Appendix 1: Summary of phytosanitary import requirements for temperate fresh fruit and tree nuts approved for entry into Canada

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Last updated: July 4, 2016

This document is Appendix 1 of directive D-95-08: Phytosanitary import requirements for fresh temperate fruits and tree nuts.

Note: The importation of any fresh temperate fruit or tree nuts from any origin that is not included on this list requires prior approval from the CFIA.

General requirements

Scientific (botanical) name of the product must be indicated at least to the genus level (e.g. Malus spp.) on the shipping documents. Where only certain species or varieties within a genus are approved, the species and/or variety must be indicated.

All material must be free from soil, soil-related matter and plant debris.

All material must be free from quarantine pests.

The containers used to package and transport fresh fruit and tree nuts must be new or cleaned in a manner that addresses risks from regulated plant pests and removes all organic matter, soil and/or soil-related matter.

Material from foreign countries entering Canada via a third country must meet the same phytosanitary requirements as shipments that are imported directly into Canada.

If a regulated commodity transits through a province other than the province/territory of destination, the import requirements for material imported to the province of transit apply in addition to the import requirements for the province of destination.

Notes on these tables

"Yes" in the "Trial period" column indicates that the fruit or tree nuts may only be shipped under trial period conditions, as described in section 2.4 of directive D-95-08.

All appendices referenced in these tables can be found in directive D-95-08: Phytosanitary import requirements for fresh temperate fruits and tree nuts.

The tables are in alphabetical order by scientific name of the fruit. Rows in the tables are arranged in the following order:

Notes:

Column headings:

You can use the following internal links to skip ahead to each section of this appendix:

Actinidia spp. (kiwis)
Castanea spp. (chestnuts)
Citrullus spp. (watermelons)
Corylus spp. (hazelnuts, filberts)
Crataegus spp. (haws)
Cucumis melo (melons, cantaloupes)
Cydonia spp. (quinces)
Diospyros spp. (persmimmons)
Fragaria spp. (strawberries)
Gaylussacia spp. (huckleberries)
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. (apples, crabapples, haws)
Prunus avium, P. cerasus (cherries)
Prunus spp. other than P. avium and P. cerasus (stone fruit: apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof)
Punica spp. (pomegranates)
Pyrus spp. (pears)
Ribes spp. (currants, gooseberries)
Rubus spp. (raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries, European blackberries, European dewberries)
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. (blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries)
Vitis spp. (grapes)
Ziziphus spp. (jujubes)

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Actinidia spp. fresh fruit (kiwis)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Actinidia spp. kiwis all origins other than California all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Actinidia spp. kiwis California All provinces no no yes Table Note 1 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 1

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 1  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Castanea spp. nuts (chestnuts)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Castanea spp. chestnuts all origins other than continental United States all provinces no yes yes Fumigation as per Schedule 3 of Appendix 4 or hot water treatment for a minimum of 45 minutes at 50°C, with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate
Castanea spp. chestnuts continental United States all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Citrullus spp. fresh fruit (watermelons)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Citrullus spp. watermelons all origins all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Corylus spp. nuts (hazelnuts, filberts)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Corylus spp. hazelnuts, filberts all origins other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Corylus spp. hazelnuts, filberts all origins B.C. no no yes
  • Uncured nuts: Prohibited.
  • Cured, processed, graded nuts:

    The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

    "Material was processed to preclude the presence of filbertworm (Melissopus latiferreanus)."

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Crataegus spp. fresh fruit (haws)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Crataegus spp. haws See Malus spp.

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Cucumis melo fresh fruit (melons, cantaloupes)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Cucumis melo melons, cantaloupes all origins all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Cydonia spp. fresh fruit (quinces)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Cydonia spp. quinces Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Cydonia spp. quinces Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Cydonia spp. quinces Australia other than B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 5 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Epiphyas postvittana)
Cydonia spp. quinces Australia B.C. no no yes Fruit must be fumigated as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4, then maintained at a continuous temperature of 0°C for 21 days. The Phytosanitary Certificate must show the treatment details. (Epiphyas postvittana and Grapholita molesta)
Cydonia spp. quinces New Zealand other than B.C. no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Cydonia spp. quinces New Zealand B.C. no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
    and
  • Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Cydonia spp. quinces continental U.S. other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Cydonia spp. quinces continental U.S. (except California) B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Cydonia spp. quinces California B.C. no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
    and
  • Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Diospyros spp. fresh fruit (persimmons)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Diospyros spp. persimmons countries listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana), other than the U.S. all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Diospyros spp. persimmons countries not listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (not regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana), other than the U.S. all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Diospyros spp. persimmons continental United States (except California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Diospyros spp. persimmons California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 2 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Diospyros spp. persimmons California B.C. no no yes Table Note 2

Must meet the following requirements:

Table Notes

Table Note 2

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 2  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Fragaria spp. fresh fruit (strawberries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Fragaria spp. strawberries Argentina all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Fragaria spp. strawberries Australia all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Fragaria spp. strawberries Chile all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Fragaria spp. strawberries Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Fragaria spp. strawberries Israel (Gaza) all provinces no no yes The place of origin of the shipment must be clearly identified as Gaza on all shipping documents.
Fragaria spp. strawberries New Zealand all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Fragaria spp. strawberries Peru all provinces yes yes yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Fragaria spp. strawberries Republic of Korea (South Korea) all provinces yes yes yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This shipment has been inspected and found free of all life stages of any pests regulated by Canada".

Fragaria spp. strawberries continental U.S. other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Fragaria spp. strawberries continental U.S. (except California) B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Fragaria spp. strawberries California B.C. no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Gaylussacia spp. fresh fruit (huckleberries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Gaylussacia spp. huckleberries See Vaccinium spp.

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Malus spp. and Crataegus spp. fresh fruit (apples, crabapples, haws)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws Argentina, Chile, South Africa all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Malus spp. apples, crabapples Australia all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Malus spp. apples, crabapples Brazil other than B.C. no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Malus spp. apples, crabapples Brazil B.C. Prohibited (Grapholita molesta)
Malus spp. apples, crabapples France, Italy, Portugal, Spain all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the pear leaf blister moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Malus spp. apples, var. Fuji Japan all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.3

(Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Gymnosporangium yamadae, Monilinia fructigena)

Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws Mexico other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws Mexico B.C. no no yes See D-00-07 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Malus spp. apples, crabapples Netherlands all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Malus spp. apples, crabapples New Zealand all provinces no no yes Table Note 3 See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Malus spp. apples People's Republic of China – Provinces of Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi and Shandong other than B.C. some provinces Table Note 4 some provinces Table Note 4 yes

See Appendix 2.2

(Adoxophyes orana, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Diaporthe tanakae, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali)

Malus spp. apples People's Republic of China – Provinces of Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi and Shandong B.C. some provinces Table Note 4 some provinces Table Note 4 yes

See Appendix 2.2

(Adoxophyes orana, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Diaporthe tanakae, Grapholita molesta, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali)

Malus spp. apples, crabapples Poland all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.16

(Adoxophyes orana, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Cydia pomonella, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia polystroma, Syndemis musculana)

Malus spp. apples, crabapples Republic of Korea (South Korea) other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.4

(Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Gymnosporangium yamadae, Monilinia fructigena)

Malus spp. apples, crabapples Republic of Korea (South Korea) B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.4

(Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Grapholita molesta, Gymnosporangium yamadae, Monilinia fructigena)

Malus spp. apples, crabapples Uruguay other than B.C. no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Malus spp. apples, crabapples Uruguay B.C. no no yes See Appendix 2.9 (Grapholita molesta)
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws continental U.S. other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws continental U.S. (except California) B.C. no no yes See D-00-07 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. apples, crabapples, haws California B.C. no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
    and
  • See D-00-07 (Rhagoletis pomonella)

Table Notes

Table Note 3

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 3  referrer

Table Note 4

Malus spp. (apples) from China: Yes for the provinces of Hebei, Henan and Shanxi. No for the provinces of Liaoning, Shaanxi and Shandong.

Return to table note 4  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Prunus avium and P. cerarus fresh fruit (cherries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Argentina, Belgium, Chile, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Australia other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.10

(Epiphyas postvittana, Grapholita molesta)

Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Australia B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.10

(Epiphyas postvittana, Grapholita molesta, Cydia pomonella)

Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries New Zealand all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries South Africa other than B.C. no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries South Africa B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.11

(Cydia pomonella, Grapholita molesta)

Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Spain other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.1

(Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Lobesia botrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi and Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis])

Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Spain B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.1

(Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Lobesia botrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi and Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis])

Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries continental U.S. (except California) other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 5 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries continental U.S. (except California, Utah and Wisconsin) B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries California B.C. no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus avium, P. cerasus cherries Utah and Wisconsin B.C. Prohibited (Rhagoletis pomonella)

Table Notes

Table Note 5

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 5  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) fresh fruit (stone fruit: apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Argentina, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey other than B.C. no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Argentina, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta, Lobesia botrana)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Australia other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.10

(Epiphyas postvittana, Grapholita molesta)

Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Australia B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.10

(Cydia pomonella, Epiphyas postvittana, Grapholita molesta)

Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof New Zealand other than B.C. no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof New Zealand B.C. no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
    and
  • Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof South Africa other than B.C. no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof South Africa B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.1

