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Chronic wasting disease (CWD) of deer and elk

Name change

2020-01-01: The Canadian Food Inspection Agency's Chronic Wasting Disease Voluntary Herd Certification Program (CWD-VHCP) is now known as the Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program (CWD-HCP). Any reference to the VHCP in the following documents may be replaced with CWD-HCP.

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a progressive, fatal disease of the nervous system of cervids such as deer, and elk. It is known as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), or prion disease. Other TSEs include scrapie in sheep, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans.

In Canada, CWD is a reportable disease under the Health of Animals Act, and all cases must be reported to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).


Information for cervid producers

Information for hunters

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