Producer Guide to the National Voluntary Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for the Grains and Oilseeds Industry - A Guide for Implementing Proactive Biosecurity into Farm Management
Appendix B: Glossary

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Biosecurity:
A series of management practices designed to prevent, minimize and control:
  • the introduction of pests into a production area or farm;
  • the spread of pests within a production area or farm; and
  • the movement of pests off the production area or farm.
Biosecurity Plan:
A written plan that includes protocols of uniquely designed practices to prevent, minimize, control and contain pest movement onto, and spread within, and off a farm.
Commercial / custom applicators:
Contractors who are hired to apply pesticides, including fungicides, herbicides, lime, etc., using their own equipment.
Disease:
An impairment of the normal state of the plant caused by a pathogen, such as bacteria, fungi, nematode, or virus.
Farm:
A tract(s) of land (commonly referred to as a farm unit) used for the purposes of crop production. The farm includes residences and all farm storages, buildings and structures, as well as fields (remotely located) used for the production of a crop.
Farm Equipment:
Tractors, farm machinery and implements, excluding vehicles.
Farm Vehicles:
Farm vehicles such as trucks, pickups and all terrain vehicles, either used on the farm or used to deliver grains and oilseeds to the market.
Farmer / producer:
One who owns or rents land for crop production, produces the crop, markets the crop, manages the assets to produce and market the crop, and manages the business of a farm enterprise.
Field:
An area designated for the production of crops.
Guests:
Any non-farm personnel who arrives at the farm (includes salespersons, inspectors, delivery people, contractors, friends/relatives of farm personnel, etc.).
Management Process:
Some assurance that what is identified as important is integrated into a management system to ensure it gets done.
Non-agricultural Vehicles:
Vehicles used by various service providers visiting the farm to provide a specific service, such as electrician, plumber, heating specialist, etc.
Non-agricultural Equipment:
Equipment used by various industries that may visit the farm to gain access for pipeline, oil site or such industrial developments and uses.
Off-Road Vehicles:
All-terrain vehicles, quads, dirt bikes and snowmobiles.
Pathogen:
An agent that causes disease, especially a living microorganism such as a bacterium, fungus, nematode or virus.
Pest:
According to the Plant Protection Act, Government of Canada, any thing that is injurious or potentially injurious, whether directly or indirectly, to plants or to products or by-products of plants, and includes any plant prescribed as a pest. ("thing" includes a plant and a pest; "plant" includes a part of a plant).
Pest monitoring plan:
A written protocol routinely followed to monitor crops for the presence of pests.
Practice:
A procedure(s) that is followed by the operator(s), without necessarily being written or detailed to the extent of a protocol.
Production area:
A field designated for cultivation of crops.
Property:
The land on which the production area(s) is located, including the residence and all farm buildings/structures.
Protocol:
Defined and written procedures, which detail the steps to be followed to achieve an objective such as disinfecting a piece of farm equipment.
Quarantine pest:
A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled (International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) No. 5).
Regulated pest:
A quarantine pest or a regulated non-quarantine pest (ISPM No. 5).
Regulated non-quarantine pest:
A non-quarantine pest whose presence in plants for planting affects the intended use of those plants with an economically unacceptable impact and which is therefore regulated within the territory of importing contracted party (ISPM No. 5).
Representative Grain Sample:
Grains and oilseeds grades are based on samples. To ensure samples adequately reflect the entire lot of grain, proper sampling procedures must be used. These procedures are outlined by the Canadian Grain Commission.
Rotation:
Alternating types of crop production in a field from year to year to help mitigate pests within the crop.
Scouting:
Monitoring of field crop conditions during the growing season by qualified experts.
Seed:
Grains and oilseeds recognized as meeting the requirements defined in the Seeds Act and Regulations of the Government of Canada.
Target outcome:
A goal that all farmers/producers, regardless of the size of their operation, should try to implement, to protect their farm and crops from the introduction and spread of pests.
Vector:
A carrier, or an agent, capable of transmitting a pest from an infected source to a host.
Volunteer crop:
Self-set plants from previous years’ crops that may become established as weeds in the current crop.
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