Definitions for Animal Health Import Requirements for Raw Inedible Products and Rendered Products
TAHD-DSAT-IE-2002-10-10 Annex 1
Designated country or zone: means a country or zone determined by the CFIA to be free of reportable and immediately notifiable diseases that either affect or are transmitted by the species of origin of the animal, animal product, or by-product to be imported into Canada. Please note that the recognition of disease freedom by the CFIA is not solely dependent on World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) status or country self-determination. The CFIA uses risk assessment methodology to determine whether a hazard is present in a country and to evaluate the risk of transmission of that hazard resulting from the importation of animals, animal products, or by-products.
Note that Canada accepts OIE classification for country bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) risk categorization; therefore, the CFIA no longer routinely carries out independent assessment regarding a country's BSE categorization. Please refer to the OIE website or the list included within this import policy for BSE categorization of countries.
Verify country of origin's official animal health status at the following web links:
Fish meals/oils: for the purposes of this import policy, include meals/oils derived from all aquatic non-mammalian animals, including all species of fish and aquatic invertebrates (molluscs, crustaceans, other) or their body parts.
Hydrolysis: a reaction in which tallow is heated with water and either an acid or a base to produce carboxylic acids (also called "fatty acids") and glycerol (an alcohol).Footnote 1
Mammalian origin: within the context of this import policy, includes any farmed animal species (i.e. ruminants [cattle, bison, goats, sheep], cervids, swine, equines, and their exotic relatives) that is not a reptile, avian, or fish.
Prohibited material: as per the Health of Animals Regulations subsection 162(1), is anything that is, or that contains any protein that originated from a mammal, other than the following:
- a porcine or equine;
- milk or products of milk;
- gelatin derived exclusively from hides or skins or products of gelatin derived exclusively from hides or skins;
- blood or products of blood; or
- rendered fats, derived from ruminants, that contain no more than 0.15% insoluble impurities or their products.
Rendering plant: According to subsection 2(1) of the Health of Animals Act, a rendering plant is defined as a place where animal by-products are prepared or treated for use in, or converted into, fertilizers, animal food, or fats and oils, except those fats and oils used for human consumption. This includes any place where such products are stored, packed, or marked, or from which they are shipped.
For the purposes of this import procedure, rendered products include the following:
- all single-ingredient product produced in a rendering plant; and
- any combination of ingredients in which the finished product is composed of 50% or more of products produced in a rendering plant. Products with 49% or less rendered product ingredients fall under the applicable import requirements related to the finished product. Note that this is applicable to livestock feeds imported in bulk that are formulated with 50% or more of rendered products, regardless of the finished form (meal, pelleted, powder, liquid).
Certain finished aquatic livestock feeds (for feeding fish and aquatic species) are excluded from this definition of a rendered product, regardless of the finished form. These are those aquatic livestock feeds that are as follows:
- in final packaging;
- with an approved label; and
- with either feeds registration or proof of exemption. (Note: These commodities are not covered by this import procedure. Please contact the Animal Feed Division for information on feed registration and import requirements.)
As per subsection 46(1), and sections 166 and 170 of the Health of Animals Regulations, examples of products from a rendering plant are meat meal, bone meal, meat and bone meal, liver meal, hoof and horn meal, feather meal, fish meal and derivatives, dried blood products, dried bone marrow, poultry digest, tallow (carboxylic esters), and fish oil.
Ruminant: within this import policy, means an animal of the subfamily Bovinae and Caprinae and includes cattle, buffalo, bison, sheep, goats, and their exotics' relatives.
Saponification: the process by which triglycerides are reacted with sodium or potassium hydroxide to produce glycerol and a fatty acid salt, also called "soap."
Tallow: odourless, tasteless, waxy white fat consisting of suet (the hard fat around the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep, and horses) or fats from other animals.
Transesterification: the reaction of a triglyceride (fat/oil) with an alcohol to form esters and glycerol.Footnote 2
Hydrolysis or transesterification at high temperature and pressure within this import policy is defined as processing at not less than 133°C and 3-bar pressure, for not less than 20 minutes or, alternatively, for saponification with 12 Molar NaOH at high temperature and pressure, as processing at 140°C and 2-bar pressure for not less than eight minutes.
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