Producer Guide to the National Voluntary Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for the Grains and Oilseeds Industry - A Guide for Implementing Proactive Biosecurity into Farm Management
Appendix E: Examples of Pests

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The following examples of pests are those cited within the guide. This is not intended to be a complete list of pests in the grains and oilseeds industry in Canada.

Complete list of pests
Pest Potential Vectors Technical Reference: Current Web-link
Anthracnose
Plant disease pathogen affecting a number of pulse crops.
Seed
Crop residue
Spore movement on people and equipment
http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/diseases/fac34s00.html
http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/diseases/fac20s00.html
Ascochyta
Plant disease pathogen affecting a number of pulse crops.
Seed
Crop residue
Plant material movement
http://www.agriculture.gov.sk.ca/ascochyta_blight_faq
Blackleg
Plant disease affecting canola.
Seed
Crop residue
http://www.agriculture.gov.sk.ca/Default.aspx?DN=da235d53-4d3b-448f-9942-fc4ce40cee93
Cereal Leaf Beetle
Insect where adult and larva can damage most grassy plants.
Crop residue http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/clbeetle.htm
Cleavers
Weed problem difficult to separate from Canola seed and difficult to control.
Seed
Equipment movement
Water
http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/prm2587
Clubroot
Soil-borne pathogen rapidly emerging as a concern in Canola. Can affect all crucifer plants.
Seed
Soil, equipment and people movement
Crop residue
http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex8593
Dwarf Bunt
Regulated pest of Canada.
Pathogen affecting winter wheat.
restricted distribution and under official regulatory control
Seed
Equipment movement
http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/dbunt.htm
Fusarium
Plant disease pathogen primarily on cereals and corn. Often referred to as scab or tombstone.
Seed
Soil movement
Crop residue
Wind
http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/diseases/fac12s01.html
Glyophosate-Resistant Giant Ragweed
Giant Ragweed no longer able to be controlled by glyphosate herbicides.
Seed
Equipment movement
Water
http://www.ridgetownc.uoguelph.ca/research/documents/sikkema_GlyphosateResistantWeedsInOntario.pdf (PDF 12.7 Mb)
Group One Resistant Wild Oats
Wild oats no longer able to be controlled by group one herbicides.
Seed
Soil movement
Equipment movement
Water
http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/weeds/fab19s00.html
Karnal Bunt
Regulated pest of Canada.
Pathogen affecting wheat.
absent in Canada
Seed
Equipment movement
http://www.uiweb.uidaho.edu/ag/plantdisease/kbwheat.htm
Khapra Beetle
Regulated pest of Canada.
Insect pest of stored grain. absent in Canada
Seed
Equipment movement
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/plants/plant-protection/insects/khapra-beetle/eng/1328540150400/1328540259977
Mycotoxin Ochratoxin
Mold based toxins that develop in stored grains.
Storage facilities
Stored grain residue
http://www.grainscanada.gc.ca/storage-entrepose/ota/ota-eng.htm
Soybean Cyst Nematode
Soil borne pathogen.
Seed
Soil movement (soil peds with seed)
Equipment movement
http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/field/news/croppest/2009/14cpo09a2.htm
Stem and Bulb Nematode
Soil borne pathogen.
Seed
Soil movement (soil peds with seed)
Equipment movement
http://www.plantwise.org/?dsid=19287&page=4270&site=234
Swede Midge
Insect which feeds on crucifier crops.
Crop residue http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/08-007.htm
Velvet Leaf
Weed often associated with corn and soybean territories of the US Midwest.
Seed
Manure
Water
http://www.weedinfo.ca/en/weed-index/view/id/ABUTH
Volunteer RR Canola Unintended volunteer crop. Seed
Plant material movement
Equipment movement
Water
http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/field/news/croppest/2005/04cpo05a3.htm
Wireworm
Insect that feeds on seed and seedlings.
Soil movement
Crop residue
Water
http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/prm2509
Woolly Cup Grass
Regulated pest in Canada.
Invasive weed species.
restricted distribution and under official regulatory control
Seed
Equipment movement
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/plaveg/invenv/pestrava/eriovil/eriovilfse.shtml
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