin A only is acceptable provided that the facility is adding a mixed concentrate of vitamin A and D to the milk. The ratio of A to D vitamin in the mixed concentrate will allow the amount of vitamin D to be calculated based on the results for vitamin A testing. However, if the facility is adding vitamin A and D as separate concentrates, contact the Area Specialist to develop a specific strategy for testing at that facility.

Refrigerate - do not freeze the samples. Ship samples to the lab immediately.

Note: Submit milk samples to the laboratory based on the following schedule:

  • Q3, Total 4, October 6, 2014
  • Q4, Total 4, March 16, 2015
    8 Samples Total
Three sub-samples must be collected for each sample submitted to the lab. All samples must be received in the lab by the end of the sampling week.
Vitamin D in whole milk 3 Table Note 52 1L FS514D n/a

Refrigerate - do not freeze the samples. Ship samples to the lab immediately.

Note: Submit milk samples to the laboratory based on the following schedule:

  • Q3, Total 4, October 6, 2014
  • Q4, Total 4, March 16, 2015
    8 Samples Total

Three sub-samples must be collected for each sample submitted to the lab. All samples must be received in the lab by the end of the sampling week.

Table Notes

Table Note 51

Samples will consist of 1 × Vitamin A (skim, 1% or 2%) × 3 sub-samples.

Each sample consists of 3 sub-samples that are at minimum of 1 litre each, and taken from the beginning, middle and end of the run.

Return to table note 51  referrer

Table Note 52

Samples will consist of 1 × Vitamin D (whole milk) × 3 sub-samples.

Each sample consists of 3 sub-samples that are at minimum of 1 litre each, and taken from the beginning, middle and end of the run.

Return to table note 52  referrer

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

  • FS508D/ FS509D: Infant Formula
  • FS508D/ FS509D: Formulated Liquid Diet
  • FS508D/ FS509D: Meal Replacements Represented as Replacing All Daily Meals
  • FS512D/ FS514D: Fluid Milk
  • FS512D/ FS514D: Goat's Milk

Infant Formula

a) Nutritional Adequacy
Nutrient Permitted level
(Per 100 Available kilocalories)
Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins and beta-carotene)
250 – 500 I.U. Satisfactory: 225 < X avg. < 600 I.U.
Investigative: 600 ≥  avg. ≥ 720 I.U.
Unsatisfactory: 225 ≥ X avg. > 720 I.U.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) 40 µg Minimum Satisfactory:avg. ≥ 36 µg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:avg. < 36 µg
Vitamin C 8 mg Minimum Satisfactory:avg. ≥ 7.2 mg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:avg. < 7.2 mg
Iron 0.15 mg Minimum Satisfactory:avg. ≥ 0.14 mg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:avg. < 0.14 mg
Copper 60 µg Minimum Satisfactory:avg. ≥ 54 µg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:avg. < 54 µg
b) Product Labelling – Declared Values
Nutrients Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins & beta-carotene)
Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Vit. A content ≤ 130% of declared value
Investigative:avg. ≥ 131% of declared value
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Thiamine(Vitamin B1) Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Thiamine content ≤ 130% of declared value
Investigative:avg. ≥ 131% of declared value
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Vitamin C Satisfactory:avg. ≥ 80% of declared value
Investigative: N/A
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Iron Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Iron content ≤ 130% of declared value
Investigative: Iron content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Copper Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Copper content ≤ 130% of declared value
Investigative: Copper content ≥ 131% of declared value. Decleared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A

Formulated Liquid Diet

a) Nutritional Adequacy
Nutrient Permitted level
(Per 1000 Available kilocalories)
Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins and beta-carotene)
2000 – 5000 I.U. Satisfactory: 1800 – 6000 I.U.
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 1799 I.U. or less or more than 6000 I.U.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) 0.5 mg Minimum Satisfactory: 0.45 mg or more
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 0.44 mg or less
Vitamin C 20 mg Minimum Satisfactory: 18 mg or more
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 17 mg or less
Iron 8 mg Minimum Satisfactory: 7.2 mg or more
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 7.1 mg or less
Copper mg Minimum Satisfactory: 0.9 mg or more
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 0.8 mg or less
b) Product Labelling – Declared Values
Nutrients Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins and beta-carotene)
Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Vit. A content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Vit. A content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Thiamine content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Thiamine content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Vitamin C Satisfactory: Vitamin C content ≥ 80% of declared value.
Investigative: N/A
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Iron Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Iron content ≤ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Investigative: Iron content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Copper Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Copper content ≤ 130% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Investigative: Copper content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A

Meal Replacements Represented as Replacing All Daily Meals

a) Nutritional Adequacy
Nutrient Permitted level
(Per 1000 Available kilocalories)
Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins and beta-carotene)
250 – 630 RE Satisfactory: 225 – 693 RE
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:
224 RE or less or more than 693 RE
Thiamine
(Vitamin B1)
300 – 550 µg Satisfactory: 270 – 605 µg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 269 µg or less or more than 605 µg
Vitamin C 10 – 20 mg Satisfactory: 9 – 22 mg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory:mg or less or more than 22 mg
Iron 2.5 – 5 mg Satisfactory: 2.25 – 5.5 mg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 2.24 mg or less or more than 5.5 mg
Copper 0.5 – 1 mg Satisfactory: 0.45 – 1.1 mg
Investigative: n/a
Unsatisfactory: 0.44 mg or less or more than 1.1 mg
b) Product Labelling – Declared Values
Nutrients Assessment
Total Vitamin A Content
(A vitamins and beta-carotene)
Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Vit. A content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Vit. A content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Thiamine
(Vitamin B1)
Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Thiamine content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Thiamine content ≥131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Vitamin C Satisfactory: Vitamin C content ≥ 80% of declared value.
Investigative: N/A
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Iron Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Iron content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Iron content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Copper Satisfactory: 80% of declared value ≤ Copper content ≤ 130% of declared value.
Investigative: Copper content ≥ 131% of declared value. Declared level is in excess of expected overage levels.
Unsatisfactory: N/A
Fluid Milk
All Units
I.U./100 ml
Regulation Table Note 53 Assessment
Vitamin A
(2%, 1%, skim)
141 < X Table Note 54 < 293 Satisfactory Table Note 55: 127 ≤ X ≤ 322
Unsatisfactory: 127 > X > 322
Vitamin D
(Whole, 2%, 1%, skim)
35.2 < X < 46.9 Satisfactory Table Note 55: 31.7 ≤ X ≤ 51.6
Unsatisfactory: 31.7 >X > 51.6

Table Notes

Table Note 53

Regulation: Vitamin A: 1,200 - 2,500 I.U./R.D.I.; Vitamin D: 300 - 400 I.U. / R.D.I. - R.D.I. = 852 mL.

Return to table note 53  referrer

Table Note 54

X is the average of the results of the three sub-samples (beginning, middle, end).

Return to table note 54  referrer

Table note 55

Satisfactory range takes into account the analytical tolerances of the methods used to quantify these vitamins.

Return to table note 55  referrer

Goat's Milk
All Units
I.U./100 ml
Regulation Table Note 56 Assessment
Vitamin A
(2%, 1%, skim)
140 < X Table Note 57 < 300 Satisfactory Table Note 58: 127 ≤ X ≤ 322
Unsatisfactory: 127 > X > 322
Vitamin D
(Whole, 2%, 1%, skim)
35 < X < 45 Satisfactory Table Note 58: 31.7 ≤ X ≤ 51.6
Unsatisfactory: 31.7 >X > 51.6

Table Notes

Table Note 56

Regulation: Vitamin A: 1200-2500 I.U. / R.D.I.; Vitamin D: 300-400 I.U. / R.D.I. - R.D.I. = 852 ml.

Return to table note 56  referrer

Table Note 57

X is the average of the results of the three sub-samples (beginning, middle, and end).

Return to table note 57  referrer

Table note 58

Satisfactory range takes into account the analytical tolerances of the methods used to quantify these vitamins.

Return to table note 58  referrer

Section 6: Allergens and Sulphites

I. Notes

  • CFIA Food Chemistry, Allergen and Sulphite laboratories will accept samples Monday to Friday during regular business hours.
  • Use the appropriate FS sampling plan code for allergen and sulphite samples taken for food safety purposes.
  • Indicate the allergen determination(s) requested in LSTS.
  • Options for allergen testing are: gluten, soy, egg, sesame, hazelnuts, almonds, peanuts, mustard, casein (milk), 8-lactoglobulin (milk), and walnuts.
  • Other allergens (Brazil nutsFootnote 59, crustaceansFootnote 59, cashewFootnote 60, Macadamia nutFootnote 60, pistachioFootnote 60) may be tested if specific requirements are met.
  • For more information on allergen testing, reference the Allergen Labs Methods Summary (RDIMS 3481914) (For internal use only).
  • Direct any questions to: Your Area Program Specialist.

II. List of Sampling Plan Codes

  • FS502D: Domestic: Food Allergen Complaints - Including Investigations
  • FS503D: Imported: Food Allergen Complaints - Including Investigations
  • FS510D: Domestic: Allergens in Chocolate
  • FS511D: Imported: Allergens in Chocolate
  • FS513D: Imported: Sulphites in Foods
  • FS515D: Imported: Allergens in Foods
  • FS516D: Domestic: Allergens in Grain-Based Food
  • FS517D: Imported: Allergens in Grain-Based Food
  • FS518D: Domestic: Sulphites in Foods
  • FS520D: Domestic: Allergens in Foods
  • FS522D: Domestic: Allergens in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS523D: Imported: Allergens in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS524D: Domestic: Sulphites in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS525D: Imported: Sulphites in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS526D: Domestic: Allergens in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS527D: Imported: Allergens in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS528D: Domestic: Sulphites in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS529D: Imported: Sulphites in Unpasteurized juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS530D: Domestic: Sulphites in Chocolate
  • FS531D: Imported: Sulphites in Chocolate
  • FS532D: Domestic: Allergens in Confectionery Products
  • FS533D: Imported: Allergens in Confectionery Products
  • FS534D: Domestic: Sulphites in Confectionery Products
  • FS535D: Imported: Sulphites in Confectionery Products
  • FS536D: Domestic: Sulphite complaints in foods
  • FS537D: Imported: Sulphite complaints in foods
  • FS555D: Imported: Allergens in foods

III. Sampling Guidelines

1. Sample Plans for Planned Activities

Sulphites
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Dried fruit Spreads, vegetable-based dip, fruit butter, marmalade, jelly and unstandardized jams; Plant-based beverages; Soy-based infant formulae; Snack foods, non-grain based; Prepared sauces; Preserved vegetables and preserved vegetable-based foods 5 10g n/a FS513D
Breakfast cereal; Baked goods such as bread, cookies, cakes, rusks, pie crust, cereal bars, etc.; Infant and toddler foods intended for consumption by children up to and including 3 years of age; Grains; Grain products including flour, bran, germ, meal, etc. 5 100g n/a FS513D
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS524D FS525D
Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS528D FS529D
Chocolate and chocolate products (must contain cocoa butter) 5 100g FS530D FS531D
Confectionery (includes chocolate-containing products that contain a fat beside cocoa butter) 5 100g FS534D FS535D
Allergens
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Chocolate and chocolate products (must contain cocoa butter) 5 100g FS510D FS511D
Dried fruit; Spreads, vegetable-based dip, fruit butter, marmalade, jelly and unstandardized jams; Plant-based beverages; Soy-based infant formulae; Snack foods, non-grain based; Prepared sauces; Preserved vegetables and preserved vegetable-based foods 5 100g n/a FS515D
Breakfast cereal Baked goods such as bread, cookies, cakes, rusks, pie crust, cereal bars, etc. Infant and toddler foods intended for consumption by children up to and including 3 years of age Grains Grain products including flour, bran, germ, meal, etc. 5 100g FS516D FS517D
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS522D FS523D
Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS526D FS527D
Confectionery (includes chocolate-containing products that contain a fat beside cocoa butter) 5 100g FS532D FS533D

2. Complaints

Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Allergens FS502D FS503D
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Sulphites FS536D FS537D

Special Notes

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for complaints related to IMFP products, not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, but may be used for trade complaints.

