Information within the Nutrition Facts Table

Important Notice

On December 14, 2016, amendments to nutrition labelling, list of ingredients and food colour requirements of the Food and Drug Regulations came into force. Regulated parties have a five (5) year transition period to meet the new labelling requirements.

Consult the Former – Information within the Nutrition Facts Table for information on the former requirements.

On this page

Mandatory Information

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) states under section B.01.401 that the label of a pre-packaged product shall carry a Nutrition Facts table (NFt) that contains only the information as set out in the FDR. The FDR also sets out in the tables following sections B.01.401 and B.01.402 the manner in which energy and nutrient values must be declared in the Nutrition Facts table.

Figure 3.1 (B)
Figure 3.1 (B) of the Nutrition Facts table. Description Follows
Description of Image - Figure 3.1 (B)

Shown here is an image of the Nutrition Facts table.

Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1  cup open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 tasse open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 1 tasse open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 110, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne also in bold. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under the Calories information that ends after the number 110. It does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides, in bold, followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is the number zero followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 0 and a lower case g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides, in bold, followed by 26 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for percent Daily Value of Fibre followed by 0 and a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 22 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is the number 22 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines, in bold, followed by 2 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol, in bold, followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium, in bold, followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 450 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 10 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 30 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu , 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

B.01.450(1) of the FDR, in conjunction with the Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats, prescribes the order in which the information must appear, as well as dimensions, spacing and the use of upper and lowercase letters and bold type (see section Presentation of the Nutrition Facts Table).

The requirements for nutrient declarations (nutrients and/or units) are different for;

See the appropriate sections for details.

Nutrition Facts Tables from Other Countries

Since the nutrition information requirements of other countries do not match the Canadian requirements, labels and advertisements with nutrition information other than that permitted by the FDR are considered to be labelled or advertised contrary to Canadian legislation. Therefore, only the Canadian NFt may be used to provide nutrition information in Canada, and nutrition labelling systems from other countries are not acceptable in Canada. Hence, the use of both the Canadian NFt and a nutrition information table from another country together is also not permitted (e.g. a food product with both the Canadian and American NFt is not allowed).

One objective of Canada's nutrition labelling regulations is to provide a standardized system for conveying information about the nutrient content of foods. Mandatory declarations, daily values and formats which differ from those adopted by Canada make it difficult for consumers to compare foods at the point of purchase. These, therefore do not support an informed consumer choice for Canadians.

Language requirements are available in the Presentation of the Nutrition Facts Table section.

Core Nutrition Information

The sample bilingual Nutrition Facts table below indicates the core information that must always be included in the Nutrition Facts table and the order in which it must be presented.

image of Decision Tree outlining the steps followed for determining and declaring the serving size of a prepackaged product. Description Follows
Description of Image - Core Nutrition Information

Shown here is an image of the Nutrition Facts table.

Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive (or "Valeurs nutritives" in French). Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1 cup open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 tasse open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 1 tasse open parenthesis 250 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 110, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne also in bold. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under the Calories information that ends after the number 110. It does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides, in bold, followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is the number zero followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 0 and a lower case g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides, in bold, followed by 26 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for percent Daily Value of Fibre followed by 0 and a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 22 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is the number 22 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines, in bold, followed by 2 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol, in bold, followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium, in bold, followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 450 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 10 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 30 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table. The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Core Nutrition Information Table

The Core Nutrition Information Table refers to the core nutrition information which is mandatory for most Nutrition Facts tables (exceptions exist for Simplified Formats, for Simplified Formats for Single-serving Prepackaged Products, and for Foods Intended Solely for Infants Six Months of Age or Older but Less Than One Year of Age). This table is not an exact replica of the table in the Food and Drug Regulations [B.01.401, FDR].

  1. Column 1 sets out the information in the same order as in the table following B.01.401 of the FDR and also prescribes, under the heading "Nomenclature", the terms that must be used for describing this information. It is a combination of columns 1, 2 and 3 from the tables set out in the Food and Drug Regulations. This column also sets out the units of measurement required for expressing the information.
  2. Column 2 sets out the manner of expression, including rounding rules for these values/amounts.
  3. Columns 3-5 provide a user-friendly resource to identify the correct rounding rules for quantities and % daily values.

Please note that serving size and % daily value are important elements of the table below. The appropriate sections provide further information on these topics and will contribute to the proper use of the table.

Notes:

  • The serving of stated size set out in the NFt, expressed in the metric unit, is used as the basis for determining the information appearing in the NFt in respect of the energy value and nutrient content of the product [B.01.401(1.1)].
  • The percentage of daily value for a mineral nutrient shown in the NFt is established on the basis of the amount by weight, of the mineral nutrient per serving of stated size for the product, rounded off in the applicable manner set out in the table below [B.01.401(1.2)].
Rounding and Manner of Expression for Nutrition Facts Table Core Information
Required Information Rounding
Nomenclature and Units Manner of Expression Quantity Metric Unit DV

1. Serving of stated size

Nomenclature

"Serving Size (naming the serving size)", "Serving (naming the serving size) " or "Per (naming the serving size)"

Units

(a) in the case of a single-serving prepackaged product,

(1) per package, and

(2) in grams or millilitres, in accordance with subparagraph B.01.002A(2)(a)(i) or (ii); and

(b) in the case of a multiple-serving pre-packaged product, in the following units set out in column 3B of the Table of Reference Amounts:

(1) the household measure that applies to the product, and

(2) the metric measure that applies to the product.

(1) The size in metric units is rounded off:

(a) if less than 10 g or 10 mL, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g or 0.1 mL;

(b) if 10 g or 10 mL or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g or 1 mL

(2) The size when expressed as a fraction is represented by a numerator and a denominator separated by a line.

(3) The size shall include the word "assorted" if the information in the Nutrition Facts table of a prepackaged product that contains an assortment of foods is set out as a composite value (e.g., "Per 5 assorted candies (15 g)").

< 10 g or mL multiple of 0.1 g or mL
≥ 10 g or mL multiple of 1 g or mL

2. Energy value

Nomenclature

"Calories", "Total Calories" or "Calories, Total"

Units

Calories per serving of stated size

The value is rounded off

(a) when less than 5 Calories

(i) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 1 of the table to B.01.513 for the subject "free of energy", set out in column 1, to "0" Calorie, and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 Calorie;

(b) when 5 to 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 5 Calories; and

(c) when more than 50 Calories, to the nearest multiple of 10 Calories

< 5 Calories, meets "Calorie-free" 0 Calories
< 5 Calories, all other cases nearest 1 Calorie
≥ 5 to ≤ 50 Calories nearest 5 Calories
> 50 Calories nearest 10 Calories

3. Amount of fat

Nomenclature

"Fat", "Total Fat" or "Fat, Total"

Units

(1) grams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in grams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.5 g

(i) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 11 of the table following B.01.513 for the subject "free of fat" set out in column 1 and the amounts of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids are declared as "0" in the Nutrition Facts table or are omitted from that table in accordance with subsection B.01.401(6) and no other fatty acids are declared in an amount greater than "0", to "0 g";

(ii) and in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 0.5 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) when the amount is declared as "0 g", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

Fat free: < 0.5 g and meets "free of fat"

Saturated free: < 0.5 g and meets "sat free"

Trans free: < 0.5 g and meets "trans free"

g 0 %
< 0.5 g, all other cases nearest 0.1 g nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g nearest 1 %
> 5 g nearest 1 g nearest 1 %

4. Amount of saturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Saturated Fat", "Saturated Fatty Acids", "Saturated" or "Saturates"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g

(i) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 18 of the table following B.01.513 for the subject "free of saturated fatty acids" set out in column 1, to "0 g"; and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 0.5 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

Saturated free: < 0.5 g and meets "sat free" g
< 0.5 g, all other cases nearest 0.1 g
≥ 0.5 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

5. Amount of trans fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Trans Fat", "Trans Fatty Acids" or "Trans"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g

(i) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 22 of the table following B.01.513 for the subject "free of trans fatty acids" set out in column 1, to "0 g"; and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 0.5 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

