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Canadian Grade Compendium: Volume 2 – Fresh Fruit or Vegetables

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Fresh Fruit or Vegetable Grades and Requirements

Interpretation

1. The following definition apply in this Volume,

"aggregate area" means an area equivalent to the area of a circle of the diameter specified. (superficie globale)

"condition defect" means any defect that may develop in fresh fruit or vegetables during storage or transit. (défaut d'état)

"decay" means soft, mushy or leaking breakdown of the tissue, from any cause, and commonly known as "soft rot". (pourriture)

"diameter" means the greatest width at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (diamètre)

"miniature vegetable" means a variety of vegetable developed through plant breeding to not exceed a small size when mature but does not include immature or undersize specimens of non-miniature vegetable varieties. (mini-légume)

"permanent defect" means any defect of an unchangeable nature. (défaut permanent)

"properly packaged", in respect of prepackaged fresh fruit or vegetables, means that

General

2. The grade names and grade requirements for fresh fruit or vegetables are set out in Part 1 Grades Requirements for Fresh Fruit and Part 2 Grade Requirements for Fresh Vegetables (See Volume 9 Import Grade Requirements for grade names used for imported fresh fruit or vegetables).

3. The grade names and grade requirements, referred to in section 2, do not apply to miniature vegetables, except in the case of miniature cucumbers.

Part 1 Grade Requirements for Fresh Fruit

Interpretation

4. The following definitions apply in this Part.

"clean" means the fruit is not contaminated and is free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (propre)

"fairly clean" means the fruit is not contaminated and is fairly free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (passablement propre)

"fairly well formed" means at least one half of the fruit is well formed and the other half deviates only slightly from being well formed. (passablement bien formé)

"hand-picked" means the fruit shows no evidence of rough handling or of having been on the ground. (cueilli à la main)

"mature" means the fruit has reached the stage of development that ensures completion of the ripening process. (à maturité ou mûr)

"miniature apple" means a variety of apple developed through plant breeding to not exceed 51 mm (2 inches) when mature but does not include immature or undersize specimens of non-miniature apple varieties. (mini-pomme)

"reasonably clean" means the fruit is not contaminated and is reasonably free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (raisonnablement propre)

"sound" means that, at the time of shipping or repackaging, the fruit is free from condition defects such as decay, breakdown, freezing damage, bitter-pit, soft or shrivelled specimens, overripe specimens, brown core, corky core or other damage adversely affecting the keeping quality of the fruit. (sain)

"wax marks" means a visible wax residue in the form of white streaks, white spots or white areas on the surface of the fruit. (marques de cire)

"well formed" means the fruit is of the shape characteristic of the variety when mature. (bien formé)

Grades and Requirements for Apples

Application

5. The grades and requirements set out in sections 6 to 18 apply to apples of varieties grown from Malus domestica or Malus communis, except for miniature apples, such as Lady apples, of a diameter of 51 mm (2 inches) or less.

Grades and Grade Names

6. The grades and grade names for apples are Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy, Canada Commercial, Canada Hailed, Canada Commercial Cookers, Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers.

Requirements for All Grades

7. (1) In this section, "sized" means that the apples

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 19(1) and 19(3), apples of all grades, other than Canada Commercial Cookers, Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers must

(3) In addition to the requirements for each grade, untiered apples of all grades must have the diameter size range of the apples as set out in paragraph (1)(c) shown on the container's label unless the container

Canada Extra Fancy Grade Requirements

8. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 7, apples graded Canada Extra Fancy must

(2) Despite paragraph 7(2)(b), apples of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 20 kg (44 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Extra Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Extra Fancy.

Canada Fancy Grade Requirements

9. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 7, apples graded Canada Fancy must

10. Despite paragraph 7(2)(b), apples of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 20 kg (44 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Fancy.

Canada Commercial Grade Requirements

11. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 7, apples graded Canada Commercial must

(2) Apples graded Canada Commercial may be alternatively designated "Canada Cee" or "Canada C".

Canada Hailed Grade Requirements

12. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 7, apples graded Canada Hailed must

Canada Commercial Cookers Grade Requirements

13. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 19(1) and 19(3), apples graded Canada Commercial Cookers must

Canada No. 1 Peelers Grade Requirements

14. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 19(2) and 19(3), apples graded Canada No. 1 Peelers must

Canada No. 2 Peelers Grade Requirements

15. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 19(2) and 19(3), apples graded Canada No. 2 Peelers must

Colour Requirements for Apples

16. Apples graded Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial must

Table of Colour Requirements for Major Apple Varieties
Item Column 1
Colour Category
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Fancy Grade
Column 4
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Solid red or fully striped varieties 65% 40% 15%
2. Partially red or partially striped varieties 55% 30% 15%
3. Red cheeked or blush varieties Perceptibly blush-cheeked Tinge of colour
4. Green, yellow or russet varieties Colour characteristic of variety when mature Colour characteristic of variety when mature

17. The colour intensity, measured with a colorimeter, in varieties of apples, indicated in column 1 for Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial grades must be as set out in an item of column 2, 3, or 4 of the Table of Colour Readings for Major Apple Varieties to this section.

Table of Colour Readings for Major Apple Varieties
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Fancy Grade
Column 4
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Delicious 4 4 2
2. Idared 4 4 2
3. McIntosh 4 4 2
4. Red Delicious 6 6 2
5. Red Rome 7 7 3
6. Spartan 6 6 3
7. Winesap 6 6 2

Tolerances for Skin Punctures

18. The tolerances for skin punctures in varieties of apples for Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial grades set out in column 1, are as set out in columns 2 and 3 of the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Trays or Cells or of the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Retail Bulk Displays or in Containers Other Than Trays or Cells to this section.

Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Trays or Cells
Item Column 1
Grade
Column 2
Skin Punctures in Semi-Hard Varieties
Column 3
Skin Punctures in Hard Varieties
1. Canada Extra Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
(free from)
2. Canada Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
(free from)
3. Canada Commercial (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Retail Bulk Displays or in Containers Other Than Trays or Cells
Item Column 1
Grade
Column 2
Skin Punctures in Semi-Hard Varieties
Column 3
Skin Punctures in Hard Varieties
1. Canada Extra Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
2. Canada Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
3. Canada Commercial (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 30% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot

General Tolerances

19. (1) In the grading of apples into Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy, Canada Commercial, Canada Hailed and Canada Commercial Cookers grades, the requirements set out in sections 7 to 13, 16 and 18, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of apples when not more than

(2) In the grading of apples into Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers grades, the requirements set out in sections 14 and 15, as applicable, are considered to be met when

(3) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of apples only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Apricots

Application

20. The grades and requirements set out in sections 21 to 25 apply to apricots of varieties grown from Prunus armeniaca.

Grades and Grade Names

21. The grades and grade names for apricots are Canada No. 1, Canada Domestic and Canada Hailed.

Requirements for All Grades

22. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 26, apricots of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

23. (1) In this section, "of good size", with respect to apricots in a lot, means that not less than 90%, by count, of the apricots are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to materially affect the general appearance of the lot.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 22, apricots graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

24. (1) In this section, "of fair size", with respect to apricots in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by count, of the apricots are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 22, apricots graded Canada Domestic must

Canada Hailed Grade Requirements

25. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 22, apricots graded Canada Hailed must

General Tolerances

26. (1) In the grading of apricots, the requirements set out in sections 23 to 25, as applicable, are considered to be met when not more than 10%, by count, of the apricots in a lot have defects including

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of apricots only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Blueberries

Application

27. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 28 and 29 apply to blueberries of varieties grown from Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium corymbosium or Vaccinium myrtilloides.

Grade and Grade Name

28. (1) The grade and grade name for blueberries is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the blueberries must conform to the requirements set out in section 29.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

29. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that the blueberries in any one package do not vary sufficiently in size to materially affect their general appearance. (d'une grosseur passablement uniforme)

"well coloured" means that not less than 90% of the blueberries in a lot, by weight, are of the colour characteristic of mature blueberries. (bien colorés)

(2) Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 30, blueberries graded Canada No. 1 must

General Tolerances

30. (1) In the grading of blueberries, the requirements set out in section 29 are considered to be met when not more than 3% by weight of the blueberries in a lot have defects, including

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of blueberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cantaloups

Application

31. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 32 and 33 apply to cantaloups of varieties grown from Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis.

Grade and Grade Name

32. (1) The grade and grade name for cantaloups is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the cantaloups must conform to the requirements set out in section 33.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

33. Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 34, cantaloups graded Canada No. 1 must

General Tolerances

34. (1) In the grading of cantaloups, the requirements set out in section 33 are considered to be met when

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cantaloups only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cherries

Application

35. The grades and requirements set out in sections 36 to 40 apply to cherries of varieties grown from Prunus avium or Prunus cerasus and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

36. The grades and grade names for cherries are Canada No. 1, Canada Domestic and Canada Orchard Run.

Requirements for All Grades

37. (1) In this section, "soft" means the skin of the cherry is flaccid and the flesh of the cherry is flabby to the touch and yields readily to a slight pressure.

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 41, cherries of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

38. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"of fair size", with respect to cherries in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by weight or by count, of the cherries are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une grosseur passable)

"of good colour" means that the cherries are of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une bonne couleur)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 37, cherries graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

39. (1) In this section, "of fair colour", with respect to cherries in a lot, means that not less than 75%, by weight or by count, of the cherries are of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature and the balance of the cherries are not of a colour characteristic of immature cherries.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 37, cherries graded Canada Domestic must

Canada Orchard Run Grade Requirements

40. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 37, cherries graded Canada Orchard Run must

General Tolerances

41. (1) In the grading of cherries, the requirements set out in sections 38 to 40, as applicable, are considered to be met where not more than 10% by weight or by count of the cherries in a lot have defects, including

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cherries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Crabapples

Application

42. The grades and requirements set out in sections 43 to 46 apply to crabapples of varieties grown from Pyrus baccata.

Grades and Grade Names

43. (1) The grades and grade names for crabapples are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the crabapples must conform to the requirements set out in sections 44 to 46.

Requirements for All Grades

44. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 47, crabapples of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

45. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 44, crabapples graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

46. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 44, crabapples graded Canada Domestic must

General Tolerances

47. (1) In the grading of crabapples, the requirements set out in sections 45 and 46, as applicable, are considered to be met when

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of crabapples only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cranberries

Application

48. The grades and requirements set out in sections 49 to 52 apply to cranberries of varieties grown from Vaccinium macrocarpum or Vaccinium oxycoccos.

Grades and Grade Names

49. (1) The grades and grade names for cranberries are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the cranberries must conform to the requirements set out in sections 50 to 52.

Requirements for All Grades

50. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 53, cranberries of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

51. (1) In this section, "fairly uniform in size" means that the cranberries in any one package do not vary sufficiently in size to materially affect their general appearance.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 50, cranberries graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

52. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 50, cranberries graded Canada Domestic must

General Tolerances

53. (1) In the grading of cranberries, the requirements set out in sections 51 and 52, as applicable, are considered to be met when not more than 15%, by weight, of the cranberries in a lot have defects, including

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cranberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Grapes

Application

54. The grades and requirements set out in sections 55 to 58 apply to grapes of varieties grown from Vitis vinifera or Vitis labrusca and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

55. The grades and grade names for grapes are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

56. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 59, grapes of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

57. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly compact" means that the bunches are well filled but the berries are not closely spaced. (passablement serrés)

"of good colour" means that not less than 90%, by count, of the berries on a bunch are of the colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une bonne couleur)

"of good size", with respect to grapes in a lot, means that not less than 90%, by count, of the berries on a bunch and not less than 90%, by weight, of the bunches are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to materially affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une bonne grosseur)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 56, grapes graded Canada No. 1 must

(3) Despite paragraph (2)(c), grapes of different varieties and colours packaged in approximately equal proportions and labelled "mixed varieties", that in all other respects meet the requirements of Canada No. 1 grade, may be designated Canada No. 1.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

58. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly compact" has the same meaning as in subsection 57(1). (passablement serrés)

"of fair colour" means that not less than 75%, by count, of the berries on a bunch are of the colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une couleur passable)

"of fair size", with respect to grapes in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by count, of the berries on a bunch and not less than 65%, by weight, of the bunches are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une grosseur passable)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 56, grapes graded Canada Domestic must

General Tolerances

59. (1) In the grading of grapes, the requirements set out in sections 57 and 58, as applicable, are considered to be met when up to 10% of the grapes by weight in a lot have defects, including

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of grapes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Peaches

Application

60. The grades and requirements set out in sections 61 to 64 apply to peaches of varieties grown from Prunus persica.

Grades and Grade Names

61. The grades and grade names for peaches are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

62. (1) In this section, "mature" means the peaches are well developed and have attained sufficient yellow in the ground colour to indicate they will continue to ripen and, in the case of peaches grown in Ontario, also means the pressure test through the skin of the peaches does not exceed 8 kg (18 pounds) as indicated by a pressure tester with an 8 mm (5/16 inch) diameter plunger.

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 65, peaches of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

63. (1) In this section, "sized" means the peaches in a package do not vary in diameter by more than 6 mm (¼ inch). (calibrées)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 62, peaches graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

64. (1) In this section, "sized" has the same meaning as in section 63. (calibrées)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 62, peaches graded Canada Domestic must

General Tolerances

65. (1) In the grading of peaches, the requirements set out in sections 63 and 64, as applicable, are considered to be met when

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of peaches only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Pears

Application

66. The grades and requirements set out in sections 67 to 72 apply to pears of varieties grown from Pyrus communis.

Grades and Grade Names

67. The grades and grade names for pears are Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial.

Requirements for All Grades

68. (1) In this section, "sized", with respect to tiered pears, means that the pears are packaged by count and do not vary in diameter by more than 6 mm (¼ inch).

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 73 and 74, pears of all grades must

Canada Extra Fancy Grade Requirements

69. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 68, pears graded Canada Extra Fancy must

(2) Despite paragraph 68(2)(b), pears of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 10 kg (22 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Extra Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Extra Fancy.

Canada Fancy Grade Requirements

70. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 68, pears graded Canada Fancy must

(2) Pears graded Canada Fancy may be alternatively designated "Canada No. 1".

Canada Commercial Grade Requirements

71. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 68, pears graded Canada Commercial must

(2) Pears graded Canada Commercial may be alternatively designated "Canada Cee", "Canada "C" or "Canada Domestic".

Minimum Diameter

72. (1) The minimum diameter for a variety of pears set out in column 1 of an item of the Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears to this section for pears graded Canada Extra Fancy or Canada Fancy is as set out in column 2 of that item.

(2) The minimum diameter for a variety of pears set out in column 1 of an item of the Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears to this section for pears graded Canada Commercial is as set out in column 3 of that item.

Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade and Canada Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Clapps Favourite, Delicious, Deveau, Howel 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) 51 mm (2 inches)
2. Anjou, Flemish Beauty 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) 44 mm (1 ¾ inches)
3. Bartlett, French Bartlett 56 mm (2 3/16 inches) 48 mm (1 ⅞ inches)
4. Bosc 54 mm (2 ⅛ inches) 4 mm (1 ¾ inches)
5. Kieffer 54 mm (2 ⅛ inches) 41 mm (1 ⅝ inches)
6. Gifford 51 mm (2 inches) 38 mm (1 ½ inches)
7. Seckel 32 mm (1 ¼ inches) 25 mm (1 inch)
8. All other varieties 51 mm (2 inches) 38 mm (1 ½ inches)

General Tolerances

73. In the grading of pears, the requirements set out in sections 69 to 72, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of pears if not more than

74. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of pears only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Plums and Prunes

Application

75. The grades and requirements set out in sections 76 to 79 apply to plums and prunes of varieties grown from Prunus domestica, Prunus insititia or Prunus salicina and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

76. The grades and grade names for plums and prunes are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

77. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 80, plums and prunes of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

78. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"Italian type", with respect to prunes, means prunes that are "free-stone". (du type italien)

"of good colour", with respect to plums and prunes, means that

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 77, plums and prunes graded Canada No. 1

Table of Diameter Size Requirements for Plum and Prune Varieties
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Minimum diameter
1. Burbank, Ozark, Premier, Vanier 41 mm (1 ⅝ inches)
2. Shiro 38 mm (1 ½ inches)
3. Methley, President, Washington 35 mm (1 ⅜ inches)
4. Bradshaw, Early Golden, all varieties commonly known as Early Blues 32 mm (1 ¼ inches)
5. Reine Claude, Stanley, Italian type prunes 29 mm (1 ⅛ inches)
6. Green Gage, Lombard, German prunes 25 mm (1 inch)
7. Shropshire Damson 19 mm (¾ inch)
8. All other varieties Characteristic of the variety when mature

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

79. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"Italian type" has the same meaning as in subsection 78(1). (du type italien)

"of fair colour", with respect to plums and prunes, means that

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 77, plums and prunes graded Canada Domestic must

General Tolerances

80. (1) In the grading of plums and prunes, the requirements set out in sections 78 and 79, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of plums or prunes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Field Rhubarb

Application

81. The grades and requirements set out in sections 82 to 84 apply to rhubarb of varieties grown from Rheum rhaponticum, rhubarb grown under protective covering being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

82. (1) The grades and grade names for field rhubarb are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the rhubarb must conform to the requirements set out in sections 83 and 84.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

83. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 85(1) and (3), field rhubarb graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

84. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 85(2) and (3), field rhubarb graded Canada Domestic must be free from decay.

General Tolerances

85. (1) In the grading of field rhubarb into Canada No. 1 grade, the requirements set out in section 83 are considered to be met where not more than 10%, by count, of the rhubarb in a lot has defects, including

(2) In the grading of field rhubarb into Canada Domestic grade, the requirements set out in section 84 are considered to be met if, in a lot of rhubarb inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 1%, by count, of the rhubarb in the lot is affected by decay.

(3) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of field rhubarb only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grade and Requirement for Strawberries

Application

86. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 87 and 88 apply to strawberries of varieties grown from the genus Fragaria.

Grade and Grade Name

87. (1) The grade and grade name for strawberries is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the strawberries must conform to the requirements set out in section 88.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

88. Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 89, strawberries graded Canada No. 1 must

General Tolerances

89. (1) In the grading of strawberries, the requirements set out in section 88 are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of strawberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Part 2 Grade Requirements for Fresh Vegetables

Interpretation

90. The following definitions apply in this Part.

"rutabaga" means that vegetable commonly known as "swede turnip" but does not include the usually smaller species commonly known as "summer turnip". (rutabaga)

"sound" means that, at the time of shipping or repackaging, the vegetables are free from condition defects such as decay, breakdown, freezing damage, soft or shrivelled specimens, overripe specimens or other damage adversely affecting their keeping quality. (sain)

"wrapper leaves" means all leaves that do not closely enfold the compact portion of the head. (feuilles enveloppantes)

Grades and Requirements for Asparagus

Application

91. The grades and requirements set out in sections 92 to 96 apply only to green-coloured asparagus of varieties grown from Asparagus officinalis.

Grades and Grade Names

92. (1) The grades and grade names for asparagus are Canada No. 1, Canada No. 1 Slender and Canada No. 2.

(2) If asparagus is marketed as diameter graded, one of the designations set out in subsection (3), determined according to the diameter of the asparagus stalks, must be used in addition to the grade name.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), "diameter graded" means graded, according to the diameter of the asparagus stalks, into one of three diameter size ranges that have the following designations

Requirements for All Grades

93. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 97, asparagus of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

94. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 93, asparagus graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 1 Slender Grade Requirements

95. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 93, asparagus graded Canada No. 1 Slender must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

96. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 93, asparagus graded Canada No. 2 must be free from any damage or defect or combination of damage or defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the asparagus.

General Tolerances

97. (1) In the grading of asparagus, the requirements set out in sections 94 to 96, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of asparagus only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Beets

Application

98. The grades and requirements set out in sections 99 to 102 apply to beets of varieties grown from Beta vulgaris, beets with tops being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

99. The grades and grade names for beets are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

100. In addition to the requirements for each grade, and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 103 and 104, beets of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

101. (1) In this section, "reasonably clean" means the beets are

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 100, beets graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

102. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 100, beets graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

103. In the grading of beets, the requirements set out in sections 101 and 102, as applicable, are considered to be met if

104. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of beets only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Brussels Sprouts

Application

105. The grades and requirements set out in sections 106 to 109 apply to Brussels sprouts, being the axillary buds growing along the vertical stem of varieties grown from Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera, with Brussels sprouts remaining attached to the vertical stem being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

106. The grades and grade names for Brussels sprouts are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

107. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 110, Brussels sprouts of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

108. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 107 Brussels sprouts graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

109. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 107, Brussels sprouts graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

110. (1) In the grading of Brussels sprouts, the requirements set out in sections 108 and 109, as applicable, are considered to be met when

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of Brussels sprouts only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cabbages

Application

111. The grades and requirements set out in sections 112 to 115 apply to headed cabbages of varieties grown from Brassica oleracea var. capitata or Brassica oleracea var. bullata, including red cabbages and pointed cabbages.

Grades and Grade Names

112. The grades and grade names for cabbages are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

113. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 116 and 117, cabbages of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

114. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 113, cabbages graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

115. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 113, cabbages graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

116. In the grading of cabbage, the requirements set out in sections 114 and 115, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of cabbage when not more than

117. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cabbage only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Carrots

Application

118. The grades and requirements set out in sections 119 to 122 apply to carrots of varieties grown from Daucus carota, carrots with tops being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

119. The grades and grade names for carrots are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

120. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 123 and 124, carrots of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

121. (1) In this section, "reasonably clean" means the carrots are

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 120, carrots graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

122. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 120, carrots graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

123. In the grading of carrots, the requirements set out in sections 121 and 122, as applicable, are considered to be met if,

124. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of carrots only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cauliflower

Application

125. The grades and requirements set out in sections 126 to 129 apply to cauliflower of varieties grown from Brassica oleracea var. botrytis.

Grades and Grade Names

126. The grades and grade names for cauliflower are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

127. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 130, cauliflower of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

128. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 127, cauliflower graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

129. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 127, cauliflower graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

130. (1) In the grading of cauliflower, the requirements set out in sections 128 and 129, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cauliflower only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Celery

Application

131. The grades and requirements set out in sections 132 to 136 apply to celery varieties grown from Apium graveolens var. dulce.

Grades and Grade Names

132. The grades and grade names for celery are Canada No. 1, Canada No. 1 Heart and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

133. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 137, celery of all grades must

(2) For the purposes of sections 134 to 136,

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

134. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 133, celery graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 1 Heart Grade Requirements

135. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 133, celery graded Canada No. 1 Heart must meet the requirements of Canada No. 1 grade with the exception of those for uniformity of size, minimum diameter and minimum stalk length set out in paragraphs 134(d) and (e).

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

136. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 133, celery graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

137. (1) In the grading of celery, the requirements set out in sections 134 to 136, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of celery only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Sweet Corn

Application

138. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 139 and 140 apply to sweet corn varieties grown from Zea mays var. rugosa.

Grade and Grade Name

139. The grade and grade name for sweet corn is Canada No. 1.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

140. (1) Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 141, sweet corn graded Canada No. 1 must

(2) Subject to paragraph (1)(g), ears of sweet corn graded Canada No. 1 may be trimmed at the tassel end, if the trimming does not remove all evidence of tapering of the ear.

General Tolerances

141. (1) In the grading of sweet corn, the requirements set out in section 140 are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of sweet corn only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repacking.

Grades and Requirements for Field Cucumbers

Application

142. (1) Subject to subsection (2), the grades and requirements set out in sections 143 to 146 apply to cucumber varieties grown from Cucumis sativus that are not grown in artificial conditions under glass or other protective covering, except for their initial stages of growth.

(2) The grades and requirements referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to cucumbers for packaging in a hermetically sealed package, freezing, concentrating, pickling, or otherwise to assure preservation during transport, distribution and storage.

Grades and Grade Names

143. The grades and grade names for field cucumbers are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

144. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 147, field cucumbers of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

145. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 144, field cucumbers graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

146. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 144, field cucumbers graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

147. (1) In the grading of field cucumbers, the requirements set out in sections 145 and 146, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of field cucumbers only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Greenhouse Cucumbers

Application

148. (1) Subject to subsection (2), the grades and requirements set out in sections 149 to 153 apply to cucumber varieties grown from Cucumis sativus in artificial conditions under glass or other protective covering.

(2) The grades and requirements referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to cucumbers for packaging in a hermetically sealed package, freezing, concentrating, pickling, or otherwise to assure preservation during transport, distribution and storage.

Grades and Grade Names

149. The grades and grade names for greenhouse cucumbers are Canada No. 1, Canada No. 2, and Canada Utility.

Requirements for All Grades

150. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 154, greenhouse cucumbers of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

151. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 150, greenhouse cucumbers graded Canada No. 1 must

(2) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) and subparagraph (1)(f)(i), "diameter" means the diameter as measured from a point that is 127 mm (5 inches) from the stem end of a cucumber. (diamètre)

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

152. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 150, greenhouse cucumbers graded Canada No. 2 must

(2) For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(d)(i), "diameter" means the diameter as measured from a point that is one-half the length of the cucumber from the stem end. (diamètre)

Canada Utility Grade Requirements

153. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 150, greenhouse cucumbers graded Canada Utility must

General Tolerances

154. (1) In the grading of greenhouse cucumbers into Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2 grades, the requirements set out in sections 151 and 152, as applicable, are considered to be met where

(2) In the grading of greenhouse cucumbers into Canada Utility grade, the requirements set out in section 153 are considered to be met where

(3) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of greenhouse cucumbers only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Head Lettuce

Application

155. The grades and requirements set out in sections 156 to 159 apply to lettuce varieties grown from Lactuca sativa var. capitata, Iceberg type.

Grades and Grade Names

156. The grades and grade names for head lettuce are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

157. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 160, head lettuce of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

158. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 157, head lettuce graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

159. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 157, head lettuce graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

160. (1) In the grading of head lettuce, the requirements set out in sections 158 and 159, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of head lettuce only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Onions

Application

161. (1) The grades and requirements set out in sections 162 to 166 apply to onion varieties grown from Allium cepa, green onions and onions with tops being excluded.

(2) In sections 164, 165 and 167, "ovoid specimen" means an onion the length of which is more than one and a half times the diameter. (spécimen ovoïde)

(3) The grades and requirements referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to cippoline onions.

Grades and Grade Names

162. The grades and grade names for onions are Canada No. 1, Canada No. 1 Pickling and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

163. (1) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 167 and 168, onions of all grades must

(2) Despite paragraph (1)(b), onions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 1.36 kg (3 lb) may be of different varieties.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

164. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 163, onions graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 1 Pickling Grade Requirements

165. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 163, onions graded Canada No. 1 Pickling must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

166. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 163, onions graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

167. In the grading of onions, the requirements set out in sections 163 to 166, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of onions if not more than

168. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of onions only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repacking.

Grades and Requirements for Parsnips

Application

169. The grades and requirements set out in sections 170 to 173 apply to parsnip varieties grown from Pastinaca sativa, parsnips with tops being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

170. The grades and grade names for parsnips are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

171. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 174 and 175, parsnips of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

172. (1) In this section, "reasonably clean" means the parsnips are

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 171, parsnips graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

173. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 171, parsnips graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

174. In the grading of parsnips, the requirements set out in sections 171 to 173, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of parsnips if not more than

175. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of parsnips only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Potatoes

Application

176. The grades and requirements set out in sections 177 to 180 apply to potato varieties grown from Solanum tuberosum, potatoes for seed being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

177. The grades and grade names for potatoes are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

178. (1) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the tolerances set out in section 181, potatoes of all grades must

(2) Despite paragraph (1)(c), potatoes meeting the requirements in respect of diameter set out in clauses 179(2)(i)(i)(A) and (iii)(A), in packages of 1.36 kg (3 lb) or less, or 2.27 kg (5 lb), may be of different varietal characteristics if packaged in approximately equal proportions.

Table of Minimum and Maximum Weights for Potato Size Designations
Item Column 1
Size Designation
Column 2
Minimum Weight
Column 3
Maximum Weight
1. Under 50 425 g (15 oz)
2. 50 340 g (12 oz) 539 g (19 oz)
3. 60 283 g (10 oz) 454 g (16 oz)
4. 70 255 g (9 oz) 425 g (15 oz)
5. 80 227 g (8 oz) 369 g (13 oz)
6. 90 198 g (7 oz) 340 g (12 oz)
7. 100 170 g (6 oz) 283 g (10 oz)
8. 110 142 g (5 oz) 255 g (9 oz)
9. 120 and over 113 g (4 oz) 227 g (8 oz)

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

179. (1) In this section, "reasonably clean" means

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 178, potatoes graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

180. (1) In this section, "slightly dirty" means

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 178, potatoes graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

181. (1) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 1 grade, the requirements set out in sections 178 and 179, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes if not more than

(2) In the grading of potatoes into Canada No. 2 grade, the requirements set out in sections 178 and 180, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of potatoes if not more than

(3) Condition defects only apply against the grade of a lot of potatoes when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repacking.

Grades and Requirements for Rutabagas

Application

182. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 183 and 184 apply to rutabaga varieties grown from Brassica napobrassica.

Grade and Grade Name

183. The grade and grade name for rutabagas is Canada No. 1.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

184. Subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 185 and 186, rutabagas graded Canada No. 1 must

General Tolerances

185. In the grading of rutabagas, the requirements set out in section 184 are considered to be met if up to

186. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of rutabagas only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Field Tomatoes

Application

187. (1) The grades and requirements set out in sections 188 to 191 apply to tomato varieties grown from Lycopersicum esculentum that are not grown in artificial conditions under glass or other protective covering, except during the initial stages of growth.

(2) The grades and requirements referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to cherry tomatoes.

Grades and Grade Names

188. The grades and grade names for field tomatoes are Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

189. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"firm-ripe" means

"mature" means

"semi-ripe" means

"turning" means

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 192, field tomatoes of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

190. (1) In this section, "clean" means a tomato is not contaminated and is free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (propres)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 189, field tomatoes graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

191. (1) In this section, "reasonably clean" means a tomato is not contaminated and is reasonably free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (raisonnablement propres)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 189, field tomatoes graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

192. (1) In the grading of field tomatoes, the requirements set out in sections 190 and 191, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of field tomatoes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Greenhouse Tomatoes

Application

193. (1) The grades and requirements set out in sections 194 to 198 apply to tomato varieties grown from Lycopersicum esculentum that are grown in artificial conditions under glass or other protective covering.

(2) The definitions set out in sections 189 and 190 also apply to greenhouse tomatoes.

Grades and Grade Names

194. The grades and grade names for greenhouse tomatoes are Canada No. 1, Canada Commercial and Canada No. 2.

Requirements for All Grades

195. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 199, greenhouse tomatoes of all grades must

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

196. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 195, greenhouse tomatoes graded Canada No. 1 must

Canada Commercial Grade Requirements

197. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 195, greenhouse tomatoes graded Canada Commercial must

Canada No. 2 Grade Requirements

198. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 195, greenhouse tomatoes graded Canada No. 2 must

General Tolerances

199. (1) In the grading of greenhouse tomatoes, the requirements set out in sections 196 to 198, as applicable, are considered to be met if

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of greenhouse tomatoes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

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