D- 95-03: Asian Gypsy Moth (Lymantria Dispar L.) - Plant Protection Policy for Marine Vessels
EFFECTIVE DATE: March 20, 2012
This directive prescribes measures to prevent the entry by vessels and establishment of Asian gypsy moth (AGM) in Canada.
Appendix 3, the "list of vessels considered to be high risk" will no longer be published in this policy and has been removed. Appendix 4, the "list of recognised sources of Phytosanitary Certificates and pre-departure inspection certificates" has been renamed appendix 3. The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the Republic of Korea issues "AGM ship monitoring forms" in 2011 and until March 1st, 2012 for ships that leave its ports to comply with the AGM certification requirements of Canada as outlined in this policy. The International Plant Quarantine Accreditation Board (IPQAB) will be recognized as the sole source of pre-departure certification as of March 1st, 2012 for the Republic of Korea. Appendix 3 has been amended to reflect this.
Table of Contents
- Amendment Record
- Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms
- 1.0 General Requirements
- 2.0 Specific Requirements
- 3.0 Inspection Procedures
- 4.0 Non-Compliance
- 5.0 Appendices
This directive will be reviewed every 5 years or when new scientific or technical information regarding the pest is received. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Chief Plant Health Officer
Amendments to this directive will be dated and distributed as outlined in the distribution below.
- Directive mail list (Regions, PHRA, USDA)
- Provincial Government, Industry (determined by Author)
- National Industry Organizations (determined by Author)
The Asian strain of the gypsy moth (AGM), Lymantria Dispar L. is a serious pest of coniferous and deciduous trees. It is not known to occur in North America, although entries of this insect have been detected and eradicated. These entries have been primarily the result of larvae of AGM emerging from egg masses laid on ships and being dispersed to land areas surrounding ports in North America. Port areas in infested countries are sometimes subject to high population levels of AGM. Females frequently fly at night and are known to be attracted to the lights aboard vessels. As a result, eggs are laid on ship structures and cargo. When the vessel enters Canada, there exists the potential for the pest to be discharged along with the cargo or the larvae of the insect to disperse onto surrounding vegetation through a natural process called "ballooning". Ballooning occurs when the larvae suspend themselves on a silken thread and are then carried by the wind to host trees where they feed. In the past, entry of this pest by vessels has necessitated a number of expensive and often intensive eradication programs. This inspection policy has been in place since 1992 to mitigate future entries.
This directive is intended for use by any individual or company responsible for or acting on behalf of marine vessels wishing to enter Canada, Canada Border Services Agency, Canadian Coast Guard (Department of Fisheries and Oceans), and the CFIA. This directive outlines the entry requirements for marine vessels arriving in Canada which have previously called upon ports in areas infested with the AGM.
ISPM No. 5: Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms, FAO, Rome (updated annually)
Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations
PI-014 - Asian Gypsy Moth Critical Response Plan to Prevent the Incursion of Lymantria Dispar from Ships and their Cargo Entering Canadian Ports
This directive supercedes D-95-03 (12th Revision) and any other policy documents on this subject.
Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.
The Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c. 22
The Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette: Part I (as amended from time to time)
The CFIA is charging fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, please contact the Import Service Centre (ISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice Web Site.
The Asian strain and sub-species of the gypsy moth (AGM), Lymantria Dispar L.
Regulated areas are listed in Appendix 2.
This policy applies to any marine vessel entering Canada that has visited a port in a regulated area during a period when AGM is likely to be deposited on marine vessels. A list of dates in regulated areas for which infestation is likely is provided in Appendix 2.
A summary of requirements is provided in Appendix 1.
All marine vessels entering Canada are subject to inspection at any time of the year to verify freedom from AGM.
The Canadian agent is responsible for ensuring that a marine vessel which has visited a port in a regulated area notifies a local office of the CFIA at least 96 hours prior to the vessel's arrival in Canadian waters of the vessel's intent to enter Canada. The vessel may be required to report at a designated inspection site at a time mutually agreed to by the agent and the CFIA. A list of local CFIA office is maintained on the CFIA website.
Should an inspection reveal the presence of AGM, the vessel will be considered to be non-compliant.
The Master of a marine vessel which has visited ports in regulated areas during specified periods listed in Appendix 2 in the current year or in the year immediately preceding the current year must provide to the vessel's Canadian agent:
- a summary of the ports called upon by the vessel for the past 2 years; and
- a copy of a Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) (a list of certificates approved by the CFIA is provided in Appendix 3).
Prior to the vessel entering Canadian waters, the Canadian agent is responsible for notifying the CFIA office located at or near the port of arrival and provide to the CFIA a summary of ports of call and copies of an approved Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s).
The Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) must be issued by a National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) or approved agency as specified in Appendix 3. The certificate must state that the vessel was inspected and found free from AGM from at least the last port of call in a regulated area (as specified in Appendix 2) that was visited prior to entering Canadian waters.
The vessel may enter a Canadian port upon written confirmation by the appropriate CFIA office. The vessel remains subject to inspection by the CFIA during its stay in Canada. The original Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) must be made available to the CFIA for review on request.
Vessels that fail to meet this requirement will be considered to be non-compliant. Should an inspection reveal the presence of AGM, the vessel will be considered to be non-compliant and actions taken in accordance with Section 4.0.
All marine vessels which have visited ports in regulated areas will be permitted to enter Canadian ports during this period without interruption. These vessels are subject to inspection at any time during their stay in Canada.
A Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) is not required for entry into Canada during this period.
