IMFP National Sampling Plans & Assessment Criteria 2014-2015
Section 6: Allergens and Sulphites

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I. Notes

  • CFIA Food Chemistry, Allergen and Sulphite laboratories will accept samples Monday to Friday during regular business hours.
  • Use the appropriate FS sampling plan code for allergen and sulphite samples taken for food safety purposes.
  • Indicate the allergen determination(s) requested in LSTS.
  • Options for allergen testing are: gluten, soy, egg, sesame, hazelnuts, almonds, peanuts, mustard, casein (milk), 8-lactoglobulin (milk), and walnuts.
  • Other allergens (Brazil nutsFootnote 59, crustaceansFootnote 59, cashewFootnote 60, Macadamia nutFootnote 60, pistachioFootnote 60) may be tested if specific requirements are met.
  • For more information on allergen testing, reference the Allergen Labs Methods Summary (RDIMS 3481914) (For internal use only).
  • Direct any questions to: Your Area Program Specialist.

II. List of Sampling Plan Codes

  • FS502D: Domestic: Food Allergen Complaints - Including Investigations
  • FS503D: Imported: Food Allergen Complaints - Including Investigations
  • FS510D: Domestic: Allergens in Chocolate
  • FS511D: Imported: Allergens in Chocolate
  • FS513D: Imported: Sulphites in Foods
  • FS515D: Imported: Allergens in Foods
  • FS516D: Domestic: Allergens in Grain-Based Food
  • FS517D: Imported: Allergens in Grain-Based Food
  • FS518D: Domestic: Sulphites in Foods
  • FS520D: Domestic: Allergens in Foods
  • FS522D: Domestic: Allergens in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS523D: Imported: Allergens in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS524D: Domestic: Sulphites in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS525D: Imported: Sulphites in Pasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS526D: Domestic: Allergens in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS527D: Imported: Allergens in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS528D: Domestic: Sulphites in Unpasteurized Juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS529D: Imported: Sulphites in Unpasteurized juice (juice blends and cider)
  • FS530D: Domestic: Sulphites in Chocolate
  • FS531D: Imported: Sulphites in Chocolate
  • FS532D: Domestic: Allergens in Confectionery Products
  • FS533D: Imported: Allergens in Confectionery Products
  • FS534D: Domestic: Sulphites in Confectionery Products
  • FS535D: Imported: Sulphites in Confectionery Products
  • FS536D: Domestic: Sulphite complaints in foods
  • FS537D: Imported: Sulphite complaints in foods
  • FS555D: Imported: Allergens in foods

III. Sampling Guidelines

1. Sample Plans for Planned Activities

Sulphites
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Dried fruit Spreads, vegetable-based dip, fruit butter, marmalade, jelly and unstandardized jams; Plant-based beverages; Soy-based infant formulae; Snack foods, non-grain based; Prepared sauces; Preserved vegetables and preserved vegetable-based foods 5 10g n/a FS513D
Breakfast cereal; Baked goods such as bread, cookies, cakes, rusks, pie crust, cereal bars, etc.; Infant and toddler foods intended for consumption by children up to and including 3 years of age; Grains; Grain products including flour, bran, germ, meal, etc. 5 100g n/a FS513D
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS524D FS525D
Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS528D FS529D
Chocolate and chocolate products (must contain cocoa butter) 5 100g FS530D FS531D
Confectionery (includes chocolate-containing products that contain a fat beside cocoa butter) 5 100g FS534D FS535D
Allergens
Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Chocolate and chocolate products (must contain cocoa butter) 5 100g FS510D FS511D
Dried fruit; Spreads, vegetable-based dip, fruit butter, marmalade, jelly and unstandardized jams; Plant-based beverages; Soy-based infant formulae; Snack foods, non-grain based; Prepared sauces; Preserved vegetables and preserved vegetable-based foods 5 100g n/a FS515D
Breakfast cereal Baked goods such as bread, cookies, cakes, rusks, pie crust, cereal bars, etc. Infant and toddler foods intended for consumption by children up to and including 3 years of age Grains Grain products including flour, bran, germ, meal, etc. 5 100g FS516D FS517D
Pasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS522D FS523D
Unpasteurized juice, juice blends and cider 5 100 mL FS526D FS527D
Confectionery (includes chocolate-containing products that contain a fat beside cocoa butter) 5 100g FS532D FS533D

2. Complaints

Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Allergens FS502D FS503D
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Sulphites FS536D FS537D

Special Notes

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for complaints related to IMFP products, not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, but may be used for trade complaints.

Consult the appropriate Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250g or 500g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages.

For samples related to consumer illness complaints:

  • Include the complainant's opened sample, and any available unopened samples (up to 5 or 500g).
  • If possible, also include a similar product from a different manufacturer (domestic products only) as a reference.
  • Contact the lab if you have questions regarding selecting a reference product.
  • Send all samples in the same shipment.
  • Provide the courier tracking number to the lab by e-mail, with the IMS number in the subject line.

Send domestic samples to the Burnaby lab, and imported samples to Longueil.

3. Unplanned samples not covered by another sampling plan code

Product # of sub-samples Sub-sample size (min.) Analysis Sampling Plan
Code
Domestic
Sampling Plan
Code
Imported
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Allergens FS520D FS555D
Foods that are regulated by the IMFP 5 100g Sulphites FS518D FS513D

Special Notes

Do not duplicate testing of the same product for other sampling plans.

These codes are only to be used for IMFP products not relating to scoping and/or recall investigations, complaints, trade complaints, nor for which another sampling plan exists.

Consult the appropriate Area Program Specialist for guidance on appropriate analysis, sampling number and size. Select the specific analysis requested under 'Analysis Types' in LSTS.

If packages are < 100g each, the # of sub-samples should be increased in order to provide the minimum 500g sample quantity for analysis.

If the sub-sample size is large (i.e. > 250g or 500g), employ a bulk sampling strategy (i.e. sample 100g from each package to make one sub-sample).

If it might compromise the analysis of the sample to take portions, sample 5 whole/unopened products/packages.

A reference sample of a similar product (different brand or manufacturer) may be required to validate a new matrix. Contact the lab to determine if this is required.

Send domestic samples to the Burnaby lab, and imported samples to Longueil.

IV. Analysis and Assessment Criteria

Analysis Product Type Sampling Plan Codes Limit Lab Result and Assessment Action Special Notes
Allergens All IMFP food commodities FS502D, FS503D, FS510D, FS511D, FS515D, FS516D, FS517D, FS520D, FS522D, FS523D, FS526D, FS527D, FS532D, FS533D, FS555D ppm Unsatisfactory: > 0 ppm Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only). Contact the Area Program Specialist for questions on follow-up to Unsatisfactory results.
Gluten All IMFP food commodities FS502D, FS503D, FS510D, FS511D, FS515D, FS516D, FS517D, FS520D, FS522D, FS523D, FS526D, FS527D, FS532D, FS533D, FS555D 20 ppm  Table Note 61 Satisfactory: X < 5 ppm
Investigative: 5 ppm ≤ X ≤ 20 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X > 20 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required.
Investigative: Notify the regulated party of the result. Follow up with the regulated party to determine the source of the gluten Table Note 62
Cross-contamination: Advise the regulated party to review their Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) and process controls. Corrective action may be required.
Intentionally-added: Product may be non-compliant with the FDA/R. Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Unsatisfactory: Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).
Sulphites All IMFP food commodities FS513D, FS518D, FS524D, FS525D, FS528D, FS529D, FS530D, FS531D, FS534D, FS535D, FS540D, FS541D 10 ppm Satisfactory: X <10 ppm
Investigative: X ≥ 10 ppm
Unsatisfactory: X ≥ 10 ppm
Satisfactory: No action required; however, sulphites added directly to a food as a food additive, or an ingredient which is not exempt from component declaration, must always be declared in the ingredient list.
Investigative: For samples received without labelling information, and products with a high level of naturally occurring sulfur-containing compounds. See Special Notes.
Unsatisfactory: For products with added sulphites that are not declared in the ingredient list.
Contact the Area Program Specialist for questions on follow-up to Investigative and Unsatisfactory results.
Consult the IMFP Inspection Manual, Section 7.10 (RDIMS #2137508) (For internal use only).

Table Notes

Table Note 61

Health Canada guideline.

Return to table note 61  referrer

Table Note 62

For products with gluten-free claims, refer to Health Canada's Position on Gluten-Free Claims, and CFIA's Compliance and Enforcement of Gluten-Free Claims.

Return to table note 62  referrer

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