Organic Equivalency Arrangements with Other Countries

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Equivalency arrangements are trade agreements made with other countries. Canada only establishes an organic equivalency arrangement with another country after assessing and comparing the two regulatory systems, including the standards, to determine whether the principles and outcomes achieved are consistent.

Imported Organic Products

Organic products imported from countries with whom Canada has established an equivalency arrangement must be certified by a body accredited by that foreign country and recognized by Canada. These products may bear the Canada Organic Logo.

All food sold in Canada, whether domestic or imported, must also comply with the Food and Drugs Act and Regulations, and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Regulations.

Equivalency arrangements currently in place with Canada

Costa Rica

European Union

Japan

Switzerland

United States

Equivalency Determination

The process to reach an equivalency arrangement with another country is outlined in the Canada Organic Office Procedure for Equivalency Determination.

The CFIA verifies the effectiveness of the organic equivalency arrangements by conducting peer reviews. The approach followed by the Canada Organic Office (COO) is outlined in the Canada Organic Office Peer Review Procedure.

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