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Chapter 5 - Export to the U.S.
5.9 Swine (updated April 2019)

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Breeding/feeder swine
Health certificateion

1. The export certificate HA1938 Export of Swine to the United States must be used.

2. Exporters should be advised that individual states may have stricter requirements than the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). It is the exporter's responsibility to verify these conditions and to meet them. The exporter may contact the U.S. State veterinarian - PDF (186 kb) of the destination state to determine the state requirements and, among other things, whether an import permit or testing is required.

3. The swine must be inspected by the accredited veterinarian on the premises of origin within 14 days of export. The swine must be free of evidence of communicable disease. After clinical examination, any swine displaying symptoms or evidence of contagious or infectious disease or exposure to contagious or infectious disease are not eligible to be certified for export to the U.S. In the event of an outbreak of a foreign animal disease listed under article 4 below, the swine must be inspected on the premises of origin within seven (7) days prior to export. The swine for export have not been exposed to communicable disease during the sixty (60) days prior to export.

4. Canada is free of African swine fever (ASF), Classical swine fever (CSF), Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Swine vesicular disease (SVD), and Swine pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease, AD).

or

In the event of an outbreak of foreign animal disease, the swine covered by the health certificate did not originate from or transit through a current United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (USDA APHIS) recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD. The swine had no contact with any swine or swine products (including imported swine or products) that were located in a current USDA APHIS recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD.

The accredited veterinarian must cross out and initial as appropriate.

5. The swine are not vaccinated against ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD and are not progeny of vaccinated sows.

6. The swine are not vaccinated with any other live or attenuated or inactivated vaccine during the fourteen (14) days preceding export to the United States, other than standard vaccination programs developed for newly weaned or feeder pigs.

7. Swine which are tested or inspected for export to U.S. must be identified with a tag/ indicator approved under the Livestock Identification and Traceability (TRACE) program. Health of Animals (HofA) ear tags or CFIA allocated premises numbers are not allowed anymore. Approved tags will bear the logo of the Canadian Pork Council (CPC). Identification requirements for swine being exported depend on the end use of the animal:

  1. Breeding animals may be identified with
    1. ear tags which bear a unique 15 digit number that follows the ISO 11784 standard format. These tags can be either electronic or non-electronic; or
    2. ear tags which bear an official 5 digit alphanumeric CPC-designated herd mark unique to the production site, with a secondary unique herd management identification number on the same tag.
  2. Feeder swine may be identified with
    1. ear tags which bear a unique 15 digit number that follows the ISO 11784 standard format. These tags can be either electronic or non-electronic; or
    2. ear tags which bear an official 5 digit alphanumeric CPC-designated herd mark unique to the production site; or
    3. ear tattoos or shoulder tattoos bearing a CPC-designated herd mark unique to the production site. If tattoos are used, they must be legible.

Exporters should be advised that it is preferable to verify that their tags or indicators are in compliance with state requirements by contacting the U.S. State veterinarian - PDF (186 kb).

8. There are no federal test requirements for swine exported to the U.S.

However some states have specific test requirements with respect to pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease) and brucellosis for entry of swine into the state. Confirmation of state requirements is the responsibility of the exporter. To comply with these requirements, analyses must be performed by an accredited veterinarian, and sent to a laboratory accredited for this purpose within the time frame mandated by the state. Animals which are tested must have a unique identification number.

In those instances in which tests have been performed, a copy of the laboratory report is to be attached to HA1938.

Zoo swine species
Health certification/ certification procedures

9. The export certificate HA2230 Export of Zoo Swine Species to the United States must be used.

10. An import permit is required. Consult section 5.1 General for more information.

11. Canada is free of African swine fever (ASF), Classical swine fever (CSF), Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Swine vesicular disease (SVD), and Swine pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease, AD).

or

In the event of an outbreak of foreign animal disease, the swine covered by this health certificate did not originate from or transit through a current United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (USDA APHIS) recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD. The swine had no contact with any swine or swine products (including imported swine or products) that were located in a current USDA APHIS recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD.

The accredited veterinarian must cross out and initial as appropriate.

12. The swine intended for export to the United States have not been imported into Canada from countries designated by the USDA as affected with FMD, ASF, CSF or SVD; nor are they the first generation progeny of such imported swine.

13. The swine has been in Canada for at least 60 days immediately preceding the date of export to the United States.

14. For at least 60 days immediately preceding the time of movement from the premises of origin no Swine Erysipelas or Swine Plague (Pasteurellosis) has existed on the premise of origin or adjoining premises.

15. During the 60 days immediately preceding export, the swine have not had any contact with other swine or ruminants which would not qualify for export to the United States.

16. The swine to be exported are not vaccinated against ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD and are not progeny of vaccinated sows. The swine were not vaccinated with any live or attenuated or inactivated vaccine during the 14 days preceding export to the United States.

17. The swine must be identified with a tag/ indicator approved under the National Livestock Identification and Traceability (TRACE) program. The tag/indicator must have a unique identification number which bears the official trademark of the responsible administrator (Pig Trace). The unique identification number must follow the ISO 11784 standard (15 digit unique number). In the health certificate, the tag/indicator is referred to as the permanent identifier. This tag/indicator must be accompanied by a second individual identification tag (plastic bangle tag). If an approved electronic button ear tag is used as permanent identifier, it can be used as the sole identifier if it can be read without restraining the animal.

18. Animals to be exported must be tested with negative results within 30 days of export for the following disease:

  1. Brucellosis: The sample must be sent to a CFIA approved laboratory and the Buffered Plate Antigen Test (BPAT) be selected for testing.
  2. Pseudorabies: The sample must be sent to the CFIA Winnipeg laboratory and the ELISA test must be selected. In order to submit this test to a CFIA laboratory, use Form CFIA/ACIA 5473 - Animal Health Import, Export and Artificial Insemination Specimen Submission. Consult Section 3.2 Serologic Testing for more information. An export notification number must be written on the request form. This notification number should be requested at the CFIA district office, and may be obtained from the area, either as a blanket notification for zoo swine to the USA or as a unique notification for this specific exportation. Contact the district office for more information.

19. Some states have specific test requirements for entry of swine into the state. Confirmation of state requirements is the responsibility of the exporter.

20. The attesting CFIA-accredited veterinarian has inspected the swine within 48 hours before the date of export and found the swine to be free of evidence of infectious and communicable diseases and, as far as can be determined, exposure thereto during the preceding 60 days. The date of inspection is to be recorded on the certificate.

Farmed wild boar
Health certification

21. The export certificate HA2228 Export of Farmed Wild Boars to the United States must be used.

22. Canada is free of African swine fever (ASF), classical swine fever (CSF), foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), swine vesicular disease (SVD), and swine pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease, AD).

or

In the event of an outbreak of foreign animal disease, the swine covered by the health certificate did not originate from or transit through a current United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (USDA APHIS) recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD. The swine had no contact with any swine or swine products (including imported swine or products) that were located in a current USDA APHIS recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD.

The accredited veterinarian must cross out and initial as appropriate.

23. The swine to be exported are not vaccinated against ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD and are not progeny of vaccinated sows.

24. The wild boars for export were not previously imported into Canada from countries designated by the USDA as affected with FMD, ASF, CSF, or SVD.

25. The wild boars for export have been in Canada for a minimum of 60 days immediately preceding the date of export to the U.S.

26. The wild boars were not vaccinated with a live, an attenuated, or an inactivated vaccine during the 14 days preceding export to the U.S.

27. The animals must have a unique identification number. The wild swine must be identified with a tag/ indicator approved under the National Livestock Identification and Traceability (TRACE) program. The tag/indicator must have a unique identification number which bears the official trademark of the responsible administrator (Pig Trace). The unique identification number must follow the ISO 11784 standard (15 digit unique number). A second permanent identification in the form of a plastic or metal ear tag, unique tattoo, brand or microchip is required.

28. Animals for export must be examined by the signing accredited veterinarian within the 14 days prior to the date of export and were found to be free of evidence of infectious and communicable disease. In the event of an outbreak of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD, the swine must be inspected within seven (7) days prior to export.

29. The animals must be isolated for a period of 30 days before export.

30. The animals for export must be tested with negative results for brucellosis within the 30-day period before the date of export. The sample must be sent to a CFIA approved laboratory and the Buffered Plate Antigen Test (BPAT) be selected for testing

How to complete the Canadian health certificates (HA1938, HA2228 and HA2230)

31. The accredited veterinarian must use the most recent version of the export certificate. The accredited veterinarian who inspected the animals must sign the health certificate.

32. When required, the U.S. import permit number must be entered in the appropriate section.

33. The date of the tests performed for certificate HA2230 must be indicated on the export certificate.

34. The results of tests that are performed to meet specific state requirements do not constitute part of the official certification and are not to appear on the export health certificate; however, the test results can be attached to the export document.

35. The accredited veterinarian must complete the export health certificate by entering all required information according to the directions provided above. The "Reference number" is assigned by the CFIA district office. The completed and signed health certificate will be submitted to a CFIA veterinary inspector to review and, if all requirements are met, it will be endorsed. Any incomplete export certificates will be returned to the accredited veterinarian for completion. A fee is charged for CFIA endorsement.

Swine for immediate slaughter to the U.S.

36. Inspection, testing or certification is not required for swine consigned from the port of entry directly to a slaughter facility. A statement signed by the exporter showing the farm(s) of origin and the approved U.S. slaughter plant to which the load is consigned must be presented to the USDA veterinarian at the port of entry. Although USDA has no identification requirements for swine exported for immediate slaughter, the exporter should be advised to check this information with the U.S. port of entry.

Swine for immediate slaughter to the U.S. in case of foreign animal disease in Canada

37. In case of detection of African swine fever (ASF), classical swine fever (CSF), foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), swine vesicular disease (SVD) or swine pseudorabies (Aujeszky’s disease, AD) in Canada, a certificate was negotiated with the USDA to send swine for immediate slaughter to the USA. Contact your district office before using this certificate.

38. The most recent version of certificate HA3049 Export of swine for immediate slaughter to the United States of America must be used.

39. The animals covered by the health certificate have been inspected by a CFIA-accredited veterinarian on the premises of origin or where the animals were assembled within seven (7) days prior to the date of export and found to be healthy and free from any clinical evidence of infectious disease and, as far as can be determined, exposure thereto.

40. The swine did not originate from or transit through a current United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (USDA APHIS) recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD. The animals had no contact with any swine or swine products (including imported swine or products) that were located in a current USDA APHIS recognized zone or region established due to the detection of ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD.

41. The swine are not vaccinated against ASF, CSF, FMD, SVD, or AD and are not progeny of vaccinated sows.

42. The animals will be shipped directly from the premises of origin in Canada to an USDA APHIS approved slaughter facility in USA.

43. The animals were transported in vehicle(s) that has been cleaned and disinfected since last used for livestock transport prior to loading of the animals at the premises of origin. The truck/trailer license number as well as the date and time of cleaning and disinfection must be provided on the export certificate. The exporter, agent or owner must obtain from the transporter a document certifying the cleaning and disinfection before loading, endorse it and provide a copy to the accredited veterinarian to be kept on file.

44. The swine for export have been identified with a tag/tattoo/indicator approved under the Canadian National Livestock Identification and Traceability (TRACE) program. If tattoos are used as an identifier, they are clearly legible.

45. The exporter should be made aware that they must arrange for USDA inspection at the port of entry.

Inspections at U.S. ports of entry

46. Animals must be presented at the U.S. port of entry by appointment. The veterinarian at the port of entry will conduct a visual health examination of the animals and verify the identification of the animals as well as the information on the official health certificate.

47. Refer to Section 5.1 for the list of land ports of entry designated as having the necessary inspection facilities for the entry of animals from Canada. Although the list was provided by the USDA, it is the exporters' responsibility to present their animals to a U.S. port of entry that has the facilities required for the unloading and inspection of such animals.

References

Copies of export health certificates HA1938 (amended April 12, 2019), HA2228 (amended April 12, 2019), HA2230 (amended April 12, 2019), and HA3049 (April 12, 2019) are available at the district office.

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