(Cydia pomonella, Grapholita molesta)

Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Spain other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.1

(Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Lobesia botrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi and Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis])

Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Spain B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.1

(Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Lobesia botrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi and Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis])

Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof continental U.S. (except California) other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 6 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof continental U.S. (except California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington) B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Grapholita molesta)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof California B.C. no no yes Must meet the following requirements:
  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate or meet the requirements of the certification program in D-99-04 (Grapholita molesta) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Prunus spp. (other than P. avium and P. cerasus) apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums and hybrids thereof Idaho, Oregon and Washington B.C. no no yes Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate or meet the requirements of the certification program in D-99-04 (Grapholita molesta)

Table Notes

Table Note 6

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 6  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Punica spp. fresh fruit (pomegranates)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Punica spp. pomegranates countries listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana) all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Punica spp. pomegranates countries not listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (not regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Punica spp. pomegranates continental United States (except California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Punica spp. pomegranates California all provinces no no yes Table Note 7 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 7

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 7  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Pyrus spp. fresh fruit (pears)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Pyrus spp. pears Belgium all provinces yes yes yes

See Appendix 2.17

(Adoxophyes orana, Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis), Argyrotaenia ljungiana, Cydia funebrana, Cydia pomonella, Diaspidiotus pyri, Grapholita molesta, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena)

Pyrus spp. pears Japan all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.6

(Acrobasis pirivorella, Adoxophyes orana fasciata, Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis, Aphanostigma iaksuiense, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Grapholita inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia polystroma, Tetranychus truncatus, Venturia nashicola)

Pyrus spp. pears Netherlands all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Pyrus spp. pears continental U.S. other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Pyrus spp. pears continental U.S. (except California) B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Pyrus spp. pears California B.C. no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Pyrus spp. pears People's Republic of China, Shanxi Province all provinces yes yes yes

See Appendix 2.5

(Acrobasis pirivorella, Adoxophyes orana, Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis, Aphanostigma iaksuiense, Cacopsylla chinensis, Cacopsylla liaoli, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Euzophera pyriella, Grapholita inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilia yunnanensis, Monilinia fructigena, Spilonota albicana, Tetranychus truncatus, Venturia nashicola)

Pyrus bretschneideri pears, var. Ya People's Republic of China, Hebei Province and Shandong Province all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.5

(Adoxophyes orana, Alternaria spp., Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Numonia [=Myelois] pirivorella, Tetranychus truncatus)
Pyrus communis pears, common Argentina, Chile, South Africa all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Pyrus communis pears, common Australia, New Zealand all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Pyrus communis pears, common France, Italy, Portugal, Spain all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the pear leaf blister moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Pyrus sp. nr. communis pears, var. fragrant People's Republic of China, Xinjiang Province all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.5

(Adoxophyes orana, Alternaria spp., Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Numonia [=Myelois] pirivorella, Tetranychus truncatus)

Pyrus pyrifolia pears, var. Asian Australia all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This shipment originated from orchards under the nashi pear pest management program and was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and other injurious pests, i.e. painted apple moth (Orgyia anartoides), and yellow peach moth (Conogethes punctiferalis)."

Pyrus pyrifolia pears, var. Asian People's Republic of China, Hebei and Shandong Provinces all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.5

(Adoxophyes orana, Alternaria spp., Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Leucoptera malifoliella, Monilinia fructigena, Numonia [=Myelois] pirivorella, Tetranychus truncatus)

Pyrus pyrifolia pears, var. Asian New Zealand, United Kingdom all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Pyrus pyrifolia pears, var. Asian Republic of Korea (South Korea) other than B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.7


(Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Monilinia fructigena, Numonia [=Myelois] pirivorella, Tetranychus truncatus)

Pyrus pyrifolia pears, var. Asian Republic of Korea (South Korea) B.C. no no yes

See Appendix 2.7

(Alternaria gaisen, Amphitetranychus viennensis [=Tetranychus viennenis], Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Numonia [=Myelois] pirivorella, Tetranychus truncatus)

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Ribes spp. fresh fruit (currants, gooseberries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries Argentina, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries Australia all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Uruguay all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries New Zealand all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries continental U.S. (except California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 8 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Ribes spp. currants, gooseberries California B.C. no no yes Table Note 8 Must meet the following requirements:
  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 8