Consult the appropriate Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250g or 500g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages.

For samples related to consumer illness complaints:

  • Include the complainant's opened sample, and any available unopened samples (up to 5 or 500g).
  • If possible, also include a similar product from a different manufacturer (domestic products only) as a reference.
  • Contact the lab if you have questions regarding selecting a reference product.
  • Send all samples in the same shipment.
  • Provide the courier tracking number to the lab by e-mail, with the IMS number in the subject line.

Send domestic samples to the Burnaby lab, and imported samples to Longueil.

3. Unplanned samples not covered by another sampling plan code

Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Allergens FS520D FS555D
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Sulphites FS518D FS513D

Special Notes

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for IMFP products not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, complaints, trade complaints, nor for which another sampling plan exists.

Consult the appropriate Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250g or 500g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages.

A reference sample of a similar product (different brand or manufacturer) may be required to validate a new matrix. Contact the lab to determine if this is required.

Send domestic samples to the Burnaby lab, and imported samples to Longueil.

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

Analysis Product Type Sampling Plan Codes Limit Lab Result and Assessment Action Special Notes
Allergens All IMFP food commodities FS502D, FS503D, FS510D, FS511D, FS515D, FS516D, FS517D, FS520D, FS522D, FS523D, FS526D, FS527D, FS532D, FS533D, FS555D ppm Unsatisfactory: > 0 ppm Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only). Contact the Area Program Specialist for questions on follow-up to Unsatisfactory results.
Gluten All IMFP food commodities FS502D, FS503D, FS510D, FS511D, FS515D, FS516D, FS517D, FS520D, FS522D, FS523D, FS526D, FS527D, FS532D, FS533D, FS555D 20 ppm  Table Note 61 Satisfactory: X < 5 ppm
Investigative: 5 ppm ≤ X ≤ 20 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 20 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Investigative: Notify the regulated party of the result. Follow up with the regulated party to determine the source of the gluten Table Note 62
Cross-contamination: Advise the regulated party to review their Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) and process controls. Corrective action may be required.
Intentionally-added: Product may be non-compliant with the FDA/R. Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Sulphites All IMFP food commodities FS513D, FS518D, FS524D, FS525D, FS528D, FS529D, FS530D, FS531D, FS534D, FS535D, FS540D, FS541D 10 ppm Satisfactory: X <10 ppm
Investigative: X ≥ 10 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X ≥ 10 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required; however, sulphites added directly to a food as a food additive, or an ingredient which is not exempt from component declaration, must always be declared in the ingredient list.
Investigative: For samples received without labelling information, and products with a high level of naturally occurring sulfur-containing compounds. See Special Notes.
Unsatisfactory: For products with added sulphites that are not declared in the ingredient list.
Contact the Area Program Specialist for questions on follow-up to Investigative and Unsatisfactory results.
Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).

Table Notes

Table Note 61

Health Canada guideline.

Return to table note 61  referrer

Table Note 62

For products with gluten-free claims, refer to Health Canada's Position on Gluten-Free Claims, and CFIA's Compliance and Enforcement of Gluten-Free Claims.

Return to table note 62  referrer

Section 7: FEN0 Samples

I. Notes

  • When the label of a product bears a comparative nutrient content claim for the food, such as "25% less fat than our regular product," a sample of the "light" product should be submitted with a sample of the "regular" version from the same manufacturer if you want to ensure that the claim is truthful. Otherwise, the comparison will have to be made with the Nutrition Facts table for the regular product. These samples will count as two samples and will require two separate sample submission forms. The laboratory will not assess claims.
  • FEN0 Sampling Types:
    1. Monitoring samples are those taken routinely as part of the IMFP activities such as inspections. They support the work related to the program and make it possible, among other things, to perform follow-up on products that were targeted in past work specifications and deemed problematic. Monitoring samples differ from legal samples and cannot be used for prosecution purposes.
    2. Surveillance samples are used to verify observations made during verification / monitoring inspection activities, or from other sources such as complaints. In these cases, the samples can be ad hoc and require submission of an ad hoc request to the laboratories to verify their availability. These are not legal samples and cannot be used for prosecution purposes.
    3. Compliance samples are those for which serious doubts remain concerning their compliance with Canadian laws and regulations. The samples can come from the initial verification/monitoring inspection plan or can be ad hoc samples. They can result from follow-up to a complaint among other things. The sample size in terms of nutrition labelling is larger and should comply with the Nutritional Labelling Compliance Test that requires at least twelve individual consumer units to be taken randomly from a lot. These are not legal samples and therefore cannot be used for prosecution purposes.

      Compliance sampling does not apply to: human milk substitutes, foods represented as containing human milk substitutes, Formulated Liquid Diets (FLD), meal replacements, nutritional supplements and foods represented for use in low energy diets.

    4. Legal samples are recommended in instances where legal action could be the anticipated follow-up action. Legal samples require more complex procedures and analyses on the laboratory's part. The shipping procedures must therefore be strictly followed to ensure that the sample is admissible in court.

