Appendix 1: Summary of Plant Health Import Requirements for Temperate Fresh Fruit Approved for Entry into Canada

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Please note that the importation of any genus of fresh temperate fruit from any origin that is not included on this list requires prior approval from the CFIA before the importation is permitted.

Note: "Yes*" in the "Phytosanitary Certificate" column indicates that a Phytosanitary Certificate is required in some cases only. See the "Import Requirements/Treatment" column for details.

NPPR = No Plant Protection Requirement

An § indicates that this is a new addition to this list

Scientific name Common name Origin Dest. Pests Table Note 1 Trial Per.Table Note 2
(end date)
Per. to Import Table Note 3 Phyt. Cert.Table Note 4 Import
Requirements/ TreatmentTable Note 5
(where applicable)
Actinidia spp. Kiwi All areas except California NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Actinidia spp. Kiwi California All provinces LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Citrullus spp. Water melon NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Cucumis melo Melon, cantaloupe NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Cydonia spp. Quince Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Cydonia spp. Quince Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro Continental US (Except California) BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to Schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Cydonia spp. Quince California BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to Schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

Cydonia spp. Quince Australia BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

After fumigation, then shipment must be maintained at a continuous temperature of 0°C for 21 days.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Cydonia spp. Quince Australia Other than BC EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment:

Fumigation and cold (See Schedule 5 of Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Cydonia spp. Quince New Zealand BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Cydonia spp. Quince New Zealand Other than BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Diopsyros spp. Persimmon All areas except California NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Diopsyros spp. Persimmon California BC EP, LB N/A No Yes* The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Diopsyros spp. Persimmon California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Argentina All provinces EP N/A No Yes
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Australia All provinces EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation and cold, according to schedule 5 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Fragaria spp. Strawberry Chile All provinces N/A No Yes
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Colombia, Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatamala All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Israel (Gaza) All provinces N/A No Yes The place of origin of the shipment must be clearly identified as Gaza on all shipping documents.
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Continental US Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Continental US (Except California) BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Fragaria spp. Strawberry California BC EP N/A No Yes The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

Fragaria spp. Strawberry Peru All provinces September 1, 2012 Yes Yes free from soil, pests, leaves and other plant debris
Fragaria spp. Strawberry New Zealand All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Gaylussacia spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp. See Vaccinium spp.
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. Apple, Crabapple, Haw Argentina
Chile
South Africa
All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Australia All provinces EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment:

Fumigation and cold (See Schedule 5 of Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Brazil BC GM Prohibited - Refuse Entry Prohibited - Refuse Entry Prohibited - Refuse Entry Prohibited - Refuse Entry
Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Brazil Other than BC N/A No Yes
Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple France, Italy, Portugal, Spain All provinces LM N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Malus spp. Apple, var. Fuji Japan All provinces CS, GM, GI, CoP, GY, MF N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Bagging or Fumigation, according to schedule 1 (Appendix 6).

Only the Fuji variety is approved.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

For apples bagged while developing on the tree:

"The fruit in this shipment has been inspected and found free of all living stages of Carposina sasakii, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Conogethes punctiferalis, Gymnosporangium yamadae and Monilinia fructigena."

or

For apples not bagged while developing on the tree, or bagged but suspected of being contaminated with pests because of loose bagging or for other reasons:

"The fruit in this shipment has been treated as prescribed by CFIA for control of Carposina sasakii, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Conogethes punctiferalis, Gymnosporangium yamadae and Monilinia fructigena."

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Carposina sasakii, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Conogethes punctiferalis, Gymnosporangium yamadae and Monilinia fructigena.

For additional information, please see appendix 2 C.

Malus spp., Crataegus spp. Apple, Crabapple, Haw Mexico BC RP N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain one of the following additional declaration:

"The fruit was inspected at the time of shipment and is apparently free of apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) and has been continuously maintained at a maximum temperature of 0.6°C for a minimum of 42 days."

or

"The fruit was inspected at the time of shipment and is apparently free of apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) and has been continuously maintained at a maximum temperature of 3.3°C for a minimum of 90 days."

Malus spp., Crataegus spp. Apple, Crabapple, Haw Mexico
Continental US
Other than BC RP NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Malus spp., Crataegus spp. Apple, Crabapple, Haw Continental US BC RP, EP N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must indicate the state and county of origin and contain one of the following additional declarations:

"The fruit was inspected at the time of shipment and is apparently free of apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) and has been continuously maintained at a maximum temperature of 0.6°C for a minimum of 42 days."

or

"The fruit was inspected at the time of shipment and is apparently free of apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) and has been continuously maintained at a maximum temperature of 3.3°C for a minimum of 90 days."

or

"The fruit in this shipment originates in a state in which, on the basis of official annual surveys, the apple maggot is known not to occur."

or

Apples originating from non-infested counties of California, Oregon, Idaho or Washington may be exempt from treatment if certified as follows:

"The fruit in this shipment was grown in a county which has been surveyed annually in a manner which clearly establishes that the apple maggot does not occur and in addition, this fruit was harvested a minimum of one mile from any neighbouring county infestation."

or

Apples from commercial orchards located within the infested counties of California, Oregon, Idaho and Washington may be exempted from cold storage. Certification of apple maggot is based on the results of official annual surveys, isolation from sources of infestation, and systematic sampling and inspection of the fruit prior to export. The following statement is required:

"The fruit of this consignment was harvested from a commercial orchard in the designated apple maggot free zone (identification name or number) in the county of (name country)."

Note: Producers wishing to qualify for such exemption must file a request for exemption with their state certification authority. The state of origin must then make representation to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Washington D.C. Details concerning the name of grower(s), location of orchard(s), isolation factors including proximity to nearest known apple maggot infestation, survey methods and results would be required and should be included in such a representation.

The material must be packed in new containers.

or

If the material is packed in used containers (including wood and plastic containers), the containers must be treated according to methods approved of by the Plant Health Division. The following additional declaration must be included on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"These used containers have been treated and are free of apple maggot and soil."

In addition, fruits originating from California must be certified free from light brown apple moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

A certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate in regard with the requirements for light brown apple moth (LBAM).

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Netherlands All provinces N/A No Yes
Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple New Zealand All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Malus spp. Apple People's Republic of China - Provinces of Shaanxi, Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi, Henan and Liaoning BC AO, CS, CoP, GI, LM, AV, DT, MF, MM, GM Yes for Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning and Henan.

No for Shaanxi and Shandong.

Yes for Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning and Henan.

No for Shaanxi and Shandong.

Yes The fruits must originate from orchards in the People's Republic of China approved for export to Canada by the AQSIQ, where cultural practices, chemical controls and field inspection (or monitoring) programs are carried out to ensure freedom from quarantine pests.

The name and code number of the approved orchard and the shipping container number must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate.

Botanical (Scientific) name of the produce must be indicated at least to the genus level, i.e. Malus spp.

The fruits must either be bagged while in development on the tree or must undergo the fumigation and cold treatment specified in Appendix 6 (schedule 1)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

1) a) For apples "bagged" while developing on the tree:

"The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Leucoptera malifoliella, Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis), Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali and Diaporthe tanakae."

or

b) For apples not "bagged", while developing on the tree:

"The material was produced under a pest management program for Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali and Diaporthe tanakae and has been treated to kill Adoxophyes orana, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Grapholita molesta, Leucoptera malifoliella and Amphitetranychus viennensis."

2) For apples not "bagged", the shipment must undergo one of the treatments listed in Appendix 6 (schedule 1). The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details.

Must be free from soil, pests, leaves and/or plant debris.

Malus spp. Apple People's Republic of China - Provinces of Shaanxi, Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi, Henan and Liaoning. Other than BC AO, CS, CoP, GI, LM, AV, DT, MF, MM Yes for Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning and Henan.

No for Shaanxi and Shandong.

Yes for Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning and Henan.

No for Shaanxi and Shandong.

Yes The fruits must originate from orchards in the People's Republic of China approved for export to Canada by the AQSIQ, where cultural practices, chemical controls and field inspection (or monitoring) programs are carried out to ensure freedom from quarantine pests.

The name and code number of the approved orchard and the shipping container number must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate.

Botanical (Scientific) name of the produce must be indicated at least to the genus level, i.e. Malus spp..

The fruits must either be bagged while in development on the tree or must undergo the fumigation and cold treatment specified in Appendix 6 (schedule 1).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must accompany the shipment and must contain the following declaration:

1) a) For apples "bagged" while developing on the tree:

"The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Leucoptera malifoliella, Amphitetranychus viennensis, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali and Diaporthe tanakae."

or

b) For apples not "bagged", while developing on the tree:

"The material was produced under a pest management program for Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia mali and Diaporthe tanakae and has been treated to kill Adoxophyes orana, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Cydia inopinata, Leucoptera malifoliella and Amphitetranychus viennensis.."

2) For apples not "bagged", the shipment must undergo one of the treatments listed in Appendix 6 (schedule 1). The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details

Must be free from soil, pests, leaves and/or plant debris.

Malus spp. Apple Poland All provinces MF, MP, AO, AV, CyP, LM, SM October 27, 2014 Yes Yes The apples must be produced under a systems approach.

The phytosanitary certificate must include the following additional declaration: "This shipment has been inspected and found free of all life stages of any pests regulated by Canada".

For additional information, please see appendix 2 I.

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Republic of Korea Other than BC MF, AV, GY, CS, CoP N/A No Yes § Fresh apples must originate from orchards in the Republic of Korea approved for export to Canada by the National Plant Quarantine Service of the Republic of Korea.

The apples must be either "bagged" while developing on the tree; or

The apples must undergo fumigation and cold treatment as specified in Appendix 6 (schedule 1).

For apples that have been "bagged" while developing on the tree, the Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration: "The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Gymnosporangium yamadae, Monilinia fructigena and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

For apples that have not been bagged, i.e. for treated apples, the Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details.

For additional information, please see appendix 2D.

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Republic of Korea BC MF, AV, GY, GM, CS, CoP N/A No Yes § Fresh apples must originate from orchards in the Republic of Korea approved for export to Canada by the National Plant Quarantine Service of the Republic of Korea.

The apples must be either "bagged" while developing on the tree; or

The apples must undergo fumigation and cold treatment as specified in Appendix 6 (schedule 1).

For apples that have been "bagged" while developing on the tree, the Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration: "The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Carposina sasakii, Conogethes punctiferalis, Grapholita molesta, Gymnosporangium yamadae, Monilinia fructigena and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

For apples that have not been bagged, i.e. for treated apples, the Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details.

For additional information, please see appendix 2D.

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Uruguay BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

If the fruits have been grown under a certification program:

"The fruit was produced under a pest management program and is free of Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta)."

If the fruits have been treated:

"The fruit in this shipment has been treated to kill Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta)."

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Malus spp. Apple, Crabapple Uruguay Other than BC N/A; No Yes
Prunus spp. Apricot Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro Continental US (Except California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Apricot Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US (except California) Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Apricot Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Apricot California BC EP, GM, LB N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Prunus spp. Apricot California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Prunus spp. Apricot Australia BC EP, GM, CyP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of any living stage of the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the codling moth (Cydia pomonella)".

Prunus spp. Apricot Australia Other than BC EP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 6 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Apricot New Zealand BC EP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Apricot New Zealand Other than BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Apricot South Africa BC CyP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 or schedule 4 (Appendix 6).

The fruits must originate from orchards in South Africa where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Apricot South Africa Other than BC N/A No Yes
Prunus spp. Apricot Spain BC AO, CF, GM, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Apricot Spain Other than BC AO, CF, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Cherry Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, former Yugoslavia All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Cherry Australia Other than BC EP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 6 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Cherry Australia BC EP, GM, CyP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of any living stage of the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the codling moth (Cydia pomonella)".

Prunus spp. Cherry Continental US (except Calfironia) Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Cherry Continental US (except California, Utah and Wisconsin) BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Cherry California BC EP, LB N/A No Yes The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Prunus spp. Cherry California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Prunus spp. Cherry Utah and Wisconsin BC RP Prohibited-rfuse Entry
Only the species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus are regulated, including containers used for fruit of P. avium and P. cerasus. No CFIA requirement for other species but all fresh fruits are subject to audit inspections. Fruits must be commercially packed. and shipped in new containers. The fruits must be clean and free from pests, soil and related matter (sand, leaves, plant debris, etc.) The fresh fruits must have been produced in this country and the origin must be clearly identified on shipping documents.
Prohibited-rfuse Entry
Only the species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus are regulated, including containers used for fruit of P. avium and P. cerasus. No CFIA requirement for other species but all fresh fruits are subject to audit inspections. Fruits must be commercially packed. and shipped in new containers. The fruits must be clean and free from pests, soil and related matter (sand, leaves, plant debris, etc.) The fresh fruits must have been produced in this country and the origin must be clearly identified on shipping documents.
Prohibited-rfuse Entry
Only the species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus are regulated, including containers used for fruit of P. avium and P. cerasus. No CFIA requirement for other species but all fresh fruits are subject to audit inspections. Fruits must be commercially packed. and shipped in new containers. The fruits must be clean and free from pests, soil and related matter (sand, leaves, plant debris, etc.) The fresh fruits must have been produced in this country and the origin must be clearly identified on shipping documents.
Prohibited-rfuse Entry
Only the species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus are regulated, including containers used for fruit of P. avium and P. cerasus. No CFIA requirement for other species but all fresh fruits are subject to audit inspections. Fruits must be commercially packed. and shipped in new containers. The fruits must be clean and free from pests, soil and related matter (sand, leaves, plant debris, etc.) The fresh fruits must have been produced in this country and the origin must be clearly identified on shipping documents.
Prunus spp. Cherry New Zealand All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Cherry South Africa BC CyP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 or schedule 4 (Appendix 6).

The fruits must originate from orchards in South Africa where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Cherry South Africa Other than BC N/A No Yes
Prunus spp. Cherry Spain Other than BC AO, CF, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Cherry Spain BC AO, CF, GM, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletiscerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Nectarine Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US (except Calfornia) Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Nectarine Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US (Except California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Nectarine California BC EP, GM, LB N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Prunus spp. Nectarine California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Prunus spp. Nectarine Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Nectarine Australia BC GM, EP, CyP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of any living stage of the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the codling moth (Cydia pomonella)".

Prunus spp. Nectarine Australia Other than BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 6 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Nectarine New Zealand BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Nectarine New Zealand Other than BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Nectarine South Africa BC CyP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 or schedule 4 (Appendix 6).

The fruits must originate from orchards in South Africa where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Nectarine South Africa Other than BC N/A No Yes
Prunus spp. Nectarine Spain BC AO, CF, GM, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Nectarine Spain Other than BC AO, CF, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Plum Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, (former) Yugoslavia, Continental US
(Except California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington)
BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Plum California BC EP, GM, LB N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Prunus spp. Plum California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Prunus spp. Plum Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Plum Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, (former) Yugoslavia, Continental US (except California) Other than BC GM NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Plum Australia BC GM, EP, CyP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of any living stage of the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the codling moth (Cydia pomonella)".

Prunus spp. Plum Australia Other than BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 6 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Plum New Zealand BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Plum New Zealand Other than BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Plum South Africa BC CyP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 or schedule 4 (Appendix 6).

The fruits must originate from orchards in South Africa where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Plum South Africa Other than BC N/A No Yes
Prunus spp. Plum Spain BC AO, CF, GM, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Plum Spain Other than BC AO, CF, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Peach Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US (except California) Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Prunus spp. Peach Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Continental US (Except California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington) BC GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Peach California BC EP, GM, LB N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Prunus spp. Peach California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Prunus spp. Peach Idaho, Oregon and Washington BC GM N/A No Yes The fruits must:

have been grown under a certification program

or

undergo a fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6)

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

Untreated fruits:

"The fruit in this shipment was produced under the Systems Approach based Oriental Fruit Moth Certification Program."

or

Treated fruits:

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Peach Australia BC GM, EP, CyP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of any living stage of the light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) and the codling moth (Cydia pomonella)".

Prunus spp. Peach Australia Other than BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 6 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details for the Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Peach New Zealand BC GM, EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details for the Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta).

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Peach New Zealand Other than BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Prunus spp. Peach South Africa BC CyP, GM N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 or schedule 4 (Appendix 6).

The fruits must originate from orchards in South Africa where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests (Grapholita molesta).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain treatment details for the codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta).

Prunus spp. Peach South Africa Other than BC N/A No Yes
Prunus spp. Peach Spain BC AO, CF, GM, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Grapholita molesta, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Prunus spp. Peach Spain Other than BC AO, CF, RC, AV, MF September 1, 2012 Yes Yes Must have been produced by a certified facility or undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6) and followed by a separate treatment for Monilinia fructigena of sodium hypochlorite using a "hydrocooling" rain system with dosages of 20-100 ppm available chlorine for a minimum of 8 minutes.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the following declaration:

"The material was produced under an official pest management program and is free of Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

or

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Adoxophyes orana, Cydia funebrana, Monilinia fructigena, Rhagoletis cerasi, and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis).

For additional information, please see appendix 2 A.

Pyrus spp. Pear Belgium All provinces MF, AO, AV, AL, CyP, CF, DP, GM, LM October 6, 2014 Yes Yes The pears must be produced under a systems approach.

The phytosanitary certificate must include the following additional declaration: "This shipment has been inspected and found free of all life stages of any pests regulated by Canada".

Pyrus spp. Pear Japan All provinces AG, MF, MP, VN, NP, CS, GI, GM, AV, TT N/A No Yes The pears must originate from orchards in the Tottori Prefecture approved for export to Canada by the NPPO of Japan and meet the determined pre-shipment requirements.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This is, further, to certify that this shipment of [pear variety] was grown in accordance with the plant quarantine measures for fresh sand pears produced in Japan for export to Canada."

See appendix 2 F for more information.

Pyrus spp. Pear Netherlands All provinces LM N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Pyrus spp. Pear Continental US Other than BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Pyrus spp. Pear Continental US (Except California) BC NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Pyrus spp. Pear California BC EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

Pyrus bretschneideri Pear, var. Ya China, Hebei Province All provinces AO, CS, CoP, LM, NP, TT, AV, AG, AS, DT, MF N/A No Yes The shipping container number(s) must be stated on the Phytosanitary Certificate in addition to the code number (and name if available) of the approved orchard from which the pears originated.

For more information, see appendix 2 E.

Pyrus bretschneideri Pear, var. Ya China, Shandong Province All provinces AOCS, CoP, LM, NP, TT, AV, AG, AS, DT, MF N/A No Yes The shipping container number(s) must be stated on the Phytosanitary Certificate in addition to the code number (and name if available) of the approved orchard from which the pears originated.

For more information, see appendix 2 E.

Pyrus communis Pear, common Argentina, Chile, South Africa All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Pyrus communis Pear, common France, Italy, Portugal, Spain All provinces LM N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The fresh fruit in this consignment has been inspected within 14 days prior to export and found to be free of living stages of the Pear Leaf Blister Moth, (Leucoptera malifoliella)."

Pyrus communis Pear, common Australia New Zealand All provinces EP, TA, CoP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Pyrus nr. communis Pear, var. Fragrant China, Xinjiang province only All provinces AO, CS, CoP, LM, NP, TT, AV, AG, AS, DT, MF N/A No Yes The shipping container number(s) must be stated on the Phytosanitary Certificate in addition to the code number (and name if available) of the approved orchard from which the pears originated.

For additional information, see appendix 2 E.

Pyrus pyrifolia Pear, var. Asian China, Hebei and Shandong provinces All provinces AO, CS, CoP, LM, NP, TT, AV, AG, AS, DT, MF N/A No Yes The shipping container number(s) must be stated on the Phytosanitary Certificate in addition to the code number (and name if available) of the approved orchard from which the pears originated.

For additional information, see appendix 2 E.

Pyrus pyrifolia Pear, var. Asian Australia All provinces EP, CoP, TA N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary must contain the following additional declaration:

"This shipment originated from orchards under the nashi pear pest management program and was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and other injurious pests, i.e. painted apple moth (Orgyia anartoides), and yellow peach moth (Conogethes punctiferalis)."

Pyrus pyrifolia Pear, var. Asian Republic of Korea Other than BC AG, CS, CoP, MF, NP, TT, AV N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary must contain the following additional declaration:

"The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Alternaria gaisen, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes (Dichocrocis) punctiferalis, Numonia pirivorella, Monilinia fructigena, Tetranychus truncatus and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

The pears must originate from orchards in the Republic of Korea approved to export to Canada by the National Plant Quarantine Service of the Republic of Korea.

For additional information, see appendix 2 G.

Pyrus pyrifolia Pear, var. Asian Republic of Korea BC AG, CS, CoP, GM, MF, NP, TT, AV N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary must contain the following additional declaration:

"The material was produced under a pest management program and is free of Alternaria gaisen, Carposina sasakii, Conogethes (Dichocrocis) punctiferalis, Grapholita molesta, Numonia pirivorella, Monilinia fructigena, Tetranychus truncatus and Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis)."

The pears must originate from orchards in the Republic of Korea approved to export to Canada by the National Plant Quarantine Service of the Republic of Korea.

For additional information, see appendix 2 G.

Pyrus pyrifolia Pears, var. Asian New Zealand
United Kingdom
All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, South Africa, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, (former) Yugoslavia All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry Continental US (Except California) all provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry California BC EP, LB N/A No Yes* The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry Australia All provinces EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation and cold, according to schedule 5 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Light Brown Apple Moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Ribes spp. Currant, Gooseberry New Zealand All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry Chile, Costa Rica All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry Guatemala All provinces Approved from August 15 to March 14
Prohibited from March 15 to August 15
Approved from August 15 to March 14
Prohibited from March 15 to August 15
Approved from August 15 to March 14
Prohibited from March 15 to August 15
Approved from August 15 to March 14
Prohibited from March 15 to August 15
Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry Continental US (Except California) All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry California BC EP, LB N/A No Yes* The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."

Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* If the shipment is from an area that is under quarantine for Lobesia botrana:
-- The consignment must have been inspected and certified free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.
-- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the following additional declaration is required: "The consignment was inspected and found free from European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana."
Rubus spp. Blackberry, Loganberry, Mulberry, Raspberry, Boysenberry Mexico All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry Australia All provinces EP N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation and cold, according to schedule 5 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include treatment details for Light Brown Apple Moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Loganberry, Boysenberry New Zealand All provinces EP N/A No Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Rubus spp. Raspberry, Blackberry, Boysenberry, Loganberry Peru All provinces July 4, 2013 Yes Yes Must be free from soil, pests, leaves and/or plant debris
Vaccinium spp., other than V. macrocarpon (cranberries)
Gaylussacia spp.
blueberry, lingonberry, huckleberry U.S. states regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2 (K) New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island RM no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vaccinium spp., other than V. macrocarpon (cranberries)
Gaylussacia spp.
blueberry, lingonberry, huckleberry U.S. states regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2 (K) all provinces and territories other than New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island RM no yes* yes* *See Appendix 2 (K); (Rhagoletis mendax)
Vaccinium spp., other than V. macrocarpon (cranberries)
Gaylussacia spp.
blueberry, lingonberry, huckleberry U.S. states (other than California) not regulated by the CFIA for Rhagoletis mendax as per Appendix 2 (K) all provinces and territories N/A no no no No pest-specific phytosanitary requirements
Vaccinium spp., other than V. macrocarpon (cranberries)
Gaylussacia spp.
blueberry, lingonberry, huckleberry California other than BC LB no no yes* *See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vaccinium spp., other than V. macrocarpon (cranberries)
Gaylussacia spp.
blueberry, lingonberry, huckleberry California BC EP, LB no no yes* *Must meet the following requirements:
  • See D-07-03 (Epiphyas postvittana) and
  • See D-13-03 (Lobesia botrana)
Vaccinium spp. Blueberry Argentina, Chile All provinces LB N/A No Yes Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth): The material must meet the requirements in directive D-13-03.
Vaccinium spp. Blueberry Australia All provinces AR, EP, NV, TA N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The blueberry fruit in this shipment has been inspected and found free of Acropolitis rudisana, Epiphyas postvittana, Nysius vinitor and Teia (Orgyia) anartoides."

Blueberries must be commercially packed, graded, free of debris and shipped in new containers.

Vaccinium spp.
Gaylussacia spp.
Blueberry, Lingonberry, Huckleberry New Zealand All provinces EP, TA N/A No Yes The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of Light Brown Apple Moth (Epiphyas postvittana) and of Painted Apple Moth (Teia [orgyia] anartoides)."

Blueberries must be commercially packed, graded, free of debris and shipped in new containers.

Vaccinium spp. Blueberry Mexico All provinces N/A No Yes free from soil, pests, leaves and other plant debris
Vaccinium spp. Blueberry Uruguay All provinces N/A No Yes free from soil, pests, leaves and other plant debris
Vitis spp. Grape Argentina, Chile, Spain All provinces LB N/A No Yes Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth): The material must meet the requirements in directive D-13-03.
Vitis spp. Grape Brazil, Columbia, Mexico, South Africa, Venezuela All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Vitis spp. Grape India All provinces May 11, 2015 Yes Yes The grapes must be produced in vineyards approved by the NPPO of India.

The phytosanitary certificate must include the following additional declaration: "This shipment has been inspected and found free of all life stages of any pests regulated by Canada".

For additional information, please see appendix 2 (J).

Vitis spp. Grape Italy All provinces LB, OC ongoing Yes Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details.

Vitis spp. Grape Continental US (except California) All provinces NPPR NPPR NPPR NPPR
Vitis spp. Grape California Other than BC LB N/A No Yes* Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth): The material must meet the requirements in directive D-13-03.
Vitis spp. Grape California BC EP, LB N/A No Yes*

Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth): The material must meet the requirements in directive D-13-03.

The material must also be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM).
-- a Phytosanitary Certificate is required which includes the following additional declaration:"This consignment complies with the Canadian requirements for light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) as outlined in Directive D-07-03."

For requirements related to light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), a certificate of proof of origin can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate if the origin is a non-regulated county of California. Consult D-07-03 for more information.

Vitis spp. Grape Australia All provinces EP, PG N/A Yes Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation and cold, according to schedule 5 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must include the treatment details against light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).

Vitis spp. Grape Greece All provinces CD, EIA, PV, EuA, LB N/A No Yes Grapes must originate from vineyards where cultural practices, chemical controls and post-harvest inspection and grading are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details.

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The fruit in this shipment has been inspected and found free of all living stages of white rot (Coniella diplodiella), anthracnose (Elsinoe ampelina) and phomopsis cane & leaf spot (Phomopsis viticola) and has been fumigated with methyl bromide for control of European grape berry moth (Eupoecilia ambiguella) and vine moth (Lobesia botrana)."

Vitis spp. Grape Japan All provinces GB, CD, PV N/A No Yes The grapes must originate from vineyards in Japan approved to export to Canada by the National Plant Protection Organization of Japan and where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the regulated pests.

or

Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

For treated grapes, the Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment details.

For untreated grapes, no additional declaration is required but certification is based on freedom from black rot of grape (Guignardia baccae), European grape berry moth (Eupoecilia ambiguella), Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica), phomopsis cane & leaf spot (Phomopsis viticola), and white rot (Coniella diplodiella).

Vitis spp. Grape Lebanon All provinces LB N/A No Yes Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the details of the treatment and the following additional declaration:

"The material has been treated to kill vine moth (Lobesia botrana)."

Vitis spp. Grape Namibia All provinces ongoing Yes Yes
Vitis spp. Grape New Zealand All provinces EP N/A N/A Yes The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

Vitis spp. Grape Peru All provinces N/A No Yes
Vitis spp. Grape Republic of Korea (South Korea) All provinces CoP, EuA, GB, MF ongoing Yes Yes The grapes must EITHER originate from vineyards in South Korea approved to export to Canada by the National Plant Protection Organization of South Korea and where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from regulated pests;

or

The grapes must undergo the following treatment: fumigation according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6). For treated grapes, the Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the treatment detail.

An additional declaration is not required but certification is based on freedom from grape whitefly (Aleurolobus vitis), yellow peach moth (Conogethes punctiferalis), Kuno scale (Eulecanium kunoense), European grape berry moth (Eupoecilia ambiguella), black rot of grape (Guignardia baccae), cottony cushion scale (Icerya purchasi), brown fruit rot (Monilinia fructigena), grape plume moth (Nippoptilia vitis) and chilli thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis).

Vitis spp. Grape United Kingdom All provinces EP, LB N/A No Yes

Lobesia botrana (European grapevine moth): The material must meet the requirements in directive D-13-03.

The material must be certified free from Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM). The following additional declaration must appear on the Phytosanitary Certificate:

"This consignment was inspected and found free of all living stages of light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)."

A PPQ-203 form issued by the USDA can replace the Phytosanitary Certificate.

Vitis spp. Grape Uruguay All provinces EIA, NX, PV, CD N/A No Yes The grapes must originate from vineyards approved for export to Canada by the Dirección General de Servicios Agrícolas of Uruguay where cultural practices and chemical controls are carried out to ensure freedom from the quarantine fungal pests.

Must undergo the following treatment: Fumigation, according to schedule 2 (Appendix 6).

The Phytosanitary Certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

"The material was inspected and found free of anthracnose (Elsinoe ampelina), phomopsis cane & leaf spot (Phomopsis viticola), white rot (Coniella diplodiella) and treated to kill fruit tree weevil (Naupactus xanthographus)."

Table Notes

Table Note 1

Pests

  • AG - Alternaria gaisen, Causal agent of Pear black spot
  • AL - Argyrotaenia ljungiana, Eurasian fruit roller moth
  • AO - Adoxophyes orana, Summer fruit tortrix
  • AR - Acropolitis rudisana, Leafroller caterpillar
  • AS - Alternaria spp., Causal agent of chocolate pot of Ya pear
  • AV - Amphitetranychus viennensis (=Tetranychus viennenis), Hawthorn spider mite
  • CA - Cornu aspersum (=Helix aspersa), European brown garden snail
  • CD - Coniella diplodiella, White rot
  • CF - Cydia funebrana, Plum fruit moth
  • CaP - Cacoecimorpha pronubana, Carnation tortrix
  • CoP - Conogethes punctiferalis, Yellow peach moth
  • CyP - Cydia pomonella, Codling moth
  • CS - Carposina sasakii, Peach fruit moth
  • DP - Diaspidiotus pyri, Pear scale
  • DT - Diaporthe tanakae, Twig blight
  • EIA - Elsinoe ampelina, Anthracnose
  • EuA - Eupoecilia ambiguella, European grape berry moth
  • EC - Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Brown tail moth
  • EP - Epiphyas postvittana, Light Brown Apple Moth
  • GB - Guignardia baccae, Black rot of grapes
  • GI - Grapholita inopinata (=Cydia inopinata), Manchurian codling moth
  • GM - Grapholita molesta, Oriental Fruit Moth
  • GY - Gymnosporangium yamadae, Japanese apple rust
  • LB - Lobesia botrana, European grapevine moth
  • LM - Leucoptera malifoliella, Pear leaf blister moth
  • MF - Monilinia fructigena, Brown rot
  • MM - Monilinia mali, Apple blossom blight
  • MP - Monilinia polystroma, Asiatic brown rot
  • NP - Numonia (=Myelois) pirivorella, Pear fruit moth
  • NV - Nysius vinitor, Rutherglen bug
  • NX - Naupactus xanthographus, Fruit tree weevil
  • OC - Otiorhynchus corruptor
  • PG - Phalaenoides glycinae, Grapevine Moth
  • PV - Phomopsis viticola, Phomopsis cane and leaf spot
  • QP - Quadraspidiotus pyri, Pear scale
  • RC - Rhagoletis cerasi, European cherry fruit fly
  • RM - Rhagoletis mendax, Blueberry maggot
  • RP - Rhagoletis pomonella, Apple maggot
  • SM - Syndemis musculana, Autumn twist moth
  • TA - Teia anartoides, Painted apple moth
  • TP - Theba pisana, White garden snail
  • TT - Tetranychus truncatus, Red spider mite
  • VN - Venturia nashicola, Asian pear scab

This list is not considered to be all inclusive. Pests intercepted during inspection will be submitted for laboratory identification, and quarantine action will be taken if they are determined to be quarantine pests. For a comprehensive list of pests regulated by Canada, consult the CFIA website.

Return to first Table Note 1 referrer

Table Note 2

Trial Period

Refer to section 2.2.2.3 of this directive.

Return to first Table Note 2 referrer

Table Note 3

Permit to Import

Obtain an Application Form from the CFIA National Permit Office in Ottawa prior to importation.

Return to first Table Note 3 referrer

Table Note 4

Phytosanitary Certificate

Obtain the phytosanitary certificat from the National Plant Protection Organization of Country of Export prior to import. The Phytosanitary Certificate must accompany the shipment, and must be issued within 14 days prior to shipment.

In some cases, additional declarations must be included on the Phytosanitary Certificate (refer to the section below).

Return to first Table Note 4 referrer

Table Note 5

Treatment

Fumigation

Important Notice: As a signatory party of the Protocol to the Vienna Convention on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol, 1987), Canada has entered the phase-out period for the use of Methyl Bromide for quarantine purpose. Exporting countries are encouraged to submit alternatives to Methyl Bromide fumigation for review.

Fumigation details should appear in the treatment box of the certificate and include temperature and rate. See appendix 6 for treatment schedules.

Cold

Details of the treatment should appear in the treatment box of the certificate. Following fumigation, the fruit must be maintained at a continuous temperature of 0°C for 21 days. Either thermograph charts or temperature logs from cold storage lockers or refrigerated containers that verify that the shipment was maintained at a continuous temperature of 0°C for 21 days must be presented to Canadian Plant Protection Authorities at the port of arrival.

Hot Water

Details of the treatment should appear in the treatment box of the certificate. Material must be hot water treated for a minimum of 45 minutes at 50°C.

Return to first Table Note 5 referrer

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