Canada's role in international plant protection
International Plant Protection Convention
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is Canada's representative to the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Canada is a Contracting Party to the IPPC, an international treaty that establishes a common approach to preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests, and promotes appropriate measures for their control. The work of the IPPC Secretariat is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) which adopts International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). The IPPC Secretariat coordinates the activities of the Convention and is hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations (FAO).
Read an executive summary of CFIA's annual report on the involvement in IPPC activities.
North American Plant Protection Organization
Canada is a member of North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO), a trilateral Regional Plant Protection Organization established under the IPPC. NAPPO's mission is to provide a forum for public and private sectors in Canada, the United States and Mexico to collaborate in the development of science-based standards intended to protect agricultural, forest and other plant resources against regulated plant pests, while facilitating trade. This mission includes the development of Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPM).
Each year, the IPPC and NAPPO conduct consultations with contracting parties on draft ISPMs and RSPMs. The CFIA is responsible for submitting comments on behalf of Canadians.
The IPPC member consultation on draft International Standards opened on July 1, 2017. This provides Canada an opportunity to review and comment on these draft standards.
First consultation on draft ISPMs
Following the revision of the standard setting procedure agreed to by IPPC contracting parties at CPM-11 (2016), the first consultation lasts 90 days and takes place from 1 July to 30 September. Once the Standards Committee (SC) approves the draft ISPM for the first consultation, the IPPC Secretariat makes it publicly available and solicits comments through the IPPC Online Comment System (OCS) from contracting parties, RPPOs, national plant protection services of non-CPs, relevant international organizations and other entities as decided by the SC.
In 2017, the first consultation starts 1 July on the following draft ISPMs:
- Draft ISPMs (English, French and Spanish)
- Draft diagnostic protocols (English Only)
- 2004-024 Draft annex to ISPM 27: Xylella fastidiosa
- 2006-018 Draft annex to ISPM 27: Puccinia psidii Winter
- 2006-020 Draft annex to ISPM 27: Ips spp.
- 2006-026 Draft annex to ISPM 27: Bactrocera dorsalis complex
- 2013-002 Draft annex to ISPM 27: Conotrachelus nenuphar
- 2016-007 Draft revision of Annex 2 to ISPM 27: Plum pox virus
Second and subsequent consultation on draft ISPMs
Following the revision of the standard setting procedure agreed to by IPPC contracting parties at CPM-11 (2016), the second consultation lasts 90 days and takes place from 1 July to 30 September. Taking into account the comments received during the first consultation, the Standards Committee (SC) or the Standards Committee Working Group (SC-7) revise the draft ISPM.
Once the Standard Committee (SC) or SC-7 approves the draft ISPM for the second (or third) consultation, the IPPC Secretariat solicits comments through the IPPC Online Comment System (OCS) from contracting parties, RPPOs, relevant international organizations, national plant protection services of non-CPs, and other entities as decided by the SC.
In 2017, the second consultation also starts 1 July on the following draft ISPMs:
- 1994-001 Draft 2015 and 2016 amendments to ISPM 5: Glossary of phytosanitary terms
- 2006-010 A&B Draft revision of Annex 1 (Approved treatments associated with wood packaging material) and Annex 2 (The mark and its application) to ISPM 15 (Regulation of wood packaging material in international trade): inclusion of the phytosanitary treatment Sulphuryl fluoride fumigation and revision of the dielectric heating section
- 2014-005 Draft ISPM: Requirements for the use of temperature treatments as a phytosanitary measure
- 2009-004 Draft revision of ISPM 6: Surveillance
The following draft diagnostic protocols (Annexes to ISPM 27: Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests) were approved by the Standards Committee to the notification period from July 1, 2017 to August 15, 2017.
Contracting Parties (CP) have 45 days to review the approved draft diagnostic protocols and submit an objection, if any. If a CP has an objection, the CP submits the objection along with the technical justification and suggestions for improvement of the draft ISPM.
- Phytophthora ramorum (2004-013)
- Tomato spotted wilt virus, Impatiens necrotic spot virus and Watermelon silver mottle virus (2004-019)
All comments should identify the draft ISPM's specific paragraph number to which they apply and need to be supported by an explanation of their purpose and suggestions for alternative text, where appropriate.
The CFIA will compile all comments received and submit it to the IPPC Secretariat through the Online Comment System. All comments must be submitted to the CFIA at IPPC-Contact@inspection.gc.ca by September 15, 2017.
Are you interested in keeping up to date on consultations? Do you have questions about the comments submitted by the CFIA? Please send us an email and we will add you to our mailing list. You can also follow the CFIA on Twitter @CFIA_Canada.
Additional IPPC and NAPPO information can be found at:
- International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (adopted standards)
- International Plant Protection Convention (text of the convention)
- IPPC contracting parties and links to their NPPO official contact points
- IPPC Dispute Settlement Procedure
- NAPPO's Phytosanitary Alert System
- NAPPO's Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
- Regional Plant Protection Organizations
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