      Certain work specifications recommend taking screening and legal samples (e.g. WS_OIL - olive oil adulteration). Unless the work specification calls for legal samples to be taken by the inspector, legal samples should not be taken unless it has been discussed with the program specialist, supervisor and with the laboratory.

      For more information on legal sampling, please consult section 7.9 of the IMFP Inspection Manual (RDIMS# 2137508) (For internal use only).

    5. Unscheduled and Ad-Hoc Samples:
      • Unscheduled Samples are those for which a FEN0 plan code exists, but which may be considered as a non-active FEN0 plan for a given year (see the complete FEN0 code listing in Appendix B). These samples may arise out of a complaint or an inspection, and sample submission must be negotiated with the labs by Programs. Contact the lab prior to submission of samples. The FEN0 number to be entered on the LSTS form is the same as for the planned samples.
      • Ad Hoc Samples are those for which no FEN0 plan currently exists (see section 2. F). These samples can arise out of a complaint or an inspection, and sample submission must be negotiated with the appropriate lab by the IMFP. Ad hoc samples do not include unscheduled samples.
  • Direct any questions to: Your Area Program Specialist.

II. List of Active Sampling Plan Codes

  • FEN0 01: Fibre
  • FEN0 02: Calories
  • FEN0 02 A: Calories in Products with Non-Caloric Sweeteners
  • FEN0 03: Fatty acid profile and total fat
  • FEN0 04: Total fat (Standard verification of ground beef)
  • FEN0 05: Protein
  • FEN0 06: Sodium/Potassium
  • FEN0 07: Total Sugars
  • FEN0 09: Juice – adulteration
  • FEN0 13: Sulphites
  • FEN0 15: Multi-Residue Screen
  • FEN0 20: MSG (Monosodium Glutamate)
  • FEN0 21: Olive oil – adulteration
  • FEN0 22: Vegetable oil – adulteration
  • FEN0 23: Chocolate – adulteration
  • FEN0 25: Cheese Preparations – Adulteration
  • FEN0 27: "X-free" claims
  • FEN0 28: Meat – foreign species
  • FEN0 31: % fat – Dairy products
  • FEN0 37: Cholesterol – Fatty Acid Profile
  • FEN0 39: Seasoning salts – salt content
  • FEN0 41 A/B: Minerals (zinc, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron), Vitamin A, riboflavin and protein in plant-based beverages
  • FEN0 46: Fruit juices and beverages – decharacterization / % juice claims
  • FEN0 48: Artificial sweeteners
  • FEN0 52: Vitamin C in juice beverages and drinks
  • FEN0 54: Irradiation – Spices
  • FEN0 56: Meat / poultry – fresh or possibly previously frozen
  • FEN0 57: Nutrition labelling – iron, vitamins A and C and calcium
  • FEN0 58: A Spice authenticity – Whole or Cracked Spices
  • FEN0 58: B Spice authenticity – ground spices
  • FEN0 59: Fish species authenticity

III. Guidelines for FEN0 Sampling Plans

Code Product Sample Type # of samples # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Special Notes
FEN0 01 Various products which make fibre claims, or which declare a significant amount of fibre in the Nutrition Facts Table (NFT)
(e.g. Bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes)
Monitoring 3 n/a 250g Sample foods such as bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes or any other product with a fibre claim or with a significant amount of fibre declared in the NFT.
FEN0 01 Various products which make fibre claims, or which declare a significant amount of fibre in the Nutrition Facts Table (NFT) (e.g. Bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes) Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods such as bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes or any other product with a fibre claim or with a significant amount of fibre declared in the NFT.
FEN0 01 Various products which make fibre claims, or which declare a significant amount of fibre in the Nutrition Facts Table (NFT) (e.g. Bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes) Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods such as bakery products, cereals, alimentary pastes or any other product with a fibre claim or with a significant amount of fibre declared in the NFT.
FEN0 02 Various IMFP products which make calorie or energy claims Monitoring 3 n/a 250g N/A
FEN0 02 Various IMFP products which make calorie or energy claims Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot N/A
FEN0 02 Various IMFP products which make calorie or energy claims Legal 3 36 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot N/A
FEN0 02 A Various IMFP products which make calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as Sugar Alcohols, sucralose, inulin or oligosaccharides. Monitoring 3 n/a 250g Sample foods with calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as sugar alcohols, sucralose, inulin, or oligosaccharides.
FEN0 02 A Various IMFP products which make calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as Sugar Alcohols, sucralose, inulin or oligosaccharides Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods with calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as sugar alcohols, sucralose, inulin, or oligosaccharides.
FEN0 02 A Various IMFP products which make calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as Sugar Alcohols, sucralose, inulin or oligosaccharides Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods with calorie claims and which contain non-caloric sweeteners such as sugar alcohols, sucralose, inulin, or oligosaccharides.
FEN0 03 Various IMFP products which make fatty acid declarations Monitoring 3 n/a 250g

Sample foods with fat and /or fatty acid claims, and those that declare fat, saturated fats, and trans-fats in the Nutrition Facts Table.

Focus on products with omega-3, omega-6, trans and saturates declarations or quantitative statements for fatty acids, including DHA (docosahexanoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid).

FEN0 03 Various IMFP products which make fatty acid declarations Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample foods with fat and /or fatty acid claims, and those that declare fat, saturated fats, and trans-fats in the Nutrition Facts Table.

Focus on products with omega-3, omega-6, trans and saturates declarations or quantitative statements for fatty acids, including DHA (docosahexanoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid).

FEN0 03 Various IMFP products which make fatty acid declarations Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample foods with fat and /or fatty acid claims, and those that declare fat, saturated fats, and trans-fats in the Nutrition Facts Table.

Focus on products with omega-3, omega-6, trans and saturates declarations or quantitative statements for fatty acids, including DHA (docosahexanoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid).

FEN0 04 Various IMFP ground beef products which declare the grams of fat per serving on the label, but which do not provide information about the products fatty acid profile Monitoring 3 n/a 250g

Sample high-fat products that have a nutrition information panel and products that have low-fat declarations but may contain higher fat.

Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.

FEN0 04 Various IMFP ground beef products which declare the grams of fat per serving on the label, but which do not provide information about the products fatty acid profile Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample high-fat products that have a nutrition information panel and products that have low-fat declarations but may contain higher fat.

Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.

FEN0 04 Various IMFP ground beef products which declare the grams of fat per serving on the label, but which do not provide information about the products fatty acid profile Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample high-fat products that have a nutrition information panel and products that have low-fat declarations but may contain higher fat.

Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.

FEN0 05 Various IMFP products with protein declarations Monitoring 3 n/a 250g Sample food products that have protein declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.
FEN0 05 Various IMFP products with protein declarations Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample food products that have protein declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.
FEN0 05 Various IMFP products with protein declarations Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample food products that have protein declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.
FEN0 06 Various IMFP products with claims regarding sodium / potassium content Monitoring 3 n/a 250 g

Sample low-salt products, products with sodium claims and products with comparative claims for salt (e.g. soups, soup mixes, broths, etc.).

For products with sodium claims, if it contains potassium salts, ensure it is declared in the NFT.

FEN0 06 Various IMFP products with claims regarding sodium / potassium content Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample low-salt products, products with sodium claims and products with comparative claims for salt (e.g. soups, soup mixes, broths, etc.).

For products with sodium claims, if it contains potassium salts, ensure it is declared in the NFT.

FEN0 06 Various IMFP products with claims regarding sodium / potassium content Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample low-salt products, products with sodium claims and products with comparative claims for salt (e.g. soups, soup mixes, broths, etc.).

For products with sodium claims, if it contains potassium salts, ensure it is declared in the NFT.

FEN0 07 Various IMFP products with sugar claims Monitoring 3 n/a 250g Sample carbohydrate-reduced products, or products with sugar claims. Also verify the sugar declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.
FEN0 07 Various IMFP products with sugar claims Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample carbohydrate-reduced products, or products with sugar claims.

Also verify the sugar declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.

FEN0 07 Various IMFP products with sugar claims Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot

Sample carbohydrate-reduced products, or products with sugar claims.

Also verify the sugar declaration in the Nutrition Facts Table.

FEN0 09 Various IMFP juice products with compositional claims Juices from concentrate, juices not from concentrate, mixed juices: 1 L n/a n/a n/a

Sample ready-to-drink orange juice fresh or from concentrate, apple juice, orange-grapefruit juice, orange-mandarin juice, lemon juice and lemon concentrate.

Note: Please ensure that it is a juice and not a drink or beverage.

FEN0 13 Total sulphites found in various IMFP products Compliance 3 n/a 500g
(ground meat)
Submit samples of foods that have failed malachite green screen testing (e.g. ground beef).
FEN0 13 Total sulphites found in various IMFP products Compliance 5 n/a 100g
(all other foods)

Submit samples of foods that normally contain sulphites when there is insufficient information available during inspections or from the manufacturer (importer) to validate a list of ingredients that does not include sulphites or to support a "sulphite free" claim.

Foods that normally contain sulphites include fruit spreads and beverages, dried fruit and vegetable products, light-coloured foods (e.g. coconut, peeled potatoes for French fries, apple pie filling), and nuts.

Also submit samples of foods that have failed malachite green screen testing.

Do not submit foods that contain peanuts and/or sunflower seeds, as these foods interfere with sulphite analysis.

FEN0 13 Total sulphites found in various IMFP products Legal 3 5 100g

Submit samples of foods that normally contain sulphites when there is insufficient information available during inspections or from the manufacturer (importer) to validate a list of ingredients that does not include sulphites or to support a "sulphite free" claim.

Foods that normally contain sulphites include fruit spreads and beverages, dried fruit and vegetable products, light-coloured foods (e.g. coconut, peeled potatoes for French fries, apple pie filling), and nuts. Also submit samples of foods that have failed malachite green screen testing (e.g. ground beef).

Also submit samples of foods that have failed malachite green screen testing.

Do not submit foods that contain peanuts and/or sunflower seeds, as these foods interfere with sulphite analysis.

Also submit samples of foods that have failed malachite green screen testing.

FEN0 15 Fresh or processed fruit or vegetable products with "no pesticides" or "organic" claims n/a n/a n/a 2.5 Kg

Sample fresh or processed fruit or vegetable products with "no pesticides" or "organic" claims.

Samples may be sent fresh to the laboratory if they will be received within a few days. Otherwise, wrap products in aluminium foil and freeze prior to shipping.

Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.

Do not submit meat samples.

Note: the laboratory is now also testing for thiabendazole, a widely used post-harvest systemic fungicide applied as a dip or spray to apples, citrus fruits, pears, strawberries and carrots.

FEN0 20 Various IMFP products with MSG declarations n/a n/a n/a 250g or mL Sample foods with "no MSG" claims that do not contain tomatoes, cheese, mushrooms, HVP (hydrolyzed vegetable protein) or algae, such as dried soup mixes, spice mixtures, seasoned products, etc., with no MSG declared in the ingredient list. Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.
FEN0 21 Composition of various IMFP olive oil products Monitoring n/a n/a

500 mL

Or 500 mL of oil

(for product packed in oil)

Sample olive oil, and products that are packed in olive oil. Send samples that contain only olive oil in the list of ingredients. If other oils are listed, the lab will not be able to assess if the olive oil is authentic.
FEN0 21 Composition of various IMFP olive oil products Legal 3 n/a 500 mL Sample olive oil, and products that are packed in olive oil. Send samples that contain only olive oil in the list of ingredients. If other oils are listed, the lab will not be able to assess if the olive oil is authentic. For more information on Legal Sampling procedures, please consult the IMFP Inspection Manual.
FEN0 22 Composition of various IMFP vegetable oil products Monitoring 3 n/a 500 mL Sample almond oil, avocado oil, grapeseed oil, walnut oil, hazelnut oil, macadamia oil, sesame oil imported from Asia, and other expensive oils.
FEN0 22 Composition of various IMFP vegetable oil products Legal 3 n/a 500 mL

Sample almond oil, avocado oil, grapeseed oil, walnut oil, hazelnut oil, macadamia oil, sesame oil imported from Asia, and other expensive oils.

For more information on Legal sampling procedures, please consult the IMFP Inspection Manual.

FEN0 23 Composition of various chocolate products n/a n/a n/a 250g It is best to sample chocolate with no nuts, fruits or beans included in the sample such as almonds, peanuts, fruit, or coffee beans coated with chocolate since they potentially can interfere with the analysis. You can obtain chocolate samples from the bulk section of the grocery store (e.g. chocolate chips or chocolate pieces). Dark chocolate samples are easier to analyse; it is easier to determine if the product has been adulterated. Although milk chocolate samples are more difficult to analyse they can still be tested.
FEN0 25 Various IMFP cheese products which may have been adulterated with lactose or other fats n/a n/a n/a 250g Sample cheap "parmesan" or "romano" cheese preparations.
FEN0 27 Various IMFP products which have "X-Free" claims on the product labelling n/a n/a 5 100g.
For pre-package consumer size products, it is encouraged to take the whole package as a sub-sample if it is 100 - 250 g sample.

This FEN0 can be used to support inspection of suspect samples and post recall compliance activities in addition to reviewing the compliance of any foods making claims about the absence of allergens in foods. Choose as samples only those foods where the 'X-Free' claim is made and the 'X' ingredient or any derivatives are not declared in the ingredient list. The claim can be made using words or symbols (e.g., picture of a cow with an 'X' through it.)

Note that foods bearing 'MSG Free' claims should be submitted under FEN0 20, and 'Sulphite Free' claims under FEN0 13.

"Nut-Free" claims: The laboratory can analyse the following tree nuts: almond, hazelnut, and walnut.

"Gluten-Free" claims: Choose products with "gluten-free" claims. Note: the analytical test can detect only the presence of gluten. It cannot determine the source of the gluten. Therefore, do not submit samples of food bearing only "wheat-free" claims (as the gluten may be present from other sources such as rye).

"Dairy-Free" claims: Choose products with "dairy-free" or "milk-free" claims. Note: the method used by the laboratories will also detect milk from other sources such as sheep and goats.

"Egg-Free" Claims: Choose products with "egg-free" claims.

"Soy-Free" claims: Choose from products with "soy-free" claims.

"Peanut-free": Choose products with "peanut-free" claims. Note that peanuts are not "nuts."

Do not submit samples with "lactose-free" claims, as the food may contain milk protein from other ingredient sources.

For more information on allergen testing, reference the Allergen Labs Methods Summary (RDIMS# 3481914).

Since a positive result is likely to result in a product recall, laboratories have agreed to provide results within 10 days of the "date in lab". Any positive results must be immediately communicated to OFSR for their review. Should recall action be recommended, use IMS and engage IMFP as per the Agency's recall protocol.

For 2003 Guide policy on Negative Claims Pertaining to Absence or Non-Addition of A Substance, see Section 4.3 of the Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising.

FEN0 28 Various IMFP meat products which may have been adulterated with meat from a species other than what is declared on the product label n/a n/a n/a More than 100g

Sample ground meat prepared at retail. The laboratory can test for sheep, cow, pig and poultry. Other species may be available in consultation with the laboratory. Both cooked and raw products can be submitted, but samples that are very highly heat-processed are difficult to test because the proteins become too denatured.

Provide the laboratory with the ingredient list from the package, so that the laboratory can confirm the expected species and assess the possibility of interferences from other ingredients. If this is not possible, the claimed species should be provided.

FEN0 31 Various IMFP dairy products which have percent fat declarations on the product label n/a 3 n/a 250 mL or g Sample dairy products for verification of compliance with the minimum dairy fat content standard and/or "% fat" declarations, such as for cheese packed at retail. Moisture content will be affected by environmental surroundings. If possible, sample unopened bulk product rather than the opened customer sample due to moisture variations that might alter the test result. The results obtained will be compared to the standards for dairy products (Food and Drug Regulations and Dairy Products Regulations) and not to the amount of fat declared on the Nutrition Facts table.
FEN0 37 Various IMFP products which make cholesterol claims on the product label Monitoring 3 n/a 250 mL Sample foods that have cholesterol claims and/or values of cholesterol in the NFT. Ensure the food contains fat as well.
FEN0 37 Various IMFP products which make cholesterol claims on the product label Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods that have cholesterol claims and/or values of cholesterol in the NFT. Ensure the food contains fat as well.
FEN0 37 Various IMFP products which make cholesterol claims on the product label Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot Sample foods that have cholesterol claims and/or values of cholesterol in the NFT. Ensure the food contains fat as well.
FEN0 39 Various IMFP seasoning salt products which make salt declarations on the product label n/a n/a n/a 250g

Sample standardized seasoning salts – celery salt, garlic salt, onion salt (Division 7, Food and Drug Regulations).

Do not include products with sodium claims such as "no sodium," "sodium-free" and "low sodium."

FEN0 41 A
FEN0 41 B
Various IMFP plant-based beverage products which make claims concerning vitamin, protein and mineral content n/a 6 n/a L

Sample plant-based beverages (naming the plant source, e.g. soy, rice, oatmeal, almond) to which vitamins or mineral nutrients have been added to assess the adequacy of the actual nutrient content in relation to label declarations and the composition requirements of Interim Marketing Authorization (IMA) 1043.

Mineral analysis is done for Zinc, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron and protein.

FEN0 46 Composition of various IMFP juice and beverage products / verification of percent juice claims Juices from concentrate, juices not from concentrate, mixed juices, drinks, beverages n/a n/a L

Sample cheaper fruit juices, decharacterized juices, beverages bearing "contains 25% juice" claims.

We are looking at fresh juices and blends of juices. Note that complex juice blends or specific ingredients such as tropical juices, peach juice, pear juice, grape juice and/or dairy products, organic acids and flavourings are difficult to assess. Focus on pomegranate juice.

Decharacterized juice is juice that has gone through a process like de-ionization or some kind of ion exchange resin. This often changes the mineral profile and sometimes the polyphenolic profile of the juice. It does not change the sugar content. In some cases, decharacterization is difficult to detect, as some companies add the polyphenolics, flavonoids or minerals back in. It is often used to adjust the acidity of the juice. Decharacterized juice must be declared as decharacterized in the list of ingredients.

FEN0 48 Various IMFP products which may contain artificial sweeteners Monitoring 3 n/a 250g

Sample jams, dried fruit/pickled fruits or vegetables imported from Asia, sauces, and fruit drinks.

The laboratory tests for cyclamates and saccharin.

Send samples to the Ottawa (Carling) lab.

FEN0 52 Various IMFP juice and beverage products with claims concerning vitamin C content n/a 3 n/a 250 mL, or 500 mL, or 1 L Sample juice drinks, juices or drinks with added vitamin C or bearing vitamin C claims.
FEN0 54 Verification of irradiation claims on various IMFP Spice products n/a 1 n/a Consumer unit
(20g minimum)

Irradiated spices are required to be labelled as per B.01.035 of the FDR. Sample spices that are not labelled as irradiated; look especially for black or white pepper, paprika, chili peppers, chili powder, cinnamon, curry powder and oregano.

No spice blends will be analyzed.

Specify the source of the spices (country of origin), when known, on the submission form.

FEN0 56 Various IMFP meat and poultry products which make product handling claims concerning "fresh" and "previously frozen" n/a 1 n/a 250g

Sample suspected previously frozen red meat or poultry. Ensure that the product label does not bear a statement to the effect that the product was thawed.

Note: No fish, seafood, sausages, ground or processed meat (e.g. sausages, seasoned or tenderized meat).

Packing of samples: meat samples must be shipped to the laboratory in a cooler, without ice packs, as soon as possible. The samples must not be shipped with ice packs, as ice packs chill the product considerably and contribute to false positives.

Day of shipping: as for other perishable samples, these should be shipped as of Monday, but must be received at the laboratory no later than Thursday morning.

Let the lab know what types of samples are coming in so they have time to purchase samples of meat for use in the analysis. Also let them know if the samples will be sent in after the "date in lab". This is to ensure they are able to process the sample as soon as possible before the sample spoils.

FEN0 57 Verification of nutritional claims for iron, vitamins A&C and calcium which are made on various IMFP products Monitoring 9 n/a 250g We assume that "0% daily value (DV)" declarations for these nutrients are correct and do not verify these by testing.
FEN0 57 Verification of nutritional claims for iron, vitamins A&C and calcium which are made on various IMFP products Compliance 1 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot We assume that "0% daily value (DV)" declarations for these nutrients are correct and do not verify these by testing.
FEN0 57 Verification of nutritional claims for iron, vitamins A&C and calcium which are made on various IMFP products Legal 3 12 Individual consumer units randomly selected from a lot We assume that "0% daily value (DV)" declarations for these nutrients are correct and do not verify these by testing.
FEN0 58 A Verification of the authenticity of various IMFP Spice products n/a 1 n/a 150g

For whole or cracked spices:

Submit 1 × 150g sample to the Ottawa Laboratory. Use this sampling FEN0 survey to verify the composition of spices for which a standard is prescribed in Division 7 of the Food and Drug Regulations. Focus on whole or cracked spices (e.g. peppercorns, cloves, cinnamon sticks etc.).

Note: If inspectors are sampling for saffron (an expensive item) please contact HQ to determine the quantity and destination of the sample.

FEN0 58 B Verification of the authenticity of various IMFP ground spice products n/a 1 n/a 150g For ground spices:
  • Submit 1 × 150g sample to the Longueil Laboratory.
  • Use this for ground spices (such as paprika, chilli, turmeric, and pepper) which may have been cut with wheat flour, soy or other types of flours, and where colours may have been added.
  • The sample will be tested for gluten, soy and colours.
Note: If inspectors are sampling for saffron (an expensive item) please contact HQ to determine the quantity and destination of the sample.
FEN0 59 Verification of fish species claims made on various IMFP products n/a 1 n/a 100g Keep the sample frozen to prevent deterioration.

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

See Labelling website on the CFIA Intranet site (Merlin) (For internal use only) for information on assessment of labelling and claims.

