The Technical Heat Treatment Guidelines and Operating Conditions Manual

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7th Revision

Table of Contents

Contact and Review

This document will be updated as required. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

Amendment Record

Number of amendment:

Amended by:

Date of submission for approval of amendment:

Summary of amendment and number of amended page(s):

Distribution

  1. Directive mail list (Regions, Areas, PHRA)
  2. Provincial Government, Industry (via Regions)
  3. National Industry Organizations (determined by Author)
  4. Candidate Service providers
  5. Forest Products Advisory Committee
  6. CFIA recognized Heat Treatment Evaluators

Introduction

The Technical Heat Treatment Guidelines and Operating Conditions Manual is a supplementary document designed to accompany the CFIA policy directive, D-13-01, Canadian Heat Treated Wood Products Certification Program (HT Program). This manual provides information to heat treatment facilities regarding the heat treatment chamber operating condition and defines the technical requirements to participate under these export certification programs.

The Policy Directives D-13-01 and PI-07 use a quality systems approach, to ensure that certified heat treated wood products (hardwood and softwood) can be traced back to the treatment facility and ensure wood products are heated to a minimum core temperature of 56°Celsius for a minimum of 30 minutes. This heat treatment measure will allow Canadian wood products to enter countries specifying heat treatment prior to export and meet the ISPM No. 15 standard.

Additional phytosanitary requirements are prescribed in other policy documents.

Generic phytosanitary heat treatment schedules for all coniferous tree species and all deciduous species grown in Canada are contained within Section 4.0, The Approved Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedules for Lumber and Wood Products and Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions. These generic heat treatment schedules (Options A, B, C, D, E, F and G), are science-based and approved by the CFIA and may be used by all treatment facilities registered under D-13-01. Each generic schedule contains sufficient safeguarding measures to ensure that all wood products treated according to the schedule will meet the phytosanitary standard, a minimum wood core temperature of 56° Celsius for a minimum of 30 minutes.

Additional generic schedules to meet specific heat treatment standards (ex. Options H1 and H2) will be added as they become available, but due to species-specific factors may require additional scientific verification.

The appropriate heat treatment schedule for wood packaging will be based on the maximum individual lumber thickness (vertical or horizontal) or the combination of wood members in close contact. The combined thickness shall not exceed the wood thickness for the applied schedule (Options A, B, C, D, E, F and G). The treatment of such products may require additional technical review by CFIA, a recognized heat treatment evaluator or CFIA service providers to ensure proper chamber loading procedures are developed and that chamber air flow will be sufficient to heat treat wood packaging products.

Treatment facilities may choose to develop or use existing kiln-specific treatment schedules to increase the efficiency of their kiln and to decrease the minimum heat treatment time, to treat wood species or dimensional lumber not covered by the generic treatment schedules, or to enable the use of a kiln, or heat treatment chamber not meeting the prescriptive minimum criteria of the generic treatment schedules. Each specific schedule must be verified by the recognized heat treatment evaluator to ensure the kiln will consistently treat lumber and wood products to meet the phytosanitary standard. The recognized heat treatment evaluator will recommend the specific schedule or process for approval to the CFIA and if acceptable the treatment facility will add the specific schedule to their Quality Management System Manual (herein referred to as "the manual").

Any request for deviation to the operating conditions set out in this document will be referred to the Forest Products Advisory Committee for review and approval.

A list of recognized heat treatment evaluators is maintained on the CFIA Forestry website at www.inspection.gc.ca. All costs for the development of specific schedules are the responsibility of the treatment facility.

1.0 Scope

This manual is intended for the use by registered facilities under the HT (D-13-01) program, Service Providers involved in the evaluation and the review of heat chambers, CFIA inspection staff and any other authorized parties. This manual is a supplementary document to the CFIA Policy D-13-01. It outlines additional technical information for the export of certified wood products heat treated in accordance with foreign import requirements and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM 15). Additional generic schedules to meet other specific heat treatment standards (ex. Options H1 and H2) may be included in this manual.

2.0 References

  • ISPM No. 5, Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms, updated annually
  • ISO Guide 8402, Quality Systems Terminology.
  • Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging in International Trade, Publication No. 15, FAO, March 2002.
  • Export Certification Systems, Publication No. 7, FAO, 1997.
  • D-13-01: Canadian Heat Treated Wood Products Certification Program (HT Program)

3.0 Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms

Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.

4.0 The Approved Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedules for Wood Products and Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

The generic phytosanitary heat treatment schedules (Options A, B, C, D, E, F and G) and heat treatment chamber operating conditions are for use by heat treatment facilities registered under CFIA Policy Directive D-13-01. These schedules are designed to meet the phytosanitary standard and can be used to heat treat the following softwood and hardwood tree species.

Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment (56°C throughout the profile for 30 minutes) Schedules Options A, B C & D

These schedules apply to:

  • All coniferous (softwood) species grown in Canada.
  • Some deciduous (hardwood) genus/species grown in Canada - Aspen (Populus tremuloides), poplar (Populus spp.), Manitoba maple (Acer negundo), basswood (Tilia americana) and red alder (Alnus rubra).

Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedules Options E, F & G

These schedules apply to:

  • all deciduous (hardwood) genera grown in Canada including but not limited to:
    • Maple (Acer spp.), Alder (Alnus spp.), Oak (Quercus spp.), Birch (Betula spp.), Ash (Fraxinus spp.) and Beech (Fagus spp.).
  • These schedules would also be acceptable for coniferous (softwood) species grown in Canada.

Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment (71°C for 1200 minutes) Schedules Option H

These schedules apply to:

  • all deciduous (hardwood) genera grown in Canada including but not limited to:
    • Maple (Acer spp.), Alder (Alnus spp.), Oak (Quercus spp.), Birch (Betula spp.), Ash (Fraxinus spp.) and Beech (Fagus spp.).
  • These schedules would also be acceptable for coniferous (softwood) species grown in Canada.

A registered heat treatment facility must apply the appropriate generic phytosanitary heat treatment schedule and mandatory operating conditions and describe within their manual the process for its use. Although facilities should conform to the conditions specified, slight deviations from this operating manual may be acceptable if technically supported and pre-approved by the CFIA. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.1 Mandatory General Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

To use a heat treatment option the heat treatment chamber and facility must meet both the general conditions prescribed below along with the specific heat treatment requirements specified with each option.

4.1.1 The manual must identify that adequate air flow occurs throughout all zones of the chamber. An air flow minimum of 0.5 metres/second (100 feet/minute), (measured on the air exit side of the chamber of the load) is required. A zone is an area of 5 m long by 2.5 m high.

4.1.2 Lumber must be stacked on stickers of no less than 9.5 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and in a manner to provide adequate air flow. Wood packaging or other wood products may be piled in a manner to provide good air circulation through and over all wide surfaces of individual boards.

4.1.3 All equipment must be in proper working conditions and the manual must specify the practices that are undertaken by the facility to ensure the normal operation of all equipment including heat sensors.

4.1.4 The dry and wet bulb measuring system must accurately measure the temperature within ± 2.5°C (4.5°F). The verification of the measuring system will be required for Options A through G and H-1 on an annual basis. This requirement may be removed where the temperature exceeds the requirement for options A, B, D, E, and F by at least 5°C and by at least 10°C for option C , G, and H-1. For option H-2, the dry bulb measuring system must accurately measure the temperature within ± 1.0°C (1.8°F). The verification of the measuring system for option H-2 will be required twice a year by an independent party.

4.1.5 To ensure that facilities are prepared to deal with non-conforming equipment, the facility must specify procedures for dealing with failure or deficiencies in equipment operation including heat sensors, fans, etc.

4.1.6 If a facility is not in operation for a period of 6 months or longer, the facility must specify steps used in ensuring that the equipment is in normal operating condition before beginning treatments.

4.2 Option A, A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, A-5, A-6: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment With or Without Moisture Reduction

4.2.1 Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.2.1.1 Air flow should occur in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for half of the time specified at the wet bulb temperature equal to or exceeding the wet bulb temperature run time (see tables for each option).

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when others measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.2.1.2 Dry bulb temperature sensors can be located on either side of the heat treatment chamber. Sensors must be spaced not more than 7 metres (24 feet) apart, perpendicularly to the air flow with one located no more than 2.5 m (8 feet) from each end of the treatment chamber. The number of dry bulb sensors required will depend on the length of the individual kiln and the above sensor placement scale. The dry bulb temperature must exceed the wet bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.2.1.3 At least one wet bulb temperature sensor, either measuring wet bulb temperature or providing data to determine the wet bulb temperature must be located within the mid third section of the treatment chamber, on any one side. Temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.2.1.4 The initial wood core temperature within the heat treatment chamber must be equal to or higher than 15°C in order to use generic schedules of options A for pieces of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness. If not, one of the two following methods to determine the pre-schedule time to be added at the heat treatment schedules must be as follows:

  1. The treatment chamber must be pre-heated until the wood core temperature of at least one piece of lumber of the thickest nominal size reaches 15°C. At least one sensor (or equivalent process) must verify and record the wood core temperature.

    or

  2. If no wood core temperature monitoring is conducted the pre-schedule time must be determined by one of the following means:
    1. Measure initial wood core temperature by thermometer i.e. thermocouple

      or

    2. Assume wood temperature is equal to the previous night's, outside, low temperature.

      Please note that where the wood core temperature is below 15°C the temperature adjustment will need to be added to the Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time.

    For Options A adjust as follows:

    • > 60 mm (2¼ inches) to 85 mm (3¼ inches
      • add 10.0 minutes per 1°C
      • (add 5.6 minutes per 1°F)
    • > 85 mm (3¼ inches) to 110 mm (4¼ inches)
      • add 15.3 minutes per 1°C
      • (add 8.5 minutes per 1°F)

    Pre-schedule wood core temperature verification and the pre-heating process is not required for pieces of wood less than or equal to 60 mm (2¼ inches).

    For Options A-1 to A-6 Adjust as follows:

    • not available (refer to method I)

4.2.2 Option A: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 60°C/≥ 140°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 6 hrs, 26 minutes 2 hrs, 3 minutes 63 /145
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 7 hrs, 20 minutes 3 hrs, 20 minutes 66 /151
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 10 hrs, 57 minutes 6 hrs, 34 minutes 67 /153

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.2.1.4.

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

4.2.3 Option A-1: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 70°C/≥ 158°FTable note 1
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 9 hrs, 38 minutes 5 hrs, 8 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 11 hrs, 16 minutes 6 hrs, 46 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 13 hrs, 14 minutes 8 hrs, 44 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 15 hrs, 37 minutes 11 hrs, 7 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 18 hrs, 25 minutes 13 hrs, 55 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 21 hrs, 44 minutes 17 hrs, 14 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 25 hrs, 36 minutes 21 hrs, 6 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 30 hrs, 4 minutes 25 hrs, 34 minutes 70 / 158

4.2.4 Option A-2: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 69°C/≥ 156°FTable note 2
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 11 hrs, 10 minutes 6 hrs, 40 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 12 hrs, 16 minutes 8 hrs, 46 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 15 hrs, 49 minutes 11 hrs, 19 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 18 hrs, 52 minutes 14 hrs, 22 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 22 hrs, 29 minutes 17 hrs, 59 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 26 hrs, 44 minutes 22 hrs, 14 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 31 hrs, 41 minutes 27 hrs, 11 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 37 hrs, 24 minutes 32 hrs, 54 minutes 69 / 156

4.2.5 Option A-3: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 68°C/≥ 154°FTable note 3
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 12 hrs, 18 minutes 7 hrs, 48 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 14 hrs, 45 minutes 10 hrs, 15 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 17 hrs, 44 minutes 13 hrs, 14 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 21 hrs, 17 minutes 16 hrs, 47 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 25 hrs, 30 minutes 21 hrs 68 / 154
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 30 hrs, 26 minutes 25 hrs, 56 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 36 hrs, 11 minutes 31 hrs, 41 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 42 hrs, 49 minutes 38 hrs, 19 minutes 68 / 154

4.2.6 Option A-4: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 67°C/≥ 152°FTable note 4
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 13 hrs, 14 minutes 8 hrs, 44 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 15 hrs, 59 minutes 11 hrs, 29 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 19 hrs, 18 minutes 14 hrs, 48 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 23 hrs, 16 minutes 18 hrs, 46 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 27 hrs, 58 minutes 23 hrs, 28 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 33 hrs, 29 minutes 28 hrs, 59 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 39 hrs, 53 minutes 35 hrs, 23 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 47 hrs, 17 minutes 42 hrs, 47 minutes 67 / 152

4.2.7 Option A-5: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 66°C/≥ 150°FTable note 5
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 14 hrs, 3 minutes 9 hrs, 33 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 17 hrs, 2 minutes 12 hrs, 32 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 20 hrs, 39 minutes 16 hrs, 9 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 24 hrs, 59 minutes 20 hrs, 29 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 30 hrs, 7 minutes 25 hrs, 37 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 36 hrs, 7 minutes 31 hrs, 37 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 43 hrs, 5 minutes 38 hrs, 35 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 51 hrs, 9 minutes 46 hrs, 39 minutes 66 / 150

4.2.8 Option A-6: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 64°C/≥ 148°FTable note 6
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 14 hrs, 46 minutes 10 hrs, 16 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 17 hrs, 59 minutes 13 hrs, 29 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 21 hrs, 52 minutes 17 hrs, 22 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 26 hrs, 31 minutes 22 hrs, 1 minute 64 / 148
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 32 hrs, 1 minute 27 hrs, 31 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 38 hrs, 28 minutes 33 hrs, 58 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 45 hrs, 57 minutes 41 hrs, 27 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 54 hrs, 36 minutes 50 hrs, 6 minutes 64 / 148

4.3 Option B and B-1: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Both wet-bulb and dry bulb temperatures are measured.

