RMD-13-04: Consolidated Pest Risk Management Document for pest plants regulated by Canada
7.0 Pest Risk Management Options

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Table 4 Summarises the risk management options considered for each pest plant and Table 5 weighs the advantages and disadvantages for each risk management decision.

Table 4: Considered option for each pest plant

Aegilops cylindrica
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2 XX
Alopecurus myosuroides
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2 XX
Option 3 XX
Centaurea iberica
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Centaurea solstitialis
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Crupina vulgaris
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Dioscorea polystachya
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XXProhibit the importation of plants and plant parts BOTH for propagation AND for consumption or medicinal use
Option 2XX Prohibit the importation of plants and plant parts for propagation BUT NOT for consumption or medicinal use
Option 3XX
Echium plantagineum
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XProhibition except for Research Field Trials
Option 3Provisionally Allowed for Industrial Crop Use
Option 4Provisionally Allowed for Industrial Crop Use with Oversight from a Provincial/Territorial Agency and CFIA
Microstegium vimineum
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Nassella trichotoma
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Paspalum dilatatum
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Persicaria perfoliata
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended) XX
Option 2XX
Option 3 (recommended)XX
Option 4XX
Senecio inaequidens
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Senecio madagascariensis
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Zygophyllum fabago
Options Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations. Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order Other alternative specific to this option
Option 1 (recommended)XX
Option 2XX
Option 3XX
Table 5: Advantages and Disadvantages for each Risk Management Decision
Risk Management Decisions Advantages Disadvantages

Add to the List of Pests Regulated by Canada and regulate it under the Plant Protection Act and Regulations

Add or continue to regulate as a prohibited weed under the Weed Seeds Order of the Seeds Act and Regulations

  • Control over all major pathways of introduction.
  • Protection of respective values at risk.
  • Authority to respond to incursions by applying official control measures.
  • Increased protection of natural ecosystems and rangelands.
  • Potential costs to the owner of the non-compliant good in the exporting country.
  • Potential costs and impacts on trading partners and trading relationships.
  • Resources needed by CFIA for marketplace monitoring, surveillance, inspector training, communication material, sampling.
  • Resources needed by CFIA to enforce the regulation if non-compliance found.
  • If the plants listed in Table 1 are found in Canada, resources will be needed by CFIA to administer and enforce Official Control (eradication or containment measures).
  • Potential costs to businesses and citizens affected by the trade impacts of regulation and official measures to control any infestations, as specified in the Regulations of the Plant Protection Act.

Do not add to the List of Regulated Pests

Do not add to the Weed Seeds Order

  • No additional costs for the CFIA.
  • No additional requirements for exporters to Canada.
  • No additional impact on domestic producers/industry
  • Entry of plants for planting of the plants listed in Table 1 permitted.
  • Mitigation measures not required for commodities contaminated with plants listed in Table 1.
  • Official control measures not applied by the CFIA to introduced or established populations.
  • No increase in protection of natural ecosystems in response to the threat presented by plants listed in Table 1.

Prohibit the importation of plants and plant parts both for propagation and for consumption or medicinal use

Prohibit the importation of plants and plant parts both for propagation but not for consumption or medicinal use

  • Control over all major pathways of introduction.
  • Authority to respond to incursions by applying official control measures.
  • Increased protection of natural ecosystems and rangelands.
  • Control over all major pathways of introduction.
  • Authority to respond to incursions by applying official control measures.
  • Increased protection of natural ecosystems and rangelands.
  • Plants and plant parts for consumption or medicinal use could be imported
  • Potential costs to the owner of the non-compliant good in the exporting country.
  • Potential costs and impacts to trading partners and trading relationships.
  • Resources needed by CFIA for marketplace monitoring, surveillance, inspector training, communication material, sampling.
  • Resources needed by CFIA to enforce the regulation if non-compliance found.
  • If the plants listed in Table 1 are found in Canada, resources will be needed by CFIA to administer and enforce Official Control (eradication or containment measures).
  • Potential costs to businesses and citizens affected by the trade impacts of regulation and official measures to control any infestations, as specified in the Regulations of the Plant Protection Act.
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