Pest Risk Management Decision Document – Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle (Tetropium fuscum)
8.0 References

Bense, U. 1995. Longhorn beetles: Illustrated key to the Cerambycidae and Vesperidae of Europe. Margraf Verlag, Wekersheim, Germany, 512 pp.

Bilý, S. and Mehl, O. 1989. Longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 22. 205 Scandinavian Science Press Ltd. 205 pp.

CABI. 2012. Crop Protection Compendium. [Online] Available: www.cabi.org/cpc.

Cherepanov, A.I. 1990. Cerambycidae of northern Asia. Vol. 1, E.J. Brill, New York. pp. 598-615.

Crawshay, G.A. 1907. The life history of Tetropium gabrieli, Ws. = T. fuscum, Sharp = T. crawshayi, Sharp, etc. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., pp. 183-212.

Duff, A. G. 2008. Checklist of Beetles of the British Isles, 2008 edition. A.G. Duff, Wells, Somerset, United Kingdom.

Flaherty, L., Quiring, D., Pureswaran, D. and Sweeney, J. 2013. Preference of an exotic wood borer for stressed trees is more attributable to pre-alighting than post-alighting behaviour. Ecological Entomology 38:546-552

Flaherty, L., Sweeney, J. D., Deepa, P. and Quiring, D. T. 2011. Influence of host tree condition on the performance of Tetropium fuscum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Environmental Entomology 40(5):1200-1209.

Freude, H., Harde, K.W., and Lohse, G.A. 1965. Die Käfer Mitteleuropas. 1:74-75. Goeke and Evers, Krefeld, Germany.

Hanks, L.M. 1999. Influence of the larval host plant on reproductive strategies of Cerambycid beetles. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 44:483-505.

Juutinen, P. 1955. Zur Biologie und forstlichen Bedeutung der Fichtenböcke (Tetropium Kirby) in Finnland. Act. Ent. Fenn. 11:1-112.

Loyttyniemi, K. and Uusvaara, O. 1977. Insect attack on pine and spruce sawlogs felled during the growing season. Metsantutkimuslaitoksen-Julkaisuja 89:1-48.

Nüsslin, O. 1905. Leitfaden der Forstinsektenkunde , Berlin. Paul Parey, pp. 75-78.

NSDNR. 2013. Pest Risk Analysis: Risk Assessment of the Threat of Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle to Nova Scotia Forests. Department of Natural Resources, Forest Protection: Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia.

O'Leary, K., Hurley, J. E., MacKay, A. W. and Sweeney, J. D. 2003. Radial growth rate and susceptibility of Picea rubens Sarg. to Tetropium fuscum (Fabr.). Proc. Ecology, survey and management of forest insects, Northeastern Research Station, Newtown Square, PA, USA.

Rhainds, M., Mackinnon, W. E., Porter, K. B., Sweeney, J. D. and Silk, P. J. 2011. Evidence for limited spatial spread in an exotic longhorn beetle, Tetropium fuscum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104(6):928-1933.

Saalas, U. 1923. Die Fichtenkäfer Finnlands. II. Ann. Acad. Sci. Fennicae Ser. A, 22, pp. 1-746.

Schimitschek, E. 1929. Tetropium gabrieli Weise und Tetropium fuscum F. Ein beitrag zu ihrer Lebensgeschichte und Lebensgemeinschaft. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 15(2):229-334.

Schimitschek, E. 1953. Forstentomologische Studien im Urwald Rotwald. Teil II. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 34:530-531.

Schwenke, W. 1974. Die Forstschädlinge Europas, Vol. 2. Beetles, Paul Parey, Hamburg, Germany, 471 pp.

Sweeney, J. D. and Smith, G. A. 2002. Host preference of the brown spruce longhorned beetle, Tetropium fuscum (Fabr.) on selected North American conifers. Proc. USDA Interagency Research Forum on Gypsy Moth and Other Invasive Species, January 15-18, 2002, Annapolis, MD, USA.

Date modified: