D-00-07 Phytosanitary requirements to prevent the introduction and spread of apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh)

This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).

Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository

Effective date: January 23, 2017
(9th revision)

Subject

This directive provides the phytosanitary import requirements for regulated articles in order to prevent the entry of apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) into British Columbia (B.C.) from the continental United States and Mexico. This directive also describes the domestic movement requirements related to apple maggot. These requirements are in addition to other restrictions such as those for Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta), light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), designated virus diseases of fruit trees, and regulated soil-borne pests.

This 9th revision of directive D-00-07 includes the following changes:

  • The compliance agreement for the British Columbia Apple Maggot Program has been added to the directive (Appendix 5).
  • Appendix 3 has been revised to align with standard cold storage practices and to clarify minimum treatment requirements.
  • Other minor editorial changes have been made to improve consistency and clarity.

The 8th revision of directive D-00-07 included the following changes:

  • A new title.
  • Establishment of a Pest Free Area (PFA) for apple maggot in B.C.
  • Clarification of the requirements for regulated articles moving within B.C.
  • New option for apple maggot host plants produced in a Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS) to enter B.C. from other provinces and the United States.
  • Clarification of the cold treatment requirements for regulated fruits.
  • Clarification of the apple maggot requirements for empty, used containers moving into B.C. and authorization of the use of a United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS) Federal Certificate (Form PPQ-540), in lieu of a phytosanitary certificate for empty, used fruit containers entering B.C. from the United States.
  • Provisions for apples that are produced in the PFA in B.C. and packed in Washington State to enter B.C. without cold treatment.
  • Clarification of the requirements for regulated articles entering B.C. from Mexico.

This directive supersedes all previous versions of directive D-00-07.

Table of contents

Review

This directive will be updated as required. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

Endorsement

Approved by:

Chief Plant Health Officer

Introduction

Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), apple maggot, is indigenous to hawthorns (Crataegus spp.) in eastern North America. The first record of this insect attacking apple (Malus spp.) in Canada was in Ontario, in 1896. The main hosts of apple maggot are apples and crabapples (Malus spp.) and hawthorn; it has been a serious pest of apples in eastern Canada for more than 100 years.

Apple maggot was detected for the first time in western Canada in 2006 when it was found in Edmonton, Alberta and in the Fraser Valley, Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island regions of British Columbia (B.C.). In 2013, apple maggot was also confirmed in Prince George, B.C. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) regulates the importation and domestic movement of regulated articles including fresh fruit and plants with roots, used apple containers, and soil to prevent the introduction and spread of apple maggot into and within BC. This insect is considered to have a limited distribution in B.C.

The Okanagan, Similkameen and Creston Valleys in the southern interior of B.C. are the only major apple-growing areas in Canada that remain free from this pest. These interior fruit-producing regions in B.C. are surrounded by steep mountain ranges and are geographically isolated from known apple maggot populations in Canada. The most likely pathways for the movement of apple maggot into the fruit-producing valleys of southern interior B.C. are human-assisted spread from established populations in North America or natural spread from adjacent infested areas.

The domestic movement into B.C. of regulated articles, such as apple fruit, nursery stock, used containers and soil from infested areas, is regulated under the Plant Protection Regulations. This directive describes the phytosanitary requirements that are in place to mitigate the risk associated with both the domestic movement and importation of regulated articles from areas in North America that are infested with apple maggot into B.C. and from regulated areas within B.C. to areas of B.C. where apple maggot does not occur.

Purpose

This directive is intended for the use of CFIA inspection staff, Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) staff, National Plant Protection Organization (NPPOs) of exporting countries, and individuals or businesses intending to import or move regulated articles from areas regulated for apple maggot to B.C. or within B.C. It is also intended as a guide for producers located in areas regulated for apple maggot.

References

D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action. CFIA, Ottawa.

D-08-04: Phytosanitary import requirements for plants and plant parts for planting. CFIA, Ottawa.

D-94-35: List of sources approved to export fruit tree and grape propagative material to Canada. CFIA, Ottawa.

D-95-08: Phytosanitary import requirements for fresh temperate fruits and nuts. CFIA, Ottawa.

D-95-26: Phytosanitary requirements for soil and related matter, alone or in association with plants. CFIA, Ottawa.

Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms

Definitions for terms used in this directive can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.

1.0 Scope

1.1 Legislative authority

Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c.22
Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette, Part I (as amended from time to time)

1.2 Fees

The CFIA charges fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported products, please contact the CFIA's National Import Service Centre (NISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice website.

1.3 Regulated pests

Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), apple maggot

For biological information, please refer to the CFIA's Fact Sheet on R. pomonella.

1.4 Regulated articles

  • Plants with roots: rooted host plants of all species, hybrids and horticultural varieties of Malus spp., Crataegus spp., Prunus avium and P. cerasus.
  • Fresh fruits of Malus spp., Crataegus spp.
  • Fresh fruits of Prunus avium and P. cerasus originating from Utah or Wisconsin in the United States.
  • Empty used containers: Any bin, box, case, crate, package, tote or other receptacle previously used for containing, transporting, packaging or wrapping the regulated fresh fruits or rooted plants, irrespective of size or material.
  • Soil: Soil and other growing media attached to plants of the listed host species.

1.5 Regulated areas

Regulated areas are areas where R. pomonella is considered to occur. The areas regulated for R. pomonella include all provinces in Canada, except the Pest Free Area in B.C., all continental states in the United States and all states of Mexico.

1.6 Pest Free Areas

This directive establishes a Pest Free Area (PFA) for R. pomonella in the commercial tree fruit production areas in the southern interior of the province of B.C. Please refer to Appendix 1 for a map and list of the regional districts and electoral areas that make up the PFA.

The CFIA carries out annual surveys for R. pomonella in B.C. to verify the "pest free status" of these areas, detect new pest incursions and support access to export markets.

2.0 General requirements

Except under the provisions specified in this directive, no regulated articles may be moved from regulated areas into the province of B.C. or from regulated areas within B.C. into the PFA.

Note: Imported fresh fruits and nursery stock are additionally regulated or prohibited for other pests. Please refer to the list of other Plant Health directives, particularly directives D-95-08 and D-08-04, consult the CFIA's Automated Import Reference System (AIRS) or contact the CFIA for further details.

2.1 Requirements for regulated articles transiting B.C.

In addition to meeting CBSA's reporting requirements, regulated articles entering Canada and transiting B.C. to other destinations within Canada or the United States must either be shipped via bonded carrier or meet the entry requirements of B.C.

3.0 Requirements for regulated articles from Mexico entering the province of B.C.

3.1 Plants

The regulated host plants of apple maggot are currently not authorized for importation into Canada from Mexico; see directive D-08-04, in particular Section 3.3 and Appendix 1, for details.

3.2 Fresh fruits of Malus spp. and Crataegus spp.

A Permit to Import is not required. A phytosanitary certificate is required.

Cold treatment is required; see Appendix 3 for options. The phytosanitary certificate must specify the treatment details.

3.3 Empty used containers (including fruit bins)

A Permit to Import is not required. A phytosanitary certificate is required.

Empty used containers that have been used to transport apple maggot host materials may enter B.C. provided they have been treated using a steam or high pressure water wash or another treatment approved by the CFIA and are inspected and found free from regulated pests, soil and plant debris. The containers must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate specifying the treatment.

4.0 Requirements for regulated articles from the United States entering the province of B.C.

Appendix 2 lists the counties in the United States which are considered free from apple maggot on the basis of annual official surveys. Only the counties listed in Appendix 2 are eligible for certification options related to county freedom.

4.1 Plants with roots

Note: Due to requirements for pests other than apple maggot, Malus spp. and Prunus spp. plants are only admissible into Canada from approved sources in certain states of the United States and are subject to additional specific import requirements. Please refer to directive D-94-35 for more details.

A Permit to Import and a phytosanitary certificate are required. The phytosanitary certificate must indicate the state and county of origin.

One of the following options must be met:

(1) The plants must be free from fruit and must be entirely free from soil and soil-related matter. The phytosanitary certificate must include the following additional declaration:

"The plants in this consignment were inspected and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(2) The plants were produced in a county that is free from apple maggot based on annual official surveys (Appendix 2). The phytosanitary certificate must include the following additional declaration:

"The plants in this consignment were produced in a county in the continental United States in which, on the basis of annual official surveys, the apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) does not occur."

(3) Prunus avium plants may enter B.C. with some soil adhering to the roots provided they are one year old, or younger, and non-fruit bearing. The plants must be shaken to remove most soil, to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the phytosanitary certificate:

"The plants in this consignment are one year old or younger and non-fruit bearing and were inspected and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(4) Plants that are produced at a USDA-APHIS approved Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS) may enter B.C. with some soil adhering to the roots. The plants must be free from fruit and shaken to remove most soil, to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the phytosanitary certificate:

"The plants in this consignment were produced in a USDA-APHIS approved space [Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS)] and were inspected and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

Note: The process for seeking approval of a PFPP or PFPS for apple maggot must be initiated by USDA-APHIS. The CFIA will review the information submitted by USDA-APHIS and assess whether the proposed phytosanitary measures are sufficient to preclude the introduction and spread of apple maggot.

4.2 Fresh fruits

4.2.1 Prunus avium and P. cerasus

Fresh fruits of Prunus avium and P. cerasus from Utah and Wisconsin are prohibited entry to B.C.

There are no requirements related to apple maggot for fresh cherry fruit from other states.

4.2.2 Malus spp. and Crataegus spp.

A Permit to Import is not required. A phytosanitary certificate is required. The phytosanitary certificate must indicate the state and county of origin.

The shipment must conform to one of the following options:

Option 1: Cold treatment

Appendix 3 describes the cold treatment options. The phytosanitary certificate must specify the treatment details.

Option 2: Pest free county

Certification for freedom from apple maggot is based on the results of annual official surveys, isolation from sources of infestation and systematic sampling and inspections of the fruit prior to export. Please refer to Appendix 2 for the list of apple maggot free counties.

The following additional declaration must appear on the phytosanitary certificate:

"The fruit in this consignment was grown in a county which has been surveyed annually in a manner which clearly establishes that the apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) does not occur and in addition this fruit was harvested a minimum of one mile from any neighbouring county infestations."

Option 3: Pest Free Production Site (PFPS)

A commercial orchard which is free from apple maggot, but located within an apple maggot infested county in the continental United States, may be designated as a Pest Free Production Site (PFPS) by USDA-APHIS. The following additional declaration must appear on the phytosanitary certificate:

"The fruit in this consignment was harvested from a commercial orchard in the designated apple maggot free zone space (identification name or number) in the county of space."

Note: Producers wishing to qualify as a PFPS must file a request with their state certification authority. The state must then make representation to the USDA-APHIS. Details concerning the name of the grower(s), location of the orchard(s), isolation factors including proximity to nearest known apple maggot infestation, survey methods and survey results are required and should be included in such a representation.

4.2.3 Malus spp. produced in the PFA in British Columbia and packed in Washington State

Apples produced in an area of British Columbia that is free from apple maggot and that are packed in Washington State and then returned to the province of British Columbia may be exempted from cold treatment provided they are accompanied by a re-export phytosanitary certificate issued by United States officials in addition to the CFIA phytosanitary certificate with the following additional declaration:

"The fruit in this consignment was produced in a pest free area for apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) in British Columbia."

Packers located in Washington State that wish to qualify for the exemption from cold treatment must file a request with the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA). WSDA must make representation to USDA-APHIS in Washington D.C. Details such as the name of the packer, inventory controls, safeguarding measures, the location of adjacent orchard(s) and unmanaged host trees, and proximity to the nearest known apple maggot infestation are required and should be included in such a representation.

4.3 Empty used containers (including fruit bins)

Empty used containers that have been used to transport apple maggot host materials may enter B.C. provided they have been treated using a steam or high pressure water wash or another treatment approved by the CFIA and are inspected and found free from regulated pests, soil and plant debris. The containers must either be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate specifying the treatment or a USDA-APHIS Federal Certificate (Form PPQ-540, see Appendix 4).

5.0 Requirements for regulated articles entering B.C. from other regions of Canada

5.1 Plants with roots

A CFIA Movement Certificate is required. One of the following options must be met:

(1) The plants must be free from fruit and must be entirely free from soil. The Movement Certificate must include the following additional declaration:

"The plants in this consignment were inspected by CFIA and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(2) Prunus avium plants that are not completely free from soil may enter B.C. provided they are 1 year old, or younger, and non-fruit bearing. The plants must be shaken to remove most soil and to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the Movement Certificate:

"The plants in this consignment are one year old or younger and non-fruit bearing and were inspected by CFIA and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(3) Plants that are produced at an approved Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS) may enter B.C. with some soil adhering to the roots. The plants must be free from fruit and shaken to remove most soil and to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the Movement Certificate:

"The plants in this consignment were produced in a CFIA-approved space [Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS)] and were inspected and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

Note: The process for seeking CFIA approval of a PFPP or PFPS for apple maggot must be initiated by provincial agricultural authorities. The CFIA will review the information submitted by the province and assess whether the proposed phytosanitary measures are sufficient to preclude the introduction and spread of apple maggot. The CFIA will then enter into compliance agreements with individual source nurseries.

5.2 Fresh fruits of Malus spp. and Crataegus spp.

A CFIA Movement Certificate is required.

The fruit must undergo a cold treatment as described in Appendix 3. The Movement Certificate must specify the treatment details.

5.3 Empty used containers (including fruit bins)

Empty used containers that have been used to transport apple maggot host materials may enter B.C. provided they have been treated using a steam or high pressure water wash or another treatment approved by the CFIA and are inspected and found free from regulated pests, soil and plant debris. The containers must be accompanied by a Movement Certificate issued by the CFIA, specifying the treatment.

6.0 Requirements for regulated articles moving into the Pest Free Area (PFA) in B.C. from regulated areas of B.C.

6.1 Plants with roots

A Movement Certificate issued by the CFIA in British Columbia is required.

One of the following options must be met:

(1) The plants must be free from fruit and must be entirely free from soil. The Movement Certificate must include the following additional declaration:

"The plants in this consignment were inspected by the CFIA and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(2) Prunus avium plants that are not completely free from soil may enter the PFA in B.C. provided they are 1 year old, or younger, and non-fruit bearing. The plants must be shaken to remove most soil and to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the Movement Certificate:
"The plants in this consignment are one year old or younger and non-fruit bearing and were inspected by CFIA and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

(3) The nursery has entered into a compliance agreement with the CFIA specifying the measures used to mitigate the risk of apple maggot (Appendix 5). The following additional declaration must appear on the Movement Certificate:

"The plants in this consignment meet the requirements of the British Columbia Apple Maggot Program."

(4) Plants that are produced at an approved Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS) may enter the PFA with some soil adhering to the roots. The plants must be free from fruit and shaken to remove most soil, to facilitate the inspection of the roots and crowns of the plants. The following additional declaration must appear on the Movement Certificate:

"The plants in this consignment were produced in a CFIA-approved [Pest Free Place of Production (PFPP) or Pest Free Production Site (PFPS)] and were inspected and found free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)."

Note: The process for seeking CFIA approval of a PFPP or PFPS for apple maggot must be initiated by provincial agricultural authorities. The CFIA will review the information submitted by the province and assess whether the proposed phytosanitary measures are sufficient to preclude the introduction and spread of apple maggot. The CFIA will then enter into compliance agreements with individual source nurseries.

6.2 Fresh fruits of Malus spp. and Crataegus spp. produced in regulated areas of B.C.

A CFIA Movement Certificate is required.

The fruit must undergo a cold treatment as described in Appendix 3. The Movement Certificate must specify the treatment details.

6.3 Empty used containers (including fruit bins)

Empty used containers that have been used to transport regulated articles may enter the PFA from other regions of B.C. provided they have been treated using a steam or high pressure water wash or another treatment approved by the CFIA and are inspected and found free from regulated pests, soil and plant debris. The containers must be accompanied by a Movement Certificate issued by the CFIA, specifying the treatment.

7.0 Non-compliance

7.1 Imported shipments

Imported consignments are subject to inspection by the CFIA. Shipments that are found to be infested with pests of quarantine concern or are otherwise non-compliant may be refused entry to Canada, or ordered removed from the country or destroyed. Infested consignments may be ordered treated to prevent the spread of pests prior to disposal. If determined feasible by the inspector, non-compliant shipments may be rerouted to other destinations, provided such a course of action does not cause unwarranted pest risk.

The importer is responsible for all costs relating to treatment, disposal or removal of the products, including costs incurred by the CFIA to monitor the action taken. As per directive D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action, the CFIA will notify the NPPO of the exporting country when a consignment from that country fails to comply with Canada's phytosanitary import requirements, including if apple maggot is detected.

7.2 Domestic shipments

Regulated articles originating from a regulated area in Canada and destined to B.C. or originating in a regulated area in B.C. and destined to the Pest Free Area must meet the phytosanitary requirements for apple maggot and are subject to inspection by the CFIA. Consignments that are found to be infested with apple maggot or are otherwise non-compliant will be returned to the regulated area or destroyed. Infested shipments may be ordered treated to prevent the spread of pests prior to disposal. The person in possession, care or control of the shipment is responsible for all costs relating to disposal, removal or rerouting, including costs incurred by the CFIA to monitor the action taken.

8.0 Appendices

  • Appendix 1: Map of the Pest Free Area for apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) in British Columbia
  • Appendix 2: Counties in the continental United States which are considered free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) on the basis of official annual surveys
  • Appendix 3: Cold treatment
  • Appendix 4: USDA-APHIS Form PPQ-540
  • Appendix 5: British Columbia Apple Maggot Program: Annual Compliance Agreement and Application Form

Appendix 1: Map of the Pest Free Area for apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) in British Columbia

The apple maggot Pest Free Area includes the following electoral areas within the following regional districts in B.C.:

  • Central Kootenay Regional District: entire district, except electoral areas D and K
  • Central Okanagan Regional District: entire district
  • Columbia-Shuswap Regional District: electoral areas C, D and E and municipalities of Salmon Arm and Sicamous only
  • Kootenay-Boundary Regional District: entire district
  • North Okanagan Regional District: entire district, except electoral area E
  • Okanagan-Similkameen Regional District: entire district, except electoral area H and the municipality of Princeton
The apple maggot Pest Free Area in British Columbia. Description follows
Description of image – The apple maggot Pest Free Area in British Columbia

This map of British Columbia shows the electoral areas and regional districts which make up the apple maggot Pest Free Area in British Columbia. The Pest Free Area includes electoral areas within the Central Kootenay Regional District, the Central Okanagan Regional District, the Columbia-Shuswap Regional District, the Kootenay-Boundary Regional District, the North Okanagan Regional District and the Okanagan-Similkameen Regional District.

Appendix 2: Counties in the continental United States which are considered free from apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) on the basis of official annual surveys

Date modified: March 21, 2014

California

  • Contra Costa
  • El Dorado
  • Fresno
  • Imperial
  • Kern
  • Kings
  • Lake
  • Los Angeles
  • Madera
  • Marin
  • Merced
  • Monterey
  • Orange
  • Riverside
  • Sacramento
  • San Benito
  • San Bernadino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Joaquin
  • San Luis Obispo
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santa Clara
  • Stanislaus
  • Tulare
  • Ventura

Idaho

  • Boundary
  • Canyon
  • Owyhee
  • Payette

Oregon

  • Baker
  • Crook
  • Deschutes
  • Grant
  • Harney
  • Jefferson
  • Klamath
  • Lake
  • Malheur
  • Morrow
  • Union
  • Wallowa
  • Wheeler

Washington

  • Adams
  • Asotin
  • Benton
  • Chelan
  • Columbia
  • Douglas
  • Ferry
  • Franklin
  • Garfield
  • Grant
  • Lincoln
  • Okanogan
  • Pend Oreille
  • Stevens
  • Walla Walla
  • Whitman

Appendix 3: Cold treatment

The cold storage room must be maintained at a maximum temperature of:

(1) 0.6°C (33°F) for a minimum of 42 continuous days; or

(2) 3.3°C (38°F) for a minimum of 90 continuous days

To certify that cold treatment requirements have been met:

  • Temperatures in the cold storage room must be recorded a minimum of once per hour.
  • Temperature sensors must be calibrated prior to initiating the cold treatment or at a frequency specified by the manufacturer.
  • Temperature sensors must be positioned to accurately monitor the temperature in the cold storage room.
  • If the fruit is not pre-cooled, at least one temperature sensor must be placed into the pulp of a fruit.
  • The timing of the cold treatment may begin when all the temperature sensors in the cold storage room have reached the targeted temperature.
  • Gaps in the temperature record/log will not affect the certification process provided the gaps are not longer than two consecutive readings and the temperature remains at, or below, the target level.
  • A cold treatment may be accepted, even if a sensor fails, provided that a sufficient number of functioning sensors remain in the cold room to demonstrate that temperatures were maintained at, or below, the target level.
  • The cold storage room must remain closed for the entire treatment period.
  • The CFIA will review the temperature records for the entire treatment period prior to issuing a Movement Certificate or phytosanitary certificate.

Appendix 4: USDA-APHIS Form PPQ-540

United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service-PPQ Certificate – Form PPQ-540. Description follows.
Description of image – USDA-APHIS-PPQ Certificate – Form PPQ-540

This is an image of a sample USDA-APHIS Federal Certificate that may be used to certify used fruit containers, in lieu of a phytosanitary certificate. The form includes the following elements: a serial number, date issued, date void, name of consignor, shipping point, name and address of consignee, vehicle identification information, description of the articles being certified, and the signature of the issuing inspector. It also includes the following statement: "The articles described below are certified under all applicable Federal or State cooperative domestic plant quarantines."

Appendix 5: British Columbia Apple Maggot Program: Annual Compliance Agreement and Application Form

B.C. Apple Maggot Program requirements

The B.C. Apple Maggot Program offers a mechanism for moving regulated plants that are potted into soil-free growing media into the Pest Free Area (PFA) in B.C. from regulated areas of B.C. between November 1st and June 1st. Regulated plants are: plants with roots of all species, hybrids and horticultural varieties of Malus spp., Crataegus spp., Prunus avium and P. cerasus.

The facility must enter into an annual compliance agreement with the CFIA and each consignment of plants must be accompanied by a Movement Certificate that confirms the plants meet the conditions of B.C. Apple Maggot Program, as described below. There are three options:

Option 1:
  • Plants with roots must be completely free from soil and fruit;
  • Prior to potting in soil-free growing media, the plants must be inspected by the CFIA to verify freedom from soil, fruit and apple maggot (November 1 – June 1).
Option 2:
  • Plants must be 1 year old, or younger, and free from fruit, at the time of potting.
  • Any fruit must be removed from the plants during the growing season.
  • The plants must be shaken and/or washed to remove most soil.
  • Prior to potting in soil-free growing media, the plants must be inspected by the CFIA to verify freedom from fruit and from apple maggot (November 1 – June 1).
  • A pest management program targeting apple maggot must be applied to any fruit-bearing host trees growing on the property.
Option 3:
  • Plants may be more than 1 year old at the time of potting, but the plants must be kept free from fruit and a 3-meter buffer area around the plants must be maintained free from host fruit and host species. Plants and the buffer area must be inspected annually by the CFIA starting when plants are 1 year old or younger to verify that these conditions are met.
  • Plants must be shaken and/or washed to remove most soil.
  • Prior to potting in soil-free growing media, plants must be inspected by the CFIA to verify freedom from fruit and from apple maggot (November 1 – June 1).
  • A pest management program targeting apple maggot must be applied to any fruit-bearing host trees growing on the property.

Additional requirements:

  • Plants must be potted in soil-free growing media. The growing media and its components must not have been previously used to grow plants and must be stored a minimum of 3 metres from any host plants.
  • Plants intended for the PFA must be kept a minimum of 3 meters from other non-approved host plants.
  • Potted plants may not move into the PFA between June 2nd and October 31st. Any potted plants that remain in the regulated area after June 1st no longer meet the requirements of the B.C. Apple Maggot Program. These plants may be re-inspected and re-potted the following November 1st – June 1st, under Option 3.
A. Contact information

The following compliance agreement is between the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and space, a facility located in an apple maggot regulated area in British Columbia (B.C.) that seeks authorization to move potted host plants (Malus spp., Crataegus spp., Prunus avium and/or P. cerasus in soil-free growing media) into the apple maggot Pest Free Area (PFA) between November 1st and June 1st. The following options may be used [mark appropriate boxes]:

  • Option 1
  • Option 2
  • Option 3

Legal name of the facility:

Contact name(s):

Mailing address:

E-mail address:

Phone numbers:

Fax number:

B. Facility requirements

The facility must complete and sign this form and submit it to their local CFIA office along with the following written information:

  1. Name and contact information of the person(s) responsible for implementing the B.C. Apple Maggot Program and obtaining a Movement Certificate for host plants destined to the PFA.
  2. A brief description of the types of host plants that are expected to be shipped under the B.C. Apple Maggot Program, including: the genus/species/variety, age/size, source and approximate numbers.
  3. Maps which show the location of the growing and holding areas for all regulated nursery stock and any permanent host plants growing on or adjacent to the property. Please identify where plants in the B.C. Apple Maggot Program and where newly sourced host plants will be held.
  4. Facilities that have fruit-bearing host trees growing on their property must briefly describe their pest management program for apple maggot (e.g. chemical control, or bagging fruit/trees, or trapping to demonstrate that apple maggot is not present combined with disposal of fallen fruit), unless they are only shipping under Option 1.
  5. Describe how host plants destined for the PFA are identified and segregated from other host material.
  6. Evidence that an inventory system is in place that will track plants in the B.C. Apple Maggot Program.
  7. Anticipated timelines for various activities, such as:
    • Sourcing new plants for the B.C. Apple Maggot Program (from other nurseries in B.C., from other provinces and from other countries)
    • Fruit removal
    • Plant digging/lifting
    • Soil removal
    • Potting must occur between November 1st and June 1st

The facility agrees to:

  1. Maintain records documenting the activities listed above, including inspection reports provided by CFIA and to make these records available to the CFIA upon request.
  2. Notify the CFIA when activities related to this program occur so the CFIA can verify them.
  3. Contact the CFIA to request inspections to verify freedom from soil, fruit and apple maggot prior to potting the plants in soil-free growing media.
  4. Provide the CFIA with an inventory of all host plants at the facility prior to the issuance of the first Movement Certificate for the B.C. Apple Maggot Program. Updated inventories must be provided to the CFIA upon request.
  5. Request a Movement Certificate from the CFIA for each shipment of host plants shipped into the PFA.
C. Applicant statement

The information provided in this document is collected by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) under the authority of the Plant Protection Act. Personal information collected under Plant Protection Export Programs will be dealt with under the provisions of the Privacy Act and will be stored in Personal Information Bank CFIA IPP 155. Information may be accessible or protected as required under the provisions of the Access to Information Act. This information will be retained for a period of 10 years in accordance with the CFIA's retention and disposition policies.

Further, I am and shall be responsible for and shall indemnify and save harmless Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, including the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Her Officers, Servants, Employees, Successors and Assigns, from and against all manners of actions, causes of action, claims, demands, loss, costs, damages, actions or other proceedings by whomsoever made, sustained, brought or prosecuted in any manner based upon, caused by, arising out of, attributable to or with respect to any failure, inadvertent or otherwise, by act or omission, to fully comply with the said conditions and requirements.

I, space the owner/operator in possession, care or control of the above named facility have read, understood and agree to comply with all the conditions and requirements of the B.C. Apple Maggot Program, as described in this document.

Signature:space

Date: space

D. Approval statement from the CFIA (to be completed by CFIA Regional Program Officer or Inspector)

The above production facility has been inspected and is approved to participate in the B.C. Apple Maggot Program from space to space. Potted host plants that comply with requirements outlined in this agreement are eligible to move into the apple maggot PFA accompanied by a CFIA Movement Certificate.

Name of Inspector: space

Date: space

Signature: space

Date modified: