D- 94-35: List of Sources Approved to Export Fruit Tree and Grape Propagative Material to Canada

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Effective Date: April 21, 2009
(2nd Revision)

Subject

Imported fruit tree (Prunus spp., Malus spp., Pyrus spp., Chaenomeles spp., and Cydonia spp.) and grapevine (Vitis spp.) propagative material, with some exceptions for seeds and seedlings must be free of certain virus and virus-like diseases.

This directive lists the countries and United States (U.S.) states with Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) approved certification programs, under which fruit tree and grape propagative material are certified free of regulated diseases for export to Canada. It also provides a list of the names and addresses of the certification agencies in these countries and states. Other directives contain information on specific import requirements.

This directive has been revised to reflect the following changes:

Some species of the genus Prunus are hosts of Phytophthora ramorum and are therefore regulated under directive D-01-01: Phytosanitary Requirements to Prevent the Entry and Spread of Phytophthora ramorum. Please refer to D-01-01 for information regarding the regulation of Phytophthora ramorum hosts.

Table of Contents

Review

This directive will be reviewed every five years unless otherwise needed. The next review date for this directive is April 21, 2014. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

Endorsement

Approved by:

Chief Plant Health Officer

Amendment Record

Amendments to this directive will be dated and distributed as outlined in the distribution below.

Distribution

  1. Directive mail list (Regions, PHRA, USDA)
  2. Provincial Government, Industry (via Regions)
  3. National Industry Organizations (determined by Author)
  4. Internet

Introduction

Certain virus and virus-like diseases of fruit trees and grapevines are of concern to Canada. Importation is permitted only from sources with CFIA approved programs that ensure propagative material for export to Canada is free of these diseases.

Countries or states wishing to export to Canada must supply CFIA with detailed information for review. An on-site evaluation of these programs may be necessary.

Scope

This directive is for the use of Canadian importers and foreign exporters of fruit tree and grapevines propagative material, for CFIA staff involved in the inspection of these commodities, and for the foreign National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPO) that are mentioned in this directive.

This directive supersedes Notice to Importer No. 14D, Sources of Virus Free Fruit Tree and Grapevine Material dated September 11, 1987. This revision supersedes D-94-35, (1st Revision).

1.0 General Requirements

1.1 Legislative Authority

The Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c.22
The Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette: Part I (as amended from time to time)

1.2 Fees

The CFIA is charging fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, please contact the Import Service Centre (ISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice Web Site.

2.0 Policy

This directive only lists approved sources for the exportation of fruit tree and grapevine material to Canada. Specific import requirements can be found in other directives.

Importation of fruit tree propagative material is permitted only from those countries and U.S. states listed in Appendix 1.

Importation of grape propagative material is permitted only from those countries and U.S. states listed in Appendix 2.

For specific details about the importation of Prunus species from the U.S. please refer to directive D-99-07, Policy for Importation from the U.S. and Domestic Movement of Plum Pox Virus (PPV) susceptible Prunus Propagative Plant Material.

The certifying agencies listed in these appendices must annually provide CFIA with a list of nurseries eligible, under their virus certification program, to export propagative material to Canada. In the case of the U.S., due to the large volume of imports from that country, the genera approved for each nursery must also be provided.

Prior to shipment, an importer must obtain a Permit to Import from the CFIA. A permit application form may be obtained from a local CFIA office or from CFIA's website. This application will be reviewed and a permit issued only if the source, the genus, and in some cases the species, are eligible for export, according to the most recent information provided by the certifying agency. Issuance of a permit is not, however, an indication that a particular species or variety is available from a particular exporter. Importation of the material will be permitted only if the certifying agency in the country of origin issues a Phytosanitary Certificate certifying the shipment as meeting Canadian import requirements.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must be issued within fourteen days of shipment and must accompany the material to Canada.

Small quantities of material from non-approved sources may be imported for research purposes under special permit issued by the CFIA. If the permit is issued, the shipment will be sent directly to the Sidney Laboratory - Plant Viruses and Virus-like Diseases in Sidney, British Columbia, for virus testing. A minimum of two years is required for this testing and a fee is charged for the service. Importers wanting further information on this special provision should contact the CFIA.

3.0 Appendices

Appendix 1: Approved Sources of Fruit Tree Propagative Material

This information is subject to change at any time without notice. It should only be used as a guideline.

The importation of Prunus spp. material from Europe is limited to the following species:

  • Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus laurocerasus, Prunus mahaleb, Prunus padus, Prunus sargentii, Prunus serotina, Prunus serrula, Prunus serrulata, Prunus subhirtella, Prunus virginiana, Prunus yedoensis

Virus-tested fruit tree material is available in Canada. For further information, please contact one of the following organizations:

Canada

Canadian Nursery Landscape Association
7856 5th Line South
R.R. #4, Station Main
Milton, Ontario
L9T 2X8

Sidney Laboratory - Plant Viruses and Virus-like Diseases
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
8801 East Saanich Road
Sidney, British Columbia
V8L 1H3

Summerland Varieties Corp.
105-13677 Rosedale Avenue
Summerland, British Columbia
V0H 1Z5

The following countries and U.S. states have virus certification programs approved by the CFIA for the export of Prunus spp., Malus spp., Pyrus spp., Chaenomeles spp., and/or Cydonia spp. propagative material to Canada. The agency listed under each country or state is responsible for the certification program in that area.

United States

California
Division of Plant Industry
California Department of Food and Agriculture
P.O. Box 942871
Sacramento, California
94271-0001

Idaho
Division of Plant Industries
Idaho Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 790
Boise, Idaho
83702-0709

Michigan
Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division
Michigan Department of Agriculture
525 West Allegan Street
Lansing, Michigan
48910

Missouri
Division of Plant Industries
Missouri Department of Agriculture
P.O. Box 630, 1616 Missouri Boulevard
Jefferson City, Missouri
65102-0630

Montana
Agricultural Sciences Division
Montana Department of Agriculture
Agriculture/Livestock Building
P.O. Box 20020l
Helena, Montana
59620-0201

Oregon
Division of Plant Industry
Oregon Department of Agriculture
635 Capitol Street, N.E.
Salem, Oregon
97301-2532

Pennsylvania
Bureau of Plant Industry
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
2301 North Cameron Street
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
17110

Washington
Washington State Department of Agriculture
Plant Services Branch
P.O. Box 42560
Olympia, Washington
98504-2560

Please note that the States of Tennessee, Minnesota and Delaware, albeit not having approved certification programs are nonetheless considered as approved sources by means of agreements signed with some specific nurseries and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Please contact your local CFIA office for more information.

Other Countries

Belgium
Service de la Protection des Végétaux
Administration de l'Agriculture et de l'Horticulture
Manhatten Center Office Tower
Avenue du Boulevard 21, 14e étage
1210 Bruxelles, Belgium

United Kingdom
Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA)
Plant Health & Seeds Inspectorate
Room 10GA02/04
The National Agri-food Innovation Campus
Sand Hutton
York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom

France
Sous-Direction de la Qualité et de la Protection des Végétaux
Direction Général de l'Alimentation
251 rue de Vaugirard
75732 Paris, CEDEX 15, France

Germany
Bundesministerium für Ernährung
Landwirtschaft und Forsten
Postfach 14 02 70
Rochusstrasse, 1
D-5300 Bonn 1, GERMANY

Netherlands
Plant Protection Service
15 Geertjesweg
P.O. Box 9102
6700 HC Wageningen, Netherlands

Appendix 2: Approved Sources of Grape Propagative Material

This information is subject to change at any time without notice. It should only be used as a guideline.

Virus-tested grape material is available in Canada. For further information, please contact one of the following organizations:

Canada

Canadian Nursery Landscape Association
7856 5th Line South
R.R. #4, Station Main
Milton, Ontario
L9T 2X8

Sidney Laboratory - Plant Viruses and Virus-like Diseases
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
8801 East Saanich Road
Sidney, British Columbia
V8L 1H3

Grape Growers of Ontario
P.O. Box 100
Vineland Station, Ontario
L0R 2E0

Association of B.C. Grape Growers
Box 2462, Station R
Kelowna, British Columbia
V1X 6A5

The following countries and U.S. states have virus certification programs approved by CFIA for export of Vitis spp. propagative material to Canada. The agency listed under each state or country is responsible for the certification program in that area.

United States

California
Division of Plant Industry
California Department of Food and Agriculture
P.O. Box 942871
Sacramento, California
94271-0001

Oregon
Division of Plant Industry
Oregon Department of Agriculture
635 Capitol Street, N.E.
Salem, Oregon
97301-2532

Washington
Washington State Department of Agriculture
Plant Services Branch
P.O. Box 42560
Olympia, Washington
98504-2560

Other Countries

France
Sous-Direction de la Qualité et de la Protection des Végétaux
Direction Général de l'Alimentation
251 rue de Vaugirard
75732 Paris, CEDEX 15, France

Germany
Bundesministerium für Ernährung
Landwirtschaft und Forsten
Postfach l4 02 70
Rochusstrasse, 1
D-5300 Bonn 1, Germany

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