4.3.1 Option B and B-1: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.3.1.1 Air flow should occur in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the wet bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 60°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when other measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.3.1.2 At least one wet bulb temperature sensor either measuring wet bulb temperature, or providing data to determine the wet bulb temperature must be located within the mid-third section of the heat treatment chamber, on any one side. Temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.3.1.3 The initial wood core temperature within the heat treatment chamber must be equal to or higher than 15°C in order to use generic schedules of options B and B-1 for pieces of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness. If not, one of the two following methods to determine the pre-schedule time to be added at the heat treatment schedules must be as follows:

  1. The treatment chamber must be pre-heated until the wood core temperature of at least one piece of lumber of the thickest nominal size reaches 15°C. At least one sensor (or equivalent process) must verify and record the wood core temperature.

    or

  2. If no wood core temperature monitoring is conducted the pre-schedule time must be determined by one of the following means:
    1. Measure initial wood core temperature by thermometer i.e. thermocouple

      or

    2. Assume wood temperature is equal to the previous night's, outside, low temperature.

      Please note that where the wood core temperature is below 15°C the temperature adjustment will need to be added to the Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time.

    For Options B and B-1 adjust as follows:

    • > 60 mm (2¼ inches) to 85 mm (3¼ inches)
      • add 10.0 minutes per 1°C
      • (add 5.6 minutes per 1°F)
    • > 85 mm (3¼ inches) to 110 mm (4¼ inches)
      • add 15.3 minutes per 1°C
      • (add 8.5 minutes per 1°F)

    Pre-schedule wood core temperature verification and the pre-heating process is not required for pieces of wood less than or equal to 60 mm (2¼ inches).

4.3.2 Option B: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions With Moisture Reduction

4.3.2.1 This option can be used by a facility to heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood (approximately 30% MC).

4.3.2.2 The heat treatment chamber must be equipped with at least one dry-bulb temperature sensor. If the air entering/air exiting plenum is divided into three equal length segments, the temperature sensor(s) must be located as follows. At least one dry-bulb temperature sensor will be located within the mid-third segment of the kiln (on either side). If this condition is met, the location of other sensors is not restricted. In lieu of a dry-bulb temperature sensor within the mid-third of the kiln, the kiln can be operated with two (or more) dry-bulb temperature sensors with at least one sensor located in each of the two segments located at opposite ends of the kiln (on either side). The dry-bulb temperature must exceed the wet-bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperature must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.3.3 Option B-1: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions Without Moisture Reduction

4.3.3.1 At least 3 dry bulbs temperature sensor must be located on either side of the heat treatment chamber. Sensors must be spaced approximately at equal distance apart perpendicularly to the air flow. One sensor must be located at each end of the treatment chamber. These sensors should be placed closest to the end of the treatment chamber (approx. < 5 m (16.5 feet)). For chamber equal to or less than 17 metres (56 feet) in length (in the direction perpendicular to air flow) the number of dry bulb sensors can be reduced to 2 dry bulb sensors with the above placement criteria. The dry bulb temperature must exceed the wet bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.3.4 Option B and B-1: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 60°C /≥ 140°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 8 hrs, 29 minutes 4 hrs, 6 minutes 63 /145
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 10 hrs, 40 minutes 6 hrs, 40 minutes 66 / 151
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 17 hrs, 31 minutes 13 hrs, 8 minutes 67 /153

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

4.3.5 Options B-1 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 70°C /≥ 158°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 18 hrs, 02 minutes 13 hrs, 32 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 21 hrs, 58 minutes 17 hrs, 28 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 26 hrs, 44 minutes 22 hrs, 14 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 32 hrs, 20 minutes 27 hrs, 50 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 38 hrs, 58 minutes 34 hrs, 28 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 46 hrs, 42 minutes 42 hrs, 12 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 55 hrs, 38 minutes 51 hrs, 08 minutes 70 / 158

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.3.6 Options B-2 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 69°C /≥ 156°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 17 hrs, 50 minutes 13 hrs, 20 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 22 hrs, 02 minutes 17 hrs, 32 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 27 hrs, 08 minutes 22 hrs, 38 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 33 hrs, 14 minutes 28 hrs, 44 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 40 hrs, 28 minutes 35 hrs, 58 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 48 hrs, 58 minutes 44 hrs, 28 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 58 hrs, 52 minutes 54 hrs, 22 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 70 hrs, 18 minutes 65 hrs, 48 minutes 69 / 156

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.3.7 Options B-3 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 68°C /≥ 154°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 20 hrs, 06 minutes 15 hrs, 36 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 25 hrs, 00 minutes 20 hrs, 30 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 30 hrs, 58 minutes 26 hrs, 28 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 38 hrs, 04 minutes 33 hrs, 34 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 46 hrs, 30 minutes 42 hrs, 00 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 56 hrs, 22 minutes 51 hrs, 52 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 67 hrs, 52 minutes 63 hrs, 22 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 81 hrs, 08 minutes 76 hrs, 38 minutes 68 / 154

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.3.8 Options B-4 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 67°C /≥ 152°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 21 hrs, 58 minutes 17 hrs, 28 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 27 hrs, 28 minutes 22 hrs, 58 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 34 hrs, 06 minutes 29 hrs, 36 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 42 hrs, 02 minutes 37 hrs, 32 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 51 hrs, 26 minutes 46 hrs, 56 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 62 hrs, 28 minutes 57 hrs, 58 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 75 hrs, 16 minutes 70 hrs, 46 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 90 hrs, 04 minutes 85 hrs, 34 minutes 67 / 152

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.3.9 Options B-5 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 66°C /≥ 150°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 23 hrs, 36 minutes 19 hrs, 06 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 29 hrs, 34 minutes 25 hrs, 04 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 36 hrs, 48 minutes 32 hrs, 18 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 45 hrs, 28 minutes 40 hrs, 58 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 55 hrs, 44 minutes 51 hrs, 14 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 67 hrs, 44 minutes 63 hrs, 14 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 81 hrs, 40 minutes 77 hrs, 10 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 97 hrs, 48 minutes 93 hrs, 18 minutes 66 / 150

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.3.10 Options B-6 (Thick stock): Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 64°C /≥ 148°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 25 hrs, 02 minutes 20 hrs, 32 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 31 hrs, 28 minutes 26 hrs, 58 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 39 hrs, 14 minutes 34 hrs, 44 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 48 hrs, 32 minutes 44 hrs, 02 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 59 hrs, 32 minutes 55 hrs, 02 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 72 hrs, 26 minutes 67 hrs, 56 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 87 hrs, 24 minutes 82 hrs, 54 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 104 hrs, 42 minutes 93 hrs, 18 minutes 64 / 148

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.3.1.3.

Note: When using Option B with moisture reduction, the operation conditions as set out under 4.3.2 must be followed. When using Option B without moisture reduction, the operating conditions as set out under 4.3.3 must be followed.

4.4 Option C: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment With Moisture Reduction

Only dry bulb measurement is required.

The following sets out the minimum conditions under which a facility may heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood. (approximately 30% MC)

4.4.1 Option C: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.4.1.1 Air flow should occur in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the dry bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 60°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when others measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.4.1.2 The facility must employ the use of at least two dry bulb temperature sensors. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.4.2 Option C: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Dry Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 52°C /≥ 126°F
Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb
≥ 60°C) / ≥ 140°F)
Up to 28 mm (1⅛ inches) 8 hrs 4 hrs
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 18 hrs 6 hrs
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 45 hrs 15 hrs
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 72 hrs 24 hrs

Note: Dry bulb temperature run time is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the dry bulb temperature measures ≥ 52°C, measured in hours.

Note: The "Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 60°C, is included in the "Dry bulb temperature run time > 52°C", measured in hours.

4.5 Option D - Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment with Moisture Reduction

Only dry bulb measurement is required.

The following sets out the minimum conditions under which a facility may heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood (approximately 30% MC).

4.5.1 Option D: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.5.1.1 The facility must employ the use of at least two dry bulb temperature sensors. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.5.2 Option D: Generic Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Heat Treatment Run Time Minimum time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb
≥ 71°C (≥ 160°F)
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 12 hrs 6 hrs

Note: The "Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 71°C, is included in the "Heat treatment Run Time", measured in hours.

4.6 Option E, E-1, E-2, E-3, E-4, E-5, E-6: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment Without Moisture Reduction

4.6.1 Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.6.1.1 Air flow should occur in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for half of the time specified at the wet bulb temperature equal to or exceeding the wet bulb temperature run time (see tables for each option).

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when other measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.6.1.2 Dry bulb temperature sensors can be located on either side of the heat treatment chamber. Sensors must be spaced not more than 7 metres (24 feet) apart, perpendicularly to the air flow with one located no more than 2.5 m (8 feet) from each end of the treatment chamber. The number of dry bulb sensors required will depend on the length of the individual kiln and the above sensor placement scale. The dry bulb temperature must exceed the wet bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.6.1.3 At least one wet bulb temperature sensor, either measuring wet bulb temperature or providing data to determine the wet bulb temperature must be located within the mid third section of the treatment chamber, on any one side. Temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.6.1.4 The initial wood core temperature within the heat treatment chamber must be equal to or higher than 15°C in order to use these generic schedules for pieces of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness. If not, one of the two following methods to determine the pre-schedule time to be added at the heat treatment schedules must be as follows:

  1. The treatment chamber must be pre-heated until the wood core temperature of at least one piece of lumber of the thickest nominal size reaches 15°C. At least one sensor (or equivalent process) must verify and record the wood core temperature.

    or

  2. If no wood core temperature monitoring is conducted the pre-schedule time must be determined by one of the following means:
    1. Measure initial wood core temperature by thermometer i.e. thermocouple

      or

    2. Assume wood temperature is equal to the previous night's, outside, low temperature.

      Please note that where the wood core temperature is below 15°C the temperature adjustment will need to be added to the Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time.

    For Options E adjust as follows:

    • > 60 mm (2¼ inches) to 85 mm (3¼ inches
      • add 12.7 minutes per 1°C.
      • (add 7.1 minutes per 1°F.)
    • > 85 mm (3¼ inches) to 110 mm (4¼ inches)
      • add 19.3 minutes per 1°C.
      • (add 10.7 minutes per 1°F.)

    Pre-schedule wood core temperature verification and the pre-heating process is not required for pieces of wood less than or equal to 60 mm (2¼ inches).

    For Options E-1 to E-6 Adjust as follows:

    • not available (refer to method I)

4.6.2 Option E: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 60°C /≥ 140°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 8 hrs, 2 minutes 2 hrs, 46 minutes 63 / 145
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 9 hrs, 10 minutes 4 hrs, 30 minutes 66 / 151
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 13 hrs, 40 minutes 8 hrs, 52 minutes 67 / 153

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.6.1.4.

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

4.6.3 Option E-1: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 70°C /≥ 158°FTable note 7
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 11 hrs, 26 minutes 6 hrs, 56 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 13 hrs, 38 minutes 9 hrs, 8 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 16 hrs, 17 minutes 11 hrs, 47 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 19 hrs, 30 minutes 15 hrs 70 / 158
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 23 hrs, 17 minutes 18 hrs, 47 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 27 hrs, 46 minutes 23 hrs, 16 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 32 hrs, 59 minutes 28 hrs, 29 minutes 70 / 158
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 39 hrs, 1 minute 34 hrs, 31 minutes 70 / 158

4.6.4 Option E-2: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 69°C /≥ 156°FTable note 8
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 13 hrs, 30 minutes 9 hrs 69 / 156
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 16 hrs, 20 minutes 11 hrs, 50 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 19 hrs, 47 minutes 15 hrs, 17 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 23 hrs, 54 minutes 19 hrs, 24 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 28 hrs, 47 minutes 24 hrs, 17 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 34 hrs, 31 minutes 30 hrs, 1 minute 69 / 156
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 41 hrs, 12 minutes 36 hrs, 42 minutes 69 / 156
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 48 hrs, 55 minutes 44 hrs, 25 minutes 69 / 156

4.6.5 Option E-3: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 68°C /≥ 154°FTable note 9
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 15 hrs, 2 minutes 10 hrs,32 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 18 hrs, 20 minutes 13 hrs, 50 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 22 hrs, 22 minutes 17 hrs, 52 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 27 hrs, 9 minutes 22 hrs, 39 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 32 hrs, 51 minutes 28 hrs, 21 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 39 hrs, 31 minutes 35 hrs, 1 minute 68 / 154
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 47 hrs, 16 minutes 42 hrs, 46 minutes 68 / 154
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 56 hrs, 14 minutes 51 hrs, 44 minutes 68 / 154

4.6.6 Option E-4: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 67°C /≥ 152°FTable note 10
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 16 hrs, 17 minutes 11 hrs, 47 minutes 67/152
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 20 hrs 15 hrs, 30 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 24 hrs, 29 minutes 19 hrs, 59 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 29 hrs, 50 minutes 25 hrs, 20 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 36 hrs, 11 minutes 31 hrs, 41 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 43 hrs, 38 minutes 39 hrs, 8 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 52 hrs, 16 minutes 47 hrs, 46 minutes 67 / 152
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 62 hrs, 15 minutes 57 hrs, 45 minutes 67 / 152

4.6.7 Option E-5: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 66°C /≥ 150°FTable note 11
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 17 hrs, 24 minutes 12 hrs, 54 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 21 hrs, 25 minutes 16 hrs, 55 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 26 hrs, 18 minutes 21 hrs, 48 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 32 hrs, 9 minutes 27 hrs, 39 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 39 hrs, 5 minutes 34 hrs, 35 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 47 hrs, 11 minutes 42 hrs, 41 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 56 hrs, 35 minutes 52 hrs, 5 minutes 66 / 150
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 67 hrs, 29 minutes 62 hrs, 59 minutes 66 / 150

4.6.8 Option E-6: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 64°C /≥ 148°FTable note 12
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 127 mm (5 inches) 18 hrs, 22 minutes 13 hrs, 52 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 152 mm (6 inches) 22 hrs, 42 minutes 18 hrs, 12 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 178 mm (7 inches) 27 hrs, 57 minutes 23 hrs, 27 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 203 mm (8 inches) 34 hrs, 13 minutes 29 hrs, 43 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 228 mm (9 inches) 41 hrs, 39 minutes 37 hrs, 9 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 254 mm (10 inches) 50 hrs, 21 minutes 45 hrs, 51 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 279 mm (11 inches) 60 hrs, 27 minutes 55 hrs, 57 minutes 64 / 148
Up to 305 mm (12 inches) 72 hrs, 8 minutes 67 hrs, 38 minutes 64 / 148

4.7 Option F and F-1: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment

Both wet-bulb and dry bulb temperatures are measured.

4.7.1 Option F and F-1: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

4.7.1.1 Air flow should occur in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the wet bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 60°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when other measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

4.7.1.2 At least one wet bulb temperature sensor either measuring wet bulb temperature, or providing data to determine the wet bulb temperature must be located within the mid third of the heat treatment chamber, on any one side. Temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.7.1.3 The initial wood core temperature within the heat treatment chamber must be equal to or higher than 15°C in order to use generic schedules of options F for pieces of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness. If not, one of the two following methods to determine the pre-schedule time to be added at the heat treatment schedules must be as follows:

  1. The treatment chamber must be pre-heated until the wood core temperature of at least one piece of lumber of the thickest nominal size reaches 15°C. At least one sensor (or equivalent process) must verify and record the wood core temperature.

    or

  2. If no wood core temperature monitoring is conducted the pre-schedule time must be determined by one of the following means:
    1. Measure initial wood core temperature by thermometer i.e. thermocouple

      or

    2. Assume wood temperature is equal to the previous night's, outside, low temperature.

    Please note that where the wood core temperature is below 15°C the temperature adjustment will need to be added to the Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time.

    For Options F adjust as follows:

    1. > 60 mm (2¼ inches) to 85 mm (3¼ inches)
      • add 12.7 minutes per 1°C.
      • (add 7.1 minutes per 1°F.)
    2. > 85 mm (3¼ inches) to 110 mm (4¼ inches)
      • add 19.3 minutes per 1°C.
      • (add 10.7 minutes per 1°F.)

    Pre-schedule wood core temperature verification and the pre-heating process is not required for pieces of wood less than equal to 60 mm (2¼ inches).

4.7.2 Option F: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions With Moisture Reduction

4.7.2.1 This option can be used by a facility to heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood (approximately 30% MC).

4.7.2.2 The heat treatment chamber must be equipped with at least one dry-bulb temperature sensor. If the air entering/air exiting plenum is divided into three equal length segments, the temperature sensor(s) must be located as follows. At least one dry-bulb temperature sensor will be located within the mid-third segment of the kiln (on either side). If this condition is met, the location of other sensors is not restricted. In lieu of a dry-bulb temperature sensor within the mid-third of the kiln, the kiln can be operated with two (or more) dry-bulb temperature sensors with at least one sensor located in each of the two segments located at opposite ends of the kiln (on either side). The dry-bulb temperature must exceed the wet-bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperature must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.7.3 Option F-1: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions Without Moisture Reduction

4.7.3.1 At least 3 dry bulbs temperature sensor must be located on either side of the heat treatment chamber. Sensors must be spaced approximately at equal distance apart perpendicularly to the air flow. One sensor must be located at each end of the treatment chamber. These sensors should be placed closest to the end of the treatment chamber (approx. > 5 m (16.5 feet)). For chamber equal to or less than 17 metres (56 feet) in length (in the direction perpendicular to air flow) the number of dry bulb sensors can be reduced to 2 dry bulb sensors with the above placement criteria. The dry bulb temperature must exceed the wet bulb temperature during the heat treatment to ensure the uniformity of the heat treatment chamber conditions. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.7.4 Option F and F-1: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

Lumber Thickness Minimum Heat Treatment Run Time Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 60°C / ≥ 140°F
Minimum Final Wet-Bulb Temperature
C) / (°F)
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 10 hrs, 36 minutes 5 hrs, 32 minutes 63 / 145
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 13 hrs, 20 minutes 9 hrs 66 / 151
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 21 hrs, 54 minutes 17 hrs, 44 minutes 67 / 153

Note: "Wet Bulb Temperature Run Time" is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the wet bulb temperature measures ≥ 60°C, measured in hours.

Note: The pre-schedule wood core temperature of at least one piece of wood greater than 60 mm (2¼ inches) in thickness must be equal to or higher than 15°C or refer to 4.7.1.3.

4.8 Option G: Generic hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment with Moisture Reduction

Only dry bulb measurement is required.

The following sets out the minimum conditions under which a facility may heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood (approximately 30% MC).

4.8.1 Option G: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

Air flow should alternate in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the dry bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 60°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when others measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

The facility must employ the use of at least two dry bulb temperature sensors. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.8.2 Option G: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule

The following table identifies the times needed to meet the heat treatment standard.

Lumber Thickness Dry-Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 52°C / ≥ 126°F
Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 60°C / ≥ 140°F
Up to 28 mm (1⅛ inches) 12 hrs 6 hrs
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 27 hrs 9 hrs
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 67.5 hrs 22.5 hrs
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 108 hrs 36 hrs

Note: Dry bulb temperature run time is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the dry bulb temperature measures ≥ 52°C, measured in hours.

Note: The "Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 60°C", is included in the "Dry bulb temperature run time > 52°C", measured in hours.

4.9 Options H-1 and H-2: Generic hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedule, Heat Treatment to wood core temperature of 71°C for 1200 minutes with Moisture Reduction

Only dry bulb measurement is required.

The following sets out the minimum conditions under which a facility may heat treat the wood during the kiln drying process in order to reduce the moisture content below the fiber saturation point of the wood (approximately 30% MC).

4.9.1 Option H: Specific Heat Treatment Chamber Operating Conditions

The facility must employ the use of at least two dry bulb temperature sensors. The temperatures must be recorded at a minimum of every 30 minutes.

4.9.2 Option H-1: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedules to wood core temperature of 71°C for 1200 minutes

Air flow should alternate in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the dry bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 75°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when others measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

The following table identifies the times needed to meet the heat treatment standard

Lumber Thickness Dry-Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 67°C / ≥ 153°F
Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 75°C / ≥ 167°F
Up to 28 mm (1⅛ inches) 31.5 hrs 25.5 hrs
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 46.5 hrs 28.5 hrs
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 87 hrs 42 hrs
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 127.5 hrs 55.5 hrs

Note: Dry bulb temperature run time is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the dry bulb temperature measures ≥ 67°C, measured in hours.

Note: The "Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 75°C", is included in the "Dry bulb temperature run time > 67°C", measured in hours.

4.9.3 Option H-2: Generic Hardwood Phytosanitary Heat Treatment Schedules to wood core temperature of 71°C for 1200 minutes (with independent calibration check)

Air flow should alternate in each of two opposite directions within the treatment chamber for approximately half of the time specified at the dry bulb temperature equal to or exceeding 73°C.

This requirement may be modified where it can be technically proven, by recognized heat treatment evaluator and when others measures can compensate for deviation. This deviation will be referred to the Forest products Advisory Committee for review. Any modifications must be included in the manual and account for all the processes used to ensure that the phytosanitary standard is being met.

Dry bulb measuring system must accurately measure the temperature within ± 1.0°C (1.8°F). The verification of the measuring system will be required twice a year by an independent party.

The following table identifies the times needed to meet the heat treatment standard

Lumber Thickness Dry-Bulb Temperature Run Time
≥ 65°C / ≥ 149°F
Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 73°C / ≥ 163°F
Up to 28 mm (1⅛ inches) 31.5 hrs 25.5 hrs
Up to 60 mm (2¼ inches) 46.5 hrs 28.5 hrs
Up to 85 mm (3¼ inches) 87 hrs 42 hrs
Up to 110 mm (4¼ inches) 127.5 hrs 55.5 hrs

Note: Dry bulb temperature run time is the continuous portion of the heat treatment time where the dry bulb temperature measures ≥ 65 °C, measured in hours.

Note: The "Minimum Time at the End of the Treatment with the Dry-Bulb ≥ 73 °C", is included in the "Dry bulb temperature run time > 65 °C", measured in hours.

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