Canada's role in international plant protection

International Plant Protection Convention

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is Canada's representative to the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Canada is a Contracting Party to the IPPC, an international treaty that establishes a common approach to preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests, and promotes appropriate measures for their control. The work of the IPPC Secretariat is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) which adopts International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). The IPPC Secretariat coordinates the activities of the Convention and is hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations (FAO).

Read an executive summary of CFIA's annual report on the involvement in IPPC activities.

North American Plant Protection Organization

Canada is a member of North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO), a trilateral Regional Plant Protection Organization established under the IPPC. NAPPO's mission is to provide a forum for public and private sectors in Canada, the United States and Mexico to collaborate in the development of science-based standards intended to protect agricultural, forest and other plant resources against regulated plant pests, while facilitating trade. This mission includes the development of Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPM).


Each year, the IPPC and NAPPO conduct consultations with contracting parties on draft ISPMs and RSPMs. The CFIA is responsible for submitting comments on behalf of Canadians.

All comments should identify the draft ISPM's specific paragraph number to which they apply and need to be supported by an explanation of their purpose and suggestions for alternative text where appropriate.

All comments must be submitted to the CFIA at by September 2, 2016.

First Consultation

The First Consultation on draft International Standards began on July 1, 2016 and ends on September 2, 2016. This will give Canadians the opportunity to review and comment the draft standards.

The following documents are available for First Consultation:

1) International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
Document numberTitle
1994-001 Draft 2016 Amendments to ISPM 5
2014-005 Draft ISPM: Requirements for the use of temperature treatments as phytosanitary measures
2009-004 Draft version of ISPM 6: National surveillance systems
2) Draft Annexes to ISPM 27: Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests
Document numberTitle
2013-001 Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
2004-013 Phytophthora ramorum
2006-027 Fusarium circinatum

Second and Subsequent Consultation

The following documents are available for Second and Subsequent Consultation.

The consultation period began on July 1, 2016 and ends September 30, 2016.

Document numberTitle
2005-003 Draft Annex to ISPM 20 - Arrangements for the verification of compliance of consignments by the importing country in the exporting country
2009-003 Draft ISPM: International movement of seeds
2006-004 Draft ISPM: International movement of vehicles, machinery and equipment
2006-029 Draft ISPM: International movement of wood
2005-004 Draft ISPM: International movement of growing media in association with plants for planting

Notification Period

The following draft diagnostic protocols (Annexes to ISPM 27: Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests) were approved by the Standards Committee.

The notification period from July 1, 2016 to August 15, 2016.

Contracting Parties (CP) have 45 days to review the approved draft diagnostic protocols and submit an objection, if any. If a CP has an objection, the CP submits the objection along with the technical justification and suggestions for improvement of the draft ISPM.

Document numberTitle
2006-025 Aphelenchoides besseyi, A. ritzemabosi and A. fragariae
2004-021 Citrus tristeza virus
2004-009 Erwinia amylovora
2006-017 Genus Liriomyza
2004-019 Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) and Watermelon silver mottle virus(WSMoV)
2004-012 Xanthomonas fragariae

Are you interested in keeping up to date on consultations? Do you have questions about the comments submitted by the CFIA? Please send us an email and we will add you to our mailing list. You can also follow the CFIA on Twitter @CFIA_Canada.

Additional IPPC and NAPPO information can be found at:

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