Trans free: < 0.5 g and meets "trans free" g
< 0.5 g, all other cases nearest 0.1 g
≥ 0.5 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

6. The sum of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Saturated Fat + Trans Fat", "Saturated Fatty Acids + Trans Fatty Acids", "Saturated + Trans" or "Saturates + Trans"

Units

percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

The percentage is rounded off

(a) when the amounts of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids are declared as "0 g", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.5 g and meets "sat free" and "trans free" 0 %
all other cases nearest 1 %

7. Amount of cholesterol

Nomenclature

"Cholesterol"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) (optional) expressed as a percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 27 of the table following B.01.513 for the subject "free of cholesterol" set out in column 1, to "0 mg"; and,

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 5 mg;

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) when the amount is declared as "0 mg" to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 2 mg and meets "free of cholesterol" mg 0 % (optional)
all other cases nearest 5 mg nearest 1 % (optional)

8. Amount of sodium

Nomenclature

"Sodium"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 mg

(i) if the product meets the conditions set out in column 2 of item 31 of the table following B.01.513 for the subject "free of sodium or salt" set out in column 1, to "0 mg", and

(ii) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 mg;

(b) when mg to 140 mg, to the nearest multiple of 5 mg; and

(c) when greater than 140 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg.

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) when the amount is declared as "0 mg", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 mg and meets "free of sodium or salt" mg 0 %
< 5 mg, all other cases nearest 1 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 5 mg to ≤ 140 mg nearest 5 mg nearest 1 %
> 140 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %

9. Amount of carbohydrate

Nomenclature

"Carbohydrate", "Total Carbohydrate" or "Carbohydrate, Total"

Units

grams per serving of stated size.

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

10. Amount of fibre

Nomenclature

"Fibre", "Fiber", "Dietary Fibre" or "Dietary Fiber"

Units

(1) grams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in grams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as "0 g", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.5 g g 0 %
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g nearest 1 %

11. Amount of sugars

Nomenclature

"Sugars"

Units

(1) grams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1)The amount in grams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as "0 g", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.5 g g 0 %
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g nearest 1 %

12. Amount of protein

Nomenclature

"Protein"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

13. Amount of potassium

Nomenclature

"Potassium"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 5 mg or more and less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg;

c) when 50 mg or more and less than 250 mg, to the nearest multiple of 25 mg;

d) when 250 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 50 mg.

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as "0 mg", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 mg mg 0 %
≥ 5 mg to < 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 mg to < 250 mg nearest 25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 250 mg nearest 50 mg nearest 1 %

14. Amount of calcium

Nomenclature

"Calcium"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 5 mg or more and less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg;

c) when 50 mg or more and less than 250 mg, to the nearest multiple of 25 mg;

d) when 250 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 50 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as "0 mg", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 mg mg 0 %
≥ 5 mg to < 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 mg to < 250 mg nearest 25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 250 mg nearest 50 mg nearest 1 %

15. Amount of iron

Nomenclature

"Iron"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.05 mg or more and less than 0.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 mg;

c) when 0.5 mg or more and less than 2.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 mg;

d) when 2.5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as "0 mg", to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.5 mg nearest 0.1 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 mg to < 2.5 mg nearest 0.25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 mg nearest 0.5 mg nearest 1 %

16. % Daily Value interpretative statement

Nomenclature

"*5% or less is a little, 15% or more is a lot"

The "% Daily Value" or "% DV" subheading is followed by an asterisk in order to reference the % Daily Value interpretative statement shown in the Nutrition Facts table

Serving Sizes and Reference Amounts

General Requirements

Serving Size

The nutrient information presented in a Nutrition Facts table is based on a specific amount of food (edible portion). The amount must be indicated under the Nutrition Facts heading using the phrase "Per (naming the serving size)", "Serving Size (naming the serving size)", or "Serving (naming the serving size)". The serving size is a quantity of food that can be reasonably consumed at a single eating occasion [item 1 of the Table to B.01.401, FDR].

A serving size is based on the food as offered for sale. For foods requiring preparation and foods commonly mixed with other ingredients or another food before being eaten (such as pudding mix, soups or breakfast cereal with milk), the serving size must be set out for the food as sold and may optionally be set out for the food as prepared [B.01.002A (1), FDR]. Refer to Nutrition Facts Table Formats section for more information.

The serving sizes are closely aligned with regulated reference amounts (RA) (i.e. the amounts typically consumed at one sitting), which allows consumers to more easily compare similar products at the point of purchase. The regulated reference amounts, which are included in the Table of Reference Amounts for Food, serve as the basis for determining the serving size for both single-serving containers and multiple-serving prepackaged foods [B.01.002A, FDR]. Refer to the Reference Amounts section for additional information.

The serving size must be expressed in the Nutrition Facts table by declaring the household measure (HM) first, followed by the corresponding metric measure (MM), within brackets. The order of the household and metric measures may not be reversed. Where applicable, the MM is rounded to the nearest 0.1 g or 0.1 mL for quantities of less than 10 g or 10 mL, and to the nearest whole number for quantities of 10 g or 10 mL or more. Rounding rules that apply to the MM are explained in the Core Nutrition Information Table.

This section helps you determine if a product is considered a single-serving or multiple-serving prepackaged product and provides a Decision Tree that outlines the steps for determining and declaring serving sizes.

Single-Serving vs. Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Product

The serving size depends on whether a product is a single-serving or multiple-serving prepackaged product. A prepackaged product is considered to be a single-serving container based on the following criteria [B.01.002A(1)(b), FDR]:

  • If the package contains less than 200 % of the reference amount (RA) for that food, or
  • If the quantity of food in the package can reasonably be eaten by one person at a single eating occasion.

If the product does not meet the above criteria, it is considered a multiple-serving prepackaged product. Refer to the Serving Size Declaration for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products section for instructions on how to determine and declare the serving size for these types of products.

Determining if the Package Contains Less than 200 % of the RA

The Table of Reference Amounts for Food must be used to determine if the package contains less than 200% of the RA for that food:

  • From the Table of Contents, select the category of food (A-X) that corresponds to the prepackaged product (note: if the food is intended solely for children under four years of age, refer directly to Category W).
  • Identify the Product Category set out in Column 1 that corresponds to the prepackaged product.
  • The reference amount (RA) for the prepackaged product is set out under Column 2.

Note: If a product or product category is not listed in the Table of Reference Amounts for Food, contact your CFIA local office.

As an example, consider a 473 mL container of chocolate milk. The regulated reference amount (RA) for chocolate milk is 250 mL [Item D.11, Dairy Products and Substitutes, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Since the 473 mL container contains less than 200% of the 250 mL RA (i.e., 250 mL x 200% = 500 mL), it is considered a single-serving prepackaged product (see Serving Size Declaration for Single-Serving Prepackaged Products. However, if a product doesn't meet this criterion, verify if the product can be reasonably consumed by one person at a single eating occasion.

Packages Reasonably Consumed by One Person at a Single Eating Occasion

If a package doesn't contain less than 200% of the reference amount, determine if it can be reasonably consumed by one person at a single eating occasion. If yes, then it is a single-serving prepackaged product.

For example, consider a 100 g prepackaged oatmeal and chocolate chip cookie sold individually. The reference amount (RA) for cookies is 30 g [Item A.10, Bakery Products, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food]. In this case, the package does not contain less than 200% of the 30 g RA (30 g x 200% = 60 g), however the cookie would not be expected to be partially consumed, re-wrapped and saved. Therefore, the cookie is reasonably consumed during a single eating occasion despite the fact that cookies have a 30 g reference amount.

Refer to the Serving Size Declaration for Single-Serving Prepackaged Products section below for instructions on how to declare the serving size for these types of products.

Serving Size Declaration for Single-Serving Prepackaged Products

The serving size for a single-serving prepackaged product is the entire net quantity of food in the package and must be declared in the Nutrition Facts table as follows [B.01.002A(2)(a), FDR]:

"Per package" (or alternatively "Serving 1 package" or "Serving Size 1 package"), where the generic term may be replaced with a specific term such as box, tray, can, followed in brackets by the net quantity of the package using the following metric units:

  • grams (g), if the net quantity of the food is shown on the label by weight or by count,
  • millilitres (mL), if the net quantity of the food is shown on the label by volume.

For example, "Per 1 bottle (591 mL)" or "Per bottle (591 mL)", "Per 1 carton (473 mL)" or "Per carton (473 mL)", "Per 1 cookie (100 g)" or "Per cookie (100 g)", "Serving Size 1 entrée (240 g)", "Serving 1 can (355 mL)", "Serving 1 pouch (56 g)" [Table to B.01.401, FDR].

For the purposes of a single-serving prepackaged product, the household measure (HM) is the package and the metric measure (MM) is the net quantity of the package in grams or millilitres, as these terms are described in the legend at the beginning of the Nutrition Labelling- Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats.

Serving Size Declaration for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products

Determining the Serving Size for a Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Product

The instructions on how to determine the serving size for a multiple-serving prepackaged product are set out in Column 3A of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food.

For example, consider a 650 g container of yogurt. The reference amount (RA) for yogurt is 175 g [Item D.15, Dairy Products and Substitutes, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Example of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food
Item Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
Product Category Reference Amount (RA) A. Criteria to Determine the Serving of Stated Size for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products B. Units for Expressing the Serving of Stated Size for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products
HM (MM)
D.15 Yogurt 175 g Container:
  • MM: RA
  • HM: fraction of a cup that is closest in weight in grams to RA
fraction cup (175 g)

In this case, the metric measure (MM) is the reference amount (RA) and is 175 g. The household measure (HM) is the fraction of a cup that is closest in weight in grams to the 175 g RA.  In this example, the HM is determined to be ¾ cup.

Declaring the Serving Size for a Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Product

The units for declaring the serving size for a multiple-serving prepackaged product are set out in Column 3B of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food.

In the case of the 650 g container of yogurt described above, Column 3B sets out the units for declaring the serving size: "fraction cup (175 g)".

In this example, the serving size for the multiple-serving container of yogurt is ¾ cup (175 g) and would be declared as follows: "Per ¾ cup (175 g)", "Serving Size ¾ cup (175 g)", or "Serving ¾ cup (175 g)".

Decision Tree: Determination and Declaration of Serving Size for a Prepackaged Product

Click on image for larger view

image of Decision Tree outlining the steps followed for determining and declaring the serving size of a prepackaged product. Description Follows
Description of Image - Decision Tree: Determination and Declaration of Serving Size for a Prepackaged Product

Shown here is a decision tree outlining the steps followed for determining and declaring the serving size of a prepackaged product.

The first box of the decision tree instructs you to determine the reference amount using the Table of Reference Amounts for Food. The second box asks if the package is less than 200% of the reference amount or if it can be reasonably consumed by one person in a single eating occasion.

If yes, it is considered a single-serving prepackaged product. For this type of product, the serving size (the entire net quantity of the food in the package) is declared by: HM (MM).

If no, it is considered a multiple-serving prepackaged product. For this type of product, the serving size is determined using Column 3A of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food. The serving size is declared by: HM (MM), as set out in Column 3B of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food.

Additional Examples of Serving Size Determination and Declaration for Prepackaged Products

Crackers

Consider a box of multiple-serving prepackaged crackers, where 6 crackers weigh 21 g. The reference amount (RA) for crackers is 20 g [Item A.11, Bakery Products, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Column 3A sets out the instructions on how to determine the serving size for crackers in a package of multiple units (where 14 or less pieces make up the 20 g reference amount (RA)). The household measure (HM) is the number of whole crackers closest in weight to the 20 g RA. The metric measure (MM) is the weight of the HM in grams.

In this example, 6 crackers, which weigh 21 g, is the number of whole crackers that is closest in weight to the 20 g RA. Therefore, the HM is 6 crackers and the MM is 21 g.

Column 3B sets out the units for declaring the serving size: # unit(s) (# g)

The serving size is 6 crackers (21 g) and would be declared as follows: "Per 6 crackers (21 g)", "Serving Size 6 crackers (21 g)", or "Serving 6 crackers (21 g)".

Sliced Bread

Consider a loaf of sliced bread, where 2 slices weigh 90 g. The reference amount (RA) for bread is 75 g [Item A.1, Bakery Products, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Column 3A provides the instructions on how to determine the serving size for sliced bread. The HM for sliced bread is always 2 slices. The MM is the weight of the HM (2 slices) in grams.

In this example, since 2 slices of bread weigh 90 g, the HM is 2 slices and the MM is 90 g.

Column 3B provides the units for declaring the serving size: 2 slices (# g)
The serving size is therefore 2 slices (90 g) and would be declared as follows: "Per 2 slices (90 g)", "Serving Size 2 slices (90 g)", or "Serving 2 slices (90 g)".

Iced Tea Powder Mix

Consider a package of iced tea powder mix. The reference amount (RA) for an iced tea beverage is 375 mL [Item B.1, Beverages, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Since the iced tea powder mix requires further preparation (such as the addition of water) and a reference amount has not been established for the unprepared form, the reference amount will be the quantity of iced tea powder mix required to make one reference amount of prepared iced tea beverage.

For example, if the directions provided on a package of iced tea powder mix indicate that 20 g of the powder mix is required to make 375 mL (the reference amount) of iced tea beverage, then the reference amount for this particular iced tea powder mix is 20 g.

The serving size will then be declared as follows: HM (MM) where the MM is 20 g, the amount to make the iced tea beverage or the reference amount. The HM is the number of tablespoons of powder mix required to make 375 mL of the iced tea beverage.

The serving size is 1 ½ tbsp (20 g) and would be declared as follows:

"Per 1 ½ tbsp (20 g)", "Serving Size 1 ½ tbsp (20 g)", or "Serving 1 ½ tbsp (20 g)".

Whole Unsliced Cured Cooked Ham

Consider a 2.5 kg prepackaged whole, unsliced, cured, cooked ham.

The reference amount (RA) for cured, cooked ham is 55 g [Item L.8, Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Column 3A provides the instructions on how to determine the serving size for cured, cooked ham. The MM for whole, unsliced, cured, cooked ham is 100 g. The HM is the same as the MM and does not have to be repeated.

Column 3B provides the units for declaring the serving size: 100 g.

The serving size is 100 g and would be declared as follows: "Per 100 g", "Serving Size 100 g", or "Serving 100 g".

Note: For products with non-uniform shapes such as hams, roasts and whole multiple-serving fish, where a household measure is difficult to describe, a single 100 gram metric measure (MM) is an acceptable serving size declaration. The household measure (HM) is not required because both the household measure (HM) and the metric measure (MM) are the same. Always refer to the Table of Reference Amounts to ensure that the serving size has been correctly declared.

Reference Amounts

Reference amounts (RA) serve as the basis for determining the serving size for single-serving containers, as well as multiple-serving prepackaged foods. A reference amount (RA) is a specific regulated quantity of a type of food usually eaten by an individual at one sitting. Reference amounts, as established by Health Canada, are set out in Column 2 of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food for a food set out in Column 1 of the table. With the exception of prepackaged meals, reference amounts serve as the basis of compositional criteria for nutrient content claims and health claims. [B.01.001, B.01.002A, item 1 of the table to B.01.401, and the Table of Reference Amounts for Food, FDR].

Unless otherwise noted, the reference amounts are for the ready-to-serve or almost ready-to-serve form of the food and are based on the main intended use of a food (e.g., milk as a beverage and not as an ingredient in recipes or when added to cereal). Where a product requires further preparation (such as the addition of water or other ingredients) and a reference amount has not been established for the unprepared form, the reference amount will be the quantity of the product required to prepare the reference amount of finished product. For example, 35 g would be the reference amount for a 35 g serving of hot chocolate powder used to make 250 mL of hot chocolate, as per directions provided for the preparation of the hot chocolate beverage [Item B.5, Beverages, Column 2, Table of Reference Amounts for Food].

Reference amounts refer only to the edible portion of the food and exclude any liquid in which the solid food may be packed or canned, unless the liquid is customarily consumed with the solid food. For example, the reference amounts for olives and feta cheese do not include the brine, only the olives and the cheese, whereas canned fruit packed in fruit juice includes the fruit juice. Pork ribs would not include the bones, only the meat.

The Table of Reference Amounts for Food, which includes twenty-four (24) different categories of food, is published by the Government of Canada and has been incorporated by reference (IBR) in the Food and Drug Regulations [B.01.001(1), FDR]. Instructions are provided in this table on how to determine and declare the serving size of multiple-serving prepackaged foods for the Nutrition Facts table.

The following excerpt from the Table of Reference Amounts for Food provides an example for "Peanut butter, nut butters and substitutes, such as coconut and soya butter"

Example of the Table of Reference Amounts for Food
Item Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
Product Category Reference Amount (RA) Table Note 1 A. Criteria to Determine the Serving of Stated Size for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products B. Units for Expressing the Serving of Stated Size for Multiple-Serving Prepackaged Products Table Note 3
HM (MM)
O.3 Peanut butter, nut butters and substitutes, such as coconut and soya butter 15 g
  • MM: RA
  • HM: number of tablespoons closest in weight in grams to the RA
# tbsp (15 g)

Table Notes

Table Note 1

Note 1 indicates that unless otherwise noted, the reference amounts are for ready-to-serve or almost ready-to-serve form of the food. If not listed separately, the reference amount for the unprepared form-such as dry mixes, is the amount required to make one reference amount of the prepared form. (Note 1 does not apply to this particular example)

Return to table note 1  referrer

Table Note 3

Note 3 provides the following additional guidance -"The terms piece(s) or unit(s), container, package (...), and other similar terms are used as generic descriptors". (Note 3 does not apply to this particular example).

Return to table note 3  referrer

The first heading "Item", O.3 indicates the category "O" for "Nuts and Seeds" and "3" is the third listing.

Column 1 indicates the specific Product Category "Peanut butter, nut butters and substitutes, such as coconut and soya butter".

Column 2 provides the reference amount (RA) – 15 g. Note 1 in this column provides additional guidance.

Column 3 is divided into two sub columns. Column 3A provides the instructions on how to determine the serving size for multiple-serving prepackaged products. It indicates "MM: RA" which means that the reference amount (RA) is the metric measure (MM). The household measure (HM) is the number of tablespoons closest in weight in grams to the 15 g RA. Column 3B indicates the units for expressing the serving size for multiple-serving prepackaged products. The household measure (HM) of "# tbsp" is always declared first followed by the metric measure (MM) in brackets (15 g). Note 3 in Column 3B provides additional guidance.

Additional Nutritional Information

The following Nutrition Facts table illustrates all core and additional information which may be declared in an NFt, including their order of presentation. Only the additional information included in Figure 18.1(E)&(F) or 19.1(B) of the Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats is permitted in the Nutrition Facts table. Declaration of additional information is often voluntary, but in some cases it is triggered and must be declared. See the section Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory for the list of triggers.

As well, refer to Foods Intended Solely for Infants Six Months of Age or Older but Less Than One Year of Age for details on additional information permitted or required for foods intended for this age group.

Figure 19.1(B) of the Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats

Figure 19.1(B) of the Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats. Description Follows
Description of Image - Figure 19 (B) of the Directory of Nutrition Facts Table Formats

Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Serving of stated Size, followed by HM open parenthesis MM close parenthesis forward slash Portion followed by MD open parenthesis MM close parenthesis. The next line is Servings Per Container followed by a placeholder for the number of servings and stacked below on the next line is Portions par contenant followed by a placeholder for the number of servings. There is a rule below the Portions par contenant that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calories in bold followed by a placeholder, also in bold, for the amount of Calories per serving of the product. This is followed by open parenthesis number symbol placeholder and letters lowercase k, uppercase J, close parenthesis. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Percent Daily Value has an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories information that ends after the amount placeholder in parentheses; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Total Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by a placeholder for amount of total fat followed by a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of fat followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash saturés and a placeholder for the amount of saturated fat followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line there is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by a placeholder for the amount of trans followed by a lowercase g. There is a placeholder for the combined percent Daily Value for saturated and trans fat which is right justified and vertically centred against the saturated and trans information on the left. It is followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Polyunsaturated, forward slash, polyinsaturés followed by a placeholder for the amount of polyunsaturated fat followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line under polyunsaturated is Omega-6, forward slash, oméga-6 followed by a placeholder for the amount of omega-6 followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line under Omega-6 is Omega-3, forward slash, oméga-3 followed by a placeholder for the amount of omega-3 followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Monounsaturated, forward slash, monoinsaturés followed by a placeholder for the amount of monounsaturated followed by a lowercase g. There is a thin rule below the monounsaturated information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Total Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by a placeholder for the amount of total carbohydrate followed by a lowercase g. The next line is Dietary Fibre, forward slash, Fibres alimentaires followed by a placeholder for the amount of dietary fibre followed by a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of dietary fibre followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line under dietary fibre is Soluble Fibre, forward slash, Fibres solubles followed by a placeholder for the amount of soluble fibre followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line under soluble fibre is Insoluble Fibre, forward slash, Fibres insolubles followed by a placeholder for the amount of insoluble fibre followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres followed by a placeholder for the amount of sugars followed by a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of sugars followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugar Alcohols, forward slash, Polyalcools followed by a placeholder for the amount of sugar alcohols followed by a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Starch, forward slash, Amidon followed by a placeholder for the amount of starch followed by a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the starch information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by a placeholder for amount of protein followed by a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by a placeholder for the amount of cholesterol followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of cholesterol followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by a placeholder for the amount of sodium followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of sodium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by a placeholder for the amount of potassium followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for percent Daily Value of potassium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by a placeholder for the amount of calcium followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of calcium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by a placeholder for the amount of iron followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of iron followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the iron information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin A, forward slash Vitamine A followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin A followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin A followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin A information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin C, forward slash Vitamine C followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin C followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin C followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin C information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin D, forward slash, Vitamine D followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin D followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of Vitamin D followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin D information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin E, forward slash, Vitamine E followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin E followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin E followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin E information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin K, forward slash, Vitamine K followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin K followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin K followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin K information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Thiamine followed by a placeholder for the amount of thiamine followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of thiamine followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the thiamine information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Riboflavin, forward slash, Riboflavine followed by a placeholder for the amount of riboflavin followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of riboflavin followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the riboflavin information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Niacin, forward slash, Niacine followed by a placeholder for the amount of niacin followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of niacin followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the niacin information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin B subscript 6, forward slash, Vitamine B subscript 6 followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin B subscript 6 followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin B subscript 6 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin B subscript 6 information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Folate followed by a placeholder for the amount of folate followed by the symbol µ, a lowercase g and the letters DFE, forward slash, and the letters ÉFA. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of folate followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the folate information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Vitamin B subscript 12, forward slash, Vitamine B subscript 12 followed by a placeholder for the amount of vitamin B subscript 12 followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of vitamin B subscript 12 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the vitamin B subscript 12 information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Biotin, forward slash, Biotine followed by a placeholder for the amount of biotin followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of biotin followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the biotin information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Pantothenate, forward slash, Pantothénate followed by a placeholder for the amount of pantothenate followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of pantothenate followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the pantothenate information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Choline followed by a placeholder for the amount of choline followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of choline followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the choline information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Phosphorous, forward slash, Phosphore followed by a placeholder for the amount of phosphorous followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of phosphorous followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the phosphorous information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iodide, forward slash Iode followed by a placeholder for the amount of iodide followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of iodide followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the iodide information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Magnesium, forward slash, Magnésium followed by a placeholder for the amount of magnesium followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of magnesium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the magnesium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Zinc followed by a placeholder for the amount of zinc followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of zinc followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the zinc information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Selenium, forward slash, Sélénium followed by a placeholder for the amount of selenium followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of selenium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the selenium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Copper, forward slash, Cuivre followed by a placeholder for the amount of copper followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of copper followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the copper information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Manganese, forward slash, Manganèse followed by a placeholder for the amount of manganese followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of manganese followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the manganese information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Chromium, forward slash, Chrome followed by a placeholder for the amount of chromium followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of chromium followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the chromium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Molybdenum, forward slash, Molybdène followed by a placeholder for the amount of molybdenum followed by the symbol µ, and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of molybdenum followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the molybdenum information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Chloride, forward slash, Chlorure followed by a placeholder for the amount of chloride followed by mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is a placeholder for the percent Daily Value of chloride followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the chloride information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, forward slash, asterisk 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu and stacked below is, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot, forward slash, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu' and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Legend

HM (MM): a placeholder for the serving of stated size where HM is the household measure (MD is mesure domestique in French) and MM is the metric measure.

##, ### and #### signs: a placeholder for the amount by weight, the number of Calories and, where applicable, the percentage of the daily value of nutrients per serving of stated size of the prepackaged product. The number of hashtags shown represents the number of numerals typically used for the value. These will vary depending on the manufacturer's specific product and its composition.

Additional Nutrition Information Table

The Additional Nutrition Information Table refers to all additional information that may be voluntarily included, or which must be included in the Nutrition Facts table if specifically required by the Regulations. This table is not an exact replica of the table in the FDR [B.01.402].

  1. Column 1 sets out the information in the same order as in the table following B.01.402 of the FDR and also prescribes, under the heading "Nomenclature", the terms that must be used for describing this information. It is a combination of columns 1, 2 and 3 from the tables set out in the Food and Drug Regulations. This column also sets out the units of measurement required for expressing the information.
  2. Column 2 sets out the manner of expression, including rounding rules for these values/amounts.
  3. Columns 3-5 provide a user-friendly resource to identify the correct rounding rules for quantities and % daily values.

Please note that serving size and % daily value (% DV) are important elements of the table below. The appropriate sections provide further information on these topics and will contribute to the proper use of the table.

Notes:

  • The serving of stated size set out in the NFt, expressed in the metric unit, is used as the basis for determining the information appearing in the NFt in respect to the energy value and nutrient content of the product [B.01.402(2.1)].
  • The percentage of daily value for a vitamin or mineral nutrient shown in the NFt is established on the basis of the amount by weight, of the vitamin or mineral nutrient per serving of stated size for the product, rounded off in the applicable manner set out in the table below [B.01.402(2.2)].
Rounding and Manner of Expression for Additional Nutrition Information
Required Information Rounding
Nomenclature and Units Manner of Expression Quantity Metric Unit DV

1. Servings per package

Nomenclature

"Servings per Container", "(number of units) per Container", "Servings per Package", "(number of units) per Package", "Servings per (naming the package type)", or "(number of units) per (naming the package type)"

Units

number of servings

(1) The quantity is rounded off

(a) when less than 2, to the nearest multiple of 1;

(b) when 2 to 5, to the nearest multiple of 0.5; and

(c) when more than 5, to the nearest multiple of 1

(2) If a quantity is rounded off, it shall be preceded by the word "about".

(3) If the product is of a random weight, the quantity may be declared as "varied".

< 2 servings or > 5 servings multiple of 1
≥ 2 to ≤ 5 servings multiple of 0.5

2. Energy value

Nomenclature

"kilojoules" or "kJ"

Units

kilojoules per serving of stated size

to the nearest multiple of 10 kilojoules nearest 10 kilojoules
3. and 4.   Repealed

5. Amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Polyunsaturated Fat", "Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", "Polyunsaturated" or "Polyunsaturates"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

6. Amount of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

(1) If the table includes the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids: "Omega-6", or any listed in (2) below

(2) In all other cases, "Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fat", "Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", "Omega-6 Polyunsaturates" or "Omega-6 Polyunsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when more than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

7. Amount of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

(1) If the table includes the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids: "Omega-3", or any listed in (2) below

(2) In all other cases, "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fat", "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", "Omega-3 Polyunsaturates" or "Omega-3 Polyunsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off
(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when greater than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g

8. Amount of monounsaturated fatty acids

Nomenclature

"Monounsaturated Fat", "Monounsaturated Fatty Acids", "Monounsaturates" or "Monounsaturated"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 1 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 g;

(b) when 1 g to 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 g; and

(c) when greater than 5 g, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 1 g nearest 0.1 g
≥ 1 g to ≤ 5 g nearest 0.5 g
> 5 g nearest 1 g
9. Repealed

10. Amount of soluble fibre

Nomenclature

"Soluble Fibre" or "Soluble Fiber"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

11. Amount of insoluble fibre

Nomenclature

"Insoluble Fibre" or "Insoluble Fiber"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

12. Amount of sugar alcohol

Nomenclature

(1) If the food contains only one type of sugar alcohol: "Sugar Alcohol", "Polyol" or "(naming the sugar alcohol)"

(2) In all other cases "Sugar Alcohols" or "Polyols"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

13. Amount of starch

Nomenclature

"Starch"

Units

grams per serving of stated size

The amount is rounded off

(a) when less than 0.5 g, to "0 g"; and

(b) when 0.5 g or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 g

< 0.5 g g
≥ 0.5 g nearest 1 g

14. Amount of Vitamin A

Nomenclature

"Vitamin A" or "Vit A"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 5 µg or more but less than 50 µg, to the nearest multiple of 10 µg


(c) when 50 µg or more but less than 250 µg, to the nearest multiple of 50 µg; and

(d) when 250 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 100 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and


(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 µg µg 0 %
≥ 5 µg to < 50 µg nearest 10 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 µg to < 250 µg nearest 50 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 250 µg nearest 100 µg nearest 1 %

15. Amount of Vitamin C

Nomenclature

"Vitamin C" or "Vit C"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.1 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.1 mg or more but less than 1 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.2 mg;

(c) when 1 mg or more but less than 5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 mg; and

(d) when 5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.1 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.1 mg to < 1 mg nearest 0.2 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 1 mg to < 5 mg nearest 0.5 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 5 mg nearest 1 mg nearest 1 %

16. Amount of Vitamin D

Nomenclature

"Vitamin D" or "Vit D"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.1 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.1 µg or more but less than 1 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.2 µg;

(c) when 1 µg or more but less than 5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg; and

(d) when 5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.1 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.1 µg to < 1 µg nearest 0.2 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 1 µg to < 5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 5 µg nearest 1 µg nearest 1 %

17. Amount of Vitamin E

Nomenclature

"Vitamin E" or "Vit E"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 mg;

(c) when 0.5 mg or more but less than 2.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 mg; and

(d) when 2.5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.5 mg nearest 0.1 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 mg to < 2.5 mg nearest 0.25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 mg nearest 0.5 mg nearest 1 %

18. Amount of Vitamin K

Nomenclature

"Vitamin K" or "Vit K"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.05 µg or more but less than 0.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 µg;

(c) when 0.5 µg or more but less than 2.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 µg; and

(d) when 2.5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.05 µg to < 0.5 µg nearest 0.1 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 µg to < 2.5 µg nearest 0.25 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %

19. Amount of Thiamine

Nomenclature

"Thiamine", "Thiamin", "Thiamine (Vitamin B1)", "Thiamine (Vit B1)", "Thiamin (Vitamin B1)" or "Thiamin (Vit B1)"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.005 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.005 mg or more but less than 0.05 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 mg;

(c) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.25 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.025 mg; and

(d) when 0.25 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.005 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.005 mg to < 0.05 mg nearest 0.01 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.25 mg nearest 0.025 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.25 mg nearest 0.05 mg nearest 1 %

20. Amount of riboflavin

Nomenclature

"Riboflavin", "Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)" or "Riboflavin (Vit B2)"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.005 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.005 mg or more but less than 0.05 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 mg;

(c) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.25 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.025 mg; and

(d) when 0.25 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.005 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.005 mg to < 0.05 mg nearest 0.01 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.25 mg nearest 0.025 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.25 mg nearest 0.05 mg nearest 1 %

21. Amount of niacin

Nomenclature

"Niacin"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 mg;

(c) when 0.5 mg or more but less than 2.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 mg; and

(d) when 2.5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.5 mg nearest 0.1 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 mg to < 2.5 mg nearest 0.25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 mg nearest 0.5 mg nearest 1 %

22. Amount of vitamin B6

Nomenclature

"Vitamin B6" or "Vit B6"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.005 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.005 mg or more but less than 0.05 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 mg;

(c) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.25 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.025 mg; and

(d) when 0.25 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.005 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.005 mg to < 0.05 mg nearest 0.01 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.25 mg nearest 0.025 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.25 mg nearest 0.05 mg nearest 1 %

23. Amount of folate

Nomenclature

"Folate"

Units

(1) micrograms of dietary folate equivalents (DFE) per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms of dietary folate equivalents (DFE) is rounded off:

(a) when less than 1 µg DFE, to "0 µg DFE";

(b) when 1 µg DFE or more but less than 10 µg DFE, to the nearest multiple of 2 µg DFE;

(c) when 10 µg DFE or more but less than 50 µg DFE, to the nearest multiple of 5 µg DFE; and

(d) when 50 µg DFE or more, to the nearest multiple of 10 µg DFE

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg DFE, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 1 µg DFE µg DFE 0 %
≥ 1 µg DFE to < 10 µg DFE nearest 2 µg DFE nearest 1 %

≥ 10 µg DFE to < 50 µg DFE

nearest 5 µg DFE

nearest 1 %
≥ 50 µg DFE nearest 10 µg DFE nearest 1 %

24. Amount of vitamin B12

Nomenclature

"Vitamin B12" or "Vit B12"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.005 µg, to "0 µg ";

(b) when 0.005 µg or more but less than 0.05 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 µg;

(c) when 0.05 µg or more but less than 0.25 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.025 µg; and

(d) when 0.25 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.005 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.005 µg to < 0.05 µg nearest 0.01 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 µg to < 0.25 µg nearest 0.025 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.25 µg nearest 0.05 µg nearest 1 %

25. Amount of biotin

Nomenclature

"Biotin"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.05 µg or more but less than 0.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 µg;

(c) when 0.5 µg or more but less than 2.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 µg; and

(d) when 2.5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.05 µg to < 0.5 µg nearest 0.1 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 µg to < 2.5 µg nearest 0.25 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %

26. Amount of pantothenic acid

Nomenclature

"Pantothenic Acid" or "Pantothenate"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.01 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.01 mg or more but less than 0.1 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.02 mg;

(c) when 0.1 mg or more but less than 0.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 mg; and

(d) when 0.5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.01 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.01 mg to < 0.1 mg nearest 0.02 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.1 mg to < 0.5 mg nearest 0.05 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 mg nearest 0.1 mg nearest 1 %

27. Amount of choline

Nomenclature

"Choline"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 1 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 1 mg or more but less than 10 mg, to the nearest multiple of 2 mg;

(c) when 10 mg or more but less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 5 mg; and

(d) when 50 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 1 mg mg 0 %
≥ 1 mg to < 10 mg nearest 2 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 10 mg to < 50 mg nearest 5 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %

28. Amount of phosphorus

Nomenclature

"Phosphorus"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 5 mg or more but less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg;

(c) when 50 mg or more but less than 250 mg, to the nearest multiple of 25 mg; and

(d) when 250 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 50 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 mg mg 0 %
≥ 5 mg to < 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %

≥ 50 mg to < 250 mg

nearest 25 mg

nearest 1 %
≥ 250 mg nearest 50 mg nearest 1 %

29. Amount of iodide

Nomenclature

"Iodide" or "Iodine"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 1 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 1 µg or more but less than 10 µg, to the nearest multiple of 2 µg;

(c) when 10 µg or more but less than 50 µg, to the nearest multiple of 5 µg; and

(d) when 50 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 10 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 1 µg µg 0 %
≥ 1 µg to < 10 µg nearest 2 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 10 µg to < 50 µg nearest 5 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 µg nearest 10 µg nearest 1 %

30. Amount of magnesium

Nomenclature

"Magnesium"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 1 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 1 mg or more but less than 10 mg, to the nearest multiple of 2 mg;

(c) when 10 mg or more but less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 5 mg; and

(d) when 50 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 1 mg mg 0 %
≥ 1 mg to < 10 mg nearest 2 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 10 mg to < 50 mg nearest 5 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %

31. Amount of zinc

Nomenclature

"Zinc"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 mg;

(c) when 0.5 mg or more but less than 2.5 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 mg; and

(d) when 2.5 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.5 mg nearest 0.1  mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 mg to < 2.5 mg nearest 0.25  mg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 mg nearest 0.5  mg nearest 1 %

32. Amount of selenium

Nomenclature

"Selenium"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.1 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.1 µg or more but less than 1 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.2 µg;

(c) when 1 µg or more but less than 5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg; and

(d) when 5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 1 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.1 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.1 µg to < 1 µg nearest 0.2 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 1 µg to < 5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 5 µg nearest 1 µg nearest 1 %

33. Amount of copper

Nomenclature

"Copper"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.0015 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.0015 mg or more but less than 0.025 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.002 mg;

(c) when 0.025 mg or more but less than 0.05 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.005 mg; and

(d) when 0.05 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.0015 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.0015 mg to < 0.025 mg nearest 0.002 mg nearest 1 %

≥ 0.025 mg to < 0.05 mg

nearest 0.005 mg

nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 mg nearest 0.01  mg nearest 1 %

34. Amount of manganese

Nomenclature

"Manganese"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.005 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 0.005 mg or more but less than 0.05 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.01 mg;

(c) when 0.05 mg or more but less than 0.25 mg, to the nearest multiple of 0.025 mg; and

(d) when 0.25 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.05 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.005 mg mg 0 %
≥ 0.005 mg to < 0.05 mg nearest 0.01 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.05 mg to < 0.25 mg nearest 0.025 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.25 mg nearest 0.05 mg nearest 1 %

35. Amount of chromium

Nomenclature

"Chromium"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.05 µg or more but less than 0.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 µg;

(c) when 0.5 µg or more but less than 2.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 µg; and

(d) when 2.5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 µg

µg

0 %

≥ 0.05 µg to < 0.5 µg

nearest 0.1 µg

nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 µg to < 2.5 µg nearest 0.25 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %

36. Amount of molybdenum

Nomenclature

"Molybdenum"

Units

(1) micrograms per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in micrograms is rounded off:

(a) when less than 0.05 µg, to "0 µg";

(b) when 0.05 µg or more but less than 0.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.1 µg;

(c) when 0.5 µg or more but less than 2.5 µg, to the nearest multiple of 0.25 µg; and

(d) when 2.5 µg or more, to the nearest multiple of 0.5 µg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 µg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 0.05 µg µg 0 %
≥ 0.05 µg to < 0.5 µg nearest 0.1 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 0.5 µg to < 2.5 µg nearest 0.25 µg nearest 1 %
≥ 2.5 µg nearest 0.5 µg nearest 1 %

37. Amount of chloride

Nomenclature

"Chloride"

Units

(1) milligrams per serving of stated size; and

(2) percentage of the daily value per serving of stated size

(1) The amount in milligrams is rounded off:

(a) when less than 5 mg, to "0 mg";

(b) when 5 mg or more but less than 50 mg, to the nearest multiple of 10 mg;

(c) when 50 mg or more but less than 250 mg, to the nearest multiple of 25 mg; and

(d) when 250 mg or more, to the nearest multiple of 50 mg

(2) The percentage is rounded off:

(a) if the amount is declared as 0 mg, to "0 %"; and

(b) in all other cases, to the nearest multiple of 1 %

< 5 mg mg 0 %
≥ 5 mg to < 50 mg nearest 10 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 50 mg to < 250 mg nearest 25 mg nearest 1 %
≥ 250 mg nearest 50 mg nearest 1 %

Triggers: When Additional Information is Mandatory

The declaration of additional information is generally optional. In addition, the declaration of one nutrient does not necessarily trigger the declaration of other nutrients, unless specifically required by the Regulations.

However, in certain cases, manufacturers may be required to declare certain nutrients in the additional information list in the Nutrition Facts table.

In the following cases, the declaration of "additional information", which is generally optional, becomes mandatory:

  1. The amount of omega-6, omega-3 and monounsaturated fatty acids must all be declared when the amount of any one of these, either on the label or in any advertisement, is declared. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are not required to be declared, but when shown, triggers the three declarations previously mentioned. The amount of any specifically named fatty acid (e.g. linoleic acid), whether on the label outside the Nutrition Facts table or in any advertisement, also triggers the same three declarations [B.01.402(3)];
  2. Any nutrient set out in the table to B.01.402 must be declared when there is any representation (e.g., any mention, reference, indication, statement, claim, etc.) regarding the amount of nutrient anywhere on the label, or in any advertisement made or placed by the manufacturer of the product. Concerning the list of ingredients, it is important to note that this information is also considered a "representation". However, one must pay close attention to the wording of the item in column 1 in the table following B.01.402 when determining if additional information is triggered in the NFt. For example, item 30 of the table states "amount of magnesium". Therefore, if the food additive magnesium carbonate was declared in the list of ingredients, it would not trigger the declaration of the amount of magnesium in the NFt. A representation of the amount of magnesium would need to be present in the list of ingredients in order for B.01.402(4) to apply in this case (e.g., "x amount of magnesium").
  3. Any sugar alcohol, vitamin or mineral nutrient (except for iodide added to salt and fluoride added to prepackaged water and ice) added to a prepackaged food must be declared [B.01.402(6)]. Sugar alcohols (also known as polyols) include erythritol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSH), isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, maltitol syrup, mannitol, sorbitol, sorbitol syrup, and xylitol; and
  4. Vitamin or mineral nutrients must be declared when shown as a component of one of the ingredients (except flour) of a prepackaged product [B.01.402(7)]. For example, in a yogurt product made with milk that has been fortified with vitamin D, the amount of vitamin D must be declared in the NFt.

Declaring Nutrition Information in the Nutrition Facts Table

Values Declared in the Nutrition Facts Table

The CFIA uses the Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test to assess the accuracy of the nutrient values on food labels and in advertising via laboratory analysis.

It is the company's responsibility to ensure that the nutrient values presented in the NFt are accurate. There are different ways to generate these values including the use of validated analytical methods by laboratories or calculation by using credible databases or software. Lab analysis is generally the most accurate method of determining the nutritional profile of a given food,; however, calculation may also be used if the manufacturer is confident that the results are accurate. The manufacturer must take into account various factors when choosing how to determine the nutrition values including the nature of the food, possible processing losses, seasonal variations, geographical variations, variable formulations, and so forth. The manufacturer should choose the risk management strategy best suited to the foods to be labelled.

To analyze a product, the CFIA recommends using an accredited laboratory that uses validated methods for the food to be analyzed. The methods should be listed on the laboratory's scope of accreditation. A list of accredited laboratories can be accessed through the Standards Council of Canada (SCC) or the Canadian Association for Laboratory Accreditation (CALA) web sites.

The Food and Drug Regulations do not set out which lab methods are to be used to determine the nutrition values to include in the Nutrition Facts table. In assessing compliance, the CFIA currently uses accredited methods that are based on AOAC standard methods or are in-house developed and validated in accordance with internationally accepted guidelines. As new methodologies become available, the CFIA develops and validates new test procedures for nutritional evaluation. The methods should be validated for the foods being analyzed.

A list of validated laboratory methods and techniques can be found in Appendix 4 of CFIA's Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test.

The CFIA will not be approving or recognizing any database values or systems for use in generating nutrition data on foods. Manufacturers should research the available options if they choose to use databases or calculation software and ensure that the values generated accurately reflect the nutritional profile of the food being represented. In general, some analyses are recommended to verify the accuracy of the calculations resulting from the use of a database.

For more information on getting accurate nutrient values, refer to Health Canada's Guide to Developing Accurate Nutrient Values.

For more information on specific values found in the NFt, please refer to the section Elements within the Nutrition Facts Table.

Rounding Rules

Figures are rounded according to the rules outlined in the Core Nutrition Information Table and the Additional Nutrition Information Table, which correspond to column 4 of the table following B.01.401 and of the table following B.01.402 in the FDR, respectively.

Some general rounding rules to note:

  • When the first decimal place beyond the required number of significant figures is less than five, round the final significant figure downward by one unit (e.g. 984.49 rounds down to become 984)
  • When the first decimal place beyond the required number of significant figures is five or greater, round the final significant figure upward by one unit (e.g. 984.50 rounds up to become 985)
  • For vitamin and mineral nutrients (e.g., sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, thiamin, niacin), rounding of the amount, by weight, must be done before the calculation of the % daily value (% DV) [B.01.401(1.2), B.01.402(2.2) FDR]
  • For macronutrients (i.e., fat, fibre, sugars, cholesterol and the sum of saturated and trans fat), the % DV calculation can be done using the rounded or unrounded amount, by weight.
  • Although companies may decide to round the amounts, by weight, of macronutrients either before or after the calculation of the % DV, they are also responsible for meeting the Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test.

Declaring Nutrients Outside the Nutrition Facts Table

Quantitative declarations of energy value and the amount of nutrients per serving of stated size are also permitted outside the Nutrition Facts table, on labels or in advertisements. Please refer to Quantitative Declarations Outside the Nutrition Facts Table for more information.

Daily Intake

Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K)

The Reasonable Daily Intake is used to evaluate, for regulatory purposes, the nutritional contribution of specific foods to the diet. Reasonable Daily Intakes are used as the basis for determining the amounts of vitamin and mineral nutrients that may be present in the food when they are added. A food's protein rating is determined from the quality of the protein (i.e., the protein efficiency ratio) and the quantity of protein provided by a Reasonable Daily Intake.

The Reasonable Daily Intake for most foods is considered to be one average serving of the food. However, in the case of foods such as milk, bread or butter, where several servings may be consumed daily, a reasonable intake has been estimated considering the food habits of Canadians.

A "Reasonable Daily Intake" of a food named in column I of Schedule K, is the amount of that food set out in column II.

Table: Reasonable Daily Intake for Various Foods (Schedule K of the FDR)
Item column I
Name and Description
column II
Reasonable Daily Intake
1. Alimentary Pastes, dry oz. 85 g
2. Bacon (side), simulated meat product that resembles side bacon, (cooked) oz. 28 g
3. Beverage Bases and Mixes, Flavoured, for Addition to Milk (ready-to-serve) 16 floz. 454 ml
4. Bread, 5 slices 5.3 oz. 150 g
5. Butter oz. 57 g
6. Buttermilk 30 floz. 852 ml
7. Cereals, Breakfast or Infant oz. 28 g
8. Cereals, puffed 0.5 oz. 14 g
9. Cheese (other than Cottage Cheese) oz. 57 g
10. Cheese, Cottage 3.5 oz. 100 g
11. Condensed Milk 15 floz. 426 ml
12. Cream, whipping oz. 57 g
13. Egg, yolk-replaced egg 3.5 oz. 100 g
14. Evaporated Milk, Evaporated Skim Milk, Evaporated Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz.
(reconstituted to original volume)
852 ml
(reconstituted to original volume)
15. Fish, Shell Fish 3.5 oz. 100 g
16. Fruits, dried oz. 57 g
17. Fruits, (other than banana, lemon, lime, watermelon) 3.5 oz. 100 g
18. Fruits, Banana 5.3 oz. 150 g
19. Fruits, Lemon 1.8 oz. 50 g
20. Fruits, Lime 1.8 oz. 50 g
21. Fruits, Watermelon oz. 200 g
22. Fruit Drinks, Fruit Nectars (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
23. Fruit Drink Bases, Mixes and Concentrates (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
24. Fruit Juices (other than lemon juice and lime juice) floz. 114 ml
25. Fruit Juices, Lemon floz. 28 ml
26. Fruit Juices, Lime floz. 28 ml
27. Ice Cream, Ice Milk 3.5 oz. 100 g
28. Infant Formulas, Prepared (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
29. Instant Breakfast, Ready Breakfast (ready-to-serve) As directed by label As directed by label
30. Margarine oz. 57 g
31. Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
32. Meat Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
33. Extended Meat Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
34. Milk, whole 30 floz. 852 ml
35. Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 floz. 852 ml
36. (naming the flavour) Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
37. Molasses 1.5 oz. 43 g
38. Nuts oz. 28 g
39. Peanut Butter oz. 28 g
40. Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
41. Extended Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
42. Poultry Product Extenders 3.5 oz. 100 g
43. Simulated Meat Products excluding a simulated meat product that resembles side bacon 3.5 oz. 100 g
44. Simulated Poultry Products 3.5 oz. 100 g
45. Skim Milk, Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
46. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
47. Skim Milk Powder, Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (reconstituted and ready-to-serve) 30 floz. 852 ml
48. Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 floz. 852 ml
49. (naming the flavour) Skim Milk with Added Milk Solids, (naming the flavour) Partly Skimmed Milk with Added Milk Solids 30 floz. 852 ml
50. Soup (ready-to-serve) floz. 200 ml
51. Sterilized Milk 30 floz. 852 ml
52. Vegetable Juices floz. 114 ml
53. Vegetable Drinks floz. 114 ml
54. Vegetable Drink Concentrates, Mixes and Bases (ready-to-serve) floz. 114 ml
55. Vegetable (other than baked beans and cooked potatoes) 3.5 oz. 100 g
56. Vegetables, baked beans 8.5 oz. 250 g
57. Vegetables, cooked potatoes oz. 200 g
58. Yeast 0.5 oz. 14 g
59. Yogurt, plain oz. 150 g

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intakes (WRNI) became part of the Food and Drug Regulations in 1996. They are considered to represent the nutritional needs of the total population because they are weighted according to the age and sex distribution of the Canadian population.
The Weighted Recommended Nutrient intake is used to determine whether a food provides a sufficient amount of a nutrient to qualify for a health claim, for example, a health claim pertaining to:

  • sodium, potassium and hypertension [item 1 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR], and
  • saturated fat, trans fat, and heart disease [item 3 (b) in column 2 of the table following B.01.603, FDR]
Table: Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Vitamins [Table II to Part D, Division 1, FDR]
Item column I
Vitamin
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Biotin µg 90
2. Folacin µg 195
3. Niacin NE 16
4. Pantothenic Acid mg 5.0
5. Riboflavin mg 1.2
6. Thiamine mg 1.0
7. Vitamin A RE 870
8. Vitamin B6 mg 1.0
9. Vitamin B12 µg 1.0
10. Vitamin C mg 34
11. Vitamin D µg 3.0
12. Vitamin E mg 7.0
Table: Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake for Mineral Nutrients [Table II to Part D, Division 2, FDR]
Item Column I
Mineral Nutrient
Column II
Units
Column III
Amount
1. Calcium mg 780
2. Iodide µg 155
3. Iron mg 10
4. Phosphorus mg 885
5. Magnesium mg 210
6. Zinc mg 10

µg = micrograms
NE = niacin equivalents
mg = milligrams
RE = retinol equivalents

Daily Value and % Daily Value

The Daily Value (DV) is the reference point upon which the % Daily Value is based. The Daily Values are also used to set criteria for the nutrient content claims for vitamins and mineral nutrients. The Daily Value is the quantity applicable to a nutrient according to the Table of Daily Values [B.01.001(1), B.01.001.1(2), FDR]. The Table of Daily Values is a two-part table that sets out the recommended amounts of nutrients for specific age groups.

Part 1 of the table sets out the Daily Values for macronutrients and sodium for the following age groups:

  • Food intended solely for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age (column 2); and
  • Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age, or for children four years of age or older, and for adults (column 3).

Part 2 of the table sets out the Daily Values for vitamin and mineral nutrients for the following age groups:

  • Food intended solely for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age (column 2);
  • Food intended for infants six months of age or older but less than one year of age, or children one year of age or older but less than four years of age (column 3); and
  • Any other case (column 4).

This Table of Daily Values document is incorporated by reference (IbR) in the Food and Drug Regulations.

The % Daily Value is a relative amount of the nutrient in a serving compared to an amount recommended to be consumed in the daily diet. For example, 10 % DV Calcium means: 1 serving of this food provides 10 % of the Calcium a person should consume in one day.

The % Daily Value of the nutrient in one serving, rounded as indicated in the Core Nutrition Information Table and Additional Nutrition Information Table, is declared in the Nutrition Facts table. It is calculated as:

% Daily Value = Amount of nutrient per serving ÷ Daily Value of nutrient X 100

For nutrients present in a food in quantities greater than 100 percent of the Daily Value, the true percentage must be declared (e.g., 110 % DV), taking into account the rounding rules.

The following example indicates how to calculate the % Daily Value of fat, the sum of saturated and trans fats, and minerals, using the Nutrition Labelling Table of Daily Values: Part 1 – Daily values for macronutrients and sodium and Part 2 – Daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients.

1 cup (250 ml) of tomato soup (ready to serve) contains:

  • 3.83 g fat
  • 0.970 g saturated fat
  • 0.060 g trans fat
  • 15.49 g sugars
  • 649 mg sodium
  • 326 mg potassium
  • 33 micrograms (µg) Vitamin A RAE
  • 16 micrograms (µg) DFE folate

To express these quantities as a percentage of the Daily Value, divide the amount of each nutrient by the Daily Value, as applicable for that nutrient, and multiply by 100. Note that the figures are rounded as specified in the Core Nutrition Information Table and Additional Nutrition Information Table. The percent Daily Values below are calculated using the amounts after rounding. (Note: since this example is a food intended for children one year of age or older and adults, the Daily Values in column 3 (Food intended for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults) in Part 1 – Daily values for macronutrients and sodium and column 4 (Any other case) in Part 2 – Daily values for vitamin and mineral nutrients are used.

  • For Total Fat:
    Daily Value: 75 g
    3.83 g is rounded to 4.0 g
    4 / 75 x 100 = 5.33 % is rounded to 5 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 3 in the Core Nutrition Information Table.
  • For Saturated Fat:
    0.970 g is rounded to 1.0 g as per rounding rules in Item 4 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Trans Fat:
    0.060 g is rounded to 0.1 g as per rounding rules in Item 5 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Saturated Fat + Trans Fat:
    Daily Value: 20 g
    1.1 g (consisting of 1.0 g saturated fat and 0.1 g trans fat)
    1.1 / 20 x 100 = 5.5 % is rounded to 6 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 6 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Sugars:
    Daily Value: 100 g
    15.49 g is rounded to 15 g
    15 /100 x 100 = 15 % is rounded to 15 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 11 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Sodium:
    Daily Value: 2300 mg
    649 mg is rounded to 650 mg
    650 / 2300 x 100 = 28.26 % is rounded to 28 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 8 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Potassium:
    Daily Value: 4700 mg
    326 mg is rounded 350 g
    350/4700 x 100 = 7.447 % is rounded to 7 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 13 in the Core Nutrition Information Table
  • For Vitamin A RAE:
    Daily Value: 900 µg
    33 µg is rounded to 30 µg
    30/900 µg x 100 = 3.33 % is rounded to 3 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 14 in the Additional Nutrition Information Table
  • For Folate:
    Daily Value: 400 µg DFE
    16 µg is rounded to 15 µg DFE
    15 / 400 x 100 = 3.75 % DV is rounded to 4 % DV as per rounding rules in Item 23 in the Additional Nutrition Information Table

It is the manufacturer's responsibility to ensure that the declared nutrient value accurately reflects the nutrient content of the product. For vitamins and minerals (e.g., sodium, potassium, vitamin A and folate), the % DV is based on the rounded amount, by weight, of each nutrient [B.01.401 (1.2), B.01.402 (2.2), FDR]. For the macronutrients (e.g., Total Fat, Saturated Fat + Trans Fat, Sugars), the manufacturer may calculate the % DV based on rounded or unrounded amounts, by weight, of each nutrient. When deciding whether to use the unrounded or rounded amounts, by weight, for the purposes of calculating the % DV of the macronutrients, the manufacturer should consider the % DV that will fall within the acceptable tolerances (as stated in the Nutrition Labelling Compliance Test), provide the greatest consistency on the food label, and prevent any unnecessary consumer confusion.

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