Appendix A: Historical Analysis and Assessment Criteria

  • FS201D - BIPEIV - Imported, Dried fruit
  • FS203D - BIPEIV - Imported, Dry mixes
  • FS205D - BIPEIV - Imported, Seeds for Sprouting
Microbiology Assessment Criteria for Sampling Plans FS201D, FS203D and FS205D
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m/g or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M/g in any sample unit or if c is exceeded
E. coli O157:H7/NM 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present

Assessment of E. coli results obtained on composite test sample

Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
Investigative Table Note 63: > 60 ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table Note 63

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 63  referrer

FS207D - BIPEIV - Imported, Sesame Seed & Tahini
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m/g or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M/g in any sample unit or if c is exceeded
Salmonella spp. 5 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Assessment of E. coli results obtained on composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
Investigative: Table Note 64 > 60 ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table Note 64

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 64  referrer

FS209D - BIPEIV - Imported, Cocoa
Analysis Samp. Par.Table note n Samp. Par.Table note c Samp. Par.Table note m Samp. Par.Table note M Assessment
E. coli 5 2 102 103 Satisfactory: ≤ m/g or if c is not exceeded
Unsatisfactory: > M/g in any sample unit or if c is exceeded
Salmonella spp. 10 0 0 n/a Satisfactory: Not detected
Unsatisfactory: Present
Assessment of E. coli results obtained on composite test sample
Analysis Assessment
E. coli Satisfactory: ≤ 60/g
Investigative Table Note 65: > 60 ≤ 460/g
Unsatisfactory: > 460/g

Table Note

Table Note 65

The analysis is to be repeated on 5 sample units by testing each analytical unit individually. Repeat the analysis on the same sample, if possible, otherwise on another sample obtained from the same lot or different lot produced under similar conditions.

Return to table note 65  referrer

  • FS352D - Various Domestic Commodities
  • FS353D - Various Imported Commodities

All samples submitted for analysis under the above plans, are to be assessed as "No Decision", unless found positive

Appendix B: Existing FEN0 Codes

Note: The FEN0 plans listed below are not necessarily active sampling plans for the current fiscal year. Older FEN0 codes are retained for possible future use and as a reference in the event of unplanned samples.

  • FEN0 01: Fibre
  • FEN0 02: Calories
  • FEN0 02 A: Calories with Food Additives
  • FEN0 03: Fatty Acid Profile & Total Fat (foods with fatty acid declarations)
  • FEN0 04: Total Fat (Standard verification & g fat/serving declarations)
  • FEN0 05: Protein
  • FEN0 06: Sodium
  • FEN0 07: Sugar Claims
  • FEN0 08: Percent Alcohol
  • FEN0 09: Juice Adulteration
  • FEN0 10: Propionates
  • FEN0 11: Egg yolk solids (colour)
  • FEN0 12: Soluble Coffee
  • FEN0 13:Sulfites Quantitative
  • FEN0 15: Multi Residue Screen
  • FEN0 16: Benzoates: Sorbates and Parabens
  • FEN0 17: Total Dissolved Solids
  • FEN0 19: Antioxidants (Quantitative) Undeclared in vegetable oils
  • FEN0 20: Mono Sodium Glutamate (MSG)
  • FEN0 21: Olive Oil - Standard; Adulteration
  • FEN0 22: Vegetable Oil – Adulteration
  • FEN0 23: Chocolate – Adulteration
  • FEN0 24: Caffeine in Decaffeinated Coffee or Tea
  • FEN0 25: Lactose and Foreign Fat Adulteration in Cheese
  • FEN0 26: Undeclared Iodates/Bromates in Flour
  • FEN0 27: Free Claims for Egg, Dairy or Wheat
  • FEN0 28: Foreign Meat
  • FEN0 29: Malto/Ethyl Maltol Beverages
  • FEN0 30: Maple Syrup Adulteration
  • FEN0 31: % Fat in Dairy Products - Standard Verification
  • FEN0 32: Presence of Egg – Dressings
  • FEN0 33: Vanilla Adulteration in Natural Vanilla Extracts
  • FEN0 34: Carbohydrates for "Available Carbohydrates"
  • FEN0 35: Honey Adulteration
  • FEN0 36: Antioxidants in High Fat Food Products
  • FEN0 37: Cholesterol, Fatty Acid Profile
  • FEN0 38: Ascorbic Acid in Meats
  • FEN0 39: Salt Content - Seasoning Salts
  • FEN0 40: Phosphates and % Meat Protein in Meat Products
  • FEN0 41: Calcium Claims - Milk Beverages, Milk Bread
  • FEN0 41 A: Minerals (Zn, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, Mg, sodium, Fe) "&" Protein in plant-based beverages
  • FEN0 41 B: Vitamin A and Riboflavin in plant based beverages
  • FEN0 42 A: Sports Nutrition - Carbohydrates by Difference
  • FEN0 42 B: Sports Nutrition - Available Carbohydrates
  • FEN0 43: Sports Nutrition – Protein
  • FEN0 44 A: Sports Nutrition - Vit A, Vit C and Protein in Nutrition Supplements
  • FEN0 44 B: Sports Nutrition - Iron in Nutrition Supplements
  • FEN0 45 A: Sports Nutrition - Vit. A "&" Vit. C in Flavoured Beverage Mixes
  • FEN0 45 B: Sports Nutrition - Iron in Flavoured Beverage Mixes
  • FEN0 46: Fruit Juices & Beverages Decharacterization/Juice Claims
  • FEN0 48: Artificial Sweeteners
  • FEN0 49: Added Salt in Fresh and Frozen Poultry
  • FEN0 51: Caffeine in Energy Drinks
  • FEN0 52: Vitamin C in Beverages
  • FEN0 53: Creatine Monohydrate - Sports Nutrition Products
  • FEN0 54: Irradiation of Spices
  • FEN0 54 A: Irradiation - Meat, Poultry, Seafood
  • FEN0 55: Rice Substitution - Basmati Variety
  • FEN0 56: Fresh Versus Thawed Meat or Poultry
  • FEN0 57: Core list new nutrit. label - Vitamin  A, Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron
  • FEN0 58 A: Adulteration of Whole or Cracked Spices
  • FEN0 58 B: Adulteration of Finely Ground Spices
  • FEN0 59: Fish Species Authenticity
  • FEN0 60 A: Sports Nutrition - Vit. A, Vit. C and Protein in Meal Replacements
  • FEN0 60 B: Sports Nutrition - Iron in Meal Replacements
  • FEN0 61: Sports Nutrition - Total Fat
  • FEN0 62: Vitamin E claims on margarine and vegetable oil
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