Should an inspection reveal the presence of AGM, the vessel will be considered to be non-compliant and actions taken in accordance with Section 4.0.
CFIA inspection staff will determine the frequency of inspection and geographical location of the inspection prior to entry into Canada. CFIA inspection staff will thoroughly inspect all areas of a marine vessel at a designated inspection site. Inspections normally occur during daylight hours only. The CFIA will notify the vessel in writing of the inspection results.
Marine vessels which have visited a regulated area with valid Phytosanitary Certificates or other approved certificate(s) and found free of AGM after phytosanitary inspection by authorities in the United States (U.S.) may enter a Canadian port without inspection, provided the vessel can present the original confirmation of inspection carried out by U.S. authorities.
A vessel without the required certification under Section 2.1 may not be permitted entry into Canada, unless an inspection by the CFIA at a designated inspection site is conducted and if an inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated. The vessel will be considered non-compliant during it's entire stay in Canada and it's movements will be regulated by the CFIA while the vessel is in Canadian waters. The vessel may be subject to additional enforcement action.
Should an inspection of a vessel reveal the presence of AGM, the vessel will be placed under quarantine for a period of up to 2 years and be ordered out of Canadian waters during the period of March 1 through October 15. The vessel may also be subject to additional enforcement action.
At a CFIA inspector's discretion, a vessel that has been ordered out of Canada or the U.S. due to the presence AGM may be permitted to conduct a thorough cleaning of all life stages of AGM outside Canadian waters. Once cleaning is complete, the vessel may be allowed to return to Canadian waters for re-inspection at a designated inspection site. If an inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, the vessel may be allowed to enter a Canadian port. The vessel's movements will be regulated by the CFIA while in Canadian waters. During subsequent visits to Canada, a vessel found infested with AGM may be required to be inspected at a safe anchorage off-shore prior to entry into Canada, unless the vessel meets the entry requirements specified in Section 2.0. The vessel may also be subject to additional enforcement action.
Should life stages of AGM be found during re-inspection, the vessel will remain under quarantine for a period of up to 2 years and will not be permitted entry into Canadian waters during the period of March 1 through October 15 or until the ship meets the requirements specified in Section 2.0.
Notifications of non-compliance will be issued in accordance with D-01-06: Canadian Phytosanitary Policy for the Notification of Non-compliance and Emergency Action.
Appendix 1: Summary of Entry Requirements
Appendix 2: Regulated Areas considered High Risk
Appendix 3: List of Recognized Sources of Phytosanitary Certificates and Pre-departure Inspection Certificates
Summary of Entry Requirements
|Marine Vessels||Risk Period in Canada||Quarantine Action|
|Marine vessels that have called on high risk areas as specified in Appendix 2||March 1 to October 15||All marine vessels which have visited a port in a regulated area must present a valid Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate (a list of certificates accepted by the CFIA is provided in Appendix 3) verifying that the vessel is free of AGM. The vessel is subject to inspection for the presence of AGM on arrival in Canada. Vessels without valid certification will be considered non-compliant, held at a designated off-shore anchorage for CFIA inspection. If a CFIA inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, vessels may be permitted to enter Canada, but their movements will be monitored while in Canada.|
|Marine vessels that have called on high risk areas as specified in Appendix 2||October 16 to February 28 (or 29)||Marine vessels which have visited a port in a regulated area may enter Canada, but may be inspected at berth for presence of AGM. If AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant. A Phytosanitary Certificate or other approved certificate(s) are not required.|
|Other Marine Vessels||All Year||Any marine vessel which has not visited a port in a regulated area may still be inspected for the presence of AGM. If AGM is detected during inspection, the vessel will be considered non-compliant.|
List of Recognized Sources of Phytosanitary Certificates and Pre-departure Inspection Certificates
Phytosanitary Certificates issued by the NPPO of Russia.
AGM Ship Monitoring Forms issued by the NPPO of the Republic of Korea for 2011 and until February 29th, 2012. From March 1st, 2012 onwards a Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the International Plant Quarantine Accreditation Board in the Republic of Korea.
A Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the China Certification and Inspection Co. Ltd. in the People's Republic of China.
A Pre-departure Inspection Certificate is an approved certificate if issued by the following recognized third party inspection bodies in Japan:
- All Nippon Checkers Corporation (ANCC)
- The Japan Cargo Tally Corporation (JCTC)
- Japan Export Vehicle Inspection Center Co., Ltd. (JEVIC)
- Japan Grain Inspection Association (JGIA)
- Nippon Kaiji Kentei Kyokai (NKKK)
- Shin Nihon Kentei Kyokai (SNKK)
- Hokkaido Bouekikunjyo Co. Ltd. (HBKC)
- Kanto Fumigation Co. Ltd. (KFCO)
- Kobe Plant Quarantine Association (KOBEPQA)
- Keiyochiku Plant Quarantine Association (KPQA)
- Kyoritsu Sanitary Co. Ltd. (KRS)
- Muroran & Tomakomai Plant Quarantine Association (MTPQA)
- Nikkun Co. Ltd. (NCL)
- Okayama-Ken Plant Quarantine Association (OKYPQA)
- Osaka Plant Quarantine Association (OPQA)
- Osaka Timber Quarantine Association (OSKTQA)
- Techno Kasei Co. Ltd. (TKL)
- Tokai Plant Quarantine Association (TOKAIPQA)
- Tokyo Plant Quarantine Association (TPQA)
- Yokohama Plant Protection Association (YPPA)
- Date modified: