Language selection

Search

Chapter 5 - Export to the U.S.
5.10 Birds, poultry and hatching eggs (updated February 2020)

This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).

Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository

Authorization

Veterinarians authorized to certify Poultry and Hatching Eggs to the U.S. are also authorized to certify any avian species to the U.S. where the CFIA export certificate requires signature by an accredited veterinarian.

Warning

Poultry or birds certified with the HA 1943 and 1945 certificates must have been maintained in the region from which they are offered for exportation for at least ninety (90) days prior to shipment or since hatching, except for show poultry or birds where they have been maintained in the region of exportation and/or the United States for the ninety (90) days preceding exportation.

If an exporter wish to export animals before the residency period has been completed, an import permit must be requested to the USDA. The import permit will contain the required conditions, which may include a quarantine period in the USA. If the only condition not met is the residency period, the appropriate usual health certificate will be used and the residency statement will be struck out and initialled.  Contact your district office for more information.

Interpretation

Bird:
all members of the class Aves other than poultry and ratites.
Poultry:
means domestic fowl and pigeons, including any bird in captivity: chickens, doves, ducks, geese, grouse, guinea fowl, partridges, pea fowl, pheasants, pigeons, quail, swans and turkeys (and their eggs for hatching).

Day-old poultry and hatching eggs (HA1942)
Health certification

1. Export certificate HA1942 Export of Day-Old Poultry/Hatching Eggs to the United States of America must be used to certify day-old poultry and/or hatching eggs.

2. The flocks of origin and hatchery must have been inspected within 30 days of export and found to be free of any evidence of communicable diseases of poultry and, as far as it is possible to determine, must not have been exposed to any such disease in the 90-day period preceding the date of export.

3. The flock of origin must have participated in a pullorum eradication program recognized by Canadian veterinary officials.

4. The flock of origin of the day-old chicks or hatching eggs must have been maintained in the region from which they are being exported for at least 90 days immediately preceding the date of export.

5. Newcastle disease, fowl plague, or highly pathogenic avian influenza has not occurred on the premises of origin, or on any adjoining premises during the 90-day period preceding exportation.

6. The area where the premises of origin are located has not been under quarantine for avian diseases during the preceding 90 days.

7. Chicks or eggs are shipped in new, clean containers in new, clean containers or appropriately sanitized packaging materials.

8. The exporter is responsible for determining and complying with any specific state or show requirements.

Poultry (except day-olds and hatching eggs) (HA1943)
Health certification

9. Export certificate HA1943 Export of Poultry to the United States of America must be used to certify poultry.

10. The birds must have been inspected within 30 days of export and found to be free of any evidence of communicable diseases of poultry and, as far as is possible to determine, have not been exposed to any such disease during the 90 days preceding the date of export.

11. The flock of origin must participate in a pullorum eradication program recognized by the veterinary officials of Canada or the flock of origin must have had its pullorum status confirmed through the use of other sampling methods such as environmental/fluff samples within the 90 days preceding export. Doves and pigeons are exempt from this requirement.

Samples must have been taken by the accredited veterinarian and submitted to provincial laboratories or to the Ontario Guelph laboratory.

12. The poultry must have been maintained in the region from which they are being exported for at least 90 days immediately preceding the date of export or since hatching, except in the case of show poultry, where poultry must have been maintained in the region of exportation and/or the U.S. for the 90-day period preceding exportation.

13. Newcastle disease, fowl plague, or highly pathogenic avian influenza has not occurred on the premises of origin, or on any adjoining premises during the 90-day period preceding exportation.

14. The area in which the premises of origin are located must not have been under quarantine for avian diseases during the 90 days before export.

15. Pigeons that will be returning to Canada have to be vaccinated with an avian pneumoencephalitis vaccine. If the pigeons require vaccination for return to Canada the vaccine needs to be given at least 30 days and not more than 180 days before departure.

16. The exporter is responsible for determining and complying with any specific state or show requirements.

Export of birds (HA1945)
Health certification

17. Export certificate HA1945 Export of Birds to the United States of America must be used to certify birds.

18. The birds must have been inspected immediately before export and found to be free of any evidence of communicable avian diseases and, as far as is possible to determine, must not have been exposed to any such disease during the 90 days before the date of export.

19. The birds must not have been vaccinated with any live Newcastle disease vaccine or any vaccine for the H5 or H7 subtype of avian influenza.

20. The birds must have been maintained in the region from which they are being exported for at least 90 days immediately preceding the date of export or from the time of hatching. Show birds must have been maintained in the region of export and/or the U.S. for the 90-day period before export.

21. Newcastle disease, fowl plague, or highly pathogenic avian influenza must not have occurred on the premises of origin or on any adjoining premises during the 90 days immediately before export.

22. The area in which the premises of origin are located has not been under quarantine for avian diseases during the preceding 90 days.

23. The birds must have been individually identified by means of wingbands, legbands or microchip, and the numbers recorded on the certificate.

24. The exporter is responsible for determining and complying with any specific state or show requirements.

How to complete Canadian health certificates (HA1942, HA1943 and HA1945)

25. The accredited veterinarian must use the most recent version of the export certificate and should consult the CFIA district veterinarian to obtain copies.

26. The accredited veterinarian must complete the export health certificate by entering all required information according to the directions provided above. The "Reference number" is assigned by the CFIA district office. The completed and signed health certificate will be submitted to a CFIA veterinary inspector to review and, if all requirements are met, endorse. Any incomplete export certificates will be returned to the accredited veterinarian for completion. A fee is charged for CFIA endorsement. The health certificate is valid for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of the examination, unless specified otherwise on the certificate.

Other export certificates

The following export certificates have been developed for specific birds and situations. These certificates should be used when appropriate.

HA1774- Export of ratites to the Unites States of America

Please note that an import permit is not required for ratites imported from Canada through a U.S. - Canadian land border port. The land border ports that may be able to accept imports of ratites are: Idaho: Eastport; Maine: Houlton; Michigan: Detroit, Port Huron; Montana: Raymond, Sweetgrass; New York: Alexandria Bay, Niagara Falls; North Dakota: Dunseith, Pembina, Portal; Vermont: Highgate Springs; Washington: Oroville, Sumas.  The USDA-APHIS requires USDA import permits for shipments of avian species entering the US via a land border port between Canada and Alaska.

The importer must call the port ahead of time to ensure there is someone available to meet the shipment and perform import inspection. If the ratites enter the US through an air or sea port, an import permit is required.

HA2449- Export of Wild Caught Grouse to the United States of America for Immediate Release (for specific use in a capture and repopulate program)

HA2940- Export of ratites for immediate slaughter to the United States of America.

Please note that an import permit is not required for ratites imported from Canada through a U.S. - Canadian land border port. The land border ports that may be able to accept imports of ratites are: Idaho: Eastport; Maine: Houlton; Michigan: Detroit, Port Huron; Montana: Raymond, Sweetgrass; New York: Alexandria Bay, Niagara Falls; North Dakota: Dunseith, Pembina, Portal; Vermont: Highgate Springs; Washington: Oroville, Sumas. The USDA-APHIS requires USDA import permits for shipments of avian species entering the US via a land border port between Canada and Alaska.

The importer must call the port ahead of time to ensure there is someone available to meet the shipment and perform import inspection. If the ratites enter the US through an air or sea port, an import permit is required.

HA2941- Export of ratite hatching eggs to the United States of America

Hatching eggs that were laid in Canada may import without quarantine and can use any of the following land border ports without an import permit: Eastport, Idaho; Houlton and Jackman, Maine; Detroit, Port Huron, and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan; Baudette, Minnesota; Opheim, Raymond, and Sweet grass, Montana; Alexandria Bay, Buffalo, and Champlain, New York; Dunseith, Pembina, and Portal, North Dakota; Derby Line and High gate Springs, Vermont; Oroville and Sumas, Washington. The USDA-APHIS requires USDA import permits for shipments of avian species entering the US via a land border port between Canada and Alaska.

Please note that the importer must call the port ahead of time to ensure there is someone available to meet the shipment and perform import inspection. If the ratites enter the US through an air or sea port, an import permit is required.

HA3059- Export of raptors to the United States of America by land.

Please note that an import permit is also required for raptors that are allowed to hunt (free flight). An import permit is not required for export of raptors kept in total captivity (no free flight).

HA3060- Export of conservation bird hatching eggs to the United States of America

HA3061- Export of zoo birds to the United States of America

References

Copies of export health certificates are available at the CFIA district office. It is possible to check online for the most recent date of amendment of the certificate and thus check that the version used is in fact valid. The list of valid export certificates is available on the CFIA Web site.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: