D- 95-03: Plant protection policy for marine vessels arriving in Canada from areas regulated for Asian Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar, Lymantria albescens, Lymantria postalba, Lymantria umbrosa)
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Effective Date: March 2018
This directive prescribes measures to prevent the entry of Asian gypsy moth (AGM) (Lymantria dispar, Lymantria albescens, Lymantria postalba, Lymantria umbrosa) on vessels and establishment of AGM in Canada
This directive has been revised as follows:
- The references section has been amended to include a definition of Specified Risk Period.
- Section 2.1 has been updated to provide an exemption from the AGM certification requirement for vessels travelling to defined Northern Canadian ports and the conditions which must be met for this exemption.
- Section 3, Inspection procedures, has been updated to outline conditions for exemption from inspection by CFIA for vessels which present required phytosanitary certificate or other approved certificate for AGM and a negative inspection report from Chile.
- Appendix 2 has been amended to clarify that in all cases, if AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant.
Table of Contents
- Amendment Record
- Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms
- 1.0 General Requirements
- 2.0 Specific Vessel Entry Requirements
- 3.0 Inspection Procedures
- 4.0 Non-Compliance
- 5.0 Appendices
- Appendix 1: Regulated Areas and Specified Risk Periods
- Appendix 2: Summary of Entry Requirements
- Appendix 3: List of CFIA Contacts and Designated Offshore Inspection Sites, for Asian Gypsy Moth, in Eastern and Western Canada
- Appendix 4: List of Recognized Sources of Phytosanitary Certificates and Pre-departure Inspection Certificates
This directive will be updated as required. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Chief Plant Health Officer
Amendments to this directive will be dated and distributed as outlined in the distribution below.
- Plant Health Directive listserve
- Other government organizations (Federal, Provincial, Municipal) (determined by Author)
- National Industry and stakeholder Organizations (determined by Author)
Moths in the genus Lymantria are pests of a broad range of coniferous and deciduous trees in temperate and subtropical parts of the world. These insects feed on the foliage of a wide range of hosts of agricultural, forestry, horticultural or environmental importance. The species of concern are those that are absent from Canada including Lymantria albescens, Lymantria umbrosa, Lymantria postalba and the Asian strains of Lymantria dispar, together commonly called Asian gypsy moth (AGM).
Asian gypsy moth is not known to occur in North America, although incursions have occurred and populations have been eradicated in the past. Primarily, these entries have been the result of AGM larvae emerging from egg masses laid on ships and dispersing to land areas surrounding ports in North America. Port areas in infested countries sometimes experience high population levels of AGM. Females frequently fly at night and are known to be attracted to the lights aboard vessels and in the port areas. As a result, eggs may be laid on ship structures and cargo. These eggs are long-lived, tolerant of extremes in temperature and moisture, and can easily survive ocean crossings on vessels. When an infested vessel enters Canada, there exists the potential for the pest to be discharged along with the cargo or for the larvae of the insect to disperse onto surrounding vegetation through a natural process called "ballooning". Ballooning occurs when the larvae suspend themselves on a silken thread and are then carried by the wind to host trees where they feed. In the past, entry of this pest by vessels has necessitated a number of expensive and often intensive eradication programs. The CFIA's AGM policy has been in place since 1992 to mitigate future introductions.
Life stages of suspect AGM arriving in Canada on vessels from regulated ports in far eastern Asia where AGM is known to occur, as listed in this Directive, represent a risk to the Canadian plant resource base and the Canadian economy. The measures prescribed in this directive are intended to prevent incursions of AGM by requiring that AGM life stages, including egg masses, are eliminated from vessels arriving in Canada from regulated ports. Phytosanitary action may be taken on any suspect AGM life stage.
This directive is intended for use by any individual or company responsible for or acting on behalf of marine vessels wishing to enter Canada, the Canada Border Services Agency, the Canadian Coast Guard (Department of Fisheries and Oceans), Transport Canada and the CFIA. This directive outlines the entry requirements for marine vessels arriving in Canada which have previously called upon ports in areas regulated for AGM.
ISPM No. 5: Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms, FAO, Rome (updated annually)
This directive supercedes D-95-03 (15th Revision) and any other policy documents on this subject.
Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms
Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.
Specified risk period: Refers to the time period in an Asian gypsy moth regulated area during which there is a risk of Asian gypsy moth flight and egg mass deposition.
1.0 General Requirements
1.1 Legislative Authority
The Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c. 22
The Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette: Part I
Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act, S.C. 1995, c. 40
Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations, SOR/2000-187
The CFIA is charging fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, please contact the Import Service Centre (ISC).
Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice Web Site.
1.3 Regulated Pests
The species and sub-species referred to as Asian gypsy moth, (AGM), Lymantria albescens, Lymantria umbrosa, Lymantria postalba, Lymantria dispar japonica and Lymantria dispar asiatica
1.4 Regulated Areas
Regulated areas are listed in Appendix 1.
1.5 Regulated Commodity
This policy applies to any marine vessel entering Canada that has called on a port in a regulated area during a specified risk period when AGM is likely to be deposited on marine vessels. A list of the specified risk periods for each of the areas regulated for AGM is provided in Appendix 1.
2.0 Specific Vessel Entry Requirements
A summary of requirements is provided in Appendix 2
All marine vessels entering Canada must be free from all life stages of AGM.
All marine vessels entering Canada are subject to inspection at any time of the year to verify freedom from AGM.
The Canadian agent is responsible for ensuring that a marine vessel which has visited a port in a regulated area, during the specified risk period (as per Appendix 1) in the current year or in the year immediately preceding the current year, notifies the applicable CFIA officer (as listed in Appendix 3) at least 96 hours prior to the vessel's arrival in Canadian waters.
The Master of a marine vessel which has visited a port in a regulated area during the specified periods listed in Appendix 1, in the current year or in the year immediately preceding the current year, must provide a summary of the ports called upon by the vessel for the past two years, to CFIA, either directly or via the vessel's Canadian agent. The vessel may be required to report at a designated inspection site at a time mutually agreed to by the agent and the CFIA.
2.1 Marine vessels entering Canada during the AGM risk period for Canada
The AGM risk period for Canada begins in Western Canadian ports on March 1 and in Eastern Canadian ports on March 15. The end of the AGM risk period in Canada ends on September 15 for all Canadian ports.
The Master of a marine vessel arriving during the AGM risk period for Canada which has visited a port in a regulated areas during the specified risk periods listed in Appendix 1 in the current year or in the year immediately preceding the current year must provide to CFIA, either directly or via the vessel's Canadian agent:
- a summary of the ports called upon by the vessel for the past 2 years; and
- a copy of a Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) (a list of recognized sources of phytosanitary certificates and pre-departure inspection certificates is provided in Appendix 4).
Vessels calling on all ports of Labrador and north across Canada to the Yukon territory (including all ports in Yukon territory, Northwest territory, Nunavut, and all ports in Ontario and Quebec adjacent to Hudson Bay or James Bay) are exempt from providing a copy of a Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate for AGM if these ports are the first and only ports of call in Canada. However, vessels calling on these northern ports are not exempt from notification requirements for AGM and must provide their forward Canadian port of call list as per the requirements below.
If a vessel is scheduled to call on a northern Canadian port and on a southern, non-exempted port, the vessel must provide a copy of a Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate.
Prior to the vessel entering Canadian waters, the Canadian agent is responsible for ensuring that the CFIA is notified. At the time of notification, a summary of ports of call and copies of an approved Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) must be provided to the CFIA. Contact information for CFIA offices in Eastern and Western Canada can be found in Appendix 3.
The Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) must be issued by a National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) or recognized certification body, as specified in Appendix 4. The certificate must state that the vessel was inspected and found free from AGM. The certificate must be issued from at least the last port of call in a regulated area (as specified in Appendix 1) that was visited during the specified risk period prior, or anytime afterwards, prior to entering Canadian waters.
The vessel may enter a Canadian port upon written confirmation by the appropriate CFIA office. The vessel remains subject to inspection by the CFIA during its stay in Canada. The original Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) must be made available to the CFIA for review upon request.
Vessels that fail to meet this requirement for a certificate will be considered non-compliant. A certified vessel for which an inspection reveal the presence of AGM will be non-compliant and actions taken in accordance with Section 4.0.
2.2 Marine vessels entering Canada outside of the AGM risk period for Canada.
Subject to the requirements outlined in section 2.0, all marine vessels arriving in Canada outside of the AGM risk period for Canada, which have visited ports in regulated areas will be permitted to enter Canadian ports without interruption. These vessels are subject to inspection at any time during their stay in Canada.
A Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) for the vessel is not required for entry into Canada during this period.
Should an inspection reveal the presence of AGM, the vessel will be considered to be non-compliant and actions taken in accordance with Section 4.0.
3.0 Inspection Procedures
CFIA inspection staff will determine the frequency of inspection and geographical location of the inspection prior to entry into Canada. CFIA inspection staff will thoroughly inspect all areas of a marine vessel at a designated inspection site. Inspections normally occur during daylight hours. The CFIA will notify the vessel in writing of the inspection results.
Marine vessels which have visited a regulated area and present a valid Phytosanitary Certificates or other approved certificate(s) (as per Appendix 4) and that are found free of AGM after phytosanitary inspection by authorities in the United States (U.S.) or Chile may enter a Canadian port without inspection, provided that the original confirmation of inspection carried out by U.S. or Chilean authorities is presented as part of the pre-arrival documentation. AGM inspection results from the United States are recognized if they are issued by US Customs and Border Protection (US CBP) and from Chile if they are issued by Servicio Agricola Y Ganadero (SAG).
A vessel without the required certification under Section 2.1 may not be permitted entry into Canada unless:
- an inspection by the CFIA at a designated offshore inspection site is conducted, and
- the inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated.
If the vessel is permitted entry, the vessel will be considered non-compliant during the entire stay in Canada and vessel movements will be regulated by the CFIA while the vessel is in Canadian waters. The vessel may be subject to additional enforcement action. A vessel calling on a Canadian port for a second time without the required certification may be refused entry to Canada.
Upon inspection, if an inspector is not satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, the vessel will be ordered out of Canadian waters and refused entry for up to two years during the AGM risk period for Canada or until the ship meets the requirements specified in Section 2.1. The vessel may also be subject to additional enforcement action.
At a CFIA inspector's discretion, a vessel that has been ordered out of Canada or the U.S. due to the presence of AGM may be permitted to conduct a thorough cleaning of all life stages of AGM outside Canadian waters. Once cleaning is complete, the vessel may be allowed to return to Canadian waters for re-inspection at a designated offshore inspection site. If an inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, the vessel may then be allowed to proceed to a Canadian port. The vessel's movements will be regulated by the CFIA while in Canadian waters. During subsequent visits to Canada, a vessel found infested with AGM may be required to be inspected at a designated off-shore inspection site prior to entry into Canada, unless the vessel meets the entry requirements specified in Section 2.0. The vessel may also be subject to additional enforcement action.
Upon re-inspection of the vessel, if an inspector is not satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, the vessel will be ordered out of Canadian waters and refused entry for up to two years during the AGM risk period for Canada or until the ship meets the requirements specified in Section 2.1.
Notifications of non-compliance will be issued in accordance with D-01-06: Canadian Phytosanitary Policy for the Notification of Non-compliance and Emergency Action.
Appendix 1: Regulated Areas and Specified Risk Periods
Appendix 2: Summary of Entry Requirements
Appendix 3: List of CFIA Contacts and Designated Offshore Inspection Sites, for Asian Gypsy Moth, in Eastern and Western Canada
Appendix 4: List of Recognized Sources of Phytosanitary Certificates and Pre-departure Inspection Certificates
Appendix 1: Regulated Areas and Specified Risk Periods
|Russia Far East||Nakhodka, Ol'ga, Plastun, Pos'yet, Russkiy Island, Slavyanka, Vanino, Vladivostok Vostochny, Zarubino, Kozmino||July 1 to September 30|
|People's Republic of China||All ports in northern China, including all ports north of Shanghai (defined as all ports on or north of 31°15' north latitude)||June 1 to September 30|
|Republic of Korea||All ports||June 1 to September 30|
|Japan - Northern||Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima||July 1 to September 30|
|Japan Western||Akita, Yamagata, Niigata, Toyama, Ishikawa||June 25 to September 15|
|Japan - Eastern||Fukui, Ibaraki, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie||June 20 to August 20|
|Japan - Southern||Wakayama, Osaka, Kyoto, Hyogo, Tottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, Kagawa, Tokushima, Ehime, Kochi, Fukuoka, Oita, Saga, Nagasaki, Miyazaki, Kumamoto, Kagoshima||June 1 to August 10|
|Japan - Far Southern||Okinawa||May 25 to June 30|
Appendix 2: Summary of Entry Requirements
|Marine Vessels two year port of call history||Arrival date in Canada||Regulatory Action|
|Marine vessels that have called on AGM regulated areas during the specified risk period as outlined in Appendix 1 during the current year or the preceding year||Arriving during the AGM risk period for Canada
Western ports: March 1 to September 15
Eastern ports: March 15 to September 15
|A valid Phytosanitary Certificate or recognized pre-departure inspection certificate (a list of CFIA recognized certificates is provided in Appendix 4) verifying that the vessel is free of AGM must be presented.
The vessel is subject to inspection for the presence of AGM on arrival in Canada. Vessels without valid certification will be considered non-compliant, and held at a designated off-shore inspection site for CFIA inspection. If a CFIA inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, vessels may be permitted to enter Canada, but their movements will be regulated while in Canada. If AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant, and its movements will be regulated while in Canada.
|Marine vessels that have called on AGM regulated areas during the specified risk period as outlined in Appendix 1 during the current year or the preceding year||Arriving outside the AGM risk period for Canada
Western ports: September 16 to February 28 (or 29)
Eastern ports: September 16 to March 14
|A Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) for the vessel is not required. Marine vessels may be inspected at berth for presence of AGM. If AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant.|
|Marine Vessels which have not visited an area regulated for AGM in the current year or the preceding year OR visited an area regulated for AGM outside of the specified risk period for this area as outlined in Appendix 1 in the current year or the preceding year||Year round, all ports||A Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) for the vessel is not required. Any marine vessel may be inspected for the presence of AGM. If AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant.|
CFIA AGM Vessel Monitoring Unit Contact Information:
Designated Offshore Inspection Sites:
CFIA AGM Vessel Monitoring Unit Contact Information:
Vancouver Harbour Office
Designated Offshore Inspection Sites:
Phytosanitary Certificates issued by the NPPO of Russia.
A Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the International Plant Quarantine Accreditation Board (IPAB) in the Republic of Korea.
A Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the China Certification and Inspection Company Ltd. (CCIC) in the People's Republic of China.
A Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the following recognized third party inspection bodies in Japan:
- All Nippon Checkers Corporation (ANCC)
- The Japan Cargo Tally Corporation (JCTC)
- Japan Export Vehicle Inspection Center Co., Ltd. (JEVIC)
- Japan Grain Inspection Association (JGIA)
- Hokkaido Bouekikunjyo Co. Ltd. (HBKC)
- Hokuriku Port Service Co., Ltd. (HPS)
- Intertek Testing Services (Australia) Pty Limited – Japan Branch (INTERTEK)
- Kanto Fumigation Co. Ltd. (KFCO)
- Kobe Plant Quarantine Association (KOBEPQA)
- Keiyochiku Plant Quarantine Association (KPQA)
- Kyoritsu Sanitary Co. Ltd. (KRS)
- Muroran & Tomakomai Plant Quarantine Association (MTPQA)
- Navrex & Corporation (NRX)
- Nikkun Co. Ltd. (NCL)
- Nippon Kaiji Kentei Kyokai (NKKK)
- Okayama-Ken Plant Quarantine Association (OKYPQA)
- Osaka Plant Quarantine Association (OPQA)
- Osaka Timber Quarantine Association (OSKTQA)
- Shin Nihon Kentei Kyokai (SNKK)
- Techno Kasei Co. Ltd. (TKL)
- Tokai Plant Quarantine Association (TOKAIPQA)
- Tokyo Plant Quarantine Association (TPQA)
- Yokohama Plant Protection Association (YPPA)
- Date modified: