HACCP Generic Model for Sprouts Grown In Water
Example of Completed Form 5: Biological Hazards Identification

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Pathogenic microorganisms where indicated in the generic model may include: Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7), viruses (Hepatitis A virus, Norovirus, and Rotavirus), and parasites (Cyclospora spp. and Cryptosporidium spp.)

Process/product type name: Sprouts that are grown in water: alfalfa, onion sprouts, mung beans, etc.
List all Biological hazards related to ingredients, incoming material, processing, product flow, etc.
Identified Biological Hazards (Bacteria, parasites, viruses, etc.)Controlled at
Seeds - Presence of pathogenic microorganisms from contamination in the field, harvest or transport. -Transportation and Storage B2.1.3 (of the FSEP Manual)
- Section 1.4.1 (of the guidance document)
Seeds - Presence of visible contamination (e.g., pests, insects, rodents' and birds' droppings, moulds). -Transportation and Storage B2.1.3
- Section 1.4.1
Water/well water - Water not meeting Health Canada's Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality and any applicable provincial or municipal requirements, resulting in the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. - Premises A 4.1.1
- Section 3.4.1
Well water - Inadequate addition of chlorine resulting in failure to eliminate the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. - Premises A4.1.1
- Section 3.4.1
Packaging materials - Presence of pathogenic microorganisms due to contamination by faecal material from birds, rodents and insects. -Transportation and Storage B2.1.3
- Section 1.4.2
Packaging materials, seeds - Presence of pathogenic microorganisms from soiled/damaged or improperly handled packaging materials at the source. -Transportation and Storage B2.1.3
Section 1.4.2
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to improper employee handling or hygiene. - Personnel D1.1.1 and D2.1.1
- Section 5.1.1 and 5.2.1
1 Receiving - Acceptance of incoming materials and ingredients not meeting specifications (i.e., not meeting standards as described on the specification sheet for each incoming ingredient and/or material). -Transportation and Storage B2.1.3
- Section 1.4.1 and 1.4.2
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to contamination from overhead structures. - Premises A2.1.1 and A2.1.2
- Sanitation and Pest control E1.1.1
- Sections 3.2.1, 3.2.3 and 4.1.1
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. 13. 14. 15, 16, 17, 18 - Contamination of product with pathogenic microorganisms from contaminated air (ventilation system). - Premises A2.3.1
- Section 3.2.3
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. 13. 14. 15, 16, 17, 18 - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to contact with pests (insects, rodents, birds). - Sanitation and Pest control E2.1.1
- Section 4.2.1
4, 5 - Contamination of seeds and/or packaging material with pathogenic microorganisms due to exposed packaging material/damaged packaging resulting from improper storage procedures. - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Section 6.2.1
4, 17 - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms and moulds due to inappropriate storage temperatures/humidity (damp storage conditions). - Transportation and Storage - B2.2.1 and B2.2.2
- Section 6.2.1 and 6.2.3
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms from containers, tools and equipment that have not been properly cleaned and disinfected. - Sanitation and Pest control E1.1.1
- Section 4.1.1
7 Initial rinse - Presence of pathogenic microorganisms on seeds as a result of improper rinsing (e.g., inadequate volume of water, inadequate agitation, inadequate surface in contact with water, or inadequate number of rinses [i.e. not continuing to rinse until the rinse water remains clear]). - 8 Antimicrobial Treatment of Seeds
CCP-1B
8 Antimicrobial treatment for seeds - Survival of pathogenic microorganisms (Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7) due to improper disinfection (e.g., inadequate concentration of antimicrobial treatment solution, inadequate contact time of seeds with antimicrobial treatment solution, inadequate agitation, inadequate volume of antimicrobial treatment solution, inadequate water temperature). - CCP-1B
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 - Cross-contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to inadequate operational separation between areas (i.e., employee hygiene procedures between areas, boot dips, floor sprays etc.). - Premises A2.1.81
- Section 3.2.1
9, 10, 11 - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse (i.e., use of warm rinse water / warm room). - 13 Final Rinse and Cooling/Dehulling CCP-3BC
10 Pre-germination soak and rinse - Presence of pathogenic microorganisms as a result of inadequate rinsing after soaking (i.e., after soaking in warm water in a warm room has resulted in bacterial growth). - 13 Final Rinse and Cooling/Dehulling CCP-3BC
11 Germination - Cross-contamination of sprouting seeds with pathogenic microorganisms due to backflow or cross-connected pipe. - Premises A2.1.1
- Section 3.4.1
13 Final Rinse and Cooling/Dehulling - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse as a result of delays between harvesting and final rinse and/or cooling/dehulling. - CCP-3BC
13 Final Rinse and Cooling/Dehulling - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse as a result of elevated water temperature, insufficient flow and/or insufficient volume to ensure water temperature remains cold and cools sprouts. - CCP-3BC
13 Final Rinse and Cooling/Dehulling - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse as a result of insufficient cold water changes/changeovers during rinsing and/or use of warm water during rinsing. - CCP-3BC
14 - Removal of Water/Draining - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse (i.e., activity is occurring in a warm room). - Transportation and Storage B2.2.1
- Section 1.8.1
15 Bulk cooling - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse (i.e., inadequate cooling). - Transportation and Storage B2.2.1
- Section 1.8.1
16 Packaging/Labelling/Coding - Contamination of sprouts with pathogenic microorganisms from packaging material as a result of damage or soiling of containers/packaging material during storage. - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Section 1.5.1 and 6.2.1
16 Packaging/Labelling/Coding- Failure to apply correct/legible code date, resulting in inability to recall product. - Recall F1.2.1
- Section 1.7.1 and 8.2.1
17 Storage - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse (i.e., inappropriate temperatures/ humidity in storage). - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Sections 6.2.3 and 3.2.3
17 Storage - Contamination of sprouts with pathogenic microorganisms due to inadequate separation from incoming ingredients and materials (e.g., seeds, packaging materials, other raw products). - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Section 6.2.3
17 Storage - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to excess time of storage (i.e. product stored past “Best Before” date and/or stock not rotated properly). - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Section 6.2.3
17 Storage - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms in storage due to damaged containers resulting from improper storage procedures. - Transportation and Storage B2.2.2
- Section 6.2.3
17 Storage - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms in storage due to damaged containers resulting from improper employee hygiene and/or handling procedures. - Personnel D1.1.1 and D2.1.1
- Sections 5.1.1and 5.2.1
18 Shipping - Growth of pathogenic microorganisms due to time/temperature abuse (i.e., inadequate control of temperature of room or carrier). - Transportation and Storage B1.1.1 and B2.2.2
- Section 6.1.2
18 Shipping - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to damaged containers as a result of improper loading and shipping procedures. - Transportation and Storage B1.1.1 and B1.1.2
- Section 6.1.1
18 Shipping - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms due to damaged containers as a result of improper employee handling and/or hygiene procedures. - Personnel - D1.1.1 and D2.1.1
- Sections 5.1.1 and 5.2.1
18 Shipping - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms as a result of loading sprouts onto a carrier that is unacceptable for the transportation of food (e.g., cleanliness of carrier, state of repair of carrier).. - Transportation and Storage B1.1.1
- Section 6.1.1
18 Shipping - Contamination with pathogenic microorganisms as a result of transporting sprouts on the same carrier as non-ready-to-eat products (e.g. raw meat). - Transportation and Storage B1.1.1
- Section 6.1.1
Form 4 - Plant Schematic - B1 - Entrance to germination room and B2 - Entrance to packaging room - Improper employee hygienic procedures between rooms resulting in contamination with pathogenic microorganisms. (i.e., improper use of foot dips / hand dips / change of clothing).
Note: B1 and B2 should appear on Form 4 - Plant Schematic
- Personnel D1.1.1 and D2.1.1
- Section 5.1.1 and 5.2.1
Form 4 - Plant Schematic - B2 - Entrance to germination room and B2 - Entrance to packaging room - Concentration of sanitizers in hand dips / foot dips inadequate to control pathogenic microorganisms.
Note: B1 and B2 should appear on Form 4 - Plant Schematic
- Premises A2.1.1
- Section 3.2.1
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