Immediately notifiable diseases
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In general, immediately notifiable diseases are diseases exotic to Canada for which there are no control or eradication programs.
The CFIA can undertake control measures for such diseases when notified of their presence in Canada. This category also includes some rare indigenous diseases. A herd or flock of origin must be certified as being free from these diseases in order to meet import requirements of trading partners.
Only laboratories are required to contact the CFIA regarding the suspicion or diagnosis of one of these diseases. Information must be forwarded by e-mail to the Epidemiology and Surveillance Section.
Fax: 450-768-0064 (attention: notification)
An electronic compendium of immediately notifiable disease factsheets is available upon request. These sheets contain information on the epidemiology of these diseases as well as diagnostic tests that could lead to notification. To obtain a copy of the compendium, please send your request to the Epidemiology and Surveillance Section at the email address mentioned above.
The immediately notifiable diseases are:
- Aino virus infection
- Akabane disease
- Avian chlamydiosis (C. pscittaci)
- Avian encephalomyelitis
- Avian infectious laryngotracheitis
- Borna disease
- Bovine babesiosis (B. bovis)
- Bovine ephemeral fever
- Bovine petechial fever
- Contagious agalactia
- Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia
- Duck hepatitis
- Egg drop syndrome (adenovirus)
- Enterovirus encephalomyelitis (Teschen disease)
- Epizootic haemorrhagic disease
- Epizootic lymphangitis
- Equine encephalomyelitis, western and eastern
- Fluvinate-resistant Varroa mite
- Fowl cholera
- Goose parvovirus infection (Derzsy's disease)
- Heartwater (cowdriosis)
- Hendra Virus
- Herpes virus of cervidae
- Ibaraki disease
- Japanese encephalitis
- Louping ill
- Nairobi sheep disease
- Nipah Virus
- Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) or viral haemorrhagic disease of rabbits)
- Screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax and Chrysomyia bezziana)
- Small hive beetle (Aethina tumida)
- Tick-borne fever (Cytoecetes phagocytophilia)
- Tissue worm (Elaphostrongylus cervi)
- Trypanosomiasis (exotic to Canada)
- Turkey viral rhinotracheitis or swollen head disease in chickens
- Wesselsbron's disease
- West Nile Virus
Importation of animal pathogens
The importation and use of animal and zoonotic pathogens is regulated by the Health of Animals Act and Regulations. Import permits and facility certification can be obtained from the Biohazard Containment and Safety Division.
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