Aquatic animal domestic movements
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA):
- safeguards Canada's aquatic animal resources
- implements controls, such as permits, to contain certain aquatic animal reportable diseases within areas of Canada where they are known to occur
Whether a permit is required depends on the declarations of the reportable disease status of the provinces, territories, marine waters of Canada and the specific businesses (compartments) within Canada.
Each declaration lists the aquatic animal reportable disease to be controlled, as well as the following situations that require a permit:
- species of aquatic animals (finfish or mollusc)
- description of the things
- the end uses for the moved aquatic animal or thing
Domestic movement permits
A CFIA movement permit is required if the declared aquatic animal or thing is moving from:
- a declared infected area to a declared buffer area, provisionally-free area or free area
- a declared buffer area to another declared buffer area, provisionally-free area or free area
- a declared provisionally-free area to a declared free area
Commercial harvesters of wild molluscs will not be issued a permit to move susceptible species of molluscs out of an infected area for the purpose of depuration, relay (including salting up and short term container relaying), dry storage, wet storage or processing commercial. These movements are only allowed to occur within the infected area or to another infected area for the same diseases. Please note that all molluscs to be harvested for human consumption are subject to the Canadian Shellfish Sanitation Program.
A CFIA movement permit is not required if:
- the aquatic animal is a crustacean
- the animal, thing or end use is not listed on the declarations
- the movement will occur within the same declared area as where the animals or thing are located
- the movement is from a free area to any other area
- the movement is from a provisionally-free area to a buffer or infected area
- the movement is from a buffer area to an infected area
- the movement is from an infected area to another infected area
The movement permit is either issued to whoever is sending or to whoever is receiving the aquatic animals or things.
The CFIA movement permit contains conditions that control disease risks associated with the aquatic animal or thing to be shipped or received, and the water, ice, or other medium, materials, equipment and conveyances used during the shipment.
- If the permit is issued to whoever is sending live or dead aquatic animals, the animals or their carcasses must be segregated, inspected and tested for the declared reportable diseases prior to the movement
- If the permit is issued to whoever is sending a thing, the thing will require decontamination and segregation prior to the movement
- If the permit is issued to whoever is receiving aquatic animals or things, their facility must be a Closed Premises, meaning that there are measures in place to prevent the spread of aquatic animal reportable diseases from the facility. Closed Premises may be inspected prior to receiving the aquatic animals or things to be moved
The CFIA is not currently charging a fee for issuing a movement permit. No fees will be charged for inspection and testing at this time. Fees for permit issuance, inspection and testing may be implemented in the future.
The following application forms are available:
- To move finfish or declared things, complete the Domestic Movement Permit Application to Move Finfish and/or Things within Canada (CFIA/ACIA 5743)
- To move molluscs or declared things, complete the Domestic Movement Permit Application to Move Molluscs and/or Things within Canada (CFIA/ACIA 5758)
- To receive finfish, molluscs or declared things into a biosecure laboratory, research facility, culture facility, cryopreservation/storage facility, or net-cleaning facility, complete the Domestic Movement Permit Application for Closed Facilities Within Canada Receiving Aquatic Animals and/or Things From Infected, Buffer or Provisionally Free Areas (CFIA/ACIA 5749)
Prior to completing the application, the applicant should perform the following:
- review the declarations or contact the CFIA Area Office or the CFIA Centre of Administration to ensure that a permit is required for the aquatic animal or thing to be moved. Additional information, including the permit conditions, is also available in the industry guidance documents for laboratories, researchers, finfish culturists and mollusc culturists
- investigate whether authorization or permission is required for the same movement from another federal department or a provincial or territorial ministry. Contact information for Introduction and Transfer Committees is available in the industry guidance documents
The completed application for a CFIA movement permit should be sent by email, facsimile or regular mail to the CFIA Centre of Administration. The relevant contact information is available on the application form.
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An aquatic animal business may choose to become a compartment recognized by the CFIA if it is:
- located in a declared buffer or infected area for one or more of the reportable aquatic animal diseases AND
- regularly moving any of the listed aquatic animals or things to other declared buffer, provisionally-free or free areas
Once recognized, the CFIA will declare the location of the aquatic animals or things as a free area, allowing movements from that facility without a CFIA movement permit.
The Application for Recognition as a Compartment Under the Domestic Movement Control Program (CFIA/ACIA 5748) is completed and sent to the CFIA Centre of Administration.
Information for the aquatic animal industry:
- Aquatic Animal Diseases
- Containment Standards for Facilities Handling Aquatic Animal Pathogens
- Industry Guidance for Laboratories
- Industry Guidance for Researchers
- Industry Guidance for Growers of Finfish
- Industry Guidance for Growers of Molluscs
- Industry Guidance on Development of a Preventive Control Plan for a Compartment Recognized as a Free Area (contact the closest CFIA Area Office for a copy)
- National Standards for Compartment Recognition (contact the closest CFIA Area Office for a copy)
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