Producer Guide to the National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard for Potato Growers
A Guide to Developing Your Farm Biosecurity Plan

Glossary

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Biosecurity:
A series of management practices designed to prevent, minimize, and control:
  •  the introduction of pests and diseases into a production area or farm,
  •  the spread of pests and diseases within a production area or farm, and
  •  the movement of pests and diseases off the production area or farm.
Biosecurity plan:
A written code of uniquely designed practices to prevent, minimize, control, and contain pest and disease movement onto, spread within, and off a potato farm.
Controlled access zone (CAZ):
A farm, area on the farm, or field area where access is restricted or otherwise controlled.
Crop:
Plants, plant products, and other products that may be produced by a grower, producer, or operator for sale, including potatoes, fruits, other vegetables, grains, and horticultural plants including trees.
Disease:
An impairment of the normal state of the potato plant or tuber caused by bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.
Disinfect:
Sanitization of equipment, footwear, and surfaces of storage facilities with a chemical solution.
Farm:
A tract(s) of land (commonly referred to as a farm unit) used for the purposes of potato, rotational, and other crop production. The farm includes residences and all farm storages, buildings, and structures, as well as fields (remotely located) used for the production of a crop.
Farm equipment:
Tractors, farm machinery and implements, excluding vehicles.
Farm vehicles:
Farm vehicles, such as trucks, pickups, and all terrain vehicles either used on the farm or used to deliver potatoes to the market.
Field:
An area designated for the production of potatoes or other crops.
High-generation seed:
A general reference to Seed Potatoes of Nuclear, Elite I, Elite II, and potentially Elite III class of seed potatoes
Off-farm vehicles:
Vehicles, such as trucks, not originating on the farm that come to the farm to pick up or deliver potatoes, fertilizer, chemicals, building supplies, and other crops. This does not refer to farm vehicles.
Pathways:
Routes by which pests and diseases can be introduced from one location to another.
Pest:
According to the Plant Protection Act, anything that is injurious or potentially injurious, whether directly or indirectly, to plants or to products or by-products of plants, and includes any plant prescribed as a pest.
Post-harvest test:
A test, either laboratory or field grow-out (or both), of samples taken according to a protocol from a seed potato lot to determine the absence or the presence of disease that may be expected when the seed is used to produce a crop the following year.
Practice:
A procedure(s) that is followed by the operator(s), without necessarily being written or detailed to the extent of a protocol.
Prevention:
The preclusion of the introduction or movement of potato diseases and pests.
Producer:
One who owns or rents land for crop production.
Producer guide:
Document that contains examples of beneficial practices designed to facilitate the implementation of the National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard.
Production area:
A field designated for cultivation of potatoes and rotational crops.
Property:
The land on which the production area(s) are located, including all farm buildings and structures.
Protocol:
Defined and written procedures, which detail the steps to be followed to achieve an objective; for example, disinfecting a piece of farm equipment.
Quarantine pest:
A pest of potential economic importance to the endangered area, though not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled.
Regulated non-quarantine pest:
A pest, (pathogen, weed, or insect), that is injurious or potentially injurious, whether directly or indirectly, to potato plants or tubers, and is regulated through provincial and/or federal regulations.
Restricted access zone (RAZ):
An area, generally located inside the controlled access zone, where access by people or equipment is further restricted.
Rogue:
Removal of diseased or unwanted plants and plant parts.
Seed potatoes:
Potatoes recognized as meeting the requirements defined in the Seeds Act and Regulations.
Service vehicles:
Vehicles used by various service providers visiting the farm to provide a specific service, such as electrician, plumber, heating specialist, crop specialists, or inspectors.
Staff:
People who are hired or are volunteering to work on the farm.
Tare soil:
Any soil falling off potato tubers during delivery to storage, grading, handling, and packing.
Target outcome:
A goal that all potato producers, regardless of the size of their operation, should try to implement to protect their farm and crops from the introduction and spread of diseases and pests.
Vector:
A living organism that is capable of transmitting a pest from an infected source to a host.
Visitor:
Any non-farm personnel who arrives at the farm (including salespersons, inspectors, delivery people, contractors, friends/relatives of farm personnel).
Volunteers:
Potato plants resulting mainly from tubers or tuber parts and from true potato seed remaining in the soil from the previous year.
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