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 8  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Rubus spp. fresh fruit (raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries, European blackberries, European dewberries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Australia all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Rubus spp. (other than R. caesius, R. fructicosus) raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Chile all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus caesius, R. fructicosus European blackberries, European dewberries Chile all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Costa Rica all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Guatemala all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Mexico all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries New Zealand all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries Peru all provinces yes yes yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Rubus spp. raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries, European blackberries, European dewberries continental U.S. (other than California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus spp. (other than R. caesius, R. fructicosus) raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries California other than B.C. no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Rubus spp. (other than R. caesius, R. fructicosus) raspberries, blackberries, boysenberries, loganberries California B.C. no no yes Table Note 9 See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Rubus caesius, Rubus fructicosus European blackberries, European dewberries California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 9 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Rubus caesius, Rubus fructicosus European blackberries, European dewberries California B.C. no no yes Table Note 9

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 9

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 9  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Vaccinium spp. and Gaylussacia spp. fresh fruit (blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Vaccinium spp. blueberries Argentina, Chile all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vaccinium spp. blueberries Australia all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"The blueberry fruit in this shipment has been inspected and found free of Acropolitis rudisana, Epiphyas postvittana, Nysius vinitor and Teia (Orgyia) anartoides."

Vaccinium spp. blueberries Mexico all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries New Zealand all provinces no no yes

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and painted apple moth (Teia [Orgyia] anartoides)."

Vaccinium spp. blueberries Peru all provinces no no yes See Appendix 2.19
Vaccinium spp. blueberries Uruguay all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries U.S. states regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2.18 New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries U.S. states regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2.18 all provinces other than New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island no yes Table Note 10 yes Table Note 10 See Appendix 2.18 (Rhagoletis mendax)
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries U.S. states not regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2.18, other than California all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 10 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vaccinium spp., Gaylussacia spp. blueberries, lingonberries, huckleberries California B.C. no no yes Table Note 10

Must meet the following requirements:

Table Notes

Table Note 10

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 10  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Vitis spp. fresh fruit (grapes)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Vitis spp. grapes Argentina, Chile, Spain all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vitis spp. grapes Australia all provinces no yes yes Fumigation and cold-treatment as per Schedule 5 of Appendix 4 with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate (Epiphyas postvittana, Phalaenoides glycinae)
Vitis spp. grapes Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, South Africa, Venezuela all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vitis spp. grapes Greece all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.12

(Coniella diplodiella, Elsinoe ampelina, Phomopsis viticola, Eupoecilia ambiguella, Lobesia botrana)

Vitis spp. grapes India all provinces yes yes yes See Appendix 2.8
Vitis spp. grapes Italy all provinces yes yes yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana) and
  • Fumigation as per Schedule 2 of Appendix 4 (with treatment details indicated on Phytosanitary Certificate) or production under a CFIA-approved systems approach for Otiorhyncus corruptor (with additional declaration on Phytosanitary Certificate).
Vitis spp. grapes Japan all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.15

(Coniella diplodiella, Eupoecilia ambiguella, Guignardia baccae, Phomopsis viticola, Popillia japonica)

Vitis spp. grapes Lebanon all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vitis spp. grapes Namibia all provinces yes yes yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Vitis spp. grapes New Zealand all provinces no no yes See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana)
Vitis spp. grapes Peru all provinces no no yes No specific additional declarations or treatment details required on the Phytosanitary Certificate
Vitis spp. grapes Republic of Korea (South Korea) all provinces yes yes yes

See Appendix 2.13

(Aleurolobus vitis, Conogethes punctiferalis, Eulecanium kunoense, Eupoecilia ambiguella, Guignardia baccae, Icerya purchasi, Monilinia fructigena, Nippoptilia vitis, Scirtothrips dorsalis)

Vitis spp. grapes United Kingdom all provinces no no yes

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vitis spp. grapes Uruguay all provinces no no yes

See Appendix 2.14

(Elsinoe ampelina, Coniella diplodiella, Naupactus xanthographus, Phomopsis viticola)

Vitis spp. grapes continental U.S. (except California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vitis spp. grapes California other than B.C. no no yes Table Note 11 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vitis spp. grapes California B.C. no no yes Table Note 11

Must meet the following requirements:

  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 11

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 11  referrer

Summary of the phytosanitary import requirements for Ziziphus spp. fresh fruit (jujubes)

Scientific name Common name Origin Destination TP IP PC Pests and requirements
Ziziphus spp. jujubes countries listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana), other than the U.S. all provinces no no yes See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Ziziphus spp. jujubes countries not listed in Appendix 2b of D-13-03 (not regulated by the CFIA for Lobesia botrana), other than the U.S. all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Ziziphus spp. jujubes continental United States (except California) all provinces no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Ziziphus spp. jujubes California all provinces no no yes Table Note 12 See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)

Table Notes

Table Note 12

A Phytosanitary Certificate or import permit is required in some cases only. See the "Pests and requirements" column for details.

Return to table note 